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. _^ \ NORTHWEST WORKER OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF SNOHOMISH AND STEVENS nil MIS Be per copy ; $1.00 per year. OPEN SHOP FIGHT IS LAUNCHED BY NATIONAL AMI- UNION TRUST RAES BILL FOB HOSPITAL IS REJECTED County Commissioners Refuse to Pay for Mcßae's Hos pital Treatment Last week the Providence hospital presented a bill to the County Com missioners for services rendered Sheriff Mcßae and Deputy Sheriff P. E. Buehrer, amounting to $153.20, and it was rejected. Mcßae and Buehrer were wounded in the battle on the City dock, Sun day, November sth, and both received several weeks treatment in the hos pital. The authorities took this action be cause a bill for $34 was presented by the I. W. W. for hospital treatment to one of its members. This bill had to be turned down, because it would never do to pay for the results of the murderous actions of Everett's Com mercial club. Of course the Commis sioners have no love for the I. W. W. nor for any workman that has enough gall to get up on his hind feet and resent the treatment handed out to them by a robber class. It would be a bad precedent for the commission ers to pay the hospital bill of men who are beaten up by Everett's Best Citizens and it would certainly be too raw to pay the bill for the Sheriff and not for the workers before the case has been tried in the courts to discover the guilty persons. Same Old Story But then again, we must bear in mind that Mcßae is now out of office, and it is generally the case, that when the ruling class has no further use for their tools, they give them the boot instead of the glad hand and so Mcßae is just beginning to receive the'treatment meted out to hirelings who are of no further use __to ..the class that rules and robs. The County commissioners are not to be commended for their action. It is a matter of business with them andorders. • (Prepare for the Birthday) TACOMA MAN ACCUSED OF LIBELING WASHINGTON MUST SERVE JAIL TERM OLYMPIA, Wash.— Because he published an article stating that George Washington was a human be ing, in that he sometimes drank and swore, Paul Haffer of Tacoma must serve four months in the county jail. He was convicted of criminal libel against Washington's memory, and the supreme court of Washington up held the conviction. Try the Bayside Barber Shop for a clean shave. Address 1207 Hewitt. PROGRAM FOR ORGANIZATION RALLY PLANS FOR MEETING COMPLETED An innovation in Socialist activities will occur on next Sun day, January 14th, when the first Socialist Organization Rally will take place in The Forum, 1612 California Street. Not being content to have political rallies alone, Snohomish County Socialists have decided to have a general get-to-gether meeting to discuss the good and welfare of the organization so often neglected at convntions. Comrades from all over the county are expected to be in attendance. Subjects have been assigned certain speakers, and following each speaker time will be allotted .'■' " ■ :■■■■ ■■ r ■-. for a general discussion by those present. In order that the meeting deal with only questions pertaining to organization build ing, discussions of party tactics have been tabooed. The meeting will be calhjd to order at ten o'clock and will con tinue throughout the day, and in the evening a program consist ing oi speaking and music has been arranged. MORNING Call to Order-10:30 A. M. Chairman C. P. Morrison '■■'■-,-.■ Selected Audience Breadth and Scope of Socialist Movement (30 minutes) L. E. Katterfeld Informal Discussion (15 minutes) ;. Audience Two Ten-Minute Papers on Party Organization Work— Plan of County Organization W. J. Fortson The Efficient .Secretary .. R. W. Thompson Noon Adjoui mm nt. AFTERNOON (.'all to Older ... Chairman The building of Our Party (15 minutes) Emil Herman Informal Discussion (15 minutes) .. Audience Method of Propaganda in the County (15 minutes) Carl Ulonska informal Discussion (15 minutes) Audience Why a Dues Paying Organisation? (16 minutes) F. G. Crosby Informal Discussion (15 minutes) Audience Consideration and Discussion of Proposals for Organization Work....Audience Song—The Red Flag Audience Acljoin iin . EVENING Song- Selected .!....! Audience Number Wa Cha hleigh '<' (20 minute ■ i Audience Song Selected Audience OLYMPIA LAW FACTORY OPENS Legislators Proceed to Adminis ter to the Needs of (he Ruling Class The Republicans are in the major ity In the legislature that bus just opened and that old gang of politic ians will surely see to it that no bills demanded by the Grange, Direct Leg islation League or trade unions get by them. The biggest combine of lobbyists in Olympia today is that of the labor unions, farmers and the Direct Legis lation league. It is well organized and quite powerful, in a way, but thnir demands will be swept aside like chaff before a wind and the lob byists will return home sad anil de jected. It is the function of the present legislature, as of all legisla tures, that are not controlled by the working class, to administer to the wants of the class whose existence can only continue as long as the cap italist system Continues. By granting the producers their demands they weaken the power of the class that lives by the exploita tion of labor. And labor delights in being exploited. It sings the praises of its masters, it cringes and crawls at the feet of its rulers, its whole life is taken up attending to the needs of a useless parasitic class, and every two years it hands over to that class the institutions that are organized for the special purpose of continuing the system that breeds masters and slaves. And then to think that labor should go to the trouble and expense of trying to induce those whom they selected to enact laws that will loos en the hold of those upon their backs. It is indeed to laugh. COLLEGE PROFESSORS TURN TO SOCIALISM,. , SAYS HARRYTTATDLfiR NEW YORK.—Harry W. Laidler, organizing secretary of the Intercol legiate Socialist Society, has just fin ished a 17-day trip to Pennsylvania and New York colleges. He gave 30 lectures in all before about 2,000 col legians, addressed some 16 economic classes and a couple of entire college bodies. An alumni chapter was start ed in Pittsburgh. Dr. Laidler found the younger pro fessors of economics at the various colleges growing more and more sym pathetic toward Socialism and show ing an eager willingness to co-operate with the society and to help to liberal ize the minds of the undergraduates on economic and social problems. All efforts are now being turned toward making the eighth annual convention of the Intercollegiate So cialist Society, to be held in New York, Dec. 28, 29 and 30, a pronounced success. EVERETT, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JAN. 11, 1917. PORTO RICANS TOO POOR TO BUY SHOES Patriotic Sugar I lawns Refuse Workers a Wage of One Dollar Per Day Santiago Iglesias recently went to New York to see a pleasant appearing, decidedly gentlemanly lawyer who has offices at 62 Cedar street. The lawyer told [glesias that the plea of 150,000 sugar plantation workers in Porto Rico, whom [glesias represents, for a mini mum wage of $1 a day could not be granted. The lawyer was Frank 11. Dilling ham of the firm of Rounds, Hatch, Dillingham and De Bevoise. Iglesias saw Mr. Dillingham as the represen tative of the Guanica Centrals com pany, and that the Guanica Centrals company is the Porto Rican branch of the sugar trust. Fighting Dual Battle [glesias, president of the Porto Rico Free Federation of Labor, affil iated with the American Federation of Labor, is fighting a dual battle on bis visit to the United States. In Washington be has been fighting with the American Federation of La i bor to pull the teeth of the Jones bill and that lias been done in commit tee —and in New York he has been fighting for the demands of the Porto Rico workers in the sugar industry. These demands are for the $1 mini mum wage, for an 8-hour day and for the assurance that men called to re port for work should find work to do. [glesias, usually calm and possess ed of the traditional Spanish softness of speech, literally boiled with wrath ..iter his to Dillingham, —— Get Only 60 Cents •_»!>:_•. ''Thousands of our workers get on ly 60 cents a day," he said. "Women work in the sugar industry for as low as 4 cents an hour. In other agricul tural occupations they get as low as 2. cents an hour." Iglesias says that Dillingham told him that a bonus of 15 per cent would be granted if the workers would not strike. But to this Iglesias said, "Nothing doing." Commenting upon it later, he said, "Fifteen per cent would only be a trifle. In February, when the crop is developed, we will I strike, as we did a year ago." I That strike is still memorable, even ; on the mainland. The echoes of police j brutality reached Washington. Dur ! ing the conflict 118 members of the union were imprisoned. There still are 27 of them in prison. Iglesias himself has been thrown into prison 24 times. But he has never been con victed of any crime. "Once," he said, "I was arrested be * cause I said that the police were eat- :ng food provided by the bosses, and were riding the bosses' horses." "Driving Us to Fight" There was a menace to the smug and profit-hungry in his voice as he shouted, "They are driving us to the kind of fighting that brings final jus tice." And there were tears close to the surface as he said: "I tell you, these en are starving. They will get a bit of codfish, or a sardine, or a piece of a banana and that will last them for a whole day! *■ "We demand now $1 a day for a day of eight hours and we demand assuiance of work. We will not ac cept the bonus offer. That is a trifle "The Guanica Centrale is the big j gest company on the island. It dom inates. We have a lawit is a part jcf our organic law that no person | or corporation may have more than 500 acres of land; Hut the Guanica Centrale controls 50,000 acres! It has gone into Haiti and there it controls thousands of acres. If you look close, you will find the Guanica Centrale back of much of the Haitian trouble. Use Government Force "They wave the stars and stripes in our faces. They march the soldiers in front of us. They sail the navy along our shores—all to bluff us, all to show us that we must submit." Inglesias says that in Porto Rico 'abor organization there are 30,000 members. He says the others cannot afford to pay the dues of 60 cents per :ionth, but that when there is a strike hey all strike. Many workers live miles from their wo k. Often when they reach their work, after getting out of bed at -1 o'clock in the morning for the long tnidger-they are told there is no work. And Inglesias says that out of the 150,000 sugar workers, not . ■ *"■ ■■ ■ ■ ■ more than 10 per cent wear shoes! ; That means 135,000 barefooted work- I HE IS READY TO SHOOT WORKERS J NEW YORK,—.James A. Waddell, who styles himself an "Emergency Employment Engineer," but who is better known to workers as the "King of Strikebreakers,''* is maintaining in this city a special armory. In it he has 1,100 rifles, with which he trains and drills the thugs and gangsters he collects for strfkbraaking duty. Until recently th? firm of which be , is head— Bergoff Brothers & Wad dell—operated under a State detec tive license. This, however, was re cently revoked by the State. BILLION PROFIT FOR RAILROADS Budget for lillfi. Just Made Public, Shows Tremend* 'i ous Gain.* One billion dollars net profit for , the year 1916—that's the railroad ; budget just made public by the inter- i i state commerce commission] i In view of this showing, the big- I gest ever recorded by American rail. ] roads, officials are inclined to view ] in an unfavorable light the continued , plea that the railroads an- poverty stricken and cannot pay more wages. One important factor in the fig ures is that of the Eastern roads, , which have carried a' huge quantity of war orders. It ih claimed in rail- | road circles that this business is not indicative of a normal increase in business and should not be made the i basis for any calculations in rates. The total for 191G amounts to an > increase of over 33 1-3 per cent over 1913's business. The exact figures of the net income for the railroads dur- i :ttr- the year now ..ia\\Hijr to a Close ' amounts to $1,098,000,000. For the first nine months the complete re- | turns showed a net profit of $785,- j 558,266. This, however, does not in- ; ' elude railroads earning less than $1,000,000. dumTsocTalists gagged on peace Tricked in Vote on German Pro posal:-., Berlin Hears by Way of Stockholm Socialists in the Russian Duma were gagged during the recent de- ■ bates on the German peace proposals, according to Stockholm newspaper advices. The reports say the Social ists would undoubtedly have voted against refusal of the peace plea if they had been permitted to register their opinion. The "mean tricks" of the president of the Duma, it was as serted, prevented all possibility of a true state of opinion becoming known. The Stockholm despatches circu lated by the press bureau continue citing protests by Socialist members against violation of constitutional rights by which the opinion of the Duma was deprived of expression. Stockholm also reports that ru mors of an attempt on the life of M. Milyukoff, a member of the Duma, were circulated by Milyukoff himself in order to impress public opinion on his side in his suit for libel against Stuermer. (Prepare for the Birthday) BIRTH CONTROL ADVOCATES GET FORMAL HEARING Committee May Submit Draft of Law to Make Such Information Public ST. PAUL, Minn.—A hearing on the question of submitting laws to the next legislature to make legal the giving of birth control information was held here by the committee ap pointed for the purpose by Governor Burnquist at the request of the Min neapolis Trades and Labor Assembly. Several speakers appeared, most of them pointing out that birth control is favored by great medical authori ties, that it prevents crime and dis ease, and that practically every other nation had legalized the giving of birth control information. It Was also pointed out that the problem was essentially one affect ing the masses of the workers, for the rich almost constantly practiced birth control. _ ers on one island under the -tars ami stripes! And sugar is high priced and unprofitable for Guan Cen- I trale. SPOKESMAN COR THE ONLY IJHEF(, CLASS IN SOCIETY—THE WORKING CLASS WAR BRINGS U.S. PROSPERITY, BUT PRICES HIT POOR America Feeding, Clothing and Munitioning World While Own Citizens Suffer. The American people are feeding, clothing and supplying tbe world and Starving themselves to death! These words might be written across the official summary just is sued by the United States bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, cov ering the figures of exports and im ports from and to Die United States. During October, 1916, for which the statistics are now available, the gen tlemen who own the food supply, the tools, the machinery, the land, and everything else in America, shipped , abroad commodities valued at $490, --600.000. "** I I' .S. Exports Double Nearly $500,000,000 worth of food, clothing nnd other commodities in a single month! This was 46 per cent more than tin* record for the same month of the preceding year—Octo ber, 1915, In other words, exports have nearly doubled this October over last. This total was 160 per cent in excess of the exports for October, 1914. v-" For the Vi months ended October, 1916, the total exports reached the enormous value of $5,129,00,000, This staggering sum is quite beyond the human imagination. Gold Fours Into the United States The month of October showed a net gold movement of $90,500,000, and the 12 months period ending in October, showed a net inward gold movement of $469,800,000, or $2,324, --400 less than the net balance of trade against the United States. Every wheel is spinning; every fac tory is humming; every worker who I wants to get a job can get it now if I ever. Wages are higher than ever. The European war has erected an artifilial "tariff wall" around the in dustries of Ameriia, higher and stronger than McKinley ever dream ed of. We are effectually "protect ed" from the "pauper labor of Eu rope" because the pauper labor of Europe is shooting itself to death in the trenches, and what part of it is I not shooting is busy 24 hours a day j making shells and bombs for its | brothers to shoot. And yet, under these conditions of "unprecedented prosperity," labor is starving to death. Men and women are working as they never worked be fore, and fretting wages they never dreamed of before, and with it all they can ot possibly make both ends meet! But Prices Go Up The truth is that the sending out of the country of millions and mil lions of dollars' worth more of com modities than are coming in; and the ".real influx of gold, have had no other effect than to send prices sky high. We have placed in the hands of a few capitalist masters the right to say whether or not we shall eat. And they say we shall not eat unless we pay their price! Pew Own Nation's Tools They own our jobs, they own our food, they own our means of trans portation, distribution and manufac ture; they even own or control the very land from which is grown or taken the raw material for all the things the people need. There is only one solution for the high cost of living and that is for the people to take possession of the land, tools, machinery and means of pro duction and distribution. There is only one possible relief in the absence of a complete solu tion, and that is for the people, through their government, to inter vene and take control of as much of the machinery of production and dis tribution as can be taken in an emer gency such as the present. ENGLAND WILL ENLIST ALL BETWEEN 16 YEARS AND 60 LONDON— broad lines of the government's plan for national enroll ment for war work which Neville Chamberlain has been asked to carry out these, according 'to the lobby corespondent of The Daily News. All males in the country and not in the army —probably from 16 and cer tainly to tin —will be required to enroll for war work. The government considers that women should be allowed to volunteer, but at present women are not in cluded, (Prepare for the Birthday) EIGHTY-MILLION DOLLAR INDUSTRIAL CONFER ENCE BOARD MAKES THE FIRST MOVE. WORCESTER, Extermina tion of all building concerns in the country which are fair to organized labor will be the first move in the war to crush union labor launched by the giant eighty-billion-dollar Indus trial Conference Board. Already, through financial manipulation, the Metal Trades Association of the board has acquired control of the large Norcross Bros. Building Com pany here. With this as a basis, the crusade against organized labor is to be continued in the building trades until the industry has become an open shop one. Later, this immense ** anti-labor trust is to use its colossal force and power for industrial warfare in the other trades, unless labor, through a united front, bars the way of this board in its efforts to wipe out or ganization among workers. Some time this month, Evan F. Jones, treasurer of the Morgan Spring company, will become presi dent of the Norcross concern, O. W. Norcross having been forced out. Jones' reputation as a fighter of un ions is countrywide. Just how the presidency was wrested from 0. W. Norcross is not generally known. Union men here declare it was accomplished through HORSES' RIGHTS FOR WOMEN URGED IN THE COLORADO ASSEMBLY Bill by Judge Ben B. Lindsey Provides imiaemeim, for .Aid , by State , During,. ■ ■.. " Maternity."^'.-- ..7". • i DENVER — Colorado women are completing plans to force through the Legislature next month Judge Ben Lindsey's bill providing maternity benefits and entitled "Horses' Rights for Women." The bill provides that a working woman expecting to become a mother may receive state aid for a period both before and after matern ity. Thousands of women and girls work I till within a few days of becoming I mothers," Judge Lindsey said today, j "and then return to work while still I weak. Their health, and often that of their children, is permanently injured. "My bill would simply provide that the state give them the same periods of rest that any wise and humane farmer gives a horse or a cow at such a time. "At present we take better care of our cattle than we do of our mothers. I believe such a bill as 'Horses' Rights for Women' would do away with this evil, I feel that, if we can get it adopted in Colorado, other states will soon fall in line, and it will bceome a national reform." SOCIALISTS AMONG MILLIONAIRES Socialism has crept into Pasadena's millionaire colony. It was announced recently that So cialists would open a co-operative store to reduce the high cost of living. Upton Sinclair, famous author, has .been chosen vice president of the ■ store company. Several Pasadena society women have been going in strongly for So cialism, and one of the latest recruits to the ranks is Mrs. A. F. Gartz, whose son went to France recently to serve as an aviator. Mrs. Samuel W. Packard is another Socialist, although the husbands of both these wealthy women are strongly opposed to it. Mrs. Richard Hovey, another prom inent society woman of the Crown City, says she is a "sympathetic So cialist." The Gaylord Wilshires and other prominent people have joined the movement, which has received a strong impetus since the coming of the Sinclairs. Since Mrs. Gartz joined the ranks of the Socialists, the Pasadena society set has become interested in the ' movement, and at her own clubhouse, I situated on the grounds surrounding | her mansion, Mrs. Gartz occasionally has lectures given which have had a j decidedly Socialistic trend. CHICAGO.—The ©ne Day Rest ' League, composed of workers in ho tels, restaurants and similar estab lishments, has launched it, campaign to havo the Legislature pa .- a law providing for one day of rest in sev en to these workers. No. 314. the old trick of a "bank throw down." Frequently, to carry his large pay roll, Norcross made loans from his bank, taking up his notes at the time stipulated with money realized from contracts completed. As a rule, he, as all other manufacturer doing a large business, had the option of re newing his original short-time note. Recently, a number of large orders were given to the firm. As is cus tomary, Norcross is said to have gone to his bank, and had no trouble ob taining money on his note. When the time on the note expired, it is said, the "bank throw-down" game was worked. The banker had suddenly become "suspicious." For nearly a score of years the Norcross business has been one of the soundest here. But renewal of the note was not only refused by the banker, but the other obligations of the concern, subject to renewal, are said to have been bought up by the bank, on which pressure is said to have been exerted. Unable to raise money on short no tice, despite big contracts pending, Norcross, it is believed, through the machinations of the Metal Trades As sociation members was forced to sub mit to a "reorganization," through which he was ousted as president, and a labor-baiting member of the asso ciation put into that post. FARMERS TURN SOME TRICKS IN "VIOLENCE" NEW YORK.—This little old town is rubbing its eyes and wondering about something. And it is this: 7 What .has come over the farmers? - After having plugged along through almost a month of traction strike, in which every one looked for heaps of "rough stuff," which didn't material ize to any appreciable extent, the city now finds itself wondering whether its ideas of strikes haven't been all wrong. Nobody ever expected that farmers would get together and kick up a fuss. Nobody ever looked for industrial vio lence from them. They have been "the backbone of the country," reli able, steady and faithful. But in the big milk strike that tum bled over New York while the traction strike was still at its height, there was more violence done by farmers in forty-eight hours than was done by traction strikers in a month. The farmers determined that no milk should reach New York until the Dairymen's League got ready to let it in. The farmers didn' stop at lan guage, but they got out in the middle of the night and saw to it that no milk got by. Wagons have been smashed, milk poured into country roads, barns en tered and the rural sections jumbled up generally. In one little burg ten farmers were hustled into the hoos gow in one night for mussing up the milkscape. The farmers organized and struck for an increase in price of 45 cents per 100 pounds. There is one other interesting feat ure to this milk strike—nobody has peeped about calling out militia to "put down disorder." "Let 'em alonethey have votes," seems to be the wise decision of offi cialdom. MACHINISTS ADD 50,000 MEMBERS TO UNION Under the heading "Close of An Eventful Year," the editor of the Machinists' Monthly Journal reviews the year just past, during which the International Association of Machin ists made one of the most remarkable membership campaigns in the history of trade unionism and secured the eight-hour day for a total of 40,000 of its great membership. "The year 1916," he says, "marks an epoch in the history of the labor movement in the United States and has, undoubtedly, been the most suc | cessful ever enjoyed by the Interna tional Association of Machinists. And we have reason to believe that the year 1917 holds still better things in store for our members." Big Membership Gains It points out that last January found the association in one of the greatest organising campaigns ever conducted by it or by any other labor organization, and that the result of the year's work was in addition of 50,000 new members to its rolls. The present membership is placed at prac j tically 120,000.