Newspaper Page Text
WARNED WE MUST SOON BUY BREAD ABROAD Secretary Wilson, in Eeclusive Statement Points Out the Danger to American Wheat Fields—Our Billions of Acres of Soil Are Being Robed and the United States Government is Rushing to the Front to Remedy the Evil—Secretary Wilson Tells About the Problem and the Efforts to Save the Industry. By Secretary James Wileon Of the United States Department of Agriculture. (Copyright, l«t(is, by the Newspaper Enterprise Association.) Is the United States soon to be forced to buy bread abroadt" This question has been asked me. Unless the soil robbers stop their robberies, yes. AMERICAN FARMER IS NOT PROTECTED BY THE TARIFF ON WHEAT. WASHINGTON, D. C., April I*7. —"Docs the 25- --cent duty on wheat protect the American fanner?" was a question asked Secretary Jas. Wilson. "Not since the treasury department made its rul ing permitting drawbacks on Canadian and other foreign wheats coming in to be ground by American mills for export," replied the secretary. "Would you recommend an act of congress to re peal the ruling ?" "That is politics. I leave all that to congress." The American wheat grower must learn to farm more rationally. As things arc going, the supply may soon fall below the consumption In this country. Wheat growing methods must be radically reformed. The estimated yield of the wheat fields in tbe I'nited States is 640,000,- --000 bushels. The per capita consump tion of wheat by tbe people—who, by the way. are the greatest wheat eat ers in the world—is about 6.7 bushels. So the consumption of wheat in this country is 536,('00,000, Which is very rlose to the average crop. But the annual yield In the I'nited States is growing less, while the population is growing larger. In addition to this, many thousands of bushels of wheat nre ground into flour by American mills and sent abroad. Part of this wheat Is home grown, and part comes from Canada. The Problem. The problem of reforming the wheat growing industry in the I'nited States is one of the most important which is now engaging the attention of the government. There is no question of the ability of tbe I'nlted States to grow all the wheat it can ever eat. We could grow four times what we are now growing. But methods of farming will have to be changed and the present extrav agant and wasteful practices stopped. In the Pakotas and westerly to the Pacific ocean. It has been the practice for some years to grow wheat on the Fame lands year after year. Those fields are being robbed. The plant food Is being taken from the land, nnd nothing returned by way of sub stitute. Tbeif is an end to that kind of farming. The land will not stand it. The Remedy. What are we going to do about it? That Is the point. This department is exploring the whole civilized nnd uncivilized world for crops to feed that land. Somewhere, there are grains or legumes which will restore to those fieldß a large part of the food elements taken by the successive crops of wheat. We propose to find them. Some we have found already: pome are the subjects of experiments here and in various parts of the Vnited States. We have our explorers in Scandi navia, in Kngland, Sweden and Nor way, looking for the clover or the vetches or the peae or Fpecies of al falfa which live and thrive in those high altitudes, and which have the power to return the nitrogenous ele ments taken by the wheat. We have other men in Russia and in northern China, in the great Yang Tse Kiang Valley country, and In the Kuen Lun mountains. These explorers will bring bark their forage and leguminous crops and we shall send them into the wheat fields of the great northwest. Then the farmer will have to learn to keep more domestic animals. He will learn to diversify nnd rotate his ABSOLUTE SECURITY Genuine CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS mast bear Fac-simile Signatureof the, TOUCH th. Clenulne Wrapper Printed on BCD PAPER BLACK LETTERS Look, fer the tic-nature crops, feeding tlie forage and legumes to stock, thus returning the plant food to the soil. When alternated with these forage and rejuvenating crops these same tieids will grow many times the number of bushels they now yield, and plenty for our country. The Mississippi valley farmers will come back again into tlie wheat rais ing business. It is only a question of tbe Vrice lowa alone, which now raises hardly any wheat, once raised 50,000.000 bushels. They find It now pays better to raise corn and oats and other crops. Hut they will soon find that they can, with profit, put tn a crop of wheat once in a while. Even now a crop once in every four or five years would give them a yield and price which might surprise them. Another thin?; which will do a lot to solve this problem of raising our own wheat for bread is the opening up of that great tract of country west of meridian OS, where there is an annua' rcinfall of 10 Inches or less —the semiarid country which has been used only to raise cactus and jackrabbits. tn our Russian explorations we found the so-called macaroni or dur um wheat, and, by experiment, dis covered that It would grow In the American semiarid country. Already 14.000,000 bushels of this wheat has been raised. It is the equal of the best wheat for bread, and we are eat ing It here In our national capital every day, and our chemists say it is more nourishing than the wheat which was regarded as native to our country. This lt.oon.nnn bushels will go largely for seed, and we will have a much larger crop of tills sort of wheat. Whether the American farmers suf fer from competition with the Ca nadian wheat fields which are being opened up Just across the American Carter's WITTLE HIVER jPILLSj Absolutely Cure BILIOUSNESS. SICK HEADACHE. TORPID LIVER. FURREDTONGUE I INDIGESTION. ' CONSTIPATION DIZZINESS. M SALLOW SKIN ■ LIVER JAMES WILSON, Secretary of Agricultu Wheat of the Desert. tmaii nn. •mall Dose, •mall Price. bolder is a new question that has ai isen, There are no doubt very rich fields up there, but there are new problems tfi be faced frosted wheat Is a thing thnt Is heard of in some parts of Canada. There are places where It freezes every month In the year. And the Canadian farmer can not go on continually robbing the soil with im punity. it is the old story. PiPoneers raise wheat. Pioneers rob the soil. But sooner or later they must find the forage crop and the animal which will grace upon it, and come to farm on honest principles. Canada must come to this. EXPLOSION IN SEED HOUSE HILLS THREE (Scripps News Association.) HUNTINGTON, W, Ya., April 27.— An explosion of gas In the basement of the seed house of Mosman Bros. & Co. this morning wrecked tlie build ing arid killed three occupants. The wreckage Is burning. It is feared others are in the debris. A number of buildings in the vicin ity were badly damaged, The fatally injured are Hall Rossd nnd Ida Staf ford; severly Injured, V. I!. Upton, Grace Hall, John Bayless and Jeff Bpinter, OUTLAW IS CAPTURED (Scrlpps News Association.) WASHINGTON, April 27. — The leaders of the outlaws who murdered four American school teachers near Cebu, in the Philippines, in June, 1892, has been captured and has con fessed. The government will urge the extreme penalty. ADVEPJISEING WASHINGTON BELLINOHAM. Wash., April 27.— The Bellingham chamber of commerce has designated May 16 as the day on which delegates from all the other chamber* of commerce in the state are to meet In the Whatcom metropo lis to form a state board of promo tion along the lines which have been outlined in the press for the past 18 months. It is requested that com mittees of not more than three be ap pointed by each commercial body In the state. The date selected is the same date on which the grand lodge Kidghts of Pythias will open In Bellingham. for which the citizens here are malting elaborate preparations. Seattle and Spokane commercial bodies have taken up the matter of the stHte federation and inasmuch as the idea was originally broached in Tacoma, It seems quite certain that those three cities will take hold ener getically and together with Everett, Olympia, North Yakima, Wenatchee and all other organized cities in tlie state a powerful organized body will be formed for the purpose of thor oughly advertising the state. FELLOWS GETS ELECTRIC FRANCHISE (Scripps News Association.) OOLDENTMLE, Wash., April 27.— The sale of the Columbia River & Northern railroad, supposedly to the Northern Pacific, is causing Golden dale to take on new life. It is ex pected the owner* of the road will extend the same to Prosser. Last week John Harden, contractor, began work on the new Brooks- Harden brick block at the corner of Main street and Columbia avenue. Tlie building will be occupied when com pleted by Sam Waters, merchant, The structure will be 20xB0 feet. The city council has granted to H. W. Fellows of Spokane an electric light franchise, Water power is to be USesd, Mr. Fellows is here, and the work of surveying is going on. It is expected that the city will have lights Octuber 1. A number of new buildings and homes are contemplated here this summer. Just another Spokesman-Re view lie — The tell tower organ publish ed this morning an alleged straw vote In the postofflce, giving A caff a strong lead, with Lilienthal second. That announcement of the vote is a Mcl Ho such vote was taken to cover all of the employea. Besides— Hine oarriers who came down on a Traction company car this morilng denied the vote. Out of the nine mail carriers, eight declared they would vote for Daggett. All, too, declared it was be cause of their enmity toward the Washington Water Power company. fHE SPOKANE PRESS 11 Will Half GRIM LAND (0M BI TTE, Mont., April 27.—Within the next few weeks the Great North ern Railroad company will have or ganized a separate corporation to hold all of the great mineral lands owned by it. The capital of the new organization will be $125,000,000. The purpose of the formation of this new company Is part of a general scheme to secure larger returns from the mineral properties held by the company which President J. J. Hill has often said are among its most valuable assets. The Great Northern Realty company will not operate the mines to be opened upon the lands In Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and Montana, but will stand simply in the position of an investment com pany. The properties will be oper ated by leases nnd royalties. After being organized the company will operate entirely independent of the railroad company, but its stock will be owned by the stockholders of the Great Northern. For each $100 worth of railroad stock held by the stockholder $100 worth of stock in the new corporation will be Issued. This will be done in the shape of a dividend. Instead of paying money the Great Northern will issue the new stock. The new company Is expected to yield 10 per cent per annum on its stock. Nearly all of the ore produced and property owned is in tlie nature of iron deposits. In a recent statement made in the DurrAio son to ouonn (Scripps News Association.; BUTTE, Mont., April 27.—Thirty tive buffalo were yesterday loaded at Arlee for shipment to Oklahoma, and they will go to Bliss, 300 miles south of Kansas City, where an effort will he made to perpetuate the speoies. The animals were all adults, and were the best specimens of the American bison that have even been shipped from the reservation. The animals were purchased by George W. Miller, who has heen on the reserve for the past week or 10 days, and considerable difficulty was experienced in getting them into the shipping pens. They are all from the famous Michael Pablo herd, which still contains over 225 head of buf falo, and is the largest herd on earth. The deal was made through Major Smead, and the animals were shipped through town last night In two palace stock cars. In well informed circles this ship ment is taken as an indloation that the big buffalo herd on the reserva tion will bp disbanded within the next few years, and that the Indians ion the reserve will sell off every indi vidual in tbe big herd, the half blonds as well as the full bloods. With tlie opening of the reserva tion the grazing area will be limited, and the buffalo will no longer have the range facilities as afforded today. Consequently it will be necessary to find some disposition for the rare ani mals, for they will not range In a section where the white men frequent to any extent. The consideration of the deal has not been made public, but it Is stated that Mr. Pablo secured a most sub stantial figure for his "Indian cattle." STODDARD MAY NEVER ACT AGAIN — ■ ■ ~ It is announced from Gait, Canada, that after a recent engagement there Actor Stoddart, who has been playing "The Bonnie Brier Bush," was taken ill and was compelled to discontinue his trip and return east. He was stricken with nervous prostration. He became quite 111 and his son and daughter were summoned to his bed side. He was at once taken to his home in Railway, N. J., from which place late reports say he Is still quite low, and that his family say he will never act again. During the past t!6 years this Is only the second time that Mr. Stod dart has had to disappoint an audi ence through illness. The tirst time was a few years ago In New York, when lie suffered a slight stroke of paralysis. Mr. Stoddart was born In Yorkshire, England, October 13, 18:,. and was thus nearing his seventy eighth birthday. Mr. Stoddart's place in "The Bon nie Brier Bush" Is being filled by .1 Palmer Collins. Mr. Fax, as Posy, will be featured, and the tour will be continued till May 'JO, when it will end fur good and all. In the meantime Mr. Stoddart's host of friends here, wdin regard him with an affection tbe like of which lias never been inspired by any other actor who has visited us, will trust that even though he is lost to the stage, his life may be extended for a long time to come and that the even ing of his days may be passed in peace, quiet and prosperity. Foley's Kldnev Cure if taken In time affords security from all kidney and bladder diseases.. Sold by Chas. McNab. 402 Riverside avenue. If John W, Gates really did lost 11,000,000 in wheat, don't you play any poker with him until he's forgot ten all about it. past Mr. Hill has announced that the | properties will produce 600,000,000 , tons of ore. On a 10 per cent basis this ore would last 30 years. Operated by leases this would mean a production of 16,000,000 tons I year on a royalty of 75 cents per ton and an income of $12,000,000 to the company. For several years Great Northern has been paying 7 per cent dividends. This, together with tlie new company, means that stockholders will receive $17 per annum In dividends, $7 from the railroad company, and $10 from the realty company. A peculiar complication which arises out of the issuing of this stock Is the fact that the Vnlon Pacific stockholders will receive $29,000,000 worth of stock of the new realty company because of the approaching; division of Northern Securities. The I'nion Pacific, through the dissolution of Northern Securities, will secure $20,000,000 of Great Northern stock and after the organization of the new company all Great Northern stock carries with it an equal amount of tlie new realty company. The formation of this company nnd the working of the iron properties now held by the Great Northern means n doubling of the production of Iron In this country. It is stated in eastern journals on good authority that the United States Steel trust is behind he opening up of these properties. HORSE snow AT WALLA WALLA WALI.A WALLA, Wash., April 27. —A fine parade of blooded horses will b* held in Walla Walla on May 0. A number of prominent horsemen have about completed arrangements for bidding the show and from the inter est being taken in the event the pa rade held two years ago will be eclipsed in both tho number of horses on show and In the quality of breed ing. It is planned to parade the horses through the principal business streets and in order to liven up the occasion arrangements have been made for the Walla Walla Military band to head tlie parade. LOOMS UNDER FIRE (Scripps Newg Association.) WASHINGTON, April 27.—Secre tary Taft today submitted to Assist ant Secretary of Stute Loomis a com munication from Minister Bowen at Caracas containing In substance the stories recently circulated in Vene zuela regarding the acceptance by Loomls of 110,000 from the asphalt company for services rendered while minister in that country. I.oomis is formulating a reply in detail. NEW ENGINES FOR SOUTHERN PACIFIC WEST OAKLAND, Cal., April 27.— E. H. Harrlman has contracted to buy three new Diesel engines of the inter nal combustion oil burning type in case the one now being built for him proves satisfactory. It is claimed this new kind of locomotive can travel, if necessary, 3000 miles with out a stop, at the rate of 100 miles an hour. Stationary engines of this same type have been In use for some time in the Southern Pacific shops at Ogden and Tucson. It was due to Mr. Harrlman's belief in the economy in power of the new locomotive that led the company to make tlie present contract. The new engine will be particularly adapted to the high grades nnd long stretches of desert of the Southern Pacific, where the only water procurable Is so full of alkali as to make the ex pense of keeping the boiler In repair very heavy. KOSELOFf IS NEW GOVERNOR GENERAL (Scripps News Association.) ST. PETERSBURG, April ST.—Gen eral KoeelOft, former el lef of '.he Moscow police, has been appointed governor general of Moscow. In view of tlie possible May day disorder! the post lnis been abolished. MONEY GIVEN TO SOUTHERN SCHOOLS CHICAGO, April 27.—D. K. Par sons of Chicago, philanthropist, to day announced a gift of 11811,000 to five small southern colleges. PHIS MEET. ALPHA DELTA NEW YORK, April 27.—The Alpha Helta Phi fraternity, one of the larg est and most prominent Greek letter societies of America, began its seventy-third annual convention in thla city today with headquarters nt the Hotel Astor. Hamilton W. stable is the presiding officer of the con vention and among other prominent participants are Edward Everett Hale, President Raymond of Union college and Justices Brown and Holmes of the I'nited States supreme court. Foley's Honey nnd Tar contain! no opiates, and will not constipate like nearly all other cough medicines. Re fuse substitutes. Sold by Chas. Mc- Nab, 402 Riverside avenue. WE GIVE "WONDER GOLD BONDS" Every time you spent 10c here !w c give you one "Wonder IGo 1 d Bond." | When collected Iwe take them as money. OBT A BOOK TODAT. I H ere are Hundreds of Q. Handsome White Lawn Waists at -/OC Tlie assortment is so varied that to describe it would be impossible here. They are all of sheer white lawn lace and embroidery trimmed and comprise many dif ferent styles. All fresh spring stocks andevery one worth a much Oft. bigger price than we ask. Take your choice tomorrow at /OC Cliilds' Shepherd OQ r Plaid Summer Waists - - •wl' Made of small cheek Shepherd plaid print, trimmed with neat red; serpentine braid Boys' Blouse Waists at 20c Made of light and dark colored prints, plain and small figured designs. Men's Fancy Striped Qo r Wool Sweaters - - - Ot Hundreds *and hundreds of them, in many fancy color combinations; light weight wool knit, $1.25 to $05 values. Valenciennes Lace Special Just about 200 bolts of fine Valenciennes laces that we sell regularly for 50c and Gsc a bolt of 12 yards. AYe have a few patterns that we are entirely overload ed on and will close them out at one half and less 0 — than regular prices. Special, per bolt JmCjC TWIN FALLS IS BOOMING WALLA WAT,LA, Wash., April 27. —S. P. Wright, a prominent farmer of Adams county, hns Just returned from a trip to the Twin Falls Irrigat ed section In Idaho. Mr. Wright ob tained an irrigated tract four miles from the new town of Twin Falls by paying a bonus of $10 per acre, fie expressed himself as well pleased with the buy, nnd has already started the work of seeding down 40 acres to alfalfa. "I never saw so much activity In my life as there Is In the vicinity of Twin Fnlls," said Mr. Wright yester day. "Everywhere farmers with teams are at work clearing their ground nnd getting It ready to be seeded down. Water will be turned onto my SO acres within two weeks, nnd I expect to raise n rrop of ul falfa this summer. "The new town of Twin Falls Is enjoying n rapid and substantial growth. Tbe population Is estimated nt 2000, nnd is rapidly Increasing. New business houses nnd residences are being erected In nil parts of tlie town and carpenters are finding little difficulty In obtaining work. Tbe graders at work on the branch of the Oregon Short line, which will con nect with Twin Fails, are now within a mile of tlie town and the company expects to have trains running into the town by the middle of June. This will give the town n big boost as passengers and freight for that point must now' be transported overland. An electric lisht and power plant is being constructed at Shoshone falls which will supply electricity to Twin Falls and n number of Other points in that section. There is some talk of an electric road and, with all the push that is being displayed in other directions, I would not be surprised to see a road built at some future date." GRANT DAY AT GALENA GALENA, 111., April 27.—For the thirteenth successive year Galena to day paid tribute to the memory of her most illustrious son, General IT. S. Grant. In accordance with custom the town donned gala attire in cele bration of the birthday anniversary of the great soldler-prestdent, and all day crowds of visitors thronged the streets, bands of music paraded at the head of military and fraternal organizations and the day was Other wise observed as a general holiday. During the morning excursion trains oyer all tbe roads entering tlie city brought loads of visitors to attend the exercises of the day. The at tendance from Chicago was particu larly large. The oration of the day was delivered by William J Bryan. EARL OF MALMESBURY WEDS. LONDON, April 27.—The wedding of the earl of Malmesbury ami the Hon. Dorothy Calthorpe took place today In the parish church at Elve tham. The event was attended by a distinguished gathering of society folk. Paderewskl Is to act as best man at the wedding of a young American pianist. Any time Paderewskl at tends a wedding or anything else he'll act as the best man —or as though he thought he was the best man. Yes, why does Tom Lawson abuse John I', and I lent y Rogers? Cunt he be kind to the rich? 50c AND 65c VALENCIENNES, 25c. WHISKIES IT OOMES IN CARLOADS DIRECT FROM THE DISTILLER FULL MEASURED FLASKS RICH RYE $1.00 FULL QUART Free Delivery Phone Main 731 Stag W. SuM Late THF TRADERS' NATIONAL BANK OP SPOKANE, WASH. Cnplt.il $200,000 Surplus and profits $130,000 officers—Alfred Coolldge, president; A. Kuhn, vice president; Clins. S. El tlnge, cashier; J. Elmer West, assist ant cashier. Directors—M. M. Cowley, Patrick Clark, James MoniiKhari, A. Kuhn, Al fred Coolldge, D. M. Drumheller, J. Klmer West. Exchange National BanK OP SPOUSE, WASH. Deelgnated Depository United States. Capital $260,000.00 Surplus and undivided protits $179.63*911 E. J. Dyer, president; Charles Sweeny, vice president; C. E. Mc- Uroom, cashier; W. M. Shaw, assist ant cashier. Yes, The Presß "want" ads are bus iness getters. Try them! Boys* Bib O O _ Overalls at - CJOC Made of extra strong blue denims, extra well 'made, all sizes. Lighter weight boys' overalls, not all sizes, per pair, 25c. Men's Mercerized CI 9f\ Union Suits - - - $I.LJ Extra fine weave, perfect shape, pink, blue and cream color mercerized lisle union suits, worth $2.00 to $2.50 each. These are samples and you get them at half price. OF QUALITY Wholesale & Retail Mill and Sprague 225-7-!» Riverside, Medical Lake Extract, manufVO tured by the Medical Lake Salte Mfg. Co., Is the beet remedy fer rheum*- tlem there la In the market. It baa been used In this seotlon fer years end we can furnish many testl> mentals. ] Electric Hath Salts for the bat) snd for the hair are the best thmgt that can be usesd for that purpeeM For sale by all druggtsto. afentU featured by Medical LeJte Baltl mi«. Co, TsnnwsAT, Ann. ur, isos. 1 $2.50 is what n bock filled with "Wonder Gold Bonds" is worth In actual money at our store, for any kind f merchandise. I OBT A BOOK TOBAT. a jdo Range for $50. lbs Rood condition for wood, coal or gns. Sam Crow Phone m. £494. A SNAP.