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PAGE F0CR. DAILY IAST OREGONIAN, PENDLETON, OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 20, 1909. COUNTY oniOlAL PAPER. AN INPKPENDENT NEWS PA PER. Publlh''i Pailj. Weekly and Spoil-Weekly, It Pendleton. Oregon, by the KAST ilRKUONUX riULlSHIXO CO. BCR8CMPTION BATES: Dally, one yer, by mall 15 00 Dally. Hi month, by mall 2 50 lVy. three montht. by mall 1.25 Dally, one month, by mall 0 Dally, one year, by carrier T.50 Dally, all month, by carrier S.TS Dally, three motulia. by carrier IDS Dally, one month, by carrier 65 Wefkly, one year, by mall 150 Weekly, l month, by mall .T5 Week'y. four months, by mall 60 Rem! -Weekly, one year, by mall 1.50 Oeml-NVeekly, nil months, by mall... .75 Beml Wee.i., tour months, by mall.. .50 The Dally East Oregonlan Is kept on sale Ota street. at the Oregon News Co., 147 Purtland. Oregoo. Chicago iSureaa. 909 Sevne' Washington, Li. C, liu - teinth atreet. X. W. l'lainf. Kour- Member United Preaa Aasoclatloa. Telephone Mala 1 Entered at tbe post office at Pendleton, Orecon. aa aecondlaas mall matter. LEARN THE WAY. Don't envy the man who mas- ters you. Put find out the method to do it, too; When the old ways fail, find ways anew. Success holds her altar Against those who falter And welcomes the seeker whose courage Is true. The gTeat gifts are given To those who have striven; The fighter unfearing will al- ways come through. The most of achieving Lies In self-believing; Stop scheming and dreaming and start in to do. Herbert Kaufman. any other point west of the Mississip pi. ' This year Pendleton has added to Its prestige ns a wool center by re-cs. tablishing the woolen mill. Within a short time robes from the Pendleton mill will be going to all parts of tht country and of the world. Where ever they go they will curry the name of Pendleton nnd will bear .testimony to this city's standing ns a wool grow ing center. A MISGUIDED MOVE. "A Lnne county grange that de nounces' the Ashland referendum against the agricultural college, thinks an increase of only $30,000 too small sustenance for an Institu tion that is struggling with the task of educating 1400 Oregon young men and women," says the Journal. "The sentiment voiced is that of the entire state, and would seem to make the Ashland experiment one of doubtful expediency." Certainly the O, A. C. referendum should be dropped. It should never have been started. There Is not the slightest reason in the world for holding up the appropriation made for the agricultural college. Inci dentally it might be remarked that if i Ashland people hope to have their normal school sustained under the initiative they had better cease their attack upon O. A. C. That school was not responsible for the mistreatment of the normals. WAR OX THE HOUSEFLY. THE INDIANS. It was announced at the agency yesterday that hereafter most of the Indians upon the reservation will be given free rein in the handling of their financial affairs. It is a step that has long been desired by the In dians. Acting in behalf of their tribesmen. Chief Umapine and other leaders have long sought to have the Indians given their money. Now that the ruling has been made at the in stance of Agent McFatridge the In dians should be highly pleased. How well the Indians will bear their increased responsibility remains to be seen. But the step taken by the government seems a very proper one. it Is entirely consistent with the gov ernment's general policy toward th Indians. The government wants to make the Indian self dependent Then he should be allowed to walk alone. He will never grow strong it coddled and pampered like an In fant. There are many who have long thought that the government makes a mistake through treating the In dians too leniently. They have been given the r.ghts of citizenship, fur nished with practically a livelihood; given free schools, free police protec tion, roads, etc. For these benefit; the Indian does not give proper re compensation. He enjoys the bene fits of civilization without paying the price. Is It any wonder he has be come a weakling. If the government wants to make a white man out of the Indian then he should be required to bear the white man's burden. The Indian should have to work for his living. If he has land he should pay taxes; h'-lp build roads and bridges; main tain schools and provide police pro tection. By doing these things he will soon come to appreciate the ad vantages of civilization. Of course It is inevitable that a great many Indians will fail In the test. But no one should be surprls ed. They are not white men and cannot become such. They are but one generation removed from barbar ism while back of the white man liei centuries of civilized life. But aome of the Indians will make good. The others Uncle Sam should gather Into some sheltering fold so that the pro cess of their elimination will not be too severe. THE WOOL CITY. Pendleton ia to continue aa the headquarters for the state sheep com mission. Dan P. Smythe has been re-elected as secretary of the com mission and Dr. W. H. Lytle as state .aheep inspector. This city is also the headquarters of the state woolgrow crs' association, of which J, N. Bur gess la president But Pendleton has much beside this to back up its claim to the title of the chief wool city of the north west. In territory tributary to Pen dleton an Immense amount of woe! H grown. Then much outside wool i shipped here for scouring. Last reason over aiz million pounds or wool wu handled n Pendleton. It was more wool than waa shipped from A gigantic upheaval is now on in Turkey. A revolutionary army is ad vancing upon the city and rumors that the sultan has abdicated are cur rent. But there has been little fight ing. There never is fighting In that portion of the world. There are "war clouds" galore in the region ot the Balkans, but few people ever get hurt. Baseball fans are showing appre ciation of the excellent baseball news service furnished by the East Orego nian. The news furnished covers the eastern league games as well as those of the west and it is a better service than is supplied by any other small daily In the state. Umatilla county has a property val uation of something like $40,000,000 and the semi-annual statement made yesterday shows that the Indebted ness .is less than $100,000. It la a very wealthy county, but within a few years the showing will be far better than at present. Oklahoma is a strenuous state. Hardly had they gotten through with Crazy Snake when a vigilance com mittee lynched four cattlemen who were charged with murder. The Indian and soon parted. his money are THE ROUND FACED WOMAN. A cruel sc.entlst has been saying horrid things about the round-faced woman. He says she Is more prone than the rest of her sex to deceit, that she is false, fickle and, when the round faced woman will resent more than all else, that she is stupid He avers that when the round face Is surrounded by a frame of curling hair its owner is more than ever im possible, because to all her faults she adds caprlclousness. He warns all young men against making round fac ed girls their wives. For Intellect, for loyalty, for stead fastness of character, he recommends that person, scorned by a beauty lov er, the hatchet faced woman. An artist of repute whose specialty a the drawing of women's faces, fa vors the square-faced woman. Not that her face should be literally square, but that it follows those lines rather than a circle or oval. The Greeks had such faces, and their characters had strength as well as beauty. Besides, the round-faced woman Is more apt to be deceitful than Is the square faced one. Her tendency Is to move along the lines of least re sistance, and if that line happens to be a He well, she lies. A keen student of human nature, and one who thoroughly understands women, expresses her views in the following manner: The round faced woman Is better natured. No one will deny that. But her face must have planes, or she will be insipid. A man wants an amiable wife, but he doesn't want to be bored. To be a true companion a woman must have intelligence and character. Both are indicated by the lines, not by curves'. Selected. When science knew lo.s about the housefly than It knows now we were told that nil creatures had their LeUe ficlnl use, and therefore even that pest must have bien provided Uy na ture to serve In some occult way the needs of man und the ghry of God But In the brighter sunlight of the 20th century science Iiuh learned bet ter, and everywhere the appeal Is heard to make way on this wholesale disseminator of disease and death. At Philadelphia the following warning was sent through the press: The housefly, the dirty fly, the tv- phold and cholera infantum fly, will soon swarm In thousands or millions unless precautions are taken. The housefly, which we were taught In our childhood to treat with kindness, has been exposed. Its habits are filthy. It breeds In stables and gar bage palls and carries the filth It revels in and tracks It across the sugar, the butter and the beefsteak. It paddles Its feet, gummed with the vial rooting matter. In baby's milk. It probably disseminates every disease. It must be exterminated. It can be driven out of every city. In an age of knowledge, screens and cheap disinfectants there Is no excuse for flies in any household. Clean up your premises and report to the health de partment your neighbor who does not. Get rid of breeding places of flies and you will get rid of the fly, . So put up your screens and clean up everything that could serve as a breeding spot and leave no food where the fly may alight. If we do these things we shall certainly derive greater comfort nnd we may be sav ing lives. Spokesman Review." WHITE "RHINOS." Among the rare equatorial animals of which former President Roosevelt and his son, Kermit, who Is to accom pany him across the plains and for. ests of eastern and central Africa, ex pect to get specimens Is the so-called "white," rhineroceros.. This creature Is not really white. It Is a sort of yellowish gray, not much lighter In color than the common rhinoceros. It Is taller however, and has a larger-, squarer snout. The white rhinoceros feeds more extensively upon Vegetables than does Its commoner relative. One of Its horns is dwarfed, a fact that has giv en rise at different times to stories of a "one-horned species of rhino." Its skin Is covered with many small warty tubercles, and altogether it appearance s scarcely beautiful. Its keen scent and rapid gait make it extremely difficult to approach. The species Is rapidly disappearing. In 1890 it had practically vanished from East Africa, except for a small re serve In Zululand, where a number of specimens still haunted. Selected. THE POSTPONED BAPTISING. When Theory Didn't Work. The new teacher aurveyed her wiggling, restless charges with some dismay. But, true to her oft-studlel book of instructions as to the best manner of Implanting knowledge ;n the young mind, she began: 'Now, children, what is it that a cat Is covered with? Is it fur? J ( hair, li I fi ethers? Is it woo'.' Johnny Halloran, you may answer. Johnny, seven, soiled and etarved- ooklng, arising in a state of min gled contempt and perpl-ixlty, re plied: 'Pay, honest, Is youse fciddin' or aln t ( use never seen a cat?" To day's K.-gazlne. The breadth of a life depend on how much of the world It takes Into lta heart The old colored brother prefaced his sermon with the following re marks: . "I well knows dat some er you has traveled fur ter see de baptizln' to day, but I has ter announce dat dar won't be no baptlzin." Five big alli gators has been sunning' derselfs on five logs in de mlllpon', havin' des crawled out fum der long winter sleep; an' hit stan's ter reason dn w'en a alligator sleeps all winter he's mighty hongry w'en he wakes up. Hit may be that Providence will protect de canderdates fer de babtizin', but hit's my opinion dat ter wade Into a mlllpon' wld five hongry alligator playin' 'possum on a log, would be flyln' In de face er Providence!" At lanta Constitution. Often The Kidneys Are Weakened by Over-Work. Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood. Weak and unhealthy kidneys are re sponsible for much sickness and suffering, mereiore, li Kianey trouble is permitted to continue, serious re sults are most niteiy to follow. Your other organs may need at tention, but your kid neys most, because they do most and should have attention first. Therefore, when vour kidneys are weak or out of order, you can understand how quickly your en tire body is attectea ana now every organ seems to fail to do its duty. If you are sick or " feel badly," begin taking the great kidney remedy, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root. A trial wili con vince you of its great merit. The mild and immediate effect of Swamp-Root, the great kidney and bladder remedy, is soon realized. It stands the highest because its remarkable health restoring properties have been woven in thousands of the most distress ing cases. If you need a medicine you snouia nave me oesi. Sold by druggists in miv-ceoi anu one-uui- i lar sizes. You may "."S'.ZZZZZZ. have a sample bottle ifS-i by mail free, also pamphlet telling you Horn o7lwinj-K(. how to find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble. Mention this paper when writing to Dr. Kilmer & Co.; Binghamton, N. Y. Don't make any mis take, but remember the name, Swamp Root, and don't let a dealer sell you something in place of Swamp-Root if you do you will be disappointed. New Pvccords For your phonograph means more pleasure. Have you heard the late ones at . lap . W 813 Main St. Pendleton ii fThi Lydia E. Pinlcham's Vegetable Compound? We can furnish positive proof that it has made many remarkable cures after all other means had failed. Women who are suffering with some form of female illness should consider this. As such evidence read these two unsolicited testimonial letters. We guarantee they are genuine and honest state ments of facts. Gardiner, Maine. "I was a Treat sufferer from a femnlo disease and weakness. The doctor said 1 Mould have to k to the hospital for an operation but I could not hear to think of it. " Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound completely cured me in three months." Mrs. S. A. Williams, K.F.1. No. 14, Uox 30, Gardiner, Me. So. M'est Harbor, Me. I suffered for years with painful periods, backache, headaches, nervousness, irregularities and inf lamination. I consulted two physicians and one advised me to have an operation. u I was completely discouraged when I decided to try Lydia K. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and it has made me a well woman. I advise all suffering women to take Lydia K. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound." Mrs. Lillian ltobbins, South West Harbor, Me. Evidence like the above is abundant showing that the derangements of the female organism which breed all kinds of miserable feelings and which ordinary practice does not cure, are the very disorders that give way to Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. Women who are afflicted with similar troubles, after reading two such letters as the above, should be encouraged to try this wonderfully helpful remedy. For 30 years Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has been the standard remedy for female ills. No sick worran does justice to herself who will not try this famous medicine. Made exclusively from r otj and herbs, and has thousands of cures to Its credit. p?Wa Mrs. Pinkham invites all sick women tritf to write her fr.r advice. She has guided thousands to health free of charge. Address Mrs. Pinkham, Lynn, Mass. IS AlVlERICAi PENDLETON, OREGON ( If Has Four Cardinal Principles: ABSOLUTE SAFETY CONSERVATISM SQUARE DEALING COURTEOUS TREATMENT. lliis is insured by Directors who direct and give all matters careful attention. OFFICERS: T. J. MORRIS, President. A. D. SLOAN, Vice President. W. I,. THOMPSON', Cashier. T. G. MONTGOMERY W. S. BADI.EY 1 Asst. Caslilcra. Capital, Surplus and Undivided Profits $250,000 The earnings of this Bank since its organization n period of 20 years have been re-invested in Umatilla Conntv. a Allwin Co-Carts $10 to $18 Columbia Phonographs And all the latest records both inde structible and double disc. Up-to-Date Pendleton Furniture Co. W. R. GRAHAM, Mgr. Complete House Furnishers Good News to Lovers of Good Bread and Cekes. We will bake our first goods in our new patent oven Wednesday, April 14th Chas. Rohrman E. Court Street ShcWlng, 19 foot awning, m good order, and bricks for Rale. Cornelius "The House of Welcome" Cor. Park and Alder Portland, Oregon A hotel where the North western people will find hearty welcome and re ceive courteous treat ment at moderate prices. Our free omnibus meets all trains I Under the management of N. K. CLARKE G W. Cornelius I Proprietor H. M. SLOAN ft 3 General Blacksmithing, 3 I) Horshsboeing, s Wood Work and i! Wagon Making. j it 3 ?low Shore Grinding and Sharpening. 3 g AT THE OLD STAND 3 Cor. Alta & Cottonwood Streets S Alfalfa Meal For Man, Beast or Chickens It makes good solid flesh, COLESWORTHY'S Sell it At the Feed Store 127-129 E. Alta Ttiej Stand Ute Strain. Our Wlaona Waffona and Hacka and Rex Bugglea are bulk to stand ervlca. Let ua ihow you eur Falrbanka Morse Enginea and Soalea the beat We aollctt your wagon repairing, machine work and carriage oalntlng. Chargea are moderate and only aklll- ea workmen are employed. NEAGLE BROS. Nice Roasts, Chops . and Steaks Bent sausage and amoked or cured meata. Pure lard. EMPIRE MEAT CO. Phone Main 18. Milne Transfer Phone Main 5 Calls promptly answered for all baggage transfer ring. Piano and Furnture moving and Heavy Truck ing a specialty. D. C. Graybeal CIGARS, TOBACCOS, PIPES, CAN DIES, NUTS AND SOFT DRINKS. CARD ROOM IN CONNECTION 6U Main Street. Phone ua for Good Dry Wood. Had 39I.