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DAILY EAST OREGON IAN, PENDLETON, OREGON. MONDAY, JULY 5, 1909. PAGE SEVEN. PLAN 10 RESEED EXPERIMENT CONDUCTED BY AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT Plan In To Find Practicable Method for Reacted tag the Over Qnued Land f the Poresl Arena An Im imriam Parage Plum of the South west win n- Panel for Eiperimen tation Experiments are PromUlng i Present Tline, In connection with the bureau of plant Industry of the department of agriculture, the forest service ha been carrying on u series of experi ments relative to the resceding of over grazed areas upon the nullorial forests In tho west. Among other important forage plants selected for experimental work Is the common ull'llarla (Erodlum elcataurtum) of the southwestern desert cjuntry. This splendid for age plant grows all over the deserts of southern California, Arizona and New Mexico and furnlshin one of the best plants for fattening live stock especially sheep, known to the st ck nien It grows In the early spring when green feed is most desirable and in a few weeks will cover the desert with a rich green blanket un til It looks almost like alfalfa. The plant generally reaches a maximum height of from eight to ten inches In side of six weeks and In six weeks more has all died down and blown away, leaving the ground as bare as u floor. The seeds of this plant have been carried from California, In the woo of migrating sheep, Into the ad joining states, but while It will grow at high altitudes, it does not reach any great height above an elevation Of 3000 feet. Seed Hani to Obtain. The first obstacle the government exp' rts ran against was the Impossi bility of obtaining Med In the open markets that Would germinate. The seed command! a high price and Is hard to obtain, but of samples pur chased from various seed houses the germinating power u.is never higher I than about eight per cent. In order to determine. If possible. : where tbe fault lay, in the non-ger- j mlnating power of the oeete purohaV ( td, the forest service sent one of Its Plant experts. Arthur V. Sampson, 1 into tiie iietii in soutnern uailiomis where alfdarla was known to be most j abundant, with orders to gather seed Of this plant and make a careful Itttdy of the conditions governing Its I growth. Haa nigh Germination Power. This hns been done and it Is very evident that if the seed can be gath ered at the proper time and under proper conditions, t will have a high germinating power, samples of the seed gathered by Mr Sampson show ed a germination of over ninety. one per cent which is certainly high enough to be satisfactory to any pur chaser. Mr. Sampson has been able to outline a method of gathering this seed by Which cue man can gather a very large amount with very lit tle trouble. Bnottgfa of the seed can be easily secured with a high germl natlve power with which to make ex perimental plantings on several Of the national forests where this plant would make an admirable addition to the local fornge supply. Alfilnrla. under normal conditions, seems to he best In a soil composed mostly of decomposed granite, but It Is believed It will flourish In most light sandy soils where there Is' sufficient mois ture In the early spring to start the growth. Now that the forest service has shown how to gather the seeds there Is no doubt but that the local seed men will nvall themselves Of the ex periment and that In future the grade Of seed sold by seedmen will be of a much belter germinal Ive strength. AIRSHIP MAY ALIGHT ON LAND OR WATER San Antonio, Tex. J. W. Oman. Inventor of an airship which will prove somewhat of a new departure, will In a few dnys leave for St. Louis nnd DU huque, la., to place oitlers for the construction of bis machine. The mo tors will be purchased from a firm at tbe latter place. Oman's airship differs materially from the aeroplane of the Wright brothers and the gas hag type. It will be able to raise straight from the ground, without any Initial start, by means of two helicopters placed above the car These will have a lifting ca pacity of c.nnn pounds. Instend of be ing built on the usual propeller type they are fashioned after the wheels of a turbine and have spaces In which thr air Is compressed under them by means of rapid revolution. Flight In the air will he obtained by means of an aeroplane and two propellers In the rear of the machine. The Inventor Intends to trust to power only nnd will construct his iiw. chine of steel tubing and aluminum. His motors will have 115-horsc pow er. The nature of the machine will make it possible to alight on water as wi ll n on land. This Is one of the conditions Imposed by the United Stahs government for machines In tended for use In the naval service. Mr. Oman. Intends to, compete for tho pilz.s of the Fulton Centennial expo sition at New York. The auger at the McMinnvillo milk oondensery well brought up from a depth Of "7 feet, from a blue clay for mation, particles of decayed cedar erOOd, from saw. lust and planer shav ing size to larger, perhaps relics, It Is suggested, Of the building of Noah's ark. Prusslc add poisons every living ! thing, plants as well as animals. mi HOLDING THE CELLO. An Anecdote of Duport and the Em peror Napoleon. Napoleon, In a way, wuh fond of music. It Is admitted' that the mu sical tastes of "the Corslcai) ogre" were not elevated. But for all thai be loved Ringing so much that many a time after a concert be ordered the vocalists to come to the palace and sing before hi in and the Empress Jo sephine. A curious anecdote is told of Ids brusque manner of dealing with art Ists. One night at a concert at the Tullerles, while Import, the famous violoncellist, wns performing a solo, the emperor suddenly entered. Ills majesty nodded his head approvingly and when the piece was finished said to Duport: "How the deuce do you manage to keep that Instrument so motionless'-" And, taking up the cello, be tried to jam it between his spurred boots. Poor Duport nearly fainted when be saw his treasure treated like a war horse. For several minutes he looked on, trembling from head to foot. At last, however, he dHrted forward and ealled out "Sire!" In such pathetic tones that tho emperor handed him back the Instrument. Duport thereupon showed how the Instrument wns held, but every time his Imperial master extended his hand to attempt to do It himself Duport threw himself back In alarm till final ly Josephine whispered something to her husband, who burst out laughing and put an end to the cello lesson. New York Sun. SHETLAND PONIES. Active at Terriers, Sure Footed as Mules, Patient at Donkeys. Shetland are "foaled in the fields, live In the fields and die in tbe fields." They have a rooted dislike for ludoor life and thrive beat when allowed to feed naturally on green grass, with perhaps hay In winter. Until two years old nature provides a soft, wool like covering. Afterward the mature coat of hair appears, to be shed each spring when the ponies appear sleek and handsome. Full grown, they art? immensely Strong, with wide quarters, powerful legs and a great width and depth over the heart and lungs. And, 01 Bengie wrote In 1870 in his "Tour In Shetland:" "The Shetland pony Is the most lovable of anhnaia In the wide creation. They nrt. uprightly und uetlve as terriers, Rure foU.d Illu,,s ull(1 patient as donkeys. The burse is accredited as the noblest of the lower animals, and the Shetland pony stands at tbe bead of this noble race 01 the most intelli gent and faithful of them ail." The great value of the Shetland to the coal miners lies in Its ability to work In the low galleries In thin seamed pits, where other ponies could not travel. Their strength does not correspoud with their diminutive pro portions, and they will travel thirty miles n day In the seams, drawing from twelve to fourteen hundred weight. I'nderground their lot Is hard, but use becomes second nature, and they are treated, If roughly, not onklndly. St. James' Gazette. The Chinaman and His Dragon. If a Chinaman wishes for happiness and peace In this world and tbe next be feels obliged to consult his majesty the dragon us to where his house shall be built and his grave be made. Through the earth, so say the Chinese, flow two currents tbe dragon and the tiger. Now, for a man to have good fortune In life or, as be would say in "pigeon English," to- "catcbee chance," bis bouse must be put In a certain position In reference to these curreuts. If he Is to rest quietly in bis grave, that also must be correctly placed. So called "wise men" make a business of choosing favorable sites for homes and graves, professing by means of a waud und Incantations and Other kinds of tomfoolery to be able to detect the presence of the dragon nnd tbe tiger and to tell in what di rection they flow. Skating. Skating is believed to have been In vented In northern Europe In prehis toric times. William Fitz-Stephen speaks of it In London toward tbe end of the twelfth century, but It did not really catch hold until the cava liers who had been lu exile with Charles II. brought It with them from Holland. On Dec. 1, 1002, Mr. Pepys, having oceuslou to cross the park, "first In my life, It being a great frost, did see people sliding with their skates, which Is a very pretty art." On tho 8th be went purposely to see the sight and ugaln found It "very pretty." London Chronicle. Work Both Ways. "So you thlbk It Is un advantage to a man to go to congress for awhile?" "Yes," answered Senator Sorghum. "It gives the people In his own town a chance to think be Is a great man In Washington and the people In Wash ington a chance to think be Is a great man In his own town." -Washington Star. Her Motto. "I think It Is high time," said Mrs. Oldcattle, "for the people of this coun try to take a llrm stand against vivi section." "So do I," replied her hostess. "No north, no south, Is my motto." Chi cago Hecord-'lerald. The Barrier. First Trnnip Yon won't get nothing decent there; them people Is vegeta rians. Second Trump--Is that right? ! First Tramp Yes, and they've got a 1 doe, w-ot ain't.- Philadelphia Inquirer. Nearly 00 flebermen's licenses have been issued in Umatilla county. Summer Rates East During the rla Oregon Railroad (8b Nov. Co., OREGON SHORT LINE AND UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD Portland, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Walla Walla and all Points on the O. R. & N. Line. To OMAHA and Return; - $60.00 To KANSAS CITY and Return $60.00 To ST. LOUIS and Return - $67.50 To CHICAGO and Return - $72.50 and to other principal cities In the East, Middle West and South, Correspondingly low fares. On Sale June 2, 3; July 2, 3; August 11, 12. To DENVER and Return - $55.00 On Sale May 1 7, July 1 , August 1 1 Going transient limit 10 days from date of sale, final return limit October 31st. These tickets present some very attractive features In the way of stopover privileges, and choice of routes; thereby enabl ing passengers to make side trips to many interesting points enroute. Routing on the return trip througn California my be had .'.t a slight advance over the rates quoted. Pull particulars, sleeping car reservations and tick- be furnished by IE. F.ktSCHUYLER, O. It. & N. local agent, or WM. McMURRAY, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Oregon. FIVE YEARS' WORK Complete statistics of the first five years May, 1904, to April, 1909 of Uncle Sam's work on the Panama canal are now available. In those five years there have been three dif ferent canal commissions, three chief engineers, and endless conflict of ex pert opinion over the relative merits of the sea level and the lock type of canal. The New York Tribune, sum ming up in an editorial column tht most salient facts embodied g the commission's statistics, reminds us that the two French companies whose work preceded that of the United States government excavated 81,548, 000 cubic yards In 18 years of actual digging prior to 1904. Under Ameri can control the excavation in five years has amounted to 73,124.849 cu bic yards, distributed among the dif ferent years as follows: Cubic Yards. May, May. May, May, Hay, Th 1904, to April, 1905. . 4S.911 1905, to April, 1906.. 2.155,123 1906, to April, 1907.. 6,715,554 1907, to April. 1908. .25,062,011 1908, to April, 1909. .38.542.650 small showing for the first year Is due to the fact that real con struction work was not begun by the American engineers until more than a year after the United States took formal possession of the unfinished canal on May 4, 1904. That period was devoted largely to sanitary work and exploring. Now, however, the working force and the machinery have been brought up to what may be regarded as the fullest practicable ef ficiency. Therefore, it Is not to be expected, says the Tribune, that the ratio of Increase In excavation from year to year will be continued. What we may look for Is a continued rate of a little more than 3,000,000 cubic yards a month. This would dispose In less than three years of the esti mated 101,541.746 cubic yards yet to be excavated. The time required for the actual completion of the canal, however, depends upon tbe time needed for the building of tbe dams and locks, "and as those structures are without precedent In the history of engineering, there are no data for determining their requirements." Turning to the question of cost, we read: "Detailed statistics of expenditures are avallnble down to February I last, or three months less than the five years. The total to that date was $93,915,657.76. Of this sum, Only 10,111,448.08 went for actual engi neering and construction work. The, buildings cost $8,787,502. sanitation $8.0.14,962. municipal improvements In the canal zone $4,007,497, civil ad ministration $2,618,732, and so on to an aggregate of more than one-third of the whole. Many of these non construction expenditures wen' made once for all and will not recur, so thai hereafter a larger proportion of the appropriation will go for actual construction." Literary Digest. 110 WHEAT CHOI'S ASSURED VBOUT SPOK l Spokane. Wash., July 5. Though practically no rain has fallen through out the country tributary to Spokane during the week, crops are still report ed in fine condition, apparently un damaged. Still great scarcity of farm help is complained or ami much or the erop may be waste, before it ran be taken care of. High wanes at already offered men to work on farms. ON PANAMA CANAL Season 1 909 thr. Indications are for the greatest wheat erop in years In most sections. A potato bug menace is reported to be troubling farmers all over Ca mas prairie and the Nez Perce reser vation in central Idaho. Men with large potato acreage are trying many methods to eradicate the pest but the bugs seem to be Increasing rapidly and threaten great damage to tho crop. In the country arounii Spo kane cut worms have damaged truck gardens and the effects of their work Is seen in oat fields over a large scope of country. The worms seem to have bothered wheat verv little. Watch Tallman drug store corner. THE PENDLETON DRUG CO. Real Drugs-Real Druggists Pastime Theatre Cass Matlock, Prop. Latest Moving Pictures and Illustrated Songs A Comfortable Theatre Entertaining and Instructive Shows afternoon and evenings Adults 10c. Children un der, 10 (years 5c. Next door to French Restaurant MEN AND WOMEN. Cio . .toral In l to i dntKH nifti-harN.iDnantmaUonj, litiaianir.i W Irritations or ulcf rucicni net toauiomre. of mucoui membraoei, l'r-alji ConUrloa. PuitilM im( nnt ailrin. gnnt or poimnout. . r'Nr.NVUI.f Solfl by IlruirvUtA, 1'. S.A. n orient in plain wrnrrT, by expronn, prepaid, (or 1.00. orSi.ittl.'s$2.75, Circular aeul oil rwiuait. Every Woman It tntorpatotl u 1 nhould kuo ftbout ttiH wori'lfrful Marvel wr"n ?pr" uoucne A;k voiir drnrclct it. if he r:inuut sur V HVKL. seem! no o her, lint send stamp jbi Itlns IriU'd book apsloil. It rlre. wtteolsia :n.l dlraeUDBJ luvluiMe 'uLJxa. MARVEL CO.. 44 L. . . d St., New To.'R 1 for.Mrp S, . M J 1 1 ant FOR BALE, HOME FOOR TWENTY-FIVE FAM ilies We have 500 acres of fine land with plenty of spring water, good Improvements, cuts now about 1000 tons of hay and will make fine place to subdivide and sell in small tracts. All tools and Implements go with place at 1126 per acre In the Walla Walla valley on new car line survey. Write, call or phone for what you want. Manela & Brown, Milton, Ore. FOR SALE Five acres on river bot tom la Riverside addition to Pen dleton; well improved; half in gar den and half in alfalfa. Address E. T, this office, or 'phone Red 266. LEGAL BLANKS of every descrip tion, for count court, circuit court, Justice court, real estate, etc., for sale at East Oregonlan office. FOR SALE 9 room roomin. house; well located; new and clean, 33,500; Including corner lot 50x140, build ing and furniture, R. A. Smith, owner, Pasco, Wash. ENGRAVED CARDS, INVITATIONS, wedding announcements, embossed private and business stationery, etc. Very latest styles. Call at East Ore gonlan office and see samples. Classified Four Lines, in Daily, Weekly and Semi-Weekly $1 per month. PHYSICIANS. H. S. GARFIELD," M. D., HOMEO patblc physician and surgeon. Of fice Judd block. Telephones: Office black 3411; residence, red 2633. DR. LYNN K. BLAKESLEE. CHRO nlc and nervous dlgeases, and dis eases of women. X-ray and Electrx. Therapeutics. Judd building, corner Main and Court streets. Office 'phone Main 72; residence phone, Main 554. DENTISTS. E. A. MANN. DENTIST, OFFICE Main street, next to Commercial black 3851. 3421; residence phone red DR. M. S. KERN. DENTAL SUR geon. Office, room 15, Judd build ing. Phone red 3301. VAUGHAN BROS., DENTISTS. OF- flee In Judd building. Phone Main 7S. VETERINARY SURGEONS. ' - ' - un. u. ntL .naud, ua,al n Stock Inspector and member State Veterinary Board. Office Tallman s drug tore. Res, 'phone Main 59. J. A. DONAGHUE. VETERINARY Surgeon. Official local stock In- spector. Graduate Ontario Veterl - nary college. Office phone Main 20 rei,lonce phone. Main 27. ' 1 "; - ATTORNEYS. RALEY. RICHARDS & RALEY, AT torneys at law. Office In Savings Bank building. FEE & LATER, LAWYERS. OF flces In Despaln building. CARTER & SMYTH E, ATTORNEYS at law. Office in Savings Bank building. JAMES B. PERRY. ATTORNEY AT law. Office over Taylor's hard ware store. LOWELL & WINTER, ATTORNEYS and counsellors at law. Office In Despaln building. GEORGE W. COUTTS, ATTORNEY at law. Bstates settled, wills, deeds, mortgages and contracts drawn. Col lections made. Room 17 Schmidt block. PETERSON & WILSON, ATTOR neys at law; rooms 3 and 4 Smith Crawford building. PHELPS & STEIWER. AT ORNEYS at law. Offices in Smith-Crawford building. PETER WEST, DIVORCE LAWYER Office 608 Garden street. CHAS. J. FERGUSON, ATTORNEY at law. Office In Association block. DOUGHS W. BAILEY ATTORNEY at law. Will practice in all state and federal courts. Rooms 1, 2, 3 nnd 4, over Taylor hardware store. SECOND-HAND DEALERS. V. STROBLE. DEALER IX SECOND hand goods. If there Is anything you need In new and second-hand furniture, stoves, granlteware and crockery, call and get his price. No. 212 Court street. INSURANCE AND LAND BUSINESS HARTMAN ABSTRACT CO., MAKES reliable abstracts of title to all lands In Umatilla county. Loans on city and farm property. Buvs and sells all Mad Of real estate Does a general brokerage business Pays taxes and makes Investments for non residents. References, anv bank In Pendleton. JAMES JOHNS. Pres. W. S. HENNINGER. Vlce-pres C. H. MARSH. Sec. J. M. BENTLET REPRESENTS THE oldest and most rellnhle fire and aceidf-nt Insurance companies. Offlr with Hs'man Abstract Co ROOMINO HorSES. ST. ELMO ROOMS. NEW ANT first class throughout. One blw from depot. Rates 60c. T5c and II Mrs. Allen Rhodes. Mgr. Ms. r WANTED. HAIR WORK DONE New York Beauty Parlors, Madam Kennedy, prop. Highest prices paid for combings. Scalp treatment, sham pooing, facial massage, ate. ! E. Court street; phone Red 3762. TAXIDERMIST AND FUR DRE8S er. All kinds of animals and birds mounted. Furs and hides bought T. B. Shearer, 312 W. Webb street. Pendleton, Ore. FOR RENT. FOR RENT New B-room cottage with modern conveniences; lot 60x100; also new barn and yard. Inquire 613 Pine street While watching the partlcn- e lar classification that appeals t e yon do not overlook all Um e other want a da. Directory Extra Lines over Four, 25 cents per Line per month. MISCELLANEOUS. H. J. KEOGH, GENERAL ELECTRIC work. Residence phone, Black, 1441. Shop phone, Main 74. PENDLETON IRON WORKS RE palr work on all kinds of machines, structural Iron work and machine castings. Junction of Court and A'.ta streets. Marion Jack. Prop.; A. F. May, manager. YEE SAM. LEE CO., NOODLE RES taurant, Mrs. Goey, Prop. Chicken noodle soup, chop suey, etc. Webb St., between Main and Garden. Phone Red 3391. SLOM KEE, CHINESE LAUNDRY; family washing; work done by hand; mending free; goods called for and delivered. 408 East Court street. WANTED CLASSIFIED ADS. SUCH , as help wanted; rooms or houses for rent; second hand goods for sale; in fact, any want you want to get filled, the East Oregonlan wants your want ad. Rates: Three lines one time. 20 cents; two times, 30 cents; j 7Q rpnta Five lino nnm time. 30 cents; two times. 45 cents; slx tlmeSi 16 Count , xword8 t0 , .he ne Send your cIaMlfled ad8 t0 the offlce or ma t0 tne Eaj)t Qre ! gnlan;h 6nc:'S'ng '"Ver or 8tamP8 t0 , rjheamount. :LET ELECTRICITY DO YOUR work It's clean, reliable and con- lyenient. Electric Sad Irons, guaran- teed. IK.2fi. Electric Hot Wii.r nnrt Curllne Iron Heaters Electric fnffow Percolators, etc A complete stock of Gas and Electric fixtures. First-class wiring of homes, etc. J. L. Vaughan. 122 W. Court street. MACHINERY. UNITED ENGINEERING CO., ME chanical engineers. Irrigation, I power or electric plants gas proluc- ers. 26-26 P.-I. Bldg., Seattle, Wash ' lngton. AUCTIONEER. COL, F. G. LUCAS, LIVESTOCK Auctioneer, Athena, Oregon. Ref erence First National Bar k of Athena and Farmers' Bank of W.ston. Farm sales a specialty. FUNERAL DIRECTORS. M. A. RADER, FUNERAL DIREC tor and licensed embalmer. Grad uate of the Chicago College of Em balming. Corner Main and Webb streets. 'Phone main 130. Funeral parlors In connection. BAKER & FOLSOM, FUNERAL Di rectors and licensed embalmers. Opposite postofflce. Funeral parlor. Two funeral cars. Calls responded to day or night. 'Phone main 75. FRATERNAL ORDERS. a PENDLETON LODGE No. 61, TQ( A. F. and A. M., meets th first and third Mondays of each month. All visiting brethren are In vited. lr Ck' B. P. O. ELKS NO. 28 3 HUttJ meets every Thursday even ing In Eagle's hall. O. W. Phelps. E. R.; Thos Flu Gerald. Secy, DAMON LODGE NO. 4. K. Mr? 4 of P., meets every Mo.tday . evening in I. O. O. F. halL ry Visiting brothers cordially lnvtted to attend. A. E. Lambert. C. C; R. W. Fletcher. K. of R. snd S. ARClirrECTS. CONTRACTORS. ETC J. L FRANKUM. WILL DO ALL kinds of cmcrete work, cement walks, foundations laid, estimate., f' r nlshe.l. Phone Bed 223? orders at this office. D. A. MAY, CONTRACTOR AND Builder. Estimates furnished on all kinds of masonry, cement walks, stone walls, etc. Phone black 3736. or Ore gon!:in office LIVERY AM I KED STAHI PS CITY I.IVKKV STABI4J, THOMPSON street. arney & Kennedy. Prop. Livery, feed and sale stable, '.lood rigs at all times. Cab line In connes tlon. 'Phone main 70.