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DAILY BAST OREGONIAN, PENDLETON. OREGON, MONDAY, JANUARY , 1911. FOREST HRE INSURANCE (Continued from page one.) comes essential that we should use some other method than men, axes and shovels to prevent destructive foretit fires. Now, my good, friends, let me come to the kernel of this nut. They say en ounce of prevention la worth a pound of cure; therefore, I favor something that will prevent forest fires After some careful personal ob servations, a careful study of the question, and after obtaining the ex periences of the pioneers of the west ern forests, I have come to the definite concluHlon that the only successful prevention of future big uncontroll able fires In our forests Is grazing of livestock therein to the full capacity; and especially by sheep. The vital question Is how will sheep prevent fires. ' The answer Is short and decisive. Forest fires are usually started by Inexperienced campers who have no Interests In conservation and small regard whether a forest fire Is started or not, or else do not realize how a small Insignificant campfire may get away and destroy thousands of acres of timber worth millions of dollars. Lightning is often the cause of for est fires, which Is completely beyond human control. Combustible Agents. The accumulation of two or three years' growth of grass, weeds and un derbrush produces a highly combust ible agent, ideal for spreading rapidly a small camp or lightning fire; In a short time this Inslgnfcant campfre Is beyond human control, sweeping forests, farms and all animal life be fore It. The grass Is not only burned but the big trees are destroyed also. It requires some highly Inflammable agent, such as this, to spread a fire through the actual trees and timber itself. Without It, the spread and ex pansion of a fire la Impossible. Put a band of ewes to fbraglng on these forest areas and they will keep down this rank growth pf weeds, grass and underbrush, absolutely taking away the necessary and only agent, thus making big forest fires such as we had last year Impossible and with out materially Injuring the trees and growing timber. These woods, grass and underbrush were not Intended by the Creator for posterity but for the present use of struggling humanity. Then why not by all means to save our forests and foster an Important Industry, encourage sheep grazing thereon. Instead of restricting and pre venting It. The history of the past thirty years tears out my statements. Smythe Brothers, of which I am a member, lease some fifty-thousand acres of for est lands owned and controlled by several timber companies. These lands are adjacent to and in fact ex tend Into the Whitman national forest In Oregon; we rent these lands for our sheep during the summer months; the munngera and owners of these timber companies have repeatedly said to me: "Mr. Smythe, if we could not get you sheepmen to fairly jump over each other In an endeavor to pay us a ren tal for our timber lands, we would gladly come to you and offer a goodly sum that your sheep might go upon our lands In the summer and graze them to their full capacity. It Is the only practical Insurance we have against forest fires." They do not In any manner restrict or prevent the amout of sheep grazing on these lands. I understand that all timber companies In the west rent the graz ing of their lands to stockmen. It is the only practical and successful In surance they have. It is needless to say forest fires on these lands are rare. Example In Washington. Mr. Thomas McKencle, chief of grazing In this district, cites an in stance Inst summer on the Colvllle national forest In the state of Wash ington. There were two similar areas In this forest not far rrotn each other, both having about equnl timber, grass and underbrush thereon and the gen eral lay of the swamps, hills and streams being similar. On one of these was regularly grazed a band of sheep; the other had not been grazed. Forest fires started Inst summer on both. On the one where sheep were grazed It was easily checked and con trolled and no damage was done to the timber. The fires on the other were not able to get under control un til they had burned over 100,000 acres of forest land and destroyed much excellent timber. The Colvillo super visor believes In sheep grazing to pro tect his forest. I know of many similar Instances but lack of time prevents me from re lating them here todny. I am happy to note that many fntr minded forest ers who have had occasion to observe actunl western conditions, taken from experience, realize the Importance of livestock grazing as forest fire pre vention. Best of all, history, actual applica tion and observation during the past twenty-five years proves the statement that livestock grazing is tho most prac tical and successful forest fire Insur ance, A few days ago, 1 wrote a hundred letters to the leading most prominent, experienced, capable, fatr and honest stockmen who have directly seen and observed personally western forests with sheep grazing and without graZ' Ing and noticed the fires which have occurred on these forests for the past fifteen to thirty years. The majority have replied and they unanimously bear me out and substantiate my statements. Tho argument Is so de cisive and Is so we!! known by the pioneer users of national forests as sembled here today, I feel It Is a bore and an imposition to take up your val uable time and that of this conven tion to further discuss the soundness of this argument upon which I base my conclusions. Sheep Do No Injury. I am going to take just a moment to refute the statement that sheep In jure the small, tender young shoots. From twenty-two to twenty-five years ago, I went with my father on to the Rainier national forest in the state or Washington; that year marked the first year of heavy sheep grazing on this forest. I have practically been on this reserve every .year since, up to about five years ago. All sheep In going to this reserve had to pass over a strip of forest area called Cedar valley. At first, there were very few young pine seedlings or pine saplings. As soon as sheep began to eat off the pine grass and forage became scarce, little pine seedlings began to spring u; by the billions; In fact so thickthat in moat places making it almost im passable with a horse. These seed lings are now growing Into substan tial pine saplings and we find it to day almost impossible to cross Cedar valley with sheep on account of the density of the small pines. No other cause for this can be given except the eating off of the pine grass and the cultivation by the roving bands of sheep. No doubt, many of you sheepmen here can relate a similar circumstance. In conclusion, I have to say that every argument seems to favor the idea that sheep were intended to pas ture upon the abundance or weeds and grasses In our forests and to protect her Giants of the Woods from ravages of fire. Praises Forestry Officials, Don't misunderstand me to mean any disparagement against the for est service or Its officials. .1 am a firm believer In the protection of our forests from destruction. I want to join In the song of praise for those brave forest guard . heroes that In aome Instances gave up their lives last summer that our forests might be saved. A monument should be raised In the heart of every Ameri can for their noble effort. But, my countrymen, do not forget to give the old ewe her Just honors. If we are to measure the good done to protect our forests for posterity and give hon or to whom honor Is due, let us then emblazon the Image of the old marine ewe on the hearts of every honest country-loving American as the great est conservationist of them all Glf ford Plnchot not excepted. If the old adage Is true that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, an old ewe, by eating up the inflammable material which causes the fire, then is worth a dozen forest guards In the practical duty of keep ing our forests fire-free and giving them to our future generations. SHORT HR HOTES FROM ABOUT H (Special Correspondence.) Nolin, Jan. 8. John Russell and William Hoch came down from Pen dleton this morning for a goose hunt. Mrs. O. F. Steele spent SaturdayIn Stanfleid visiting Mrs. W. A. Fraser and Mrs. R. N. Beavert. Thomas Kerr will erecfa buildings in the near future on a 15 acre tract he lately purchased from O. F. Steele Among the visitors to the county seat during the past week were Miss es Bulah and Beryl Atherton, Messrs. Thomas Kerr, Jacob Rohde, O. F. Steele, James Copplnger and J. P. Dellwo. Miss Florence Simons, a trained nurse, returned to Pendleton last Wednesday after taking care of Nel lie Welch for two weeks. Rev. C. F. Cunningham, United Brethren minister from Holdman, has been holding a series of meetings here during the past week and which will be continued till next Friday. A surprise party was given at the residence of Jamea Marple Friday night and was reported as being an- enjoyable affair. Fred Ebrel has Just completed a well 265 feet deep with an abundant supply of water for M. E. Whltmore. He will drill next week for Charles Daniel in South Cold Spring., Preparations are being made to have a basket social next Saturday night, the proceeds to be given to Mrs. Charles Welch whose daughter Nellie has been 111 several weeks with typhoid-pneumonia. Considerable enthusiasm is being shown by the Nolin Farmers' Union No. 27. Ten new members were in itiated last night and five applica tions favorably considered. J. A. Hawks, Ed Dupuis, R. S. Austin, Ed McCutchen and Miss Avva McCutch en were elected as delegates to the county union for the ensuing year. MAN-MONKEY BONES REVEAL HORNED TRIBE Skull, Skrtotons, Ancient Utensils, Show Existence or Strange Race. Los Angeles Skeletons of a strange tribe of horned man-monkey pigmies are being exhumed from an ancient burying ground discovered near Jack rabbit Lodge, in the Delta of Top ango canyon, near Santa Monica. Forty-four skulls and almost as many complete sets of torso and limb bones have been recovered, together with a number of strange antiquities apparently used by the tribe as weap ons and numerous stone mortars. The tribe Is thought to have been the last of the kind, and it is claimed by legend of the oldest Spanish fam ilies that Aztec Indians exterminated them upon their Invasion Into South ern California, W. W. Coolbaugh, a veteran of the civil war, who Is lead ing a life of almost complete Isolation at the lodge, made the valuable find He Is an amateur archaeologist. Rum In Jamaican Warehouses. Consul Julius D. Dreher of Port Antonio, reports that on September 31 the bonded warehouses of Jamaica had In stock 639,465 gallons of rum, ns against 482,136 gallons on the same date in 1909. With the erection of No. 3 store, tho new rum stores at Kingston have a total floor space of 10,000 square feet, which affords room for bonding 4500 puncheons (about 620,000 gallons), exclusive of the space allowed for vnts and offi ces. Let us endeavor so to live that when we come to die even the undertaker will be sorry. Fourth California Excursion Special Train Walla Walla to Los Angolos, Gal. and Return via OREGON-WASHINGTON Railroad (i Navigation Co. $94 for the Round Trip $94 Including Pullman Berth, Meals and all expenses on going Trip To leave Walla Walla by Special Train Friday, Jan. 6, 1911 at 9:30 p.m. For detailed information call on or address T. F. O'BRIEN, Agent, Pendleton, Ore. or R. BURNS, District Freight and Pass. Agent, Walla Walla, Wash. MANY STUDENTS YOUNG MAX IN SERIOUS ACCIDENT Wagon Passes Over Leg Crushing and Breaking I lone Attempts to Crawl Five Miles to Town. (Special Correspondence.) Echo, Ore., Jan. 7. Forty of the high school and grammar grade pu pils dfove from here to Hermiston last night to attend the basketball game between the Hermiston and Echo high school teams. The game resulted in a score of 29 to 27 in fa- for of Echo. John Cores, a young Portuguese of this place, had his right leg crushed and broken Thursday morning. The young man was hauling a load of salt for Stanfleid Bros., from Echo to Butter creek and in attempting to climb on his wagon slipped and fell underneath, the hind wheel passing over and breaking his leg below the knee. The accident happened some five miles out from Echo and Corea, be ing alone at the time, attempted to drag himself back to town. He soon gave out and laid in the road some little time before a passing team brought him in to Jos. Cunha's place where he Is now resting easy under. the care of Dr..Dorn. Born, Wednesday, Jan. 4, to Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Brackenburg, a son. Mrs. I W. Keeler and little daugh ters returned home last evening from a visit to Boise, Idaho. Sloan Thomson returned yesterday morning from Pendleton. Mrs. Eva Skinner, who has been telephone operator at Stanfleid, hail the misfortune to step on a nail the first of the week and Is now at her mother's home here under the doctor's care. i Louis Scholl, Jr., mnde a business trip to Pendleton yesterdny, return ing home In the evening. Ralph Godfrey returned home todny on a visit with his parents. LETS HEM WAIT AS SHE DID. Massachusetts Girl Stays A wily from Her Twice-Arranged Wedding. Boston. Two months ago Miss Sa dlo Jeanette McGllllvray of Maiden, Mass., was to have been married to Harry Albert Saunders of Cllftondale Mass. He did not show up and Miss McGllllvray was forced to tell her guests mere would be no wedding. Later Saunders appeared, saying ho had boen 111 In Maine, and left word to have her notified. The wedding was set for tonight. When Saunders arrived he found no bride. "I do not Intend to marry him," fsald Miss McGllllvray at her home. "Let him wait, as I did." Saunders disappeared. Annual OREGON the Last Call of the West Did you see this beautiful ar ticle picturing Oregon in (oar colors In the November Bun set T 315,000 IS BEING SPENT BT SUNSET MAGAZINE on series of articles superbly Illus trated In four colors pictur ing and describing the attrac tions and resources of the Wonderland of the Pacific We will send you the next three Issues of SUNSET com menclng with the special De cember Issue In which begins the best serial novel of the year The Spell," by C. N. A A. M. Williamson and a superbly Il lustrated article In four colors on "San Francisco The Expo sition City"; and in addition we will Include a copy of the No vember Issue containing the beautifully Illustrated article on Oregon. ALL FOR IB CENTS (Stamp or Coin.) Sunset Magazine Wells Fargo Building. Portland, Oregon Y AND Y REMEDY NO 1 . ALTERNATIVE AND TONIC. THIS world famous Chinese Root and Herb Compound remedy has never been offered to the public be fore. It is a superior and efficient cure for such dreadful diseases as Brlght's. ' Nervous Debility, Weak Vitality, Consumption, Catarrh, Stom ach, Lungs, Heart ana inflammation. It is up-to-date, and no other medi cine is equal to it. We compound tt so that it agrees with o tn weak ana strong stomachs, and cases where Cod Liver Oil is not palatable, we per conally guarantee It to cure early and chronic cases. Most people who are suffering and miserable have weak Kidneys. This remedy la prepared es pecially for such cases. People who have any of the following symptoms should take this remedy at once. Yel low or pale conraplexion, blue rings around eyes, blurred or tired feeling, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, night sweats, cold hands and feet, dreams. lost ambition, easily excited, loss of flesh, coughs, headache, dlnlness, pain In chest or back, constipation, fever, take cold easily, etc. Price 31.00 ner bottle. We want every Druggist to handle onr remedy. The only genuine mads by YORK ft YORK CHINESE MEDI 4TI1JM VI 110 W. Main St Walla Walla, Win. 3 Want Ads. E WANTED. YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN Learn a profession. Show card writers earn large salaries; clerks can doa ble their earning capacity; the field has never been overcrowded. The Pendleton Business College offers you the opportunity to learn this profession under a first-class In structor, at a small expense, taking no time from your regular work. Night class now open. Call any time for Information. SUBSCRIBERS TO MAGAZINES, 17 you want to subscribe to magaainea or newspapers In the United State or Europe, remit by postal not, check, or send to the BLAST ORE GONIAN he net publisher's prlos of the publication yon desire, aad we will have it sent yea. It will save yon both trouble and risk. Tt you are a subscriber to the BAR OREGON! AN, In remitting yon can deduct ten per cent from the pah Usher's price. Address BAST OREGONIAN PUB. CO, Pendle ton, Ore. Classified PHYSICIANS. H. & GARFIELD, M. D HOMBO- pathle physician and surgeon. Of fice Judd block. Telephone: Office, black 2411; residence, red 1182. DR.' LYNN K. BLAKESLEE. CHRO- nlo and nervous diseases, and dis eases of women. X-ray and Bleetro- theraputics. Judd building, corner Main and Court streets. Office 'phone Main 71; residence 'phone. Main 114. DENTISTS. B. A. MANN, DENTIST, OFFICE Main street, next to Commercial Association rooms. Office 'phone. Black 3421; residence 'phone, Black mi. KERN ft BENNETT. DENTAL BUR geona. Office room 11 Judd build ing. Phone, Red 231. DR. THOMAS VAUGHAN. DENTIST, Office In Judd building. Phene, Main 73. VETERINARY SURGEONS. DR. D. C. M'NABB, LOCAL 8TATB Stock Inspector and ex-member State Veterinary Board. Office at residence fit east Court St. Res. 'phone Main (t. ATTORNEYS. RALEY RALEY, ATTORNEYS AT law. Offloe in American National Bank Building. FEB ft SLATER, LAWYERS, OF flee In Deep sin building. CARTER ft SMYTHE. ATTORNEYS at law. Offloe In rear of Ameri can National Bank Building. JAMES B. PERRY, ATTORNEY AT law. Office over Taylor Hardware Company. LOWELL ft WINTER, ATTORNEYS and counsellors at law. Office la Despaln building. GEORGE W. COUTTS, ATTORNEY at law. Estates settled, wills, deeds, mortrama and contracts drawn. Col lections made. Room 17, Schmidt block. PETERSON 3k WILSON, ATTOR- neys at law: rooms t and 4 Bmitn- Crawford building. PHELPS ft 8TBTWBR, ATTORNEYS at law. Office in Smrth-Crawford building. CHAS. J. FERGUSON, ATTORNEY at law. Office In Judd building. DOUGLAS W. BAILEY ATTORNEY at law. Will practice in all state and federal courts. Rooms 1, 2, 2, and 4, over Taylor Hardware Co. ARCHITECTS, CONTRACTORS, ETC D. A. MAY, CONTRACTOR AND Builder. Estimates furnished on ail kinds of masonry, cement walks, stone walks, etc Phone black 2786. or Oregonian office. FUNERAL DIRECTORS. JOHN 8. BAKER, FUNERAL Di rector and licensed embalmer. Opposite postofflce. Funeral parlor. Two funeral cars. Calls responded to day or night. 'Phone main 7t. AUCTIONEER. COL. F. G. LUCAS, LIVESTOCK Auctioneer. Athena. Oreron. Ref erence First National Bank of Athena and Farmers' Bank of Weston. Farm sales a specialty. SECOND-HAND DEALERS. V. STROBLE. DEALER IN NEW and second hand goods. Cash paid for all second-hand goods bought. Cheapest plnce In Pendleton to buy household goods. Call and get his prices. 212 E. Court street. Phone Black 3171. RESTAURANTS. CHINA RESTAURANT. NOODLES and chop suey, Ung D. Goey, prop K the old stand, Alta street In rear of Tallman ft Co. nnnwfcewrlng Rooms for Rent. Unfurnished housekeeping rooms for rent in the East Oregonian build ing. Steam heat, electric lights, hot and cold water and bath. Recently renovated. Enquire at Bast Orego nian office. WANTED (Con tinned.) HAIR WORK Come to Madam Ken nedy's, 607 East Court street, for your hair goods. The only genuine natural human hair goods ever sold In Pendleton and combings made to order. Everything strictly guar anteed. Phone Red 3762. WANTED Lace curtains to laundry. Work done with especial Phone Red It 21. ANYONE. ANYWHERE. CAN START a mail order business at home. Ne canvassing. Be your own boas. Send for free booklet. Tells how. Heacock, 270S, Lockport. N. Y. FOR SALE. FOR SALE Old newspapers wrap pod In bandies of 1(0 each suitable for wrapping, putting under ear pets, etc. Fries, ltc per bundle, two bundles, 2 Sc. Enquire this ef CITY OF PENDLETON MAPS at Bast Oregonian office. Pries lie. Directory INSURANCE AND LAND BUSINESS HARTMAN ABSTRACT CO, reliable abstracts of title to all lands in Umatilla county. Loans on oity and farm property. Bays an4 sells all kinds of real estate. Does a general brokerage business. Pays taxes and makes Investments for non residents. Write fire, life and acci dent insurance. References, any bank In Pendleton. JAMBS JOHNS, Pres. c a BBNTLBT ft LEFFIN G WELL, REAL estate, fire, life and accident Insur ance agents. New location, (It Main street Phone Main 404. LIVERY AND FEED STABLE. CITY LIVERY STABLE, THOMPSON street, Carney Bradley, Props. Livery, fed and sale stable. Good rigs at all times. Cab line In connec tion. 'Phone main 70. MISCELLANEOUS. ENGRAVED CARDS. DtfVTTATTONs! wedding announcements, embossed private and business stationary, etc Very latest styles. Call at Bast Ore gonian office and see samples. LEGAL BLANKS of every descrip tion for county oourt, circuit court. Justloe court, real estate, otc for sale at Bast Oregealan office. Old newspapers la large bmndlea, LET ELECTRICITY DO YOUR work it's dean, reliable and venlent . Electric Sad Irons sraaraa. teed. 36.11. Electric Hot Water and Curling Iron Heaters, Electric Coffee Percolators, etc. A pomnlnu mtn Gas and Electric fixtures. First -class wiring or homes, ete. J. L. Vaughan, 813 Main street. FRATERNAL ORDERS. t PENDLETON LODGE No. ( Ar A. F. and A. M, meets the 'X first and third Mondays of each month. All vMtins brethren are invited. DAMON LODGE NO. 4, K. of P., meets every Mon day evening la L O. O. F. bs.11. Visiting brothers d tally Invited to attend. George W. Courts, C. C; R, W. Fletcher, K. R. ft 8. PENDLETON TRAIN SCHEDULE. O. R. ft If. Westbound Oregon division Portland local, leave... f :00a.m. Ore. ft Wash. Express.. 1:10a.m. Portland limited 13:11p.m. Fast Mall 11:41p.m. Motor 4:31 p. m. Pilot Rock Mixed t :01a.m. Eastbound Oregon division Fast Mall 1:10 a.m. Ore. ft Wash. Express.. (:1S a. m. Chicago Limited 1:11 p. m. Metor 10:20 a.m. Portland local, arrive... (:10p.m. Pilot Rock Mixed 3:00 p.m. Washington Div. Leaving Pendleton. Walla Walla local (:11p.m. Pendleton passenger ... 7:00 a.m. Spokane local 1:20a.m. Washington Div. Arriving Pendleton Pendleton local 1:30 a.m. Walla Walla local 8:60 a.m. Pendleton passenger ... (:00p.m. NORTHERN PACIFIC Leaving Pendleton Passenger 1:30 p.m. Mixed train 7:30 a. m. Arriving Pendleton Passenger 10:00 a.m. Mixed train 7:xea.m. m Dally East Oregonian by came only SO cents per month.