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THE NEBRASKA 'INDEPENDENT ' DECEMBER IS, iHi HARDY'S COLUMN Right wrongs no man ami wrong blesses no man. Every deed that works to the injury of health and happiness is wrong. We may wrong self as well as others. Self wrong is not akrime, but a vice. When two or more per sons are agreed in any mutual wrong doing between 'themselves they are vicious, not criminals. When they in flict the same wrong without consent it becomes a crime. Our vices may be a disgrace to our friend"?, thus work wrong. Indulgence of appetite and lusi is a vicious wrong. Smoking, chewing and drinking are contrated habits, not natural, arid they militate against health, tdmi ten lift; aud blur the in tellect. They are sometimes called social evils. There seems to be no complete remedy for these wrongs for they have, existed ever since history made record. There are special dis eases inflicted as a natural penalty, but still f-ppetite and lust heed tr:ein not. Retired life in aremote corner is much safer than a socla4 sporting life. If your neighbor will not meet you half way you better meet him where he stops, than to leave him in the dark; better use him better than he uses you. We do not like the term "socialism." Nationalism and individ ualism are all right. Hom.es and fam ilies are individual possessions arid should always remain so. Individual responsibility develops- and strength ens humanity much faster than ocia! responsibility. As a rule it is those who never have shouldered individual responsibility that come to poverty. There was a time when no one was permitted to own a local home. Homes were not improved as they are now. Laziness developed. It is so in ?ome portions of the torrid zone today. The industrious man should be permitted to support himself and let the lazy man r6ot hog or die. Individuals should be left to do what individuals can do, but when the un dertaking requires the strength and lal)or of many, for the good of all, then all should take part. Here is where nationalism and individualism should meet. This would right the ! great trust wrongs we now are suf fering under. The next great wrong is the present system of taxation, j Nine-tenths of the government rev-j enue is paid by those who have to work for a living and possess only a small home. Millionaires pay no more than day laborers. What the common people consume is taxed heavily Wealthy extravagance pays but little. A direct tax upon all the property of each state would right this wrong. National control of great undertak ings would prevent the making of millionaires. No person ever made a million through an honest, just chan nel. Another reduction of large fortunes can be made by repealing all laws for ct.llecting interest on money. A way to prevent a great accumula tion of land would be to make all deeds void that do not run to a land loss purchaser. caused him to leave congress. and his party. The great ..Nile reservoir irrigation dam is now completed. It ia.Iocated 600 miles above Cairo, it fa estinfated the dam will hold near a billion and a half cubic yards of water. Enough to irri gate fifty miies wide on each" side of the river all the way down. The cost was $125,000,000. The farmers may" soon 'Ibegint to growl over their water.; tax. They held a great Jubilee pecember 10 over the first opening of the slnces. The mid-summer drouth is now on in Egypt. " If we rightly understand the Mon roe doctrine, the United States has no reason to complain if England and Germany take possession of the ports of entry in Venezuela and collect rev enue until their debts are paid. If we rer. ember such a method was adopted in Central America only a few years ago. The reduction of our standing army to low water mark is certainly commendable. The republicans begin to see that it will not answer to kick all the ne groes away from the ballot box for it may loose them several states in the north. The standard of burning oil should be raised and a heavy fine imposed for selling oil in the state under stand ard. Then a reward of $50 offered to any detective, constable or sheriff who complains of and is the means of con victing a violation of the law. Do away with oil inspectors. Wonder if they will give Mrs. Grant's boys a pension now? That is the way they treat royal blood over the water. We never thought Mrs. Grant ought to have a pension. Her husband did not die because he was president, but because he smoked. I Canada has the same trouble, with their referendum law that Nebraska has. A law submitted there must re ceive more than half as many votes as was cast at the. previous election. Too inany voters stayed at home the other day when prohibition was voted on. If. W. HARDY.- BOSSISM The time seems near for repealing the law against carrying concealed weapons. The number of highway robberies are on the increase and need something- done. Speaker Thomas B. Reed took the right side of the imperial question, and his anti-republican sentiments fan the WVd Bom l.e Klimlnntert ? Should ' this Standard for Professional Office ' " - Holders be Rafted? ' Editor Independent: I woirkl like to see your paper in every family in the United States. It would do more good and enlighten more voters than any other paper printed. I haVe always been a democrat, but I am reaily and willing to help any movement. that will assist in making more independent voters. The parti san Voter Is the enemy of good gov ernment and is doing more to help build up a government ruled by aris tocracy than any other one thing. Ev erything that can be said and done to destroy the power of bossism and boss rule will be in the interest of a gov ernment ruled by the people and for the people. If the voter can only be made to see the folly of being a slave to' a party name, the power of money and greed would be past. We would then see-j the best men elected to office, who would work to better the condition of all the people, and not in the interest of the few people who have allowed greed for dollars to destroy their sym pathy for their fellow men. I am of the opinion that if there were more money spent in putting in the hands of every voter some paper like The Independent, and less into the hands of office-seekers, we would soon see a change in the manageriient of our politics. Give us The Indepen dent and the voter will do the ward politician. C. A. RUSH. Wickliffe, O. (Mr. Rush's communication has the right ring to it; but right at this place is a good time to quote the observa tions of one of the ablest sociologists in America Prof. Richard T. Ely. In his admirable book, "The Coming City," (Thomas Y. Crowell & Co.; N. Y;) Professor Ely reviews the history of past municipal reforms and arrives at the conclusion that, especially for administration of city government, "we must have a class of officehold ers." .Not the kind of office-holders we have at. present the ward boss and politician, who make their living out of politics but men trained to do the work of administration, just as men are trained to do certain work in col leges and universities. He calls attention to the repeated failures of reform movements hav ing such watchwords as these: "Want ed, A municipal administration on purely business principles." "Munic ipal government is business, not poli tics," etc. Not that some good was not achieved, but because business men successful business men could not af ford to drop their private affairs to accept a one- or two-year position of trust and great responsibility, only to be kicked out at the end of the tenn to make way for some ward politician who had put in his enforced vacation to good advantage. Professor Ely believes the city coun cil should be large enough to permit a fair representation of all interests; but that the administrative part should be placed in the hands of men, experts in .the business, who could make a life. work of it, knowing their positions would .be secure so long as they gave satisfaction. The idea is best illustrated in the case of men holding chairs in the great institutions of learning. Almost by common consent there has grown up around them a sort of "civil service" which insures them a permanent ten ure of office so long as they continue to render good service. To properly fill the office of mayor is one of our modern cities requires a man with not only great executive ability, but also a good working knowledge of a wide range of subjects. It is a place as difficult to fill as the chancellorship V.2 OBD Holiday Rates to points on B. & M. R. R. not over 200 miles distant. Tickets on sale -Dec. 24th and 25th for Christmas and Dec. 31st and Jan. 1st for New Years, Return limit January 2nd, 19(3. Call and get full infor mation. '-' Jl CITY TICKET OFFICE Jt Cor. 10th and O Sts. & Jt - Telephone 235 ,jC gjC C fc6 Jt BURLINGTON DEPOT 7th St., Bet. P & Q. t4 Tel. Burlington No.. 1290. S Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt JtjtJ&Jt&J ' iilnfe 1 L j of a universty. Yet at present he is at the mercy of present day profes sional politicians and his tenure of office depends upon his making peace with them, except in rare intervals when misgovernment becomes so un bearable that the people revolt. -Ed. Ind.) r Hall county ought not to be punished for giving Billy Thompson such a handsome! majority but she has to suffer the results of republican incom petency along with others. Her share of the last school apportionment ($3, 758.66) is $1,037.54 less than the small est December apportionment ever made by the fusionists. A Good Specimen The leaders of the reorganizes, like the leaders of the republican party, are without doubt men of acumen. Ex cept a few of them, possibly all under stand the subject of political economy just as the populists do, just as the Bryan democrats do. But they pur posely mislead their followers in order to reap the benefit of special privileges. Modern democrats, Bryan democrats, know what they want. They are stu dents of political economy', and while there are various shades of belief from the essentially individualistic single taxers to the man who believes in the collective ownership of all the means of production and distribution but would be satisfied to go as far as the populist demands, yet each has a rea son for the faith that is in him. Un happily there are a large body of dem ocratic voters who are still voting for Andy Jackson and it is a ten to one 'shot that they are supporting the re organizers. The Independent purposes to show its class in political economy a specimen. Imagine the appearance of a com munication written on the back of the Mt .Cafmel (III.) Register election sup plement, November 6, 1902 a single sheet about 12x22 inches, printed on one side, showing the "healthy" demo cratic majority of Wrabash county! Imagine the other side ruled in lead pencil, free-hand lines, 29 to the page. Then the communication written in pencil as nearly like this as the lino typer can "follow copy": Mr independent i think, you, are lik miss pink you think i cant do with owt you. but i will let you know that i cear bwt little A bowt you asto Give you a dolar For sish a paper as the independent Mr independent i Gest you will think I Am a hellof a fellow For riting on sich apaper as this i down this to show you that i am a de mocrat and i live in a Democrat coun ty so i rote on this so yow cowld see for your Self that Wabash county don For Mr. William. J. bryan. as he ses so much a bout the that suck corn on election day i think that if all of Wabash cownty had don that when he run for offes thay Would have bin beter off and so i wowld bin the same if i had not seen the commoner i am sory i ever sind for the commoner it is like the independent i cind and pade for the commoner jest t please afrend that was geten a clowb of five so i think the commoner no cownt. and the independent is les so stop both i dont car how scun From Joseph L. MeFeriau It is the business of an editor to "dress up" communications before put ting them in print even college pro fessors are careless about spelling at times; but to tcke such liberties with Mr. McFerian's manuscript would al most amount to profanation. Josh Billings in his palmiest days never equalled it. Mr. MeFeriau is "a demo crat" and objects to Mr. Bryan's or it i cism of the men who 'suck corn" on election day. The Railroad Trust It was Havemeyer.'the sugar king, who said that the protective tariff was the "mother of trusts." He was un doubtedly speaking, in the interest of the sugar trade, of which he is so large an owner. Others there are who contend that railroad monopoly is the mother of trusts. At any rate that there is a huge railroad trust, or "com munity of interests," is clearly evident to those who have given the subject some thought and investigation. The great railroad kings have trustified no less than 141,563 miles of railroad into seven groups. In order that our read ers may be able to see this trust at a glance we print the following table showing the groups and their in creased mileage during the past five years: Mileage Mileage 1902. 1897. Vanderbilt group...... 19,804 16,909 Penn. R. R. group.... 17,697 8,97" Morgan group 50,607 15,173 Gould-Rockefeller gr.. 19,133 10,858 Harriman-Kuhn-Loeb 22.821 9.916 Moore group , . 7,200 ...... Pierce group 4,301 . Total 141,563 61,833 This shows an increase in these seven trusts of 79,730 miles in five years. The above table is based on the reports for July 1, 1902, and since then (he Moore syndicate has added several hundred miies tc their system. In New England there are 5,296 miles of railroad, all of which are controlled by two large "trusts." The Atlantic Coast Line, with 4,470 miles, is ru mored to have been lately absorbed by the Morgan group. The small short lines, constituting les3 than 38,090 mHes of; road; are largely dependent on the large systems and must act with atfd for these -large systems or become unprofitable. It is" shown, then, that more than 90 per cent of the railroad mileage of this nation is controlled by a huge trust, that have a "community of interests " absolutely in the grasp of less than 500 men, of whom the leading-representatives are J. P. Morgan, the Vander bilts, Rockefellers, Goulds, Russell Sage, A. J. Cassatt, E. H, Harriman, James Stillman. S. M. Prevost. James J. Hill, Jacob H. Schiff, John W. Gates James Speyer. H. H. Rogers, Marshall field, Moore Bros., A. R. Flower the Blair heirs, the Greens, Edwin Hanley' Thomas Ryan, August Belmont E B Morris, Joseph Milbank and some 500 others. These are our most wealthy citizens. They own large blocks of standard oil, copper, steel, and street railway stocks. They are indeed our kings of finance. They are practical men brainy, shrewd and resourceful. They all recognize the monopoly principle in the gigantic, business of transpor tation, just as they do in the produc tion of coal, steel, or copper It is shown clearly in Henry D. Lloyds book, "Wealth vs. Common wealth,' that it was railroad monop oly that enabled the Standard Oil com pany to become a trust. It is hardlv possible to grasp the extent, the power and the influence, of th-a transporta tion trust. It is the mother of trusts and constitutes the real economic pow er of this nation. The nationalization of railroads would do more to destroy monopoly than any and all proposed remedies. -The bhoe Workers' Journal, Boston John II. Mi-Gary, Maple Plain. Minn asKS where he can procure W. ,h Client's book, "Our Benevolent Feud alism." The calls for this book are many that The Independent will un dertake to furnish it to any reader direct from this office at $1.50. it j3 published bv The Macmillan Com pany, 66 Fifth avenue, New York.