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The independent. [volume] (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, December 18, 1902, Image 10

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Right wrongs no man ami wrong
blesses no man. Every deed that works
to the injury of health and happiness
is wrong. We may wrong self as well
as others. Self wrong is not akrime,
but a vice. When two or more per
sons are agreed in any mutual wrong
doing between 'themselves they are
vicious, not criminals. When they in
flict the same wrong without consent
it becomes a crime. Our vices may be
a disgrace to our friend"?, thus work
wrong. Indulgence of appetite and lusi
is a vicious wrong. Smoking, chewing
and drinking are contrated habits,
not natural, arid they militate against
health, tdmi ten lift; aud blur the in
tellect. They are sometimes called
social evils. There seems to be no
complete remedy for these wrongs for
they have, existed ever since history
made record. There are special dis
eases inflicted as a natural penalty,
but still f-ppetite and lust heed tr:ein
not. Retired life in aremote corner
is much safer than a socla4 sporting
life. If your neighbor will not meet
you half way you better meet him
where he stops, than to leave him in
the dark; better use him better than
he uses you. We do not like the term
"socialism." Nationalism and individ
ualism are all right. Hom.es and fam
ilies are individual possessions arid
should always remain so. Individual
responsibility develops- and strength
ens humanity much faster than ocia!
responsibility. As a rule it is those
who never have shouldered individual
responsibility that come to poverty.
There was a time when no one was
permitted to own a local home. Homes
were not improved as they are now.
Laziness developed. It is so in ?ome
portions of the torrid zone today. The
industrious man should be permitted
to support himself and let the lazy
man r6ot hog or die.
Individuals should be left to do what
individuals can do, but when the un
dertaking requires the strength and
lal)or of many, for the good of all,
then all should take part. Here is
where nationalism and individualism
should meet. This would right the !
great trust wrongs we now are suf
fering under. The next great wrong
is the present system of taxation, j
Nine-tenths of the government rev-j
enue is paid by those who have to
work for a living and possess only a
small home. Millionaires pay no more
than day laborers. What the common
people consume is taxed heavily
Wealthy extravagance pays but little.
A direct tax upon all the property of
each state would right this wrong.
National control of great undertak
ings would prevent the making of
millionaires. No person ever made a
million through an honest, just chan
nel. Another reduction of large fortunes
can be made by repealing all laws for
ct.llecting interest on money.
A way to prevent a great accumula
tion of land would be to make all
deeds void that do not run to a land
loss purchaser.
caused him to leave congress. and his
The great ..Nile reservoir irrigation
dam is now completed. It ia.Iocated 600
miles above Cairo, it fa estinfated the
dam will hold near a billion and a half
cubic yards of water. Enough to irri
gate fifty miies wide on each" side of
the river all the way down. The
cost was $125,000,000. The farmers
may" soon 'Ibegint to growl over their
water.; tax. They held a great Jubilee
pecember 10 over the first opening of
the slnces. The mid-summer drouth
is now on in Egypt. "
If we rightly understand the Mon
roe doctrine, the United States has no
reason to complain if England and
Germany take possession of the ports
of entry in Venezuela and collect rev
enue until their debts are paid. If
we rer. ember such a method was
adopted in Central America only a
few years ago.
The reduction of our standing army
to low water mark is certainly commendable.
The republicans begin to see that
it will not answer to kick all the ne
groes away from the ballot box for it
may loose them several states in the
The standard of burning oil should
be raised and a heavy fine imposed
for selling oil in the state under stand
ard. Then a reward of $50 offered to
any detective, constable or sheriff who
complains of and is the means of con
victing a violation of the law. Do
away with oil inspectors.
Wonder if they will give Mrs.
Grant's boys a pension now? That is
the way they treat royal blood over
the water. We never thought Mrs.
Grant ought to have a pension. Her
husband did not die because he was
president, but because he smoked.
I Canada has the same trouble, with
their referendum law that Nebraska
has. A law submitted there must re
ceive more than half as many votes as
was cast at the. previous election. Too
inany voters stayed at home the other
day when prohibition was voted on.
If. W. HARDY.-
The time seems near for repealing
the law against carrying concealed
weapons. The number of highway
robberies are on the increase and need
something- done.
Speaker Thomas B. Reed took the
right side of the imperial question,
and his anti-republican sentiments
fan the WVd Bom l.e Klimlnntert ? Should
' this Standard for Professional Office
' " - Holders be Rafted?
' Editor Independent: I woirkl like to
see your paper in every family in the
United States. It would do more good
and enlighten more voters than any
other paper printed.
I haVe always been a democrat, but
I am reaily and willing to help any
movement. that will assist in making
more independent voters. The parti
san Voter Is the enemy of good gov
ernment and is doing more to help
build up a government ruled by aris
tocracy than any other one thing. Ev
erything that can be said and done to
destroy the power of bossism and boss
rule will be in the interest of a gov
ernment ruled by the people and for
the people.
If the voter can only be made to see
the folly of being a slave to' a party
name, the power of money and greed
would be past. We would then see-j
the best men elected to office, who
would work to better the condition of
all the people, and not in the interest
of the few people who have allowed
greed for dollars to destroy their sym
pathy for their fellow men.
I am of the opinion that if there
were more money spent in putting in
the hands of every voter some paper
like The Independent, and less into
the hands of office-seekers, we would
soon see a change in the manageriient
of our politics. Give us The Indepen
dent and the voter will do the ward
politician. C. A. RUSH.
Wickliffe, O.
(Mr. Rush's communication has the
right ring to it; but right at this place
is a good time to quote the observa
tions of one of the ablest sociologists
in America Prof. Richard T. Ely.
In his admirable book, "The Coming
City," (Thomas Y. Crowell & Co.; N.
Y;) Professor Ely reviews the history
of past municipal reforms and arrives
at the conclusion that, especially for
administration of city government,
"we must have a class of officehold
ers." .Not the kind of office-holders
we have at. present the ward boss and
politician, who make their living out
of politics but men trained to do the
work of administration, just as men
are trained to do certain work in col
leges and universities.
He calls attention to the repeated
failures of reform movements hav
ing such watchwords as these: "Want
ed, A municipal administration on
purely business principles." "Munic
ipal government is business, not poli
tics," etc. Not that some good was not
achieved, but because business men
successful business men could not af
ford to drop their private affairs to
accept a one- or two-year position of
trust and great responsibility, only to
be kicked out at the end of the tenn
to make way for some ward politician
who had put in his enforced vacation
to good advantage.
Professor Ely believes the city coun
cil should be large enough to permit
a fair representation of all interests;
but that the administrative part
should be placed in the hands of men,
experts in .the business, who could
make a life. work of it, knowing their
positions would .be secure so long as
they gave satisfaction.
The idea is best illustrated in the
case of men holding chairs in the great
institutions of learning. Almost by
common consent there has grown up
around them a sort of "civil service"
which insures them a permanent ten
ure of office so long as they continue
to render good service. To properly
fill the office of mayor is one of our
modern cities requires a man with not
only great executive ability, but also
a good working knowledge of a wide
range of subjects. It is a place as
difficult to fill as the chancellorship
Holiday Rates to points on B. & M. R. R. not over 200
miles distant. Tickets on sale -Dec. 24th and 25th
for Christmas and Dec. 31st and Jan. 1st for New Years,
Return limit January 2nd, 19(3. Call and get full infor
mation. '-'
Jt Cor. 10th and O Sts. &
Jt - Telephone 235
,jC gjC C fc6
7th St., Bet. P & Q.
t4 Tel. Burlington No.. 1290. S
Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt Jt JtjtJ&Jt&J
' iilnfe 1
L j
of a universty. Yet at present he is
at the mercy of present day profes
sional politicians and his tenure of
office depends upon his making peace
with them, except in rare intervals
when misgovernment becomes so un
bearable that the people revolt. -Ed.
r Hall county ought not to be punished
for giving Billy Thompson such a
handsome! majority but she has to
suffer the results of republican incom
petency along with others. Her share
of the last school apportionment ($3,
758.66) is $1,037.54 less than the small
est December apportionment ever
made by the fusionists.
A Good Specimen
The leaders of the reorganizes, like
the leaders of the republican party,
are without doubt men of acumen. Ex
cept a few of them, possibly all under
stand the subject of political economy
just as the populists do, just as the
Bryan democrats do. But they pur
posely mislead their followers in order
to reap the benefit of special privileges.
Modern democrats, Bryan democrats,
know what they want. They are stu
dents of political economy', and while
there are various shades of belief from
the essentially individualistic single
taxers to the man who believes in the
collective ownership of all the means
of production and distribution but
would be satisfied to go as far as the
populist demands, yet each has a rea
son for the faith that is in him. Un
happily there are a large body of dem
ocratic voters who are still voting for
Andy Jackson and it is a ten to one
'shot that they are supporting the re
organizers. The Independent purposes
to show its class in political economy
a specimen.
Imagine the appearance of a com
munication written on the back of the
Mt .Cafmel (III.) Register election sup
plement, November 6, 1902 a single
sheet about 12x22 inches, printed on
one side, showing the "healthy" demo
cratic majority of Wrabash county!
Imagine the other side ruled in lead
pencil, free-hand lines, 29 to the page.
Then the communication written in
pencil as nearly like this as the lino
typer can "follow copy":
Mr independent i think, you, are lik
miss pink you think i cant do with
owt you. but i will let you know that
i cear bwt little A bowt you asto Give
you a dolar For sish a paper as the
independent Mr independent i Gest
you will think I Am a hellof a fellow
For riting on sich apaper as this i
down this to show you that i am a de
mocrat and i live in a Democrat coun
ty so i rote on this so yow cowld see
for your Self that Wabash county
don For Mr. William. J. bryan. as he
ses so much a bout the that suck corn
on election day i think that if all of
Wabash cownty had don that when
he run for offes thay Would have bin
beter off and so i wowld bin the same
if i had not seen the commoner i am
sory i ever sind for the commoner it
is like the independent i cind and
pade for the commoner jest t please
afrend that was geten a clowb of five
so i think the commoner no cownt.
and the independent is les so stop both
i dont car how scun
From Joseph L.
It is the business of an editor to
"dress up" communications before put
ting them in print even college pro
fessors are careless about spelling at
times; but to tcke such liberties with
Mr. McFerian's manuscript would al
most amount to profanation. Josh
Billings in his palmiest days never
equalled it. Mr. MeFeriau is "a demo
crat" and objects to Mr. Bryan's or it i
cism of the men who 'suck corn" on
election day.
The Railroad Trust
It was Havemeyer.'the sugar king,
who said that the protective tariff was
the "mother of trusts." He was un
doubtedly speaking, in the interest of
the sugar trade, of which he is so
large an owner. Others there are who
contend that railroad monopoly is the
mother of trusts. At any rate that
there is a huge railroad trust, or "com
munity of interests," is clearly evident
to those who have given the subject
some thought and investigation. The
great railroad kings have trustified no
less than 141,563 miles of railroad into
seven groups. In order that our read
ers may be able to see this trust at a
glance we print the following table
showing the groups and their in
creased mileage during the past five
Mileage Mileage
1902. 1897.
Vanderbilt group...... 19,804 16,909
Penn. R. R. group.... 17,697 8,97"
Morgan group 50,607 15,173
Gould-Rockefeller gr.. 19,133 10,858
Harriman-Kuhn-Loeb 22.821 9.916
Moore group , . 7,200 ......
Pierce group 4,301 .
Total 141,563 61,833
This shows an increase in these
seven trusts of 79,730 miles in five
years. The above table is based on the
reports for July 1, 1902, and since then
(he Moore syndicate has added several
hundred miies tc their system.
In New England there are 5,296 miles
of railroad, all of which are controlled
by two large "trusts." The Atlantic
Coast Line, with 4,470 miles, is ru
mored to have been lately absorbed
by the Morgan group.
The small short lines, constituting
les3 than 38,090 mHes of; road; are
largely dependent on the large systems
and must act with atfd for these -large
systems or become unprofitable. It is"
shown, then, that more than 90 per
cent of the railroad mileage of this
nation is controlled by a huge trust,
that have a "community of interests "
absolutely in the grasp of less than 500
men, of whom the leading-representatives
are J. P. Morgan, the Vander
bilts, Rockefellers, Goulds, Russell
Sage, A. J. Cassatt, E. H, Harriman,
James Stillman. S. M. Prevost. James
J. Hill, Jacob H. Schiff, John W. Gates
James Speyer. H. H. Rogers, Marshall
field, Moore Bros., A. R. Flower the
Blair heirs, the Greens, Edwin Hanley'
Thomas Ryan, August Belmont E B
Morris, Joseph Milbank and some 500
These are our most wealthy citizens.
They own large blocks of standard
oil, copper, steel, and street railway
stocks. They are indeed our kings of
finance. They are practical men
brainy, shrewd and resourceful. They
all recognize the monopoly principle
in the gigantic, business of transpor
tation, just as they do in the produc
tion of coal, steel, or copper
It is shown clearly in Henry D.
Lloyds book, "Wealth vs. Common
wealth,' that it was railroad monop
oly that enabled the Standard Oil com
pany to become a trust. It is hardlv
possible to grasp the extent, the power
and the influence, of th-a transporta
tion trust. It is the mother of trusts
and constitutes the real economic pow
er of this nation.
The nationalization of railroads
would do more to destroy monopoly
than any and all proposed remedies.
-The bhoe Workers' Journal, Boston
John II. Mi-Gary, Maple Plain. Minn
asKS where he can procure W. ,h
Client's book, "Our Benevolent Feud
alism." The calls for this book are
many that The Independent will un
dertake to furnish it to any reader
direct from this office at $1.50. it j3
published bv The Macmillan Com
pany, 66 Fifth avenue, New York.

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