DECEMBER 18, 1902.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
(the legal rate of interest).
The second railroad charter was fo.
the Missouri River and Platte Valley,"
"starting at the town of Plattsmouth
to Fort Kearney, then to Fort Lara
mie, then to the western limits of the
territory of Nebraska ... with a
branch road from the mouth of the
Nemaha, to unite with main track al
Fort Kearney." Further power was
granted to build a branch from Ne:
braska City to Fort Kearney.
Each of these corporations was em
powered to "take and transport per
SOUS, and every species of merchandise
or produce, or other property, by tho
force of steam or other power, and may
fix and establish rates of tolls and re
ceive the same for trie transportation
of persons or property upon said road."
Through the shadows of 47 years one
can discern the dim outlines of two
great systems of Nebraska railroads,
and although the legislature has sine-4
then at various times attempted to ex
ercise some supervision, the power to
"fix and establish rates of tolls" stili
is exercised by the, successors of the
paper railroads of 1855.
One thing more and we shall close
this investigation. The report of the
first territorial auditor is worthy of
being reprinted: "
"Office, of the Territorial Auditor,
Omaha City, Dec. 15, 1855 To the
Honorable the Legislative Assembly:
In accordance with law, I herewith re
spectfully transmit my annual report.
The whole amount of warrants issued
from the 1st of July, 1855, to December
10, 1855, (as shown by statement A) is
$1,971.20. There remain warrants yet
to be issued to meet appropriations
by the last legislative assembly, say
"It is impossible to make an esti
jnate of the amount of expenditures for
the coming year (1856) that will come
very near the amount that will be act
ually appropriated, and the regular
and indispensable expenditures are
therefore only put down in that ta
ble. "The amount of taxable property
for 1855, as returned by the assessors,
(as shown by statement C) was $617.
822. In accordance with the present
revenue laws, a tax of two mills on
each dollar was levied on the above
amount for a territorial revenue, and
each judge of probate of the several
counties, duly notified of the same.
As no one of the county treasurers
have as yet settled. their accounts, I
have no means of knowing how much
of the above tax has been collected up
to this date.
"I would call your special attention
to the importance of the passage of a
3uew revenue law. The law should set
forth fully, clearly, and in detail,
what property shall be liable to taxa
tion, and also what shall be exempt.
The passage of such a law will render
the duties of the county assessors
plain and cleir, whilst under the pres
ent laws, their duties have been ob
scure, and the laws thus rendered al
most entirely inoperative.
"The revenue derived from the pres
ent system is entirely inadequate, and
I would recommend that the rate or
territorial tax be increased to an
amount at least double that of the last
year, to cover the debt now outstand
ing and the expenses of the coming
"All of which is respectfully sub
mitted. CHARLES B. SMITH,
"Auditor of the Territory."
Showing the amount of warrants
issued from July 1, 1855, to December
35, 1855, and upon what account:
Legislative, expenses, pay of
pages, firemen, etc $1,454.70
Salaries of auditor, treasurer
and librarian 516.50
Showing an estimate of the neces
sary expenditures for the year com
mencing November 1, 1855, and ending
October 31, 1856:
Auditor, treasurer and libiar-
ians' salaries .'...$1,100.00
Stationery, rent, fuel, etc 400.00
Incidental expenses of the ter
bnowing the value of all the prop
erty, real and personal, as assessed
in the several counties in the year
Douglas county $311,116
Ottoe county 8oi701
Nemaha county 71980
Cass county 7L52t
Richardson county 20,643
Washington county 20337
Dodge county 14J55
Burt county 13!oo
Such was Nebraska's first "floating
debt." After 47 years it is now more
than a thousand times as large. The
total territorial tax levy for 185 was
$1,235.64, but the territory had in
curred nearly three thousand dollars
of debt What was done in the years
subsequent remains to be told.
False on Its Face
Some days ago the State Journal
printed a plutocratic boiler-plate
story about 10,000 state railroad oper
atives down in Victoria, Australia,
who have become so powerful that the
government is thinking seriously of
disfranchising the whole lot It was
such a clumsy lie that The Indepen
dent at first thought of ignoring it.
But in a recent number of the Appeal
to Reason, Mr. Wayland analyzes the
whole question so completely that'The
Independent must reproduce a part of
"This has been printed in nearly
every daily and weekly paper sup
porting the capitalistic interests. It
emanates from the literary bureau es
tablished and supported by the cor
porations to prejudice and mislead the
people concerning government own
ership of industries, that the said cor
porations may continue to exploit the
people. It bears the stamp of false
hood on its face, as I shall show you
by analysis. The railroad men did
not strike. They did not need that
weapon. 'They fell back on their
power at the polls.' There is where
they were strong and where they
could control. They did that. As the
men are admitted to be 'almost irre
sistible at the polls' how could the
government disfranchise them without
their consent? Does it seem reason
able that men who have voles and are
using them for their benefit would
vote to disfranchise themselves?
Can't you see the absurdity of the po
sition of the clumsy writers for the
corporations? And on the other hand,
how can the officials dominate if. the
men are all powerful at the polls?
And if the men are all powerful,
doesn't that infer a' majority? And
if a majority rules, does that show
signs of an extinction- of representa
tive government? All these articles
against public ownership are paid ar
ticlespaid out of the money extorted
from the public by corporations. Men
who will extort, bribe public officials,
keep a system of false books to de
ceive the public, will not hesitate to
lie to the public that their profits may
I get papers from Victoria and I
have yet to find a single suggestion to
disfranchise the government employes.
Again, public ownership of rail
roads Is not socialism. Socialism is a
condition in which all the industries
are not only public property, but each
industry is governed by the workers
therein, and nothing is taken from
them for either interest, rent or profit.
Such a condition is not prevalent in
Victoria or anywhere else today."
Every time that a proposition is
made to lower the tariff on anything
the reply comes instantly: "It will
destroy that industry." In the eyes of
a protectionist, that is all that is nec
essary to be said: If the tariff were
taken off hides, no more shoes would
be mad- in the United States. All
the factories would clone their doors
and the people would all go barefoot
ed. Oh! the horrors that would fol
low. The most brilliant imagination
could not conceive them. This writer
has attended many sittings of the
house ways and means committee,
and he has never failed to hear a
tariff grafter declare most solemnly
that if the import duties were not
fixed at the rate he demanded that
"the industry would be destroyed."
That phrase is old and worn, but it
is coming into active use these days
again. At present it is applied to
the reciprocity treaty with Newfound
land. If that treaty is ratified "the
fishing industry will be destroyed,"
and Gloucester, Mass., will be made a
The British parliament does not
take to subsidies, especially ship sub
sidies. A special committee of the
house of commons has just made a
report on that subject in which it
says that "subsidies restrict free com
petition and facilitate the establish
ment of federations and shipping rings
and that therefore a general system of
subsidies, except for services rend
ered, and without government control
of the maximum rates on freights, is
costly and inexpedient." The com
mittee's plan to fight American ship
subsidies or those of any other na
tion, is to pass laws reserving the
"coasting trade" of the British em
pire to British ships, copying for that
purpose the laws of the United States
which prohibit foreign ships from en
gaging in the shipping business be
tween any two points on the Ameri
can coasts. As a law of that kind
would prevent any but British ships
from engaging in trade between Eng-
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WAREHOUSES OF MC MILLAN FUR & WOOL CO..MINNEAPOLIS MINN.
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story and basement frame ware-houses of this company located at 200-212 1st Ave.
No. Minneapolis, Minn., with a floor space of over an acre which is several times
as large as any other establishment in this business in the west. This gives them
every facility for taking care of the great quantities of furs, sheep pelts etc., which
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Island, Minneapolis, with a capacity of 3,000 pelts per day. This concern has been
building up its business for twenty-five years and as may be assumed it had grown
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land and any of her colonies, it would
be a severe blow to all other nations.
Morgan don't find as smooth sailing
In British waters as he meets with
on this side.
The New York and New England
European correspondents of the great
dailies seom to believe that the peo
ple on this side of the water have no
interest in anybody in Europe except
the few stupid and degenerate human
beings who have royal blood in their
veins, so they give us column on col
umn of stuff about kings, dukes and
princes, their wives, their cousins
and their aunts. Of the great sociol
ogical movements, of education, of
science, they have nothing to say.
Perhaps it is because these correspon
dents are of the monkey dinner kind
themselves and haven't brains enough
to write any other sort of stuff than
the trash that they send. Then it
may be that these correspondents are
sent over there for the express pur
pose of writing such articles as New
York's "400" can comprehend.
Phelps is another county that has
been snatched as a brand from the
fusion burning, and now she is enjoy
ing the fruits. Her election day corn
shuckers will have to raise about
$829.02 by local taxation to make up
the shortage In her last schQol appor
tionment warrant. In other word",
it lacks that much of being as big as
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W ! .
the smallest one ever sent her bv the
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