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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
DECEMBER IS, 1901 A UNION OF FORCES llr. Houston 1)1 cusur Present Condition and Outline m Vlmn for Faturts Action r ' Editor Independent: Every one who has been like myself a member of the people's party since its organiza tion is exceedingly anxious, and de sirous that now, at this supreme crisis. It should do that whicn is right, and at the same time most expedient from a political point of view. PRESENT CONDITIONS. Tne democratic party is in a state of absolute chaos. A most bitter con test is going on between the two fac tions for the control of the organiza tion, with the chances larg !y in favor of the reorganizers. There can be no harmonious agreement as to platform or nominations. The republican party is more or less divided on the questions of revision of the tariff, of trusts, and insular policy. The people's party as to organization Is in a moribund condition. "Fusion ists" and "middle-of-the-roaders'.' have been fighting each other and with a bitterness highly reprehensible. Some have gone back t the democratic par ty; some to the republican party, and others further on to the socialists. We have been betrayed by prominent lead ers in each faction, and hope is dying out in the ranks. The labor organizations which have heretofore divided their vote between the old parties have been slowly com ing to the conclusion that the ballot may prove more effective than the strike in righting wrongs. In my own state for the first time the miners made some nominations for congress and the state legislature. The socialist taking advantage of the lull in populist preaching, pushed to the front the principles they hold In common with the populists and so largely increased their vote. Now in the midst of all this un rest, agitation, and struggle populist principles have triumphed and are triumphing. We demanded the free coinage of silver and its addition to the cur rency. The financial leaders hooted at the idea, but still went on with the coinage of silver until on the 1st day of October, 1902, the treasury report counted as cash $506,545,711.20 in sil ver, and this silver dollar the bullion value of which is only 33 1-3 cents is on a parity with the gold dollar all the world over. We demanded "more money and less misery" and the bankers, in council met at New Orleans last month, took up the populist cry in spite of the fact that the United States leads as a gold producing country, and is coin ing about $3,000,000 of silver every month. We predicted the trusts, and the Hurt So Badly Was Nearly Crazy. Had no Sleep Could Hardly Lie Down. Dr. Miles Nervine Per manently Cured Me. "A year a0 I suffered from extreme nerv ous stomach trouble. I was afraid of every thing, could not bear to hear singing or music and reading or hearing of a death nearly brought on my own. I could not sleep or hardly lie down, the back of my head turt me so badly 1 nearly went crazy. My shoul ders hurt and the least thing I did would bring on an attack of extreme nervousness. There were times when I would have a lump in my throat and my mouth would be so dry I could hardly sneak. 1 was in despair until I began to take Dr. Miles' Restorative Nerv ine. I have taken in all twelve bottles and consider myself permanently cured. My home doctor has since remarked on my healthy appearance and said he wished he could say his medicine helped me. He knows it was Dr. Miles' Nervine. We are never without the Anti-Pain Pills and con sider your medicines household remedies. I cannot say enough for the Nervine, because in addition to my own case my daughter, who was out of school for a long time be cause of SL Vitus' dance, was completely cured by eight bottles. She is now feeling fine and going to s hool every day. We thank you lor your kindness and will never stop singing the praises of Dr. Miles' Restor ative Nervine." Mrs. C. E. Ring, Lima, O. All druggists sell and guarantee first bot tle Dr. MLes' Remedies. Send for free book on" Nervous and Heart Diseases. Address Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, Ind. trusts have come, which far from the purpose of their creators establish the practicability and advisability of government,-ownership of certain indus tries. . i We demanded government owner ship of railroads and coal mines. The brains of the country have conceded the one as the best repressive measure as to trusts, and the best means of protection to the people against the tyranny of corporate power while as to the other Hill of New York with his hand upon the public pulse fi-ched that plank from the fore-front of the populist platform to make it a win ning measure in the democratic plat form of that great state. Had the mercury fallen on the first of Novem ber last to the freezing point it would have won. The Post of Cincinnati dur ing tne late anthracite coal strike said, "This struggle is making whole regi ments of populists." In brief, the whole trend of public sentiment, not only as to municipali ties, but also as to the nation at large, is toward "public ownership of public utilities" toward the separation of the state and the individual and which is the heart's core of populist doc trine. In view of these conditions very briefly stated there is great encour agempnt to the populists to organize and take the field. HOW TO DO IT. First, we must bring about com plete harmony at home. We cannot send out any invitations to strangers until we have set our own house in or der. To this end we must hold an ex perience meeting with a love feast in view must forget all the mean things, whether true or not, we have said about each other, and throw them be hind our backs must proclaim a gen eral amnesty and invite the vilest sinner to return. Each must meet the other in the spirit of largest conces sion, and everything be done to revive . the spirit of 1892 when nearly two millions of honest votes were cast for General Weaver. Having put ourselves in this frame of mind and spirit the work of organi zation, in my opinion, should be in itiated by a joint call, signed by the chairman of the national executive committees of the two factions of our party, for a meeting not only of the committees, but of populists general ly who are willing to help by thought or act in the organization of the par ty, and further let it be indicated by this call that representatives of la bor organizations, Bryan democrats, so-called, socialists and others who wish to co-operate with the populists in this movement will not be excluded. At this meeting a plan of organi zation, full, thorough, and complete, should be outlined, determined upon and carried into effect as far as pos sible. In addition to this the policy and purpose of the party should be determined as far as is in the power of such a meeting and this policy and purpose should be made known and recommended by a strong address to all pcpulists and members of other organizations who may or are likely to co-operate with us. Now, if this letter is not already too long. I want to make a few suggesiions both as to the organization and pol icy of the party. First, as of prime importance, a pop ulist paper should be put in the hands of as many voters as possible of all parties. If in no other way a fund should be created by some means and this distributed among leading populist papers to be expended i sending pa pers to lists of voters, the names and addresses of whom must be supplied by the various sub-committees in ev ery state. The press is the greatest of all agencies for making votes. Secondly, as to policy, let it be plain ly indicated that populists have given up all hope of accomplishing any last ing reform through co-oneration or fu sion with either of the old parties on a national ticket. It is evident that the drift of the democratic leaders of the south is toward an alliance with the democrats of the northeastern and central states, which will result in the nomination for president of Cleveland yes, even Cleveland, or some one representing him, as Olney. This would give the populists the opportun ity to declare again for a union of the south and west against the plutocratic east, which so unified the Je-ffersoniaii democrats of the south and the Lincoln republicans of the west in the Weaver campaign. In order to avail ourselves of this coming situation it must be understood before hand yes. now that the populists, while asking the assistance of all the lovers of their country, are still in the fiVld for a straie-ht fight against the money pow er. Under such a banner I believe it is possible for the people's party to regain the position it held in 1892 and finally to triumph. A. C. HOUSTON. Pickaway, W. Va. The smallest school apportionment warrant ever sent into Webster coun ty by the fusionists was $3,385. Mickey carried the county this year. And the warant this December Is $2,556.90. This cuts off $828.10 which could be used In adding another month of school in 23 districts. Assuming that each stay-at-home populist shucked 30 bushels of corn In the time It would have taken him to go and vote, and allowing 3 cents a bushel, this slump in the apportionment wipes out the earnings of 920 stay-at-homes. A Decade of American Finance Jay Cooke has contributed an ar ticle, entitled "A Decade of American Finance," to the North American Re view. The first part treats of the his tory of the national banking business, and the second tells the story of the struggles to build the Northern Pa cific railroad. Says Mr. Cooke: "The government gave to the Northern Pa cific Railroad company 47,360,000 acres of land, 12,800 acres per mile of rail road in Wisconsin and Minnesota, and 25,000 acres per mile in Dakota, Mon tana, Idaho, and Washington. The sales of these lands ought practically to have paid for the construction of the railroad which earned them." Yet today that road claims it has "in vested" the sum of $06,252 per mile of line and in the fiscal year ended June 30, 1900, drew from the shippers and passengers who used it over thirty mil lion dollars gross earnings in order to secure a "fair return" upon the capital "invested" capita, which, according to Mr. Cooke, was given to the road by a foolish congress pretending to repre sent a still more foolish people. It will be a great F'lock to some republican historians to know that Mr. Cooke virtually admits that there was a "crime of 73." He is by no means a "free silver lunatic" In fact, is opposed to free silver now, but he says: "The question of the continu ance of the silver on the old basis might have been appropriately dis cussed when silver was demonetized in 1873. . . . This left the currency of the country without a silver dollar (Be careful, Mr. Cooke, or the heaa of the Lincoln Daily Star's drivel de partment will get you!) and lessened by about one-half the money which the people used and depended on to pay their debts with. Had the title of the bill indicated that it proposed to legislate the silver dollar out of the United States, it could never have passed. "The enormous discoveries of gold in our country and in other parts of the world have filled the vacuum of legal tenders. Otherwise this wanton and foolish destruction of the legal tender character of the silver dcllar would have been disastrous indeed. The immediate effect of it was to de stroy or lessen the abilitv of the deb tor to discharge both foreign and do mestic debts. Fortunate indeed it was for the countrv that the wiping out of so large a portion of our legal tenders was supplemented by gold discoveries." Republican "redemption" by Dietrich and "rescue" by Mickey means a loss of $806.83 in Seward county. Her last school apportionment warrant is that much smaller than the smallest one ever sent her by fusion state officers. Congressman Stark Approves Editor Independent: While I al ways see much to commend in each is sue of The Independent, I want to especially commend your article in the 4th inst. issue on "Unions and Mi litia." It is patriotic, and sensible in a marked degree and it is a matter of congratulation that a newspaper of my state mrkes the clearest statement of a correct militia policy that has come under my observation. W. L. STARK. House of Representatives, Washing ton, D. C, Dec. 7, 1902. Back in 1S97 Jefferson county gave a small plurality for Judge Sullivan, and the fusionists succeeded in cap turing part of the county offices. Then they began to get apathetic, so that bv this years "our man Mickey" lacked but little pf carrying-the coun ty by 500. Jefferson county's smallest apportionment warrant under fusion state administration was $4,423.76, or exactly -$1,021.71 more than the one for this December. That would pav a month's salary for thirty $3." teachers. Republican incompetency comes high but they rather like it down in Jefferson. Don't Die of " ! Consumption A Positive Curt Found by a Celebrated Mich igan Physician He Sends a Large Trial Package Free by Mail to All Who Write At last a cure has been found. Incredible as it may seem, after the centuries of failure, a DR. D. P. 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