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junb .16, 1903. THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT n "
FRED SCHMIDT & BRO'S. Great July Clearing Sale will be continued for another week. Do not fail to take ad vantage of this opportunity to get the best class of merchan dise at these remarkably low clearing sale prices. Come early while the assortments are large. es2o to 40 Per Cent Discount... Wash Goods, Ladies' Waists, Wrappers, Washable Petticoats, Children's Dresses, Men's Negligee Shirts, Summer Corsets, White Goods, Lace Embroideries, and Silks at 20 to 40 per cent below value. 30 to 50 per cent discount on odd lots of Shoes, Slippers and Oxfords. We also give a special discount , on our regular line of Shoes and Slippers. 917-921 O, OPPOSITE POST OFFICE LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. THE EFFECTIVE BALLOT XW1 D ia AUIfU 1MIUIH. -. field's Discussion of Tbl N..d.d . Beforin Editor Independent: To properly understand the effective ballot, let-us svppose we had as we will have automatic voting machines that re cord and display in sight of each voter the full vote of every candidate up to the time he reaches the polls. Suppose a populist voter at the polls late in the afternoon and he sees there can be no hope of electing any one on his own ticket, but that re publicans and , democrats are running Tery close, what will he do? If rankly partisan, he will under preser.t ' sys . tem disfranchise himself by voing an already beaten ticket, but under tne effective ballot he "can stand up and be counted" for his principles without danger of disfranchisement, by mak ing the populist candidates his first choices and the democratic ones uu second choices, his second choices in such case being as effectual as if it bad been his first, yet the poll will show the full number of populist vot ers who went to the polls. Let us suppose such voting machines in use in 1904 at the presidential elec tion and the candidates are: Roose velt, ' plutocratic republican; Tom Johnsonradical democrat; Tom Wat son, people's party, and Cleveland, bolting plutocratic democrat; and the voter sees (the consolidated result of vote in all other states and precincts being telegraphed and displayed on bulletin boards hourly or oftener) that Roosevelt and Johnson are neck and neck and the others nowhere, what -would an honest, intelligent voter do? He knows that Watson and Johnson bave substantially the same principles and are equally honest; that Cleveland is only running to help Roosevelt, that Watson cannot be elected, but that Johnson probably can be, and he votes for Johnson, either as his first or second choice, either being effective. This is precisely what the effective ballot enables the voter to do in the absence of such voting machines and hourly record on bulletin boards. Fusion is an attempt to reach this tame end by a clumsy, difficult, less effectual method. Fusion has prevented republicans from controlling some state govern ments "by a minority plurality and en abled the majority of the people to elect state officers,- county and city officers, judges, etc., hence the deadly hatred of plutocracy for fusion and the criminal election law of Kansas that prevented fusion and gave the re publicans control of the state through a minority plurality. Had the pop ulists, when in full control in Kan sas, enacted the effective ballot, as the writer of this earnestly ujged them to do, republicans could have! regained the state only through a ma-! Sority of the total vote, and then would j have had only their proportion of leg islators, senators, etc., a proportion that could never have become large enough to give them control, even ihough they had the state officers. As will be seen by those who have read thus far, in counting the vote where but one candidate is to be elected, all but the two highest in first choice ballots are eliminated from the count to start on, and while their number of first choice ballots is re corded and published for the people's information, their second choices ar? transferred to that one of the two highest candidates for which they were given and counted for such candidate exactly as they would be if given to him as first choice ballots. In England, France, Germany and Sweden this same result is reached by a second election between the two highest candidates when no candidate has a majority of total vote at first election. Is it not a shame that we let these "effete monarchies of Eu rope" so far surpass us in registering the people's will? RELATIONS TO THE REFERENDUM The effective ballot1 is not intended to take the place of the initiative and the referendum (direct voting) but to do what direct voting cannot do that is, give the people control of their representatives and executive officers, the ones who must frame and submit laws to be voted on at the referen dum. Twelve years experience in the f wiss cantons that have adopted the effective ballot shows that so perfect ly is the collective will represented by it that scarcely any demand is made for the referendum. The average American congress or legislature cannot be relied upon' to frame and submit laws in an honest manner in a way that will stand in the courts. If these representatives really represented the people they would not wait for the initiative to urge them to action and would not purposely submit laws through which the courts could run a train of cars, as they so often enact laws now. The late lamentable republican leg- A n-ann wva0 icialuie ui uauoao, uuuci (ivat ynu- sure from the people and against a strenuous ' fight by the railways and other corporations, passed resolutions to submit two constitutional amend ments to vote of the people "to take effect when published in the statute," tut the statute has been published and they are not in it, nor are the people. The effective ballot is the only per fect system of proportional represen tation, and proportional representation is the only truly democratic system the only one in which all the people are represented. Any group or shade of thought having votes enough for an electoral quota can elect one mem ber at least, with a possibility of two or more through other than first choice ballots. The high water mark of pop ulism was eight representatives in congress, when if chosen in propor tion to the percentage of populist votes it would have been forty-one. Social ists and prohibitionists have never had a congressman, though casting votes enough to entitle them to sev eral each. It is estimated that under the effective ballot single taxers would elect at least twenty congressmen, but none as it is. " In pur opinion the greatest value of the new system of voting would lie in its destruction of political machines and bosses, neither of which could ex ist under it, and partisan prejudice, the bane of good government, would speedily fade away. Another most important feature is that practically all voters would ex ercise their right of franchise when assured that they could do so effec tively. Little wonder that only talf or two-thirds of a full vote is polled in off years and but three-fourths for presidential ones, when about one half thg voters know they must waste their ballots on a hopeless candidate or cast it for one that does not rep resent their principles at all, or pnly partially. The effective ballot will be found especially useful in primary elections and nominating conventions, and yet more so in legislative halls. We hope the readers of The Indepen dent will give this question careful thought and then write their views of it to the . paper. I will answer any further questions by letter or through the paper, and reply to any valid ob jections. It is the reform which makes all others possible. W. H. T. WAKEFIELD. Mound City, Kas. HOW'S THIS? We offer One Hundred Dollars Re ward for any case of Catarrh that can not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. ' F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props,. Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney fcr the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honorable in all business transactions and financially able to carry out any obligation- made by their firm. . West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole sale Druggists, Toledo. O Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Inter nally, acting directly upon the blood and , mucous .surfaces of the system. Price, 75c per bottle. Sold by all drug gists. Testimonials free. Hall's Family Pills ar the best. MISSOURI POPULISTS Mr. Gooch Has a Word t. Say About the Fntur. Want Straight Party Action " Editor Independent: Am in receipt of sample copy of your very interest ing paper. Am glad to note that you recognize the time has come of op portunity for not only all populists, but all who favor the perpetuation of American institutions, to come to gether on common grounds, battling for a common interest which can be done by placing populists in the fore ground and on the ground floor where they justly belong. Every day, every hour, that we try to follow the leadership of the old parties we are but extending or hold ing back the dawn of liberty. You can no more marshal the forces of re form under the banner of the demo cratic party than you can. under the republican. Now as to Mr. Bryan and those of his followers, they have had their say; we went to them once, many be lieving it was best for all concerned. They not only failed as they have for sixty years to do anything, but turned their backs on us and treated us with vile contempt. If the democrats of Nebraska are not guilty of this charge, you have something different from the common product. (Missouri kind especially.) Here all roads that do not lead to the democratic camp have been wired up. They are right in for the people ruling, but you are to understand they are. the people referred to; and if they have a man in their party out side of Bryan that stands for any thing worthy of mention as true pa triot and statesman, I would like you to cite him. I have never turned back. Gbing back is all right if you have left any thing of sufficient value to go back for. However, the future and not the. past is our goal. There are more men ready for a new deal now by far thau ever before and nothing but a new deal along such economic lines that the masses can see or grasp at this time would seem safe. I am not a platform builder, though having been at several bees of that nature Omaha for one. You under stand a majority is a big help, and to get that the masses must see their way through. ' Government must issue all money rnd control same. Public ownership of public utilities can with proper ef fort be made a winner. The laboring classes are ready for this much. When we have gained this, the way is open for other reforms and not be fore this. The money changers and trust magnates fully understand their party is to keep this vital point in the background and has been thus for centuries; hence, the attack must be made on the stronghold of the enemy. We can no longer quibble in this matter. Remove all doubts by a straight fight and the toiling millions that have almost lost hope will rally as never before around the standard of liberty and equality. C. M. GOOCH. Bearcreek, Mo. SOUTH DAKOTA POPULISTS A Hitchcock Populist on a Political Strike Slates His Position Will Have Mono " of Socialism Editor Independent: I have re ceived three sample copies of The In dependent and notice in the 18th a call for a conference by Mr. Edgerton. That is the right stop to take, wheth er Mr. Butler approves or not one thing is certain, Mr. Parker will. I am a mid-road populist on a po litical strike until we can have a straight ticket. I might have voted with the socialists, but I don't be lieve in deceiving a party by support ing it when I have no intention of joining It I don't believe in two faced politics, I have read of the government and laws God gave the children of Israel ; the individual owned the land and all of the means of production; the peo ple collectively built and owned the temple and supported the army, but the records do not show that they ever had a national debt; they carried on the government for over 900 years and then went down, not because of finan cial panic, but because they refused tn obey the laws provided for their pro tection. God knowc the selfishness of the AIR FILLED WITH OZONE In Colorado all the conditions of health are met. There is a suflicient altitude to cause lung and chest development; there is the dry, exhil arating mountain air, with an almost absence of malaria; there is the tonic effect of a bracing climate without its rigors; an atmosphere filled with ozone; cool nights in summer; a bright, sunny day almost every day in the year, condu cive of cheerfulness and pleasure. Splendid Train Service to Colorado VIA UNION PACIFIC Accommodations provided for all classes or passengers. VERY LOW RATES During- the 5utnm.r. 1 Full information cheerfully furnished on ap plication to E. B. 5L0SS0N, Gen. Agent, Lincoln, Neb. NOTICE TO REDEEM. To Whom It May Concern: Notice is hereby given that on the fourth day of November A. 1). 1901, Charles Hammond bought at tax sale from the treasurer of Lancas ter county, Nebraska, the lands as described be low, all situated in Lancaster County, Nebraska, for the delinquent taxes of 1900 and all prior taxes and taxed tothe names of the persons here inafter set forth and that the time for redemp tion will expire on November 6tb, 1903. Southeast quarter of southwest quarter of sec tion 11, township 7, range taxa to P. Grist linger. Northeast quarter of section 2, township 11, range 5, taxed to Robert Inhster. Southeast quarter of section 1, township 12, range 5, taxed to II, De Butts. Northwest quarter of northeast quarter of sec tion 17, township 8, range 7, taxed to J. W. Mus setter. Southwest quarter northwest quarter of section 36. township 10, range 7, taxed to Lute C. Young. West half northwest quarter of sect ion 22, town ship 7, range 8, taxed to Warren K. I'ickett. , Dated at Lincoln, Nebraska, this 1st day of July, A. 1). 1903. , . CHARLES HAMMOND. human race better than any one else and if He cannot keep us within rea sonable limits it is futile for the so cialists to attempt what He would not give His own chosen people. What is the wisdom of man Is foolishness with God, He says. Personally, I believe the democratic party that nominated Bryan is the same that supported Cleveland three times; it was merely a change of en gineers. Mr. Bryan has been running the engine for the last seven years." but it seems plain to me that the old crew will soon take possession again. Then where will Mr. Bryan go? If the people's party is not ready for the bolters they will probably form a new party of their own. Political his tory teaches us how useless it is to bolt We must build; a house di vided against itself cannot stand. What need is there of further les sons; will we never learn enough of fusion and division? If we don't stop this nonsense we never will advance a step. A POPULIST. Hitchcock, S. D.