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JUNST 16, lfr?3.
8 u.i .. - r, ; ;THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT C;e Uebraska Independent Tlrln tltbraaka! LIBERTY BUILDING. J32S 0 STREET , Entered according to Act of Congress of March j, 1879, at the rotolfice at Lincoln, Nebraska, second 1af s mail matter. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY. FIFTEENTH YEAR. $1.00 PER YEAR When making remittances do not leave money with news agencies, postmasters, etc , to be forwarded by them. They frequently forget or remit a different amount than waa left with them, and the subscriber faila to get pi opei credit. .Address all communications, and make All "iiafu, money orders, etc., payable to the tltbraska Independent, Lincoln, Neb. Anonymous communications will not be noticed. Rejected manuscripts will not b returned. , T. H. TIBBLES, Editor. C. Q. DE FRANCE, Associate Editor. P. D. EAGER, Business Manager. The Independent acknowledges re ceipt from Former Congressman Stark t of the annual reports of the depart ment of the Interior for 1902. ' , Many readers who are delinquent tor subscription 'give no attention Jo our bills and requests for payment. They should remember that business c our rosy requires the same attention to a letter and small accounts that is given to larger ones. Do not put our bill and letter aside without giving it the attention it deserves. Send the amouni due as soon as you can. Dr. R. H. Reemelin of Cincinnati writes The Independent that he will attend the Denver conference," accom panied by Mrs. Reemelin. He ex pects to stop off attLincoln on the 21st Jnst. and reri&in over until the next morning, and will call on Mr. Brvan and The Independent. "The ten com mandments and the Declaration of In dependence," says Dr. Reemelin, "are being misconstrued these days." In connection with the conference of populists and those who agree with them, which lias been called tc meet at Denver on July 27, Mark Foster's letter to. Mr.Edgerton, the secretary of the' national committee, on another page will be of interest. The idea of this writer is that the balance of power policy will retain the indepen dence of the party, sor much desired by the middle-of-the-road element; and at the, same time allow co-operation with the well disposed who still stick to their old parties, thus gaining larger attention for the educational propaganda. Votes cast for a balance of power ticket would be votes for principle, as truly as though for inde pendent candidates; and yet they would improve the quality of the act iial filling of public offices. Mr. Nixon, in speaking of the down fall of the United States Shipbuilding company, commonly known as the ship trust, stated what The Indepen dent has always held to be the weak point in all these great combinations to overthrow competition. He said: "The result is largely attributable to -the decrease in energy of manage ment at some of the plants with the removal of local and personal respon sibility." When a large number of manufacturing plants in different parts of the country are each managed and operated by men personally interested, things are looked after better than they will be when those plants are combined in one large trust and the management of each is entrusted to a ..tired man. The attempt of the Mor gans to defy human nature and over throw the foundations upon which the commerce of the world has long been Ibased will of necessity fail. . TBI DENVER CONFERENCE This Is the last issue of The Inde pendent ' priorto the Denver confer ence in which the preliminaries toward bringing about a revival of populism will be discussed. Many of our far eastern subscribers will barely have time to receive this paper before they would be required to start, if they attend.- Next week tin entire issue will be turned over to the socialists and kEOwn as the Karl Marx Edition. It will not be so complete a paper as was the Henry George Edition but will give our readers a tolerably fair I -J - ' .Atnllot nima ' frM " in thplr lU7Ct Ui OVlUiiWb uiuiu, - own language. Very many populists imagine they are socialists, or at least socialistic. This comes from the fact that men more or less clearly recognize that all thought regarding society and govern ment ranges somewhere between two extremes, which may be termed indi vidualistic and collectivistic, or anar chistic and socialistic. In the very nature of things it is imposible to completely separate these two extremes. To separate the posi tive and negative poles of the magnet, is to destroy the magnet. Each ex treme is necessary to the existence of the other. Notwithstanding this, it is possible tc distinguish between these extremes and to classify men accordingly as they lean toward one or the other. In this sense, most populists are sociailistic, although not a few of them lean the other way. But no populist can truly call himself a socialist who does not accept without question the three fun damental principles of Marxism: (a) The theory of "surplus value; (b) the "class struggle" and the historic mis sion of the wage-workers; and (c) the materialistic conception of history, or economic determinism. The colleetivist, or socialist, holds that human nature may be changed by a change of environment; the Indi vidualist, or anarchist, holds to the opposite view and contends that a change of human nature must precede the change of environment The lat ter advises introspection and self-purification of the individual in order to make society better; the former holds that the individual will grow better as society grows better, and that society cannot grow better except as condi tions for making a living improve. Regardless of the sneers which ex tremists have for the "eclectic," The Independent, speaking for the great mass of populists, admits the truth of both contentions, but denies the cor rectness of either as an absolute fact. - Hence, the populists stand as mid dle ground between the two contend ing . "schools." it will be useless for those who at tend the Denver . conference to make any attempt at uniting all classes and conditions of persons, except the trust magnates. That conference will be made up largely of men whose inter ests lie with the "bone and sinew" of America the farmers, small business men, and so-called independent pro ducers, who employ a few wage workers and work with them. No great employers tf labor will be there, and it is doubtful if many employes of the great industries will be there. It will be essentially what the socialists call a "middle class" conference, com posed of men who are neither rich nor poor. In such an event, the duty of the conference is plain: To formulate plans looking to a party expression of the economic 'well-being of the so called "middle class." Nothing will be gained in an attempt to occupy the socialist ground. Nothing will be gained in an attempt to vie with the republican party in hoodwinking the wage-workers by fatuous resolutions regarding "labor." In fact, the conference will have done its duty if it formulate plana for f. vigorous propaganda along the lines ot-one political reform: 'majority rule; and the three economic reforms in money, land and transportation. To the intelligent wage-worker ap peals with great force the socialist demand for the collective ownership of all the means of production and dis tribution,, especially where he has nothing to sell but his own energy. But this does not appeal so strongly to the "middle class" man, and for him populist demands-are sufficiently advanced grounds. To the trust mag nate all of these demands, both so cialistic and populistic, are obnoxious because they portend the day when he shall be deprived of his "special privileges." ........ The Independent, . after a careful purvey of the field, can see no present means of uniting all opposition to plu tocracy in one party. l must come later, no doubt. But for the. present the outlook is that most will be ac complished by an intelligent align ment of the " middle class" into one ri-rty, the wage-workers into another; and by that means deprive the pluto cratic republican party of all its sup porters except the trust magnates who know what they want, and their vic tims, the "middle class" and wage workers who will persist in remaining it ignorance and being robbed. POINTED QUESTIONS Hon. L. H. Weller, of Nashua, la., is editor and proprietor of the Farmers' Advocate, formerly, published at Wa terloo. In order to give his corre spondents-some food for thought, Mr. Weller, in a card on his business sta tionery, asks these pointed questions: Is gold the God? Who made gold the God! Labor and business produce all! Labor and business pay all! Why is gold the God? Why rob labor and business, that gold may be the God? ' 1 DECAYING MEN and women Along with the revival of populism there comes continual protests against the worship of Mammon. The maga zines have almost ceased to talk about the "captains of industry" and there is a feeling manifested among "the best writers that after all money is not the greatest thing in the world. Even The Outlook, which . has been vilely imperialistic, has been moved to re mark concerning the millionaires: "Their tastes are painfully rude; their manners deplorably bad; their way of living conspicuously vulgar. Each vies with the other in the attempt to do things a lit tle more elaborately, to spend larger sums, to cater a little more successfully to the news columns ' of the yellow journals. The hol lowness of this kind of social life, its crude travesty of genuine so cial life, its corrupting tendency, are increasingly plain to all who know it The note is forced, the pace killing, and the blight of wo manly qualities and the decay of manly strength which come with this abnormal and unwholesome way of living inevitable." The Independent has long been call ing attention to the "blight of wo manly qualities and the decay of man ly strength" which has been the most distinguishing feature of this age of commercialism and the "stand pat" policy so vigorously advocated by all the great dailies and until' recently by magazines as well. There is nothing that has done so much service to those who ride on the backs of the people as a sounding phrase, though it be meaningless. New ones are coined for every campaign. "Sound money" did duty long and well. Now that is changed for "stand pat" Hon. L. H. Weller, of Nashua, la., writes The Independent that he can not be present, at the Denver confer ence, but that he will write a brief article expressing his views as to the possible work of that conference. The Iowa populists will hold their etate I convention at Des Moines, August 27. HOW IT AFFECTS US It is thirty-eight years since the close of the war and during all that time until four or five years, ago the whites and .the blacks have lived ten gether in peace, with only slight dis turbances just after the war. Now there seems to be a race problem of tremendous dimensions facing the na tion. The most serious disturbances have occurred in Indiana and Dela ware, two republican states, although they extend over a large part of the union. There can be no doubt that this trou ble is the direct result of the abandon ment of the Declaration of Indepen dence and the substitution for them the evasions and subterfuges of mod ern toryism. If the United States gov ernment had been true to the prin ciples of Lincoln and Jefferson, had not gone into wars of conquest and re frained from the official talk about "inferior races," and "giving them as full a measure of liberty as they are capable of enjoying," with all the rest of the shibboleth of imperialism, no such state of affairs would exist in the United States , as we at present deplore. ' If this government "had been true to those principles of equality of all men before the law which have made this nation great, if we had carried the constitution and the Declaration of In dependence to the Philippines and set up a government there deriving its powers from the consent of the gov erned, a wave of enthusiasm a leve of liberty and an acknowledgement of the brotherhood of man would have swept over the land that would have made the recent acts of savagery im possible. Very often The Independent has said that it fought imperialism more because of the curses that it would Ibring to this nation than for the suf ferings it might cause the conquered peoples. The effect upon us of our imperial policy in the Philippines has no far been much more disastrous than to the conquered people. The "destruc tion of high ideals Of this government which urged, for a hundred years, ev ery man on toward demanding justice and liberty for all men is a thing so incalculable in its evil effects that it ciouds all the future. - SLAVES NEVER FREE THEMSELVES The effort of the socialists to round up the "prolateriat" and get them to vote the socialist ticket will end in failure. Those are the chaps who fur rish the republican majorities. They icrm the gangs that the ward heeler brings in on election day to "vote 'er straight." A glass of beer, a drink of whisky, the promise of some little office, a dollar or two in money, se cures them. It is now and has always been the "propertyless class" that plu tocracy has relied upon. They do the menial work, they vote for their mas ters, they are the privates in the arm ies who fight the battles of the rich. The socialists may succeed in making a few of them "class-conscious" and induce them to join some of the sec tions, and The Independent hopes that they will get more of them than have ever heretofore rallied to Marxism, for every time they get one of them to vote the socialist ticket there is one less republican vote. Under the mon archies of the old world there is a very large propertyless class. Here it is very small. It will continue to grow it the trusts have their way. The workers who own their homes and the farmers who own their farms will con stantly become fewer. Just as they, do, plutocracy will become stronger. It is not this class that will ever ef fect any reforms. Slaves never free themselves. Some one else has to bring freedem to them. - Socialists have the opportunity to edit the Karl Marx Edition of Th3 Independent . (July 23, 1903) just as the single taxers did the Henr George Edition, u v