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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT SEPTEMBER 17, J903. POLITICAL EVOLUTION - Hsf S D"?t Itoea mm av KoeUklilt A HrmiaUMC of 1896 Editor Independent; Born in 1855, 1 spent my early years on a farm near Barry, Pike county, III. My father -died when I was two years old, and such home education as I received was from my mother, who was a descend ant of the Fitchs of Norwalk, Conn., a t pical Puritan family. My early tiaining was religious, and in my col ltge days I became a member of the Baptist church, and was a worker in the Sunday school and Y. M. C. A. I was taught, and at that time believed. . that there was only one kind of jus tice and one kind of honesty. I judged all of the past and all of the future by present standards ' only. It took me a long time to unlearn this error. Arrived at manhood I settled in , Chicago to practice law. I had al ways voted the democratic ticket. In 1M5 I became interested in "Coin" Harvey's agitation of the silver ques tion and in the wider question of mon ey and credit" generally. I read ev eiy thing on the subject that I could lay hands on and became (and still remain) an ardent supporter of the money planks of the democratic plat form of 1896. That memorable cam paign of 1896 was for me, as for.tho-i-sands of others, a turning point in life. I engaged in almost constant pr -vate discussions in those, days with men that I thought were good and --honest and - not influenced by selfish motives nor by politics. To my amaze ment I found that nearly all of them were in favor of sound money, but could under no circumstances be in duced to state wnat sound money was. Men who in ordinary matters boasted of their? frankness to the verge of bru tality would tremble in their knees and begin to call names when closely i pressed to state what they meant by honest money. Men like John M. Palmer, Cassius M. Clay and others, who had been fire-eating abolitionists and had faced the cold steel to destroy four billion dollars' worth of lawful slave property, and had then by an ; amendment to the constitution forced 'a dozen states to repudiate their pub lic debts, collapsed at the taunt of re pudiation, and could only echo the parrot cry: bound money is honest money, honest money is sound money. Evangelists and athei-ts of all shades from Moody to Ingerso.i, who would not quail "in the presence of an omnip otent God or devil, as the case might be, were cowed bv the mysterious so cial power of wealth, and with bab bling tongues advocated Indirect for gery and note-raismg under the eu phemistic name of sound money. I also had occasio in my own experi ence to feel the- iron hand of plutoc racy under the velvet glove of theor etical demo racy. I became f o accus tomed to being called an anarchist and repudiator, that the words, lost all ef fect on me. I became an avowed ad vocate of dishonest money, and was rilling and anxious to explain in de tail what I mean by it. In those days I saw the streets of Chicago bedecked with the national flag in a new form not the, plain stars and stripe3, good enough for any m?n but with a, tail piece sewed onto it bearing the legend "sound money." I had in my earlier days served a, term in the Illinois national guard, and prided myself on being a veteran. I had learned to feel something of a sol dier's respect for the nag as a symbol o! unity. I had once held the folds of tfcat beautiful flag up in my hands as I took the oath of enlistment, but there was no tail piece on it then. If the sight of a sound money flag made my, blood boil, worse yet was to come. Mark Hanna originated his flag day scheme, and the next thing I "saw was the holy stars and stripes with the feature5' of a mortal being right across the middle of them. The face of Will laiSi ; McKInley constituted the princi pal part of the flag. Then was brand ed indelibly on my mind the ugly far so carefully concealed by the plutoc racy as long as possible, viz: that we are not one nation, but two nations; w- have not one flag, but two flags; there is not one kind , of honesty, but two kinds of honesty; not one kind of justice, but two kinds. The election took place. My old flap: lo't. The "doctored" flag won. It did no good to take McKinley's fare ztiA the sound money piece off the flag; after the election was over. I could still see them there just the rame as before. The means used to win this election were to' me not a Jtire, but a revelation. All my old i'?na hfl received a death blow. I .TS3 a different man. The ease wib Thich , wealth an paralyze the noblest ztn wheh lt comes to the vital i?se ? political supremacy, was made clear j me once for all. I began to realize that the Chicago platform involved more than money reform; that the real issue was not one of particular measures, but was the question as to wmcn crowu; orvcia buouiu nave ccntrol of - the government; . that it was not so much money reform that wai needed as emancipation from the vise-litve grip of plutocracy. I had one thing yet to learn, viz: that the work ing class is the only , power that can uring about this emancipation. Like many other unconscious hypocrits, 1 nad always considered myself as thor oughly democratic and as a true friend of the wording ilass to long as it was Kept down in its proper place of sub ordination; but I diet not look for sal vation trom this source. The middle classes and the uemocracy were de-r nouncing oppression so1 loudly that relied on them to abolish it, though it did not escape my notice that the democratic party soon after the elec tion of 1896 began to . back water. 1 had yet to learn that all other classes, except the working class, no matter how much they m?y villify the plu tccracy, are afraid to overthrow it, tecause they fear the working class more than they hate the plutocracy The working class is the only class which has the grit to accomplish thi overthrow, not because It is naturally braver than other classes, but because ita material interests make it resolute. It has nothing to lose and everything to gain. Instead of my posing as a lriend of the laboring class, it was i who needed the laboring class to pull me out of the hole. Beware of the "friend of labor, - After that, I read Henry George's won.s, but was not satisfied with his defense of interest on capital and followed up the extensive literature on the question of interest from John Calvin to Proudhon and Boehm-Ba werk. My religious and legal training and prejudices naturally led me to attack capitalism within its own lines, to turn its own moral professions and its inalienable rights of man again itf elf, which is n-t a difficult thing to do. I soon found that interest is "un just." It puts the borrower at an ir retrievable disadvantage and makes equality of , opportunity impossible. It then dawned upon me that if both rent and interest were abolished the effect would be something similar to what I imagined the socialists were advocat ing; and then for the first time in my life I was n a suitable frame of mind to hear the socialist position. The Communist Manifesto was one of the flist socialist books that fell into my hands and I was fairly well prepared to understand it. I had reached by a long, roundabout way, in a superficial manner and by the exercise of what some call Intellectual gymnastics, a similar position to what the Manifesto reaches by one bold, .'direct stroke, io dtep, far-reaching and scientific, as to bo unintelligible to most beginners, namely, that clacsism or the under standing of economic classes is the key which reveals the mysteries of civil ized society, based on antagonistic property interests and exerting its force through a political state. Th? next thing I did was to join the so cialist party in 1899. My drifting into socialism was not, so far as I am conscious of it, owing directly to my personal economic cir cv instances; it was started by a spirit of revolt against the political tyranny, by threats and coercion, which I ob served in the campaign of 1896 and the evident hollowncss of political dem ocracy when not based on economic independence. As Liebknecht puts it, democracy witho-it socialism is pseudo-democracy, just as socialism with out democracy is pseudo-socialism. Chicago, 111. MARCUS HITCH.. (If the writer of the above excellent article will now proceed to tell how he i going to abolish rent and profit jast what sort of a bill he would in troduce into congress if that body had a socialist majcity then we would have something to take hold of. Bel lamy told us, as socialist writers all do, what would happen "under social Fair and Honest The Independent is certainly fair and honest in its efforts to do fusion xCiiCwciS justice, they net only pub lish editorials from men who are pleased with the national committee proceedings at Denver, but of those not in sympathy with the movement Hastings Public Journal Thieves and Tax Dodgers Editor Independent: The learned ones say that crime Is on the increase I '. it any wonder when thieves and tax dodgers fill the highest places? ARTHUR CARLTON. ism," but none of them has ever jtold how we are to get under. This is a practical world and men want practi- al schemes for benefiting their condi tionnot dreams however beautiful they may be. The Independent has been hungering and thirsting for some practical plan for benefiting the down trodden of earth. It does not contin ually tell the people what will hap pen "under populism. it advocates cr acting certain things Into law, such as the public ownership of railroads and telegraphs, the Issuing of all mon ey by the government without the in tervention of banks, the initiative and referendum and many other things of like nature. Whot specific act or acts would the socialists put on the statute looks if they had the power? The In dependent has never yet been able to get a socialist to name one. . willtb writer of the above very able, article do so? Ed. Ind.) Farms and Ranches'- ine XNebraska Real Estate Company offers in this list of lands bargains which must be sold at once and the purchaser will t the benefit of the reduced prices. The famous Wood River Valley is known far and near for having the best soil in the state, with pienty of timber and other nat ural advantages. This stream rises in the southwest part of Custer county end flows into the Platte near Grand Island, running through Custer, Buf fa lo, Dawson and Hall counties, a list or counties which cannot be excelled in this or any other state. We will offer for sale farms and ranches in tMs choice valley as follows: CUSTER COUNTY. No. 603. . Ranch containing .2,600 acies deeded land, 640 acres school land, 600 acres in cultivation, 160 acres fine hay land, all fenced and cross fenced, 7 wells and mills, 1 cis tern, also located on the Loup river large house of 14 rooms,, large ba e ment barn 26x54, stabies, sheds, corn cribs, granary, blacksmith shop, ice house, bunk house and other out build irgs, hog lot of 4 acres fenced with woven wire, Fairbanks scales; price $40,000. No. 607. 320 acres on the South Lcup river, 80 acres in cultivation, 140 a res jn pasture, 100 acres In hay land. 10 acres timber, 100 acres of this is choice alfalfa or corn land; price, $2r per acre. No. 93. This is a ranch on the Sruth Loup river, has 2 miles of river front, fine bottom land for hay or alfalfa, contains 1,280 acres of deeded land, it is a desirable place for a farm and . rancn combined; price, fx.ooo. . No. 52. Wood river farm contain ing 160 acres, located 1 miles from Lcmax, 50 acres in cultivation and all good farm land, all valley land; price, $1,200. No. 51. 160 acres on Wood river valley, 1& miles from Lomax, frame house and barn, 60 acres in cultiva tion, good well and mill, a very desir able place; price, ?1,600. . No. 53. Farm of 320 acres, good house 20x36, two stories, 8 rooms; good barn for Id hor?es, with loft for 10 tons, of hay, extri good Tut build ings, grove of 450 evergreen trees. on Wood river; price, $8,000, and runs up to town of Lomax. No. 42. Farm of 480 acres, 200 acres In cultivation, 640 acres school land adjoining, fence of 3 wires, each 160 acres fenced separately, 2 wells, nice artificial lake, sod house, feed lot, hog pasture, 5 acres alfalf , barn 14xl0f. other buildings, stock scales, telephoue connection; price, $6,000. No. 66. 920 acres deeded, all in a body, lease on school section, $800 worth of improvements, 60 acres in cultivation balance good clay hills, .2 miles from Oconto; price, $7,000. Fine corn crop all round it No. 79. 1,120 acres deeded and 80 acres school land, all bottom land, house of 6 rooms, corn crib for 6,00' bushels of corn, granary for 6,000 bushels; barn for 20 horses, 2 well;. and mills, 350 acres in cultivation, JP aoes in alfalfa, 15 acres Brome gras all of this farm is first class alfalfa and corn land, near stock yards;' pries i2o per acre. BUFFALO COUNTY. No. 517. Farm of 640 acres, 400 acres in cultivation, 23 acres fenced hog tight, young orchard of 200 trees. ccnsiHing of apples, peaches, cherries and plums, good 6 room house with good cellar, barn for 20 head of horses, wells, mills and other good out buildings; price, $11,000. No. 571. Farm of 160 acres, house. b&rn, granary, well and mill, some al falfa, 30 acres pasture, 130 acres in cultivation, a good and well improved farm, located 8 miles from Siding and 10 mile3 from Loup City, has a mort gage of $800 which can be assumed, runs 4 years; price. $3,000. No. 41. A nice little vegetable and hog farm, well improved, has a fine oi chard of 580 fruit trees, located 5 miles southwest of Elm Creek on the main line of the Union Pacific R. R.; ptlce, $1,600. . " No. O. Farm of 160 acres, 100 acres in cultivation, frame, house, s well, small orchard; price, $2,000. No. OO. Farm of 160 acres, 100 acres in cultivation, Wood river crosses the corner of this land, timber; price, 5,200.- No. 581. 80 acre farm all in culti vation, black rich loam, lying in Wood river valley, joins the town of Eddy ville, no improvements; price, $1,600. No. 573. Farm and ranch of 1,440 acres, all in a body and one pasture, 120 acres in cultivation, house, 2 wells and mills, located 1 miles from L'ddyville; price,' $6,400. No. 1. Farm of 320 acres joiniug the town of Eddyville, 220 acres in cultivation, 10 acres in alfalfa, bal ance in pasture; this land i3 in the well known Wood river valley, plenty of timber, 250 acres of first class al fslfa land, good improvements'; price, $;5 per acre. No. 590r Farm of 320 acres ' in the Buffalo valley of Dawson county, near Buffalo P. O., house, barn, well and mill, other good improvements, 240 acres in cultivation; this is a fine farm; Iice, o.uuu. No. 505. Farm of 146 acres, 20 acres ir. cultivation, luo acre3 in alfalfa, this is first class land, located 1-4 miles from the U. P. depot at Overton; price $1,000. No. 568. Farr. of 320 acres, house 1Kx28, granary 14x24, barn 14x32, 120 acres in cultivation, located 6 miles outh of Sumner; price, $2,000, cash r.nd balance easy terms. No. 572. NE1-4 32-10-23, 160 acres, 20 acres alfalfa, 120 acres fine hay li'rd, all good affifalfa land, .located ifa miles south of Coyote and 1 mile xvcat - nf . Mnrb-cl " cr h nnl hmiffn ifHTl?! th land, has $800 mortgage that can be assumed; price, $3,000. No. 585. Firse class 3 story brick betel in a good county seat town of 2,000 inhabitants, has about 40 rooms; price, $14,000. No. 537. A section or hill land north of Lexington, unimproved; $iu per acre. ' jvu. oxsj. Auaiiii gram litim, uuv acres, at $25 per acre. KEERASKA REAL ESTATE GO. J. H. EDfllSTEN, Pres. 1012 O Street, Lincoln, Neb. Remember the Dead There is nothing that so surely in dicates the depth of feeling and sor row for the dead as the erection of a suitable monument to mark the place of burial.5 It . is a duty that is to be performed after the heart-rending sor rows of the funeral are past Too fre quently the dead are soon forgotten iu the rustle for gain and glory. Do not, neglect it longer. There is no better time to do right than NOW. Send to Kimball Bros., Lincoln, Neb , for illustrated catalogue with prices. It will be sent free if you mention The Independent. 1 1 . Colonist Rates to California Another period of low rates to Cali fornia has been arranged for by the Rock Island System. The first selling. date is September . the last, November 30. The rates are the same as were in effect last spring. $25.00 from Lincoln, Neb. Corresponding reductions from all other Rock Island stations Tickets are good in tourist sleeping cars. ' Go now before the rush begins. There will be no reduced rates to Cal ifornia during the . winter. The Rock Island System offers two routes to California "Scenic" and 'Southern." Ask nearest Rock Island ticket igent for folder "Across the Conti nent in a Tourist Sleeping Car." It ?ives full information. F. H. BARNES, 1045 O St. - Tincoln, Neb. V antto Oil Rti. good, n'UHe.fnerwtlo mm to fell our 1 ifrb rade I Ine of 1 ubrlcatingr rig, Grpae, itlngr, also Poof, Parn nni Fonw Talnta, V bite Tead.rtc, either Mclnolvely or as a Bide line, locally or travel lner on commission. Specially to the Threshing and Farmer Trade. ddress 1 be Industrial Oil & Supply Co., Cleveland, Ohio. KEEP SWEET. TO INDEPENDENT READERS: MONEY In 1Mb. cans-4 or more cans Jl each. A. No. 1 article. F. O. B. here. Address A. F SNELL. Milledgeville, . WANTED Pevcral persons of character and pood reputation in each state (onein this county Tequireu) to represent and advertise old estab lished wealthy business bonse of ol1d financial standinjt Salary 21.00 weekly with expenses additional, ell payable In cash direct each Wednesday from head offices. . Horse and chn rlajre furnished when necessary. References, Enclose self-addressed envelope, Colonial. SSI Dearborn St., Chicago. , '