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DECEMBER 24, 1903.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT the "states must give the right pf fran chise to the blacks on the same terms as to the -whites; in other words, they cannot discriminate on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude. : When Henry Clay enlisted in the 'movement to abolish slavery In his state, it is not at all likely that he was aware of the magnitude of the undertaking. He was a young man and had not been In Kentucky but a few years, his birth place being Vlr ginia. It is probable that the rebuff he and his friends received, convinced him of the power of slavery as an in stitution. At any rate, he always worked to restrict slavery if he could not abolish it. He was the author of the famous Missouri compromise of 1820, by which slavery was not to go north of 36 degrees 30 minutes that is, the southern boundary of Missouri . extended. And Missouri was admitted Into the Union,' as a slave state, with .the understanding that all territory north of 36:30 should be free. At this time Clay heard southern men make threats that if slavery could not fce extended they would go out of the Union. From this time on Clay became the great "pacificator." " As Clay grew older, he feared the black man, and he feared, the white man. He thought the two races could not live together, unless one race was subordinate to the other. In this he was mistaken as he would have learned if he could have lived to see the civil war through and been alive now. -. Clay was a protective tariff man, partly because he was opposed to slav ery. If he had been in favor of slav ery from his youth and had believed in it as Calhoun did, he would have given up his idea of protection. He would have found It impossible to stand with one foot upon slavery and the other upon protection. But being ardently in favor of protection, which he called the American system, he had to oppose the extension of slav ery all his life. - Whoever reads the history of the United States, will find, that slavery and free trade (or tariff for revenue only) went hand in hand, while free dom and protection went together. If this is so, then it is hardly worth 1 while to attempt to found a new par ty without accepting protection as the foundation principle. Who will care to connect themselves with a party that means slavery, both white and black? Who wilj connect himself with a party , that almost destroyed the south as well as the north? Who wants to take the country back to the year 1820 the year of the Missouri compromise when the battle between slavery and freedom commenced? We cannot afford to go over that ground again. Much less can we go back still further and. inquire how the owners of slaves in the south became more and more in favor of slavery and free trade, while the free laborers of the north became more and moreopposed to slavery and free trade. This would make it necessary to inquire why the south, which at the beginning was in favor of protection much more so than the north afterwards became in favor of free trade (or tariff for rev enue only); while the north, which was at first inclined to slavery and free trade, afterwards became in favor of protection and freedom. It would also be necessary to inquire why the south became in favor of "state rights" which meant nullification and secession, while the north became more and more opposed to state rights, nullification and secession. Whoever goes through or over the history of the -country will find that slavery, free trade and state rights had to go to gether, while freedom, protection and nationality had to go together. This being so, any new party that pro nounces in favor of tariff for revenue only or free trade will sooner or later pronounce for everything that slavery requires, namely, a gold standard, banks to issue the paper money, and, generally, that the monoitolislic cor porations and trusts shall rule the country, with slavery for all whites as well as blacks. Internal Improvements were a prom inent issue aa soon a the constitu tion was adopted In 1788; and tariff soon Ixvame connected with this 1s aue. At flint these Improvements meant the building of roads and ca nals In connection with the Improve ment of riven for purposes of navi gation. Afterward internal improve ment meant the construction of rail road by the federal government. He- HEADACHE Al a eg 2 Cmm jw. brnii i Vli 9 cently internal improvements have tanen the form of ownersaip of rail roads or regulation of tnern by the federal government. AH through this long argument it will be found that those wno tavored " internal improve ments also favored protection. The fathers of the republic, and many who came after them, thought that the tar iff duties ought to be so high that the government could not only be sup ported, but that there would be a sur plus to carry on the internal improve ments. This was protection, not only of home industries, but of great na tional public highways, so that the states could be bound together and a great nation might be formed. Those who opposed internal improvements opposed protection. They wanted the tariff duties just high enough to sup port the government, "economically administered." These people were in favor of "tariff for revenue only," by which they meant that there should be no duties levied for purposes of protection or internal improvements. This was the origin of the famous phrase, "tariff for revenue only." If it had not been for the great issue of internal improvements, there nev er would have been any such phrase. But it does not now have such refer ence. On the contrary, it means that If the democrats get into power (espe cially under the leadership of Grover Cleveland and his friends) they will arrange the tariff in such a way that the duties will be very high on such foreign goods as we cannot produce and very low on such goods as wo can produce. They will not make the du ties any lower on an average; on the contrary, they can make them higher, without violating their great funda mental principle of tariff for revenue only. All that the democrats pledge themselves to do Is to levy no duties that will encourage or protect Ameri can industries as against foreign in dustries. They propose to keep their eyes open to the one single matter of getting revenue enough for the fed eral government, and to leave all of our industries to take care of them selves as against the industries of all other nations.-' In reply to this, it is only necessary to say, that if we adopt protection, we will keep our eyes open not only to getting revenue for the govern ment, but we will so arrange the tar iff duties that every American indus try will be duly protected as against every similar foreign competing in dustry, and that our own country as a nation will be duly protected as against the aggressions of all loreign nations; and that we will do this by putting no tariff duties at all on such goods as we do. not wish to produce and we will have duties on all foreign goods (the like of which we wish to produce) high enough to protect American labor and American capital as against foreign labor and foreign capital. This can be done without any diffi culty, if we keep In mind that when revenue is wanted for the government it is to be obtained by a tax on in comes, inheritances, or any other form of wealth. The issue, now, is not whether a few rivers shall be improved for naviga tion, not the building of canals mere ly, not the building of railroads mere ly, not the making of turnpikes by the national government, but whether all these public highways shall be owned or controlled by the government, so that every citizen can use them on equal terms. The American people are getting tired of "free passes" for a few priv ileged persons. If a few they say are to have these things, why not every body have a free ride? Are we not all citizens? Are we not all entitled to use the public highways on equal terms? With the public highways owned or under the control of the people! and the volume of money likewise rontrolled by the people instead of the banks (or other private corpora tions) there will be a chance for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. The moat difficult monopoly to light Is the money jower. It is so thor oughly entrenched. ' It is protected by laws, it cannot be defeated with out removing these laws. It is much more easy to defeat the other monopolies because there la no law to protect them. They are doing their work without the authority of law. The Sherman law, If enforced, would kill every monopoly except the money monopoly. Thli cannot be de stroyed until we can get a Uw on tho statute IhoKh repealing the law al lowing the banks to !ue paper mon ey and the Uw authorlilng trt$ coin ag of fold. Thli In the work of the new north aliM ly the new aotjth. JNO. it. !i: IIAUT. Jerey City, N. J. nn i i uuu I) uu.vyy RSES Talk with yoir wnullt neJahMra aW.nt enrolling In "The Old (iuard of ropullim. Weil, well! Cheer upl Get busy lams peaches and cream are ripe They were sensational "show horses' "live whirlwinds" at the Nebraska 8tae Fair. (He bad a snap.) lame had a whole barn full of prize winners there, lame wen first oa four-year-old Percherons in clans of thirty-two (an easy vic tory). Also championship sweepstakes Percheroo stadioa aver all, and many more prizes. In fact all the principal prizes in Percherons, Belgians and Coachers. Then lams kept his great 51, ooo-pouad show, pair snd the best stallion in every class out of the Nebraska show yard. Isms' best horses were at the Nebraska State Fair for exhibition and were not shown for prizes. None of the special trsln of 100 stallions received August 23, 19P3, were shown at Ne braska State Fair, and among these he had the first and second prize four year old Percherons at largest French horse show at Chartres, and many Percheroo winners at leading "horse-shows," as well ee winners at leading "horse-shows" of BELQIUn and GERflANY. lams is justly entitled to the name SWEEPSTAKES STUD VISITORS and BUYERS throng hi barn at Nebraska State Fair and aetd: "HELIX), TOM! I'M from Illinois." "I'm ELY from Missouri. Bar, 1AM8 IJA8 THE BEHT HOKSK-BHOW I EVER PAW. Yes, see those ionr 2,000-poond two-year-olds. IAM8 IS A HOT ADVERTISER, but he hos horses BETTER THAN UK ADVERTISES: nicer than pictures." "HKLLO. MR. I'M FROM IOWA." "I'M ZEKK, from Ohio. Say, this is the BEST 6TRIKO OF STALLIONS I EVER SAW; they are sure peaches and cream. See those six 200-pound three year olds-all alike, too. They are ALL-WOOL AND A YAKD WIDE. Zeke, they are sore "TUB WIDK-A8-A-WAUONBORT." "Say, MOTHER, look I This is IAMB' GREAT SHOW OF HORSES. Ills horses are all black and big. ton fellows; none on the grounds to compare with his. He al ways has the BEST." "Well, famsnthy, here ia 1AM8' SHOW HERD. EVERYBODY wants to see his hones. We came from California to see IAM8 6,100-FOUND PAIR OK STALLIONS. THAT'S THEM; belter than the pictures. Tbey are sure the greatest pair in the U. 8. Yes, and WORTH OOl NO 2,010 MILES to see." "Hello, Louie, here la IAM8' 2,400-PODND SWEEP STAKES PERCH ERON stallion OVER ALU He h a 'HUMMER,'" "Hay, 'DOO. ' I don't won der at HIS COMPETITORS wanting this horse BARRED out of show ring. He Is a SURE WIN. h'ER anywhere. IAMS always Las GOOD ONES and has them lo shape." "Hello, Bob. Seo those Illinois men buying that 2,200-poond three-year-old, a TOP-NOTCH ER," at fl,200-MUCH BETTER than twenty of my neighbors gave H.COO for." "Ki ty, see those fine COACHKRS Olf IAMB'." "Georgie, dear, they sre lovely; tbey can look into the serondtory window. They step high and fast rcsl, live 'WHIRLWINDS.' " "Yes, Kitty, IAMS HAS MORE REGISTERED DRAFT and COACH STALLIONS than ANY ONE man In the U. 8., and all good ones." "Geor gie, dear, you must buy yonr next stallion of IAMS. His horses are much better than the one you paid those Ohio men 4,X for, and IAMS ONLY ASKS 11,000 AND M00 FOR 'TOPPERS.' " IAMS has on band 147 Black Percherons, Belgians and Coachers 147 W een titlarks; 60 per eent ton horses. IAMS speaks the languages. BUYS DIRECT from breeders, pays NO BUYERS, SALESMEN or INTERPRETERS. Has no THREE to TEN men aa partners toshare profits with. His TWENTY-TWO YEARS SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS makes him nufo man tn Aa ivine with . Ianii manatees to sell you a better stallion at S1.000 and 11.400 than are being sold to stock eompsnies lor fZJUO to 14,000 by slick salesmen, or pay jonr Jarei and PER DAY FOR TROUBLE to see them, YOU THE JUDGE. IAMS PAYS IIORSE'S freipbl and buyer's fare, gives CO per cent breeding guarantee. Write for eye OPENER and CATALOGUE. References: St. Paul State Bank and First State Bank. FRA w IfflM St. Paul, Nobraoka. RHAB m 1FEIIE '-OFFER- Uho Ucrfr to Sufferers Frca a Ucmm of Cstre Caraa, hJ. I will mail, lree of any charge, thin Home Treat tnent with full instructions and the history of my own case to any lady Buffering from female trouble You ean cure yourself at borne without . the aid of any physician. It will cost you nothing to give the treatment a trial, and If you decide to continue it will only cost you about twelve cents week. It will not Interfere with your work or occupation. 1 bave nothing to sell. Tell other sufferer of It that 1 s all I al& It cures all, young or old. you feel a bearing-down sensation, sense of impending evil, pain in the back or bowels, creep ing feeling up the spine, a desire to cry frequently, hot flashes, weariness, frequent desire to urinate, or if you have Leueorrhea (Whites), Displacement or Falling of tne Womb, Profuse, Scanty or Painf ul Periods. Tumors or Growths, address MRS. M. SUMMERS. NOTRE DAME, IND., U. S. A. for tho Fheb Treatment and Full Information. , Thousands besides myself hare cured themselves with It. I send it In plain wrappers. TO MOTHERS OP DAUGHTERS I will explain a simple Home Treatment which speedily and effectually cures Leueorrhea, Green Hickneit and Painful r Irregular Metulrmtwn in young ladies. 1 1 will tav you anxiety and expense and save your daughter the humiliation of explaining ner troubles to others. Plumpness and health always result from Its use. Wherever you live I can refer you to well-known ladies of your own Btateor county who knew and will gladly tell any sufferer that this Home Treatment really cure all diseased condition of our delicate female organism, thorouphly atrengthens relaxed muscles and ligaments which cause displacement, and makes women well. Write today, as this offer will not be made again. Addresa MRS. fl. SUMMERS, Box K9 Notre Dame, Ind., U.S. A 1 AFTER BEFORE Falling Hair AND BALDNESS CAN CECURKp. There Is but one wsy to tell the reason of baldness and (ailing hair, and that ia by microscopic .luunitatiui) o! the luir itself. T)m iMitkular disuse with which yonr vmlp is afflicted must be known before it can be iotelii gently treated. The use oi dandruff cures and hair tonics, without knowing the specific cause of your disease, is like taking medicine without knowing what you sre trying; to cur. Nnd m law fallen hair from your eomblnrs to Prof. J. JI. Austin, the celebrated brterioloa-Ut. who hna had twenty-five rears praetle In dliwjiHi of the hair, skin and M-lp, and he will send yoo Abaolutoly Trmm a diagnosis of your rose, a booklet on care of harr and aealp. mmd a sauwla box of the remedy which he will prepare especially for yon. Knelose to pNitac aad writ to-day. PROF. J. II. AUSTIN 856 MoVlcker'a Theatre Building, - CHICAGO, ILL. The Old kUabU Editor Independent; The fctHl old rt llablo Independent la at hnnd as us ual and I arnd you the amount to con tlnno it until April, 1904. Uy that I lino I will b abln to continue it fur ther. I like The Independent and b lkv you are adviwaitnR the rlfcbt principles fur the gtxnl of the people. I like your apirlt and determination. Every man advocating the rights of the people. In the apirlt of indigna tion, will often lay hard word, like "mullet head," etc. The woman In the aue of the VHh excused you and do I itjyaelf, There are 1.0'H) thlnn that I could write about In your paper, ion will plenae excuse thli kM-year-old thild, but I look for trou ble, ahead. Wrunx-Uoinir alwaya haa Its consequences, bo it individual, state or church. What we want Is to cut profits, lower interest, equallie labor, deal justly, and love mercy. I am tending out your paper where I think it will do the moat Rood, l-onj; may you live to be useful. A. W. BPIlAGUK. lllue Mound, III. It's a Oo4 Om Editor Independent: 1'iulosed find It to pay for your valuable paper. Your for the Uttlo of 1901. I think that tutw Is the time to mive tho piopl' party. A. C. HOWARD. Doittta, Tet. Bend a list of "heart of oak popul ists tu C. Q. IH Frame, Lincoln, Neb,