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FEBRUARY 25, 190C
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT 15 Paternalistic Forestry The report below" is" printed verba tim from press bulletin 44 of the bu reau of forestry, United States de partment of agriculture.. It eiows an excellent example of paternalism a word, by the way, purposely misde fined by the plutocratic pres3. Gov ernment owneiship and use . of for ests would be called "paternalism" by these hirelings; whereas, it would be a sort of socialism, or more properly, populism. It is to be noted that Un cle Sam prepared the plan with the avowed obiect of "promoting and in creasing the present value and use- 4.-1 . it 1 1 ft, not the nnhllf at all ' Ilnrle Sam pays the salaries and a good part of the expenses, but "shall not partici pate in any degree in the receipts arising from said land.' For all the world like a father starting his son in business, buying the stock, paying tne running expenses and allowing the son to have all the receipts. If that isn't paternalism, what is? Mr. Frederick Weyerhaeuser, presi dent of the Weverhaenser Timber company, has signed an agreement witn trie bureau or forestry Dy wnicn the bureau agrees to prepare working plans for the conservative manage ment of about 1,300,000 acres of the company's timber lands in Washing ton. Bv the agreement, a codv of which i3 herewith given, the Weyer haeuser company agrees to defray the living and traveling expenses of agents of the bureau engage! in the wont. The Northern Pacific Railwav r:om puny has also requested that the bu reau of rorestry prepare working plans for its enormous timber land holdings m wasnincton ana idano. The timber-lands of the Weyerhaeu ser and the Northern Pacific compa nies are the mo3t extensive privately 'owned tracts of land for which the bureau of -forestry has 'ever been asked to prepare working' plans. The Held work will begin next summer. I I 1 n ' . ill - xi D . a iiuw luuii it win continue neiora ntr ures enough arc secured" on -which to 'base plans intelligently it is impossi ble at present to state. The task of putting all - these' lands undei careHi management "is of great magnitude.. -and only one"fcmilia'r With the nature iue iuiesta ui tne norm west can A tl'ttrutnz-JA k at - 4 t-k t 'Xt& 14 f XrS ' - Ta. A ; .k,L. L "fince and Valne'Of th'erwdfk; ohce'ac cOmrmHhod." far 'hntwete-r.1 'th em Tf is another broof kit -'the profound In terest and confidence "which the west has come to feel in the practical re HEADACHE At aU arug stores. 25 Des& 2Se. DEL MAR'S WORKS. Ancient Britain. t2r MtrlriiA 'Aoeustns Osar.SS: Hist. nfMnnov Anl . A Ail. TTJ . . . omies, ; rupiory or Money, Atner p Icb. S1.50: Science of raonw i? Mnno. crimes, voc.; venus at Aino, fiuc; r-i-.-"- niBinrr nr nwrimia Mat. . t'i nnA pHper, oesi rioui ninoinRg, nanasmcheu. CAMBRIOOR PUE5S, Box 160 MadUoa Saaar f. U.f PICW T OrK HEC3P DUJ0ER TlVlflE mm 17 American Hemp Binde; lwioe guar an teed m 1 1 daw insect frast hopp e and water proof. N exneriment Better than PUal or Standard, heteral . . a v iiunarea inuuaanu puuuui useu in 3u VKka laii year, ion usa t(aa eisai iYou tako no risk, writ f llnlnf or k Matoalt Ca. Omaha ar tiaui Clry ft I r,7 Send 25c for our ar! (lariaa f "l LviinfitM. r tdd tor UfMt liur IWtl iviim, 1 1 n : aw fur ituth. Mrh eiiitwm. ti Trteu f iiiir 4 fvr Wrti tut ti est land-holding companies of the Pacific coast and Rocky mountain states, the one representative of the lumber, the other of the-railroad in terests of that country, should have called on -the bureau of forestry for expert advice in managing their lanas. The main timber supply of the United States ia contained in the northwest ern states, and the great advances which forestry has made in that part oi tne country must be regaraca ev ervwhere as of crcneral benefit. In a letter to the chief of thf bu reau' of forestry. Mr. Howard Elliott. Dresident of the Northern Pacific rail way, writes tnee signiiicant words: "The Northern Pacific Railway com nanv is a large holder of timber lands in the northwestern states, which are now being logged from in more or less irregular methods. "Realizing: the increasing scarcity of timber, and the Drobabilitv of a more economical use of forest tracts which we have, and understanding that your foresters lend assistance to land-holders in the wav of making surveys and plans for economical for est management, I would ask whether it would be possible for the bureau of forestry to make surveys and Dlans for this company, looking toward the iorest management or its tracts." The work for the Weyerhaeuser Timber company is not the first un dertaken by the bureau for that con cern. Last summer a Dartv of forest ers made a study of the Norway nine on the company's lands near Cloquet, Minn., ani a working plan lor these lands is now in preparation. The following is tha text nf Lha agreement under which the bureau of rorestry is to prepare working plans for the Weyerhaeuser coranany: The department of agriculture of tne united States, and Weyt.haeuser limDcr company. of St. Paul, county of Ramsey, stete of Minnesota, mu tually agree together as follows: 1. The department of agriculture. in pursuance of investigations in for estry, and, in order to disseminate a knowledge of improved wavs of han dling forest lands, shall, after per sonal study on the ground by lis agent or., agents, prepare a plan for harvesting the forest or an and rpnrn- ducing the for.est on the. land of the saia Weyerhaeuser Timber company, situated and described as follows: 1, 300,000 .'acres, more or less, state of Washington. ' ' . 2. The Said blan fihall hp. nrVnarH tui me purpose 01 promoting and in creasing tne mvsent vainw and nMfni. hes's of the said , land to its owner and to perpetuate and Improve ' the iorest upon it. . 3; Upon the completion of tliA ,At.i plan and its acecDtanre hv rhr kjiM Weyerhaeuser. Timber' company, the department or agriculture shall super vise" the execution thereof so far as may be necessary. , 4. The cost of executing the cto visions of this agreement shall be naid as follows: (a) The salaries of all the emnlnvps - . - - v or tne aepartment of agriculture en gaged in fulfilling this agreement shall De paid by the department, (b) A preliminary visit of 1nsr,P? tion, if ;required, shall be wholly at tne cnarge or tne department, (c) Actual and necessary ex-Tienswt iur traveling and subsistence of Ihe agent or agents of the department worKing unaer tnis agreement, except as ' provided in the foregoing nara- graph '(b), shall be paid by the said Weyerhaeuser Timber company. What are "actual and necessary expends" shall be determined by the printed regulations of the department. Ex penses under this paragraph fcl are estimated, ror the preparation of this working plan, at five thousanj (5,000) dollars. (d) Necessary assistants shall he furnished by the said WeverhaciiRfr Timber company without cost to the 1 . 1 . ... . - department, it ig estimated that such asststnnts will be remit red for to prepare. this working plan. te) Th department shall not par ticipate in any degree In the receipts and expense arising from said land, except as abovo provided. 5. The department of agriculture shall have the right to publish and distribute the said plau and ita results for tho information of lumbermen. forest owners, and others whom it may ionterti, G, Thl asreeiwnt may bo dh.ialvt.1 by either trty unon te.i days notuo given to tho other. (Signed) WIUJ3 I MOCIIR, Acting Scire tar v. wnYEHHAiu'S'nit TiMiii:n . It T, WVyerhaeutter, pt. I. N, Sinj?ht!rr. Alderbranch Tr. l him from the. Mercury that van nr v-nrolllna lb Old (luard. Ilea.- put ma down m one, am ixulint first. Iat. and all tho time. Whm I can't Kft what I want, I tak th nit best thing to H,M Evidences of Civilizaticn "A Plea for the .Children is the title of a little booklet by Mina Price, ana puhlished by Frank Vieith, Cedar Kapids, la., which has found its way to this office. If you want to know something further of the lesults of -moaern civilization" and its meth ods, this little book will tell you. It tells in a brief way the story oi the crusning or child-lire in the great fac tories. . Women may say that they are not interested in politics, but every wo man, every mother as she cuddles her own aarnngs to her breast and breathes a prayer for their security Is morally bound, to do whatever may De in ner power to stop mis modern child-slavery a thing that is worse than ever was negro slavery. The little book contains but a mere ink ling of the entire truth, but It con tains enough to convince any woman who reads it that women evervwnrrfi should unite in determination to stop the working to death of mere babes in factories for the enrichment of a few monsters misnamed men. -Here are a few extracts taken at random: "Almost every one of the 700 textile mills in the south has its batch of lit tle victims under twelve years of age, working from 11 to 12 hours a day." "I spoke to a mite of a girl who was scarcely more than a toddling in fant. Her Boft babv hair wan rovered with the threads she had laid on her head as she worked; her little sun bonnet had fallen back on her neck. She did not know her age, nor did her elder sister whom she was help ing. A girl of eight told me they were five and seven and worked all day long." "I went that night to a mill under northern management, and there at 10:30 I talked to children who did not know their ages, working from 6 p m. to 6 a, m., amid the racket and roar of the machinery which: did hot cease for . one moment during the night to give the operatives breath log, eating or resting space. "Hideous accidents are the .order of the day. In one mill-town,' in the south a doctor told a friend that he had personally amputated over one hundred baby fingers raanglbfT in the cruel machinery, lie dared not speak of it. ha said, for the mill? manage ment preferred doctors who could 'keep their mouths' shut'." '"The fiame 'sad story of child Slav ery is true throughout the land, wherever the big machines have been inaugurated. 'In no part of the south can conditions be worse than m some parts of New eJrsey and Chicago.' "The little velvet cutters aio the most pitiful examples of child'labor in an tnis country, says the Coming Nation. "A few short weeks, a a velvet cutter forever stamps all child ish beauty from the lace hair to grow harsh and brittle, to break off, and sometimes it It? wholly oestroyea. Tne eyebrows and eve lashes suffer the same fate. The con stant inhaling of the burn'ng djht j " thickens and distorts the membranes of the mouth and nose. The eyes suf fer in a like manner. The feet, and legs swell until all semblance of child ish grace and beauty i3 gone, and the little wreck is a horrible caricature of childhood and humanity Tha author says the average person is little anected by these sad little life stories, thev seem so 'faint and far away.' so grotesauelv unreal. to the notion of the writer, ir there is such a thing as original sin in thin universe, it is the bringing of inno cent, helpless children into life to meet such a fate as the author decciibcs. We would like to ask Bi other Roose velt how be would like to see his chil dren obllgsd to take their nlaren In side these little toners. We d like to have him be rcmoelld to nee his children there for a few w?eka and then ask him if he thought there was prosperity enough to go around, or whether he thought there was an over production or prosperity or of chil dren. F L a. wumeo rciuer 10 wnose rtrs thia may como are reouested to aend for a dozen contra of the little hook (it la only 5 cental and distribute them amoni? your women frUndt. 'Kpeclally among those wt:o are pos- ecaaca Willi Ui I.Iia or doing mifiu.ii ary work (or tho "heathen lit foreign ami.- railroads as paternalism, something quite as unholy as Bryanlsm or pop ulism, raui is prominent in the man agement of the C. B. & Q. and other railways. 'I have alwavs." he writes In a re cent publication issued from the Uni versity of Chicago Press, "been an advocate of legalizing pooling, be cause I believe it will to a long, wav toward insuring a maintenance of tar iffs, and thereby prevent favoritism and inside rates to large shippers and great cities. I believe that the foun dation of the slate itself is threatened by any long continued discrimination against the small shipper and the small town. When all the railroads are owned by one syndicate, as I be lieve will be the case, there will ar rive a time when a vehement dem.ind will be made for government owner ship and operation of the railroad of the United States." This utterance showa the trend of thought that is taking fo.-m in the minds of men other than those' who have battled co faithfully for govern ment ownership of railroads Mr. Morton states a truth and he is to be given credit for his candor and out spokenness. "Out of evil shall came good." The evils of railway discrim ination are becoming so great that even men like Morton are compelled to say that "the very foundation of me mate itseir u threatened by any long continued discrimination ni'nint the small shipper and the small town' They see that there is no other way than that enunciated in the Omaha platform. G. AflOUrCEKJ W. F. Walker. Embrv. fia : "f'am glad to sea you taking such interest in the grand-principles of reform. I was our nominee for state senator in 1900. I expect to ever remain true to the cause of the people. Our grand and noble Watson is the m;in for president by all means." raseEnTMLdn, DIRECT TO HAVANA Via Illinois Central It. R. to-New Orleanrand the weekly Southern l'acliie a . "Louisiana" to Havana. Leave Chicago and Cincinnati Friday morning, leave 8t. Louls'and Loninyille Friday noon, arrive New Orh-aua Saturday lOflO m.. leave 8aturday 2 01) p. m., arriving at Havana Monday morning. Round-trip, and one-way through ticket at unuHiially low ratea. Fraa Ulinota Central K. R.IUustrated Folder oa Cuba, tivlnif all narticulan cn anniwitnn . OCEAN STEAMSHIPS FROM HEWORLEAIIS Ocean ateamshlp Mhings from New Orleana for iwmuiit, uciiirai aim ttoutn. America, rrtrt ilium BIM1 r.uropu coiiriHeiV tW lOTlh ID a apeciial iolder iwued bf the Illinois Central it. K. t wc l.ftlo TJLKIU a I Wl n it. and form. Ihe lime causes the IIFYifM P'f"1.1 Mexjcow iutnoli Can. nrh and hrittlo l l'L .ai. -v P9.er . "PJ? of Hem morion I'reu eta tiovct nmrnt nwnr. ahlp ronullsta may take heart. fJovem ment ownership of ro I Iron da In com. n. raui Morton ty a. And I'tiul isnowt. Ilraldfs llng th pon of J. Htirllnc Morton, the w- -known Xri.tn democrat, who. during hU lltetlme i!m Bouncwa goyenimiHit owiurahln of Quiney BuUdlwr, lia Adami St., Chicago, ieavei Chicaxo January 2C. Select clientele. Limited. All exclusive privileges, Independent travel. Special Pullman Vestibule Train, Drawing Koom, Compartments, Library and .Vuaic Kpom. with the larebt dining Car in the world, and the urn am ijpen iop woxcrvauon tar . Chilllltli, Special 15agf?ajre Car. Tickets include alt ex penses everywhere. ? 1 .StofHi Toutm at MptIco and TaHrnrnla ! Illinois Central and New Orleans under the ans pecies of llaymond Whtteomb, will leave Chi cago" Friday, Feb. 12. and St. Loula Saturday, Feb. 13, 11KH, :or Mexico and California yla New OrloauH. inciudlne a tdcin-ovor far iho m...m (Iras; also lrom Chicago Friday, March 4th. and ht. Louis Saturday, March fitb, ior alllornla via the Illinois Central and New Orleans. En ure trips rnmiem special private vestibule trains ot finest Pullmans, with dining nav orui.A - - - r. ' .w. juftwr- clnating trips, complete In every detail. lUin.A I It'.,. LI.. t... w... Ttirnin. Fxciimlon ( nm Llirmurh tt . and Sn It rancisco as foUows: Via New Orleans and the Southern Konte every Wednesday from Chicago; every Tuesday lrom Cincinnati. Via Omaha and the Scenic It onto virv UwinuH.. from Chicago. MlRn fiHll Thlsoccurs at New Orleana MfinUI Ul I nO (in Kl'hrnarv 1A liU IT... 1. encumlon rates will he In effect to New Orleana on specific dates which your local ticket agent will be able to advise you. hew Orleans dr.'ff'a.r'r.ffl Winter tourist rates now in elltrt. liniii.iH.ti service and last t aiu haied vestibule traina with through sleeping ram, buffet library -smoking car sei vice and all me, i-n route in dlnlnf ears. Ask lortiillnsfrli-l uu,k GUIF-POBT, MISS. KKSS Misa., on the Mctiran (Jul Coast, has tmtmn lnffle oren stitte. ti 1th or atihut i.f i. ut. ... heal, eieetrle lUlil. hot and cold running water, and telrphone In everr room. Rrahel via leinilil and the lllinota IVnlral'a fi mr.rin ! trains, ra.vyliw let-Mu J and buHt i ni.rarv r with a single rhan jr, on same train en route to Memiilll. into Itifliiu-h lrnlnif rmr l.i Culr, f rml fr l!!utiatd n.iir uwiTti.mg tlutlpyrt and Ihe hotel flflRirifl T""" "Mile flyer" PI: Ing I LUlllUn t ar Line ft, jul l Jarkonvlll and fhlcaifo to ,SlivlUc, the latter ounerttng i'U route witli throurh Jai iMintliu cur from nit. I.ouls. Koute vlr N4hvlil, Chattanooga and Atlanta. hoi springs, ARt sratsraa rn and Hot irlntf rarrtel un the ( rMral rt uHmail VrUtiH!n l.lialte 1 train. hrt,t ImioI drat-rlhlilir Ihtt mol luUrmtln l hMlti. and p!raur r. -iri Full Par'liMilare 'n('"n',rnoftheab4iv lUII rdlilwU'dlS rnl.MUstf.ii soltha liliniit t i-nirl or by l tir.io the ni-nmt of the titidrtnel rrentattvto(the'?Vntrl" " . V, A., i Id" ago. III. i r. Ml UltV. A. U. I'. A.. l)ut..i..iK laa.