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FEBRUARY 25, 1904.
TIIE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT 3 St. Louis Address and Call. THE ST. LOUIS ADDRESS. We are fundamentally opposed to the present unjust distribution t wealth, that creates a system of so . ciety in which the few get, without nui niugt w jino uic uiauj nuia out getting; a system which must re sult in either anarchy , or despotism, and the total destruction of our re public. This ronaition is due to the monopoly of natural opportunities and the creation of special privileges by law. . We maintain that this government, which was dedicated by the fathers of the republic, to freedom and equal ity of opportunity, shall fulfill its true mission. We demand Ue ojening to all of the opportunities of nature and the abolition of all special privileges. V iL A. 1 XI in Dom or me great pouucai paints of the nation are to be lound two ir reconcilable factions, one in favor of governmental usurpation, tending to the establishment of a. new feudalism. and the other standing tor industrial and political libeity. In the people's party of the nation lies the only hope of the perpetua tion of popular institutions. We ratify and reaffirm the funda mental principles of the platform of the people's party adopted at its na tional convention in Omaha in 18S2. Free speech, free press, trial by jury and the rights of the people peaceably to assemble, are the constitutional rights of everj American citizen. We oppose their violation by injunctions issued by courtg of equity. We hold that tne right to issue and coin money and to reguite the value thereof is solely a function of the gov ; ernment. ' -, We demand public ownership and operation of those public utilities which are in their nature natural mo nopolies, such as the railroad, tele phone, gas and electric lighting. As tn tVinao trnata nml mnnrnnlma which are not public utilities oi natural mo nopolies, we demand that those spe cial privileges which they now enjoy, and which akve enable them to ex ist, should be immediately withdrawn. Corporations being the creatures of government, should-be subjected Lo such governmental regulation and control as, will adequately protect the public. We demand the taxation or monopoly privileges, while they re main In private hands, to ttu extent of the value of the privileges granted. ' We favor the initiative and referen dum; the former to the end that the people may compel the enactment of good laws; the latter to th end that the people may veto legislative meas ures. We favor the direct nomination or candidates for elective public office by direct vote of the people, and the elec tion of the United States senators and federal judges by the people. The platform of the people's party made at Omaha in 1892 was originally made in a conference ca.led and held by the labor organizations February 22, 1892. Wo iherefoie invite the wealth-producers to tak6 rart In the primaries that shall choose delegates to our convention, guaranteeing that the influence of , this party shall be given to advance the interests of or ganized labor by the recognition of the union label on manulactured prod ucts, as well as in legislation, which at last is the on)f hope of just con ditions for labor. Wo criticise as unfair, illegal end unjust, those decisions of the courts declaring the labor law unconstitu tional, and we demand a constitu tional amendment authorizing legis lation requiring the stale, municipal ities ami public franchise-owing cor porations, their contractors an J sub contractors, to pay workmen tne pie vailing rates of wages, and that upon public works, eight hours shall con stitute a day's work, and we demand the abolition of the contract system- upon public work. We invite the co-operation of all reform forces believing in the above piinclples. , cALL. The joint committees of the retoim fotces, representing the ptoplo's party of lUo United Spates, assembled In the city of St. Louis. Mo., on t!.e 22ad, 23rd, aad 21th day of February, 1301, hereby call a national convention to meet In the city oi Spring Id. III., uu lrt fourth (4h) day f Ju'y. 1304. at 12 o'clock mvm of said day, for the .uiiis of nominating a candidate for thfl oCUe of ruefllent of ti.c United State, nnl a raudldate for the office tf i"fi prrsiuVn of the l'n!Ul States; for tho purpose f flfkciir.g a national committee of tattl peoples rty; for the formulation of a national plat form; and for tha transaction of tuuh other business aj may legally corje before It. The basis of representation shall be one delegate from each congressional district in each state, with an addi tional delegate at large for each 2,000 votes or major fraction thereof, cast for Gen. James B. Weaver for presi dent in 1832; the mdian Territory aud Oklahoma Territory 5 delegates each; and 3 delegates from each of the other territories, as . follows, to-wit: Alabama 52 Arizona 3 Arkansas . 13 California Colorado .... 29 Connecticut 4 Delaware 1 Florida 5 Georgia .. . 32 Idaho 6 Illinois 36 Indiana . 24 Indian Territory 5 Iowa 21 Kansas Kentucky 23 Louisiana 20 Maine 6 Maryland 6 Massachusetts 16 Michigan 22 Minnesota 24 Mississippi .. 13 Missouri a 7 Montana .. 5 Nebraska '. 48 Nevada 5 New Jersey 10 New Hampshire 2 New Mexico 3 New York 45 North Carolina 42 North Dakota 10 Ohio 28 Oklahoma 5 Oregon - 15 Pennsylvania 36 Rhode Island ................... 2 South Carolina ....... 8 South Dakota .................... 15 Tennessee . . . 22 Texas 66 Utah 1 Vermont .". ........ ... ........... 2 Virginia . . . . ................. 16 Washington 11 West Virginia ................... 7 Wisconsin 15 Wyoming 5 , -'.Total 931 It is recommended. by, the national committees that the call for a state convention in each state ' shall Le made by the heretofore wing of the people's party recognized under the laws, of such state as a political or ganization In states where both wings have an organization, it is rec ommended that a joint call be Issued. And in states where there is no legal organization of the people's party, it is recommended that the national committeemen representing the two wings issue a joint call for a conven tion. JO A. PARKER, P. J. DIXON, . MILTON PARK, J. H. EDMISTEN, C. Q. DE FRANCE, , I. D. BURDICK, Joint sub-committee with plenary powers. . -By order of the committees afore said. The Tariff Again Editor Independent: Judging from Mr. De Hart's communications in The Independent, I take it that he favors a protective tar.ff not only, but wishes to drag the people's paity backward Into that sink of iniquity. To say I am surprised but poorly expresses it, thai a member of the people's party should so abjectly de liver himself over to the old republi can party. I thought the people's party favored equality of opportunity, the greatest good to the greatest number, equa right and no special privileges. Mr, Do Hart ought to know does know- that a protective tariff creates in equality. He also knows that labor has novcr had one nickel increase frorr a protac tive tariff; on the contrary, in many instances mere was a rut in wacs soon after the hlRher protoct'on was secured. It ii ahio tr'ie that many of the manufacturing industries are hampered by the tariff. FiH 1.4 an Important itrrn In mann- farturlnr. Tariff on coal Increase co t. Tariff on lumber make home- bull dins more dlnVult, wHk It In creases the detraction of our forests which are all too rapidly disappear Inc. Hut what do thfl ptl.ih lumbermen caro for future generation, so Ion at they ran H both feet It. to the trough: they 1 ave paid for the Uflff and will talo alt advantage possible while It lasts. A protective tariff is a denial of equal rights, of justice, of human brotherhood, smother it and cover it by sophistry as you may. What if I should advocate and ask the people's party to indorse the is sue of dollars based on government bonds, favoring at the same time the new elastic currency measure recent ly proposed; the only possible excuse for either being to grant special priv ilege? The one is established, the other seems likely to be; the people by silence seem to acquiesce; we might secure large numbers of votes might, indeed, swing a solid south into line with the peopies party, by advocating these measures! Imagine the howl from Brother De Hart! Yet it Is not a whit more Inconsist ent than to champion protective tar iff. Protective tariff was hatched in Hades by the Devil and sent up to earth for the special purpose of ar raying brother against brother, tnus creating kindling wood for fcimeelf. The same is true of the bastard cur rency just spoken of. Use a thimble- full of brains just live minutes and you -cannot but admit that any legis lation that hampers the free Inter change of commerce is a denial of equal rights, a granting of special privileges. The advocates do no:; deny that it prevents trade. As a means of rais ing revepue it is condemned because of its expeuslvencss, cost of collect ing almost equalling amount of col lections. It is too' vicious to be championed by the people's party. It is difficult, nay, impossible, to touch oitch and not be defiled. If the people's party desires to be tumbled headlong into the pit from which protective tariff was hatched, they will champion it. Mr. De Hart, in one of his letters, says: VThe south round or tnought she found that wealth could be pro duced more rapidly under free trade while the north founJ that wealth could be produced more rapidly un der protection.'' . It is difficult to see hew t hi collec tion of money at ports of entry con Id by any possibility increase the rap idity of workmen or cause machinery to run faster: they hava no connec tion the one with the other. The principal elements that go to increase wealth production by manu facture are intelligent, well-paid, free men;. good machinery, w'l oiled; easy access to coal, and well-informed, gentlemanly superintendence. I can easily see how protection en ables the plunderer to matefr his fel low citizens pay more lor Ms produc tion, thereby increasing moie rapiuiy his pile. ., I can see how under protection he can pay pauper wages, leaving more for, himself, which the protected in dustries all do, would still swell his pile more rapidly. Protection increases the rapidi ty of wealth production In general. Nit! Brother, you are appealing to a very dangerous element in human nature. Its name is Greed! The people's par ty does not want that kind of cattle herded with the party. They are not to be trusted. We had a few of ,hat sort here m Ne braska, but, God bless them,- they have their reward in the old republi can party now. Besides, they know they can get all that you can offer from the old re publicans and much more, and will wink the left ere and ask if you see anything green, while they laugh at you, and it will serve you right. The man' who intelligently desires a tariff will not favor our other re forms; he knows what he want3; he has no moral standard plunder, gain, special privilege, are his watch words. Many voters are led , to be lleve that protection enables the em ployer to pay higher wages. So it does enable him, but he has never been known to shell out. One of the greatest surprises to mc Is that they can so long tool the employes. As a party policy, to acquiesce In protective tariff would dama us. ns it fhould. It is a long fclep backyard, my brothers; we cannot aff-rd it. Let us instead buckle on the armor of righteousness, looking forwaid for higher ideals rather than take tbu etcp backwaid. U B. HUGGIN3. Omaha, Neb. What Xli Uq Exp::t The forces at work to secure to man kind The privileges they should enjoy. Are many, and though they seem con trariwise. Are all good, and should not us annoy. The socialists and Christians and many who seem So unlike in their bent or incline, Will be found out some dav to he working away On a scheme Jaid by Wisdom Diviue. . The Bryanites struggle to maintain the cont-ol Of a party whose mliblon is spent; But in thus hanging on to an issue that's -gone, They defeat those with selfish in- tent. Many thought we could win, If we . could but get In v To a party a1! ready to use; , But it is also true, many people now -. rue . That they went where they found but abuse. f It gives pardonable pride to stand or to ride With six million voters or, more; But w.e must not forget, many people we ve met, , . At the democrat party are sore. Many people still cling to the notion this spring That Bryan will lead all his crowd To declare in one voice, so we'll all rejoice, ' For the Swiss referendum aloud. This would be nico indeed, if we could but be freed From the fact that he's not said a word On. the rostrum, in speech, nor in paper does teach, This plan that has al ths worli - stlned.. In times past he did say he was In favor some day Ct irtiilnor tha nonnla tha Hi'hf KIM. filing -"D wjv wmw ow mm To vote where they could, If it onoV seemed good, And the government &aid that therf might. 'm.J - Now, if he'll stop to think, he will gs-rr- quica as wmK, . r k A UV VU1 TV f,f TV W IsfftU DUVVVVU K 0 In getting control of the truste with out soul. ' ' ' ' ' ' And checking the growing greed Is to move with a plan that returns to each man y The law-making power as of yore. And this we will do-and he zauxt help, too, Or we'll say he's no good any more. Then, friend Bryan, don't try witn gold standard to vie, , In getting a chestnut burr; ,' But come out with us and don't make so much fuss About things you can't ever stir. Prohibitionists, too, should not look so blue; But join with the crowd as they pass; And should they get dry there la reason why Some friend should not pass them a glass! Then all people who love, with their kindred above, Will enroll in a mighty campaign; And from north unto south, ; with a voice as one mouth, We'll be heard from the west to the main. SAMUEL MONTGOMERY. SCO So. Mill St., Kansas City, Kasv J. V. Dunn. Nuect'stuwa, Tex.: "Iy &S N I? yearn: farmer by occupation; a democrat that voted lint ticket btralKht until the party liulcued Greeley as 1U candidate for proMcat. was a political discontent until the fotmatlon of the Omaha platform. Since then I have Uen a iml-rmJ jc.pullit, vctlns and working fur pop ulist principle and hope ta llvo to ere thom prevail. N. D. Reynolds, Gilmer. Wash.: "You., pay enroll me in the Old Guard of populism, being a greenbacker and populist. Was opposed to fusion, hut Ftood by the fusion wing. I have not voted since I came west, there being ro organization here. I And quite a numbor of men that do not go lo the I oils; they say both old parties are rotten, and they are afraid of the fopullat party because they fused with the democrats. I do not know another populist in this county, but there are rome In other parts of the state. How ever. 1 shall 'stand pat' if I hate ta ttand alone." Klmc r Parky, Henderson, Ky.: l u;a KUd to know Lmt there still lire a fow loyal populist. I had tha prhlkgo of voting for Hon. Jaiucs 11. H'eavtr, the first presidential candi date of the people's party. When the rcopla were betrayed Into lha demo u stlc party I did like the balauce of litem by voting for somrihtn. that I didn't want In order ta get a few prombed reform whUh we did not gef