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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
FEBRUARY 25, 1904. The Philosophy of Freedom An Open Forun for Single Taxers Land Question First. Editor Independent: Sealed in my solitary room, meditating on the many melancholy misfortunes in this young year, and of others that menace us, makes me moody. Since the frosts of many winters have settled on my scant locks and the finger of old time has left his Jndellible corrugations on my brow, the sad forebodings I feel for the future of, my fellows makes me melancholy bordering oa pessim ism in this my sunset of life. The apathy of the masses of the people concerning conditions is appalling to me, amid the squalor, the increase of suicides, murders, thefts and other crimes, seeming to be taken as a mere matter of fact without a remedy. It seems to me that some one should say something and do something to eradl- cate such conditions 1 mean get at the root cause of the condiitons. So far no radical remedy has been pro posed except by a few socialists, em-J gle taxers or anarchists. The lutiie efforts so far put forth have been with a Carrie Nation hatchet to cut off a few branches of the evil tree which only gave It a more vigorous growth with a deeper root. It seems evident to me that there should be something more radical 'done than has been attempted by the . dominant parties since the war. There has been no radical difference on principle between the two old paitles. There has been a mere distinction .without a difference. Both want a larlff both want a cold and silver money both favor the issue of bonds both favor large pensions to encour- age war both favor war when it suits them both favor chaplains in armies, legislatures and all public institutions and the exemption of church property . from taxation. , They differ only in degree and per cent of perfidy. ."v It is alarming that more people are not reaching out for radical reform. Is it possible that people do not think? tbat they only feel? and Uat their Xeelings do not excite a thought? . . . i m a J Vynat good would tne reierenaum aim "Vimperative mandate do if voters will not think, but be led by politicians m the interest of monopoly? If the democratic party would take "up some radical principle and pop ularize it, it might go into power and do some good. But it will not do it. Hearst has nothing radical in his piat form. If Bryan bad abandoned gold and silver to Innocuous desuetude and advocated a paper , money issued only FREE $3.75 TREATMEIIT Describe) Your Symptoms to Dr. Franklin Hiles, the Celebrated Heart Specialist and He Will 5end You a Complete Special Treatment For Your Case, Absolutely Free. 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To prove to you the pisltlve value of my new system of treatment for a class of diseases hitherto deeimd In curahle, I will Rladly send you free, a complete set of these special reme dies adapted tr your own particular case, together wlthfvalualle adUce as to diet, exercHe, etc., upon rc quest. All I ask of you Is to writs me a complete history of your ca. w'th symptoms, giving your age. Ixlght, rx and weight, mentioning this ta per, when I will at once pre.ro ami send you this Complete Hprclal Treatment, together with my new Hook oa Heart IHaeaus, altvlutcly free. Address: FranVltn I MMm, M D , 14 a. :u5 to l KUW Street. Chi co, III. riease mention The looependeat (a jour reply. hy government, ' he would have been elected and educated the people more on money than they have ever known concerning it. But in his great so called educational campaign he left the people more muddled than ever ttfore on the subject If the democratic -party politicians had the Integrity of purpose that Tom L. Johnson has, and would take the single tax as its platform, it could go into power next campaign. Ninety nine men in a hundred, who know any thing about it, admit its absolute just ness and can easily be shown its far reaching influence for good. Even the socialists and anarchists admit it to be better than any political proposi tion, ever presented except their own. So of the populists. Admitting, for argument's sake, that some other reform Is of greater mo ment to the people, the remoteness of its accomplishment bars it from im mediate consideration compared with he single tax. The anarchists are a school of propagandists of a moral principle as a means to a remote goal for the race. The socialists are so divided and indefinite in their pio gram and there are so many difficul ties in their path that their goal Is re mote, and the populists have been propagating the money subject for 35 years and the party Is smaller than it was 20 or 25 years ago, and never can get In power, but theslngle taxers know exactly what they want and how to get It, and. the principles of It are in the air and it is growing gradually and surely wtyh no change of base, and can be demonstrated as no other 4 theory In politics can be. If the populists would take up the single tax along with a pure paper, money theory and' the Initiative and referendum, it might grow into a real, popular populist party. : It is thought by many that no third party can get into power that re forms must come through one of the old parties. There is an array of facts in history in support of the thought. True, the republican party did super; cede the whig party, but . it took a radical principle, appealing to peo ple's better emotions to do IV The single tax principle embraces more to appeal to the intellect and emotions, and a sense of justice, than the anti slavery subjec did and its adoption would be a financial detriment to but a very few persons compared to the abolition of chattel slavery,1 and its adoption can be shown to emancipate infinitely more slaves than Jtlie abol ition of chattel slavery did. The abolition movement was a pigmy com pared with the single tax movement, and it will take like wild fire among all classes especially among the farming community. The manufac turer, the merchant, the iaborer and, in fact, every class will be so im mensely benefited that when once presented in a political platform ' it would meet with almost unanimous enthusiasm. But one very, small class of men could oppose It, and their op position would be so selfish a one that they would be ashamed to avow It It would be only the men who hold vacant, unimproved land out of use for speculation that could object. When the single tax theory Is pop ularized, as it soon will be, the mo nopoly of land, which is 'the prolific mother of all other monopolies, and without which no other monopoly could exist, will be as much more dis graceful than to hold a fellow as a chattel slave, as murder and mobs and lynching, ares more disgraceful than chattel slavery. Fifty years In tho future people will wonder more at our civilization for tolerating land owning without compensation to tho nubile for the prlvllego thin we do that witches and heritlcs were burned at the stake by our forefathers. Fcr land monopoly is starvation and death to the landless laborer -chattel rlav ery was not death to the slave. Equal access to land the source of all life and wealth, would entirely abolish all Involuntary poverty and the crime It engenders. All structures, whether material or moral, to be endurlriR. must bo foun dational on th land. All eoHai re form, all poll' leal parties tint do not l..ue their pla'fotm on the Isnd, are but eaatles In the air to be Down to traments and the debris fHs on the heads of labor rs. The land question muni be settled before any other que Hon van be setiKl right, and no ques tlon m be settled till It Is set Jed right. I have much more to siy on this ln fhuatlb!ft suhjett, more than I cau ak space In tne Issue of your talus lie paper for and will close, hoping for a permit to proceed with my argu ment in a future number on the so called single tax. J. C. BARNES. Equal Rights for AH. Editor Independent: "Interest" has long been looked upon as an evil. Re formers have cried out against it; laws have been enacted to limit it, and oftimes apparent justice has been strained to favor its victims. Some howthough vaguely and f alteringly economists have taken sides in its defense, while here and there would come forth a dreamer to denounce it, knowing in his "soul" it was wrong, but lacking evidence In nature to con vict it. Now comes the evidence, and with its' advent "economics," "money systems" and "wise professors" must "take to the, woods" in search of more fig leaves with which to cover their newly discovered nakedness. Sooner or later must civilization if it is to advance conform to the edict of nature that proclaims equal rights to all to the use of the earth. Whoever attempts with voice or law to institute a fundamental reform in I he body politic, without first bring ing it into harmony with this edict of nature, Is foredoomed to failure. We might as well attempt to dam the mouth of the Mississippi with a bale of hay as to abolish interest by a leg islative statute. But if Interest is wrong, and un natural, which we admit, how other than by laws are we to destroy It? As all roads lead to Rome, so docs this problem take us to the land question. In the Single Tax Review of , Octo ber 15, Mr. Joseph Faidy has a re view of two books one written by Mr. Michael Flurschelm of Germany, and one by Mr. Lewis Behrens, an En glishman, in which both authors dem onstrate "that with the withdrawal of land from the market as an object of Investment, interest would be abol ished." ' . i The principle, as Mr. Faidy gives it, is: "That interest exists on account of the opportunity of Investing capital :n land, which unlike anything else that may be bought, poacesset the ca pacity of yielding a revenue in per petuity and without labor. Land, us ing the term in its economic accep tation, possesses two qualities com mon to nothing else under the sun. It is indestructible and cannot be in creased. The possession of land, therefore, Is equal to the ownership 'of a sort of perpetual motion machine that brings in a revenue without diminution of the original investment. But remove land from the market as a means of investment and what oth er employment of capital would yield Interest? We find upon reflection that any other form of property in which we can invest lacks the quality of in destructibility and is also capable of being duplicated. Lacking the qual ity of indestructibility the cost of maintenance, especially under condi tions where labor obtained its full product as wages, would equal the an nual revenue; being possible of dupli cation it would be found tba with improved methods of manufacture, the value of the original investment would decrease. Furthermore, under natural economic conditions, produc tion would be greatly Increased, and capital, instead of commanding a bonus, would seek employment on con dition of mere safe-keeping and main tenance." The thing is all slmpls enough, says Mr. Faidy, once the key is given, and so it Is to whoever accepts the prin ciple of man's equal inheritance in the bounties of nature. With the institu tion of the single tax land would cease to be an object of investment and interest could no more be obtained from capital. Barren metal would cease to breed and this ravaging fire in the marts of civilization would go out. Mr. Flurschelm's book, entitled "Rent, Interest and Waes," Is pub lished by Wm. Reeves, 185 Fleet ktuet, London, and Mr. Behren's book, en titled "Toward the Lkht." by Swan & Co., Paternoster Square, Imdon. Him who he eyes to see, let him see. E. O. BAILEY. Mammoth Jack For Sale I have for alo a full blood, cd Mammoth Jnck, weight 950 founds 8 venn old. 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