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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
APRIL 14, 1904. A Singular Editor Independent: Like probably hundreds of otherg of your readers, I was very much Interested la the New York city letters from your senior editor during his sojourn there, bo much interested that I wish he could have stayed there longer and written more of his suggestive observations. Had he gone into the "up state" cit ies and country, too, and observed the way In which our congressional and assembly candidates are slated and nominated, I'm sure he would have seen the futility of attempting any substantial reform or of expecting any really progressive legislation until the masses of the voters in both the big parties In the eastern states aje pre sented with some system of easy, but radical reform in the manner ana methods of conducting their nominat ing primaries. Some system that will easily enable the voters In each party to themselves directly nominate the lawmaking candidates oi each party and the platform constructing dele gates to their state and national con ventions. Some system that will make it to the interest of aspirants for such nom inations and representative positious to come out In advance of such nom inating dates and declare how they stand and what their convictions are regarding the legislation which the masses of these party voters really de sire and are much interested in. Then men who had no convictions and no Intelligent comprehension of what the masses of the voters wont, or having both, lacked the courage lo boldly express such convictions, woi'ld have no show of a nomination or se lection. Then, the voters In each pat ty would actually select and nominate their own legislative and congres sional candidate? instead of having them selected for them. As your senior editor was ili or absent about the time I made the ac quaintance of The Independent, it i3 only lately that I am beginning to ap preciate the strength of the pereon allty of the founder of your journal. Not as a captain or a colonel in the Old Guard alone is he Interesting, but his evident dei th of character and feeling as betrajed in his mysterious ly deep intuitions regarding mu3ii,. Its recent pages touched upon in your paper, engage the attention and awaken the curiosity of your new read era. To me a striking naiallel n sug gested with that of the life and char acter of a man who, though engaged In an entirely different field of effort for the benefit of humanity, we.: throueh a remarkahlv similar pvnrf J PT1P0 nr.fl WAS -in of no nnna.Un -iwl v jnuv 3 wugVieuilUUjS (lUU assidious in his work. To mark the parallel, let mc quote as ioiiows from the life of the charac ' "In 1832 Schoolcraft was appointed Indian agent for the tribes of the Lake Region and established his headquar ters at Mackinaw, where the following year he married the grana-daughter cf a noted Ojibway chief, who had re ceived her education In Europe. At the time of his journey to Lake Itasco he was a member of the Michigan 1p2 islature, a commissioner to take the census of the Indians in the, state, and collect information concerning tne Six Nations, and having performed mis task to the satisfaction of the au thorities, he was authorized bv con gress to obtain reports relatine to ml me mman triocs or tne country and to collate and edit the results of his la bors. The remaining years of his liie were spent in this work. He was elected a member of several scientific societies In this country and Europe: the degree of LL. D. bang conferred on him by the University of Geneva He la the author of thirty-one works treating of various branches of scion 'e in (connection with his extended ox ploratlous through various sections of the country, He Is also the author of neveral poems of merit, lectures, aud numerous report? on Indian subjects In 1S".2 his Indian wifo tiled. . , . '"No explorer has done more than l.e lo enlighten the nation on matters 01 , the great est Importance conneiUt specially with the (Treat I.akes am the Mississippi Valley. Ho was nn example of what talent anj aceal lu lled with energy of chut tuter may iu c"mp!!h in the cause of letter nr.d ttclence by the mere force of appltca tUiu without the Advantage of hi tew Itary wealth, the lmpule of pattoa gmmmmmmm i i mi. HEADACHE (if iW M tii m mm w m 1 . A -A ' 1 age or the prestige of early academi cal honors." You mav extend this singular paral lel farther by reference to your sen ior's visit to the more than six na tions of savages inhabiting Manhut- :an island! The inhuman kind that et women and children starve and freeze by dozens In hallways on frigid winter nights, while they feast and frolic by thousands in comiortaUiy heated palaces close by. JAMES BARTLK i . Amsterdam, N. Y. Jefferson's Religion Cincinnati, O., April 10, 1904. At the Vine Street Congregational church this morning, the pastor, Herbert S. Bigelow, commemorated the birthday of Thomas Jefferson -in a sermon on 'Jefferson's Religion." He said in i part: 1 Biographers differ as to the date of Jefferson's birth. Some say the 2nd of April, 1743; others say the 13th. The weight of authority is with the 2nd. The 13th, however, would have jeen appropriate, since his whole me was a challenge to the superstitions of men. Whatever the date of his birth, t was a kindly fate which selected for his death the Fourth of July, the day which will be Jefferson's whho the republic stands. At memorial ser vices the land over, much will be said about Jefferson's service in the cause of politcal liberty. Something shouid be said about his achievements in be half of religious freedom. A SECOND DECLARATION. ' In Jefferson's time, the laws of Vir ginia imposed severe penalties upon those who denied the being of God, or the doctrine of the Trinity, or the di vine authority of the Scriptures. Jef ferson inspired the act of -1779 by which the general assembly of Vir ginia declared "that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain their opinions in matters. of religion and that the same shall in io wise diminish, enlarge, or affect -their civil capacities." Jefferson seems to have had litiie patience with professional preachers. He praised the Quakers for having dis pensed with them. JEFFERSON'S OATH. He was foremost in his opposiiicn to the effort to engraft upon the new nation that scion of tyranny a state church. "The clergy," said he, 'by getting themselves : established uy law, and engrafted into the machine of government, have been a very for midable engine against the civil and religious rights of man." He knew that the partisans of a religious es tablishment regarded him as their bitterest foe. "And they believe rignt ly," said he, "tor I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man." What Jefferson thought of the doc trine of eternal punishment is inll mated In a letter in which he com mented on the fearful conditions in France previous to the revolution. "It it a true picture of that country lo which they say we shall pass hereat- ter, and where we are to see God and his angels in splendor, and crowds cf the damned trampled under their feet." This sarcasm suggests a query. How far have men been made content with the frightful inequalities of hu man life by the influence of that atrocious conception of a paradise buiit upon the writhing bodies of tLe damned? The tendency of this doc trine must have been to reconcile men to the co-existence of, happiness and misery. There are some who cannct enjoy an earthly .prosperity ft cm which their fellows are barred, for them, an exclusive heaven would be intolerable. WAS HE A CHHISTIAN? Jefferson declared that Christianity was "the most multiline, and benevolent, but most perverted system that evtr shone on man. , , . To the corruptions of Christianity, I am indeed opposed; but not to the genuine precepts ot Jesus hlniHt If. I am a Christian In itit only tteiisio he whihed anyone to be; sincerely attached to hlh dtHtrltus, in preference to all others, ascribing to him every human excellence and be Hexing he never ilalmeu any other." REASON" AND ORACLE. Jefferson believed that man' in! ml was given him to use. our own lf4- ou," fa Id he, 'U the only oracle glvtii you by heaven, and you are anowti ttMe, ttut fup the rUhliiOA but tip- rlKhtne.-H of the lctiim." To ThotitUM I'ulue ho wrote amu; HKtment: "Cm on then In doing wtta ytir pen v. bat In other time wm done with the sword! Fhow that re formation I none prat-th aide by nitet atlnjj en the mind than on the U ef limit. ' I Mirrdj, Atd"ron n y, "Count mo lu fur true popultaiu at) times and in all plu cj. STATES kJUWrLlJk FROM SOUTH CAROLINA Recommends Pe-ru-na Other Prominent Men Testify. 'tll I Hon. John J. Patterson, Ex-United States Senator from South Carolina, in a letter from 37-3 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, Pa., writes : "As quite a number of my Mends have and are using Peruna as a catarrh cure with beneficial results, I feel that I can safely recom mend it to those' suffering from that disorder." J. J. Patterson. Commodore Nicholson of the U. S. Navy. Commodore Spmerrille Nicholson, of the United States Navy in a letter from 1837 It Street, Northwest, Washington, D. C, says: " Your Peruna has been and is now used by so many of my friends and acquaintances as a sure cure for catarrh that I am convinced of its curative qualities and I unhesitatingly recom mend It to all persons suffering from that complaint." S. Nicholson. , D. S. Minister to Guatemala. ' Dr. W. Godfrey Hunter, U. S. Minister to Guatemala, aud ex-member of Con-.-'refis from Kentucky, in a letter from VAfihington, D. C, writes : " I am fully satisfied that your Peruna is an efficacious remedy for catarrh, as I and many of my friends have been benefited by its use." W. G. Hunter, M.D. Well known men of dignity and promi-. nence in the United States endorse and recommend Peruna for catarrh. It you do not derive prompt and satis factory results from the use of Peruna, write at once to Dr. Hartman, giving & full statement of your case, and he will be pleased to give you his valuable ad vice gratia. Address Dr. Hartraan, . President of The Hartman Sanitarium, Columbu, Ohio. Connecticut Editor Independent: Enclosed please find my name for the Old Guard. I am still an old pop, though I am afraid Connecticut is almost hopeless. I was appointed on the organization com mittee at Denver, but have been sick over a year and have been unable to do anything; and don't know when 1 shall be able to do active work again, if ever; but will do what I can. I will endeavor to fina a few pop ulists in different parts of the state, if I cam We would have lots of them if Cleveland happened to get the nomi nation. . . T. U THOMAS. Hartford county, Conn. Tarrant Co., Texas Editor Independent: I am ready to do some work for our cause and vull order the five educational cards. I am pleased with the work done at St. Ixnits. Hop the Old Guards will fall In line and go to work, for it Is Rtdng to take a long pull and a strong pull to get from under the gallium yoke of bondage. I would like lo have had our ticket out before either of th old parties, but the time and place for the noiul nation ulU me. I trtutt that the thkrt tjiat 1 named at that time and pUuc will be elected aud It will If the oy in the trenche wilt tome tmt and charge the enemy. Tell the boy to cheer up. Now, ny brother, much, depends on our pica. Thank to God we have nome of the noblest editor that IM tottntry afford. Th"y are our r-u. era!, May the God of Heaven Kind them. Now, Mr. IMHor, let' Uu 1 by ti.e Omitha ptsUorm. with tllrevt IckUu I ion added. I liie that our p trty will adopt the referendum to pncin nor putty in th luture. I think the (banc ftie Rood fr our fctate, Tex u, if wo rn perfect i precinct club plan. Out noble Park has got the ball in motion. I want it to roll to every nook and corner cf our great state and nation. JAS. H. DAVIS. Washington Co., Nebraska Editor Independent: Herewith you will find one dollar to help pay tLc. expenses of enrolling the Old Guard; also enrollment making me a mem ber of the same of which I am very proud. I am no stickler for names, but for principles. I am neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet, but I do say that if our organization should go to pieces we have accomplished a thou sand times more than enough good to pay for all it has cost; for It has al most persuaded the democratic party to our way of thinking and made the republican party Jump sideways as it never did before. Our principles can never die; the principles of the Omaha platform wl.t live on and on. You may break, you may shatter The vase. If you will. Hut the scent of the roses Will hang 'round It still. C, A. WIllTFOftP. W. .It, rjnkfdon, llalierrham county, Ga.: "Knroll me as oto or the OTI Guard of ropullxm, from IM fimu erji" alliance up. And ol Hon, ThouuM T. Vatoti 1.1 nominated for ptcd dent, jott ny count one vote for hl:.i pure. ty nil mean ki t p in (he in'.l tile of the road iu hstvt la inoie tit Ion." Dr. T. I.. Mjer. Mcil.JUn. Mis,, one of the tlntt ihea player in tha oi.ith, and who tean an Itidepe a-tl-nt K'lt'M tlb- r In the dJtt w he,i it had a i h . department, r-nrw or another year with tnt comnunt: ' 'From a .l.ilil who llkei jou.