Newspaper Page Text
APRIL 14, 1904.
THE tlECHASfCA INDEPENDENT THE TARIFF AGAIN. Editor Independent: Mr. Bryan says that the tariff is a moral issue. He took this ground at Jacksonville, Fia., February 16, 1904, in a speech deliv ered there, which was published in The Commoner March 11, under the title of "The Wisdom of Doing Right." The speech was reproduced in Tbe Commoner because, as Mr. Bryan says, "it is impossible or him to go into' every community and make a verbal protest against the plans of the reorganizers." ' , " His words are 'addressed to the re organizer," but nevertheless they show just where Mr. Bryan stands on all the political issues of the day. Mr. Cleveland is in the habit of talking very piously when he discusses politi cal issues and Mr. Bryan seems to have adopted his method. Coming to the tariff question, Mr. Bryan says: "During the time that we have had a protective tariff we have had the laws written on that subject by the men who received the benefit of the laws." 'u Does Mr. Bryan think that English men who do not receive the benefit of our tariff laws ought to write them? Does he -think that a majority of tie American people who vote for a pro tective tariff, aught to write a tariff for revenue only? Who should write the laws of a nation, those who are benefited by them, or those who are not benefited? Those who constitute the majority of the people or those who constitute a minority? If a majority of the people should vote for a tariff for revenue only, would Mr. Bryan allow tbe minority who voted for protection only, . to write a tariff law for revenue onlj? There was a, time, before the civil war, when a majority of the peoi-le voted for tariff for revenue only, and this same majority wrote the to fl law of 1846 (which was a tariff for revenue only). Does Mr. Bryar t think i.4. m(nnritv who voted against it... arht t have written mat law? Does he think that the minority- who voted for protection ougui u .. . -:f . n low fnr lllfl- been aiiowea to wm-e tection, although defeated at in There was a time, after the civil ToTi a maloritv voted for a tariff for revenue only. Among the majority elected was William J. Bry an as a member of congress and Gro nresident. Does Air. Rrvnn think that the friends of pro tection ought to have been allowed to write the Wilson bill, which became law in 1894, and, (as it left the house of representatives) was intended to give the people a tariff for revenue only? What would Mr. Bryan have thought, if the republicans had In sisted that they should write a tariif for protection only instead of a tariff for revenue only? The republicans write protection onlv when they carry tne eiecuuus, and the democrats write revenue omy when thev carry the elections. We must not conclude that a pro tective tariff is Immoral because those whn arp benefited by it write it. Mr. Bryan points to the manufac turers as those who are benefited by a protective tariff and,, who vote and work for protection and who contri bute to the campaign funds 'of the re publican party. He also assumes that manufacturers only are benefited by protection and that they get rich at t.hft exnense of the farmers. It may be that, in many cases, farm ers pay more for manufactures, on ac nf a protective tanti, but if they do, they as often get more for thtir nroducts. Who can say now mucn tae farmers of the Mississippi valley would get for their wheat, corn, oats, etc., if there were no manufacturers In this country? If we had no manufacturer, tbe price of evety farm product would hp fixed abroad, as a ruie, me rioati the market the better the price will W But suppose that a protective tariff does not Increase the price of (aim cmducts. it certainly has a tendency tr keen them trom failing. It aifco makes more work, and mora wotk means more wealth. It Increases iho number of our Industrie, makes towns and titles, and these make a marlec for everything the firmer has to sell If t wa not for protective tariff tune wouldn't bo n r.rrit city h tb'a country, except on the ra hoard, from wVth our ttrni prodm-is would u fPi'l abroad, an I In whkh forest manufactures would i. rccivrd, ai oidr to be dlr tribute; Into various Darts of the country. Hut If protection U Immoral, I n tariff for revenue only any lea ini uiral? ' Who vol for revenue tariff? Does anybody vote for them, except thoie who expert to t berufwd by them IWa Anybody favor revrmiM Uiirr put pt tho who are afrab! of lnio.i,e Uxt or luhrrltam taica, or who are afraid that wealth will be taxed n some way (if there is not a tax or duty put upon foreign goods iia norted)? - ..- . A tariff for revenue only means that the revenue of the citizen is to be cllo rr . irarJed and that the revenue of .the federal government is only to be con-sirk-ied. Doca Mr. Bryan think that this system of taxation is any more moral than a protective tariff, which seeks to protect the revenue of eveiy citizen, in order that he may be tbe more able to protect the . revenue of he government? Mr Biyan does not say one word agdin&t a tariff for revenue only, but find3 time to say a great deal againsi. protective tariffs, from which we con clude tiiat he thinks that revenue tar- fta are a great deal more moral than protective tariffs. He does not say one .v.ciQ in faor of an income tax. Does he think that an income tax is mmoral? Why does he not fight revenue tar- fts on the ground that they are ju&t as immoral as protective tariffs? Way foes he not favor income taxes on Lie feiound that they are more moral than either protective tariffs or revenue uiiffs? When Mr. Bryan gets through with the "reorganizers" and finds time to address the whoie "American people, it s to be hoped that he will be able to see that protection, with all its faults, s better than a tariff for revenue only. We all know that protection has iis faults and. its dangers, but with all these, we are better off -than with a tariff for revenue only. Therefore, the urst tmng to oe aooii&ned Is a rev enue tariff, in order that an incon.e tax for revenue may be substituted. if we ran ever net clear of revenue tariffs, which are a tax upon our food, clothine and drink, oui consumption our business, our labor, Instead of wealth, there will never be any aim- culty in getting clear of protective tar iffs. The most that can be said agaiust protection is, that the duties are often too high and that thereby trusts are encouraged and protected. This, un doubtedly, is often the case, but it is not the fault of protection, but of those who may happen to apply the prin ciple. If, for instance, a certain con gress puts the duties too high, even for the Durnose of protection, this is not the fault of the principle, but of those who may-happen to be in pow er and apply the principle. In 1890 Mr. McKinley and his politt cal friends wrote a tariff law, and they made the duties so high for the purposes of protection that the peo ple at the next election turned out McKinley and his friends and brougnt in Grover Cleveland and his friends with Mr. Bryan who wrote a tariff law for revenue only and it was so satisfactory to the people that they recalled the republicans, who in 1837 wrote anpther tariff law which was for protection, as well as revenue; and this is law still. What is needed, now, is an income tax law; and then let all the tariff du ties that are fo revenue only be r ap pealed. Wrhen the next democratic national convention assembles, Mr. Bryan will have an opportunity to write the pat form for his paxty. This is his ambi tion; and all the sign, indicate teat he will have an opportunity to gratily his ambition. It will be, indeed, a great opportunity; and, if he will write in the platform an income Ujc and leave the old dogma of tariff lor revenue only out. h!3 party will be on the road to the White house and con gress; and Mr. "Bryan will have an op portunity to write many laws that will be a blessing to the American people and enable them to hand down to pos terity a truly democratic republic and thereby complete the work of WaL Ington and Lincoln. Would Mr. Bryan like to place his name by tne side of Washington and Lincoln, who were moral men, who each did the greatest service to man kind In their day and generation. who each believed n the principle of a protective tariff and who have come to be regarded n the two crratct statesmen which America has, as jet. produced; would Mr. Bryan like to have his name added to these two men as the throe grp.itest Amerhann who wer moral, who did the Kreatcat i.f vlre to mankind In their ri.ir and en (ration, who believed Q tb principle of protecting their country In all i; Interest at Anlnu foreign natka.i. nn.i were retimed ny their rntintrr men as the best an.J truest statesmen In arter times-If he would, he ;it hsve an oportnnlty hen the text nstlon! convention of hi part? no-els rt the Cth dsy of July neit. by wilt. In& In. the platform that Man ihall net be taxed as long as there is one doliar of Wealth to be taxed. i JNO. S. DE HART. Jersey City, N. J. (The Independent asks its readers to be patient with its correspondents who live with the provincials down oy the sea. Their environment Is very different from that which surrounds us in the free and boundless west The Independent lets them have their say along with everybody else. The most that can be said of them is tnat tney have got far enough along to join the discontented. Some statements they make are very astonishing to thobe who have fought the battles of refold for the last twelve years out here on these plains. Mr. De Hart wants Mr. Bryan to put an income tax plank in the democratic platform. Is it pos sible that he does not know that Mr. Bryan aided in getting an income lax incorporated in the Wilson bill, or that the supreme court has declared that income taxes are unconstitu tional? The play upon words by which he makes Mr. Bryan use the word "benefited" as applying to a majority of the people, when it was used omy as describing the few who get millions out of the people by tariff grafting can hardly be read with patience. id. Ind.) are too poor in pocket to do much if anything. What they should have had laid up ip. store, for the "preserva tion of liberty," -a little recreation, and for old age, they, or we, have beeu robbed of, and is now down in the pockets of the aristocracy and money lending devils of this country and Eu rope. ... I hare traveled In the middle of the road all the way "along the trail, but I am much pleased with the Deli ver and St. Louis conferences and hope for good results at Springfie.cL My preferential ballot was, first for Watson, second for Barker, third for Norton, "mid-roaders." But any fair minded man should not ask for or ex pect everything his way under exv sting circumstances. The. coming convention is likely to be small, very small; the preferences already ex pressed are much more than likely to be the choice of the whole party. Nov what is the matter with nominating Watson and Allen then and there by acclamation? ALBION GATES. Phelps County Nebraska Editor Independent: I am a con stant reader of your paper. I prke it very highly as an educator and icr its position on the upbuilding of cur nation. Have enjoyed seeing the ef fort made to rebuild the people's pai ty. I have been cast down at times, but never discouraged. We have the assurance in H0I7 Writ that God in his own time and way will do for us as we need. I have never deviated one jot or tittle from my allegiance to the principles which The Independent advocates. Each campaign I fight as though my life depended on it and jiave so fought since 1873; in the '80'b I worked for the anti-monopolist ticket. I organ ized the first alliance In this counO, and enjoyed the position of president for years. I never was a believer in fusion, op posing it at all times, pointing out the rock upon which the party would be wrecked. . . I did not take to the middle of the road as others did, but stayed by my party and voted for Bryan twice and I am proud I did so. He represented about all we needed at that time. But I was disappointed in him, at last: he was defeated by democrats, and I looked for him to say so and say to the people, "Now, throw all parties aside, and as a de feated people, regardless of party name, make the effort of our life to dethrone Mammon." Bryan often said in his speeches, "Republicans, you are so partisan blind you can't or won't see." I still believe in Bryau: he is a noble man, but partisan bliiid. I fully Indorse the Denver move. If you think me worthy to be on tae roll of the Old Guards, you will find enclosed my enrollment, also my choice for president. L. C. BARK. Riley Co., Kansas Editor Independent: Enroll me as one of the Old Guard, f am an oid soldier in my 77th year, having served in the lth Kansas cavalry three years and one month in the war cf the rebellion. I believe there never was a time in the history of our be loved country when there was more necessity for a people's party, than now. God bless The Independent for Its patriotic effort to restore the gov eminent to first principles. CHAS. WARING. Penobscot Co., Mala Editor Independent: My age and Infirmities forbid my joining the Van guard. The prospect in Maine as tar as I know is far from flattering for the people's parly. We lost our por tion on the ballot In 18. A few cf us got out a Barker and Donnelly ticket In 1900. but failed to get the required number of petitioners. Wt were short 229 names. I don't think we can get a ticket In the field for September flection, but believe we can, and will get a pnal dcntlal ticket for November. I am willing to do all I can, but am not able to go over a very large tciri try. I bare upent many dollar in time and mony during the lat IS yean and there. Is little or nothing to how for It clown here In Maine. I cannot think of a man in Mitne likely to attend the Spnnxfkl.l convention unless It mlsht le Hmi'h of Vlr.jl haven or Whit of Levant. I lh. however.-w mhM l atlt to pet out a full rileRntton: but proa ably cannot mar up" cne delete The ft Is. most all Im Rot com plelely discouraged. Many, too many Custer Co., South Dak. Editor Independent: 1 am please 1 with your grand style of exposing tiie sham and truckling acts of the Wasu- ngton government. Our lawmakers . are a set of frauds, both in state and nation, tools for corporations, "only . an echo." I wrote one of our congressmen a ew days ago that the whole Wash- ngton government was a set of graft ers, and he resented the charge by re plying that we had an honest govern ment under the administration of resident Roosevelt. Only think, 'an honest" administration, and 161 con gressmen now under condemnation for grafting! This same congressman has got a resolution passed to investigate Ue beef trust. We have several trusts doing business in this state. I would ike for him to explain why he sin gled out the beef trust, when there i not one in this state, and wny go off nto other states to do missionaiy work?- XATa a1m nrr PTOflom on f r Tocfalla for us, but we never get any laws for the masses to lessen the burden. The reason Is obvious. The legislator or congressman who does anything against the combines and cesspools of. boodlers loses his polflical head at once. We have lost our republican fona,, of government. We can regain It yei by the ballot, if we will. If we do not, one of two things we must do, and that is, become slaves or we must revolt. - - - ' I think this year Is the time to do the "handsome," get together and elect men and not baggatelles. I am looking to the Springfield convention to do something that will surprise the civilized world. W. D. VESTAL, LL.D. Some fine farms in Sf. Charles county, Mo. Only 25 miles from St. Louis. ?30 to 4a per acre, improved. Weber & Farris, 1328 O st, Lincoln, Neb. ;. - Hail Insurance t ) The United Mutual Hail Insurance Association is the oldest, Is the strongest, is the best; has paid $159,- 000 more for losses than the combined payments of all other companies. Paid $53,596.10 in 1903. Has paid $200,911.80 for losses since its organ ization. Wants good representatives in every precinct. Address Home Of fice, 116 So. 10th St., Lincoln, Neb. I. H. Hat a id, Attrjr NOTICE Annie Pnrker, Fhebe Maud Ryult, Robert Mitchell, Andrew Vore, Albert Kcrber, Albert Biwh, Sinh Sheldon, Kmllr Owen, Jane Pay, Hrnjiirola HftUejr, ThontM Hbeldon, Mrs. Henry Crocker. GrlflUhs, first nn unknown. H-nry Horwmxl, KtrheM I.etti bridge, Lllley rrn!. Oeorce I'arker, Mftrgaret Hitler, non rcitdent defendants: Yon and each ofroa ar hereby uo tilled thai on April IWU, Tbt.uia ?i. Chamber m I'dIIQT tw-Knn an action alul ron In the IUrtrtct court 01 Lanraster Count r. Nrbranka, to reiprm a certain deid from Jamea K. Joiif to Carlo C. Ittirr. dated May :7, ly, re corded in book C'J r dfU, at ase 4;. In ih reenter ' dteda nfttre of Lancaster county, Ne lraka, and to culet the Mile la the plnlntifl to the northwest quarter of (be wuth went quarter, and the nouth third oi the Houthweit quarter 01 the nortbet quarter ofMeclUm 11. Tuwa V, uiiKa, in aal l eouuty and uie. Tlxu Uiu tttT i'tuft tMt ald dcd be fefurmt!, tht the title to aald real enlate M quieted la hli, and ir m-nvml relief; You are required to an twer i.!alulUt'iI?Uttn on or twfttre&Ur "A IaH. TlltM Hi. ClUMbr.lt. lUlniltr. lly I. It. Ilalrteld. Attorney. Jlotlte Nn-Uilleet lUfaadaal JamraT. Mc'i"l H tke oU that on th l;h day of March, l'l, .,i-t II. klwr a ! Ilea the taia ol Lincoln, Laneaater t'minty, Nrt.raUa. Uud au or Wr ol HU feravnt Ur tit mm 01 1.1" at t' trndlaf Im sre hlitt, niirrrln Jtr-h M utiit-m U f ialiiiiiT, and Jma T, M-utre, deirndant, thai i.jmt of tae de Ivudaut r niUtt of aaa twn aUai he4 under ald erdr. fd cua a uaUuu4 t tne 4 day ef ay, l a, at a m. Joski n M.oKirrrM. I'lttniifr, H JOH-i 1 t.nITII end W. M. MoitMSUa ala AtMrfttf