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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
APRIL 14,-1904. The Philosophy of Freedom An Open Forum for Single Taxers "I AM A SINGLE TAXER BUT" Single taxers, who are such because Of the acceptance of all the postulates Upon which the philosophy of Henry George proceeds and which define the relations of land, labor and capital to each other, are familiar by per sonal contact and through newspaper articles with the remark, "O, ye3, I am a single taxer but;" and after hearing the "but", amplified by the so-called single taxer, is at loss to know upon what grounds the "but" people fix their claim of being singJe taxers at all. " This "but," when fully analyzed, is generally only a quibble and a very stupid one at that. Fre quently, the "but" is the result of a very meagre understanding of the George philosophy and it is also used to safeguard some special graft which the single tax "but" man would like to preserve to himself in the event of a single tax regime. Then there are those who claim to be single taxers who "go farther than Mr. George." These are easily located by asking them what books of Mr. George, if any, they have read. O, ye3, they say, I've read most of them--which one3? 0, I've read Bellamy looking back ward and Carl Marx and The Coming Nation and Ten Men of Money Island and The Great Red Dragon and some more. The problem of wages, capital and interest as illustrated by the workman, the planks and the plain and also the growing calf is like an unwritten book to them, as is also the bull that had twisted his rope. The invincible logic that capital, though it is often made an auxiliary to labor in production, Is not a necessary fac tor, has lost its force with them from the fact that if ever read at all by them was read when half asleep or un der some other abstraction. Mr. George's clear cut Insistance that in terest as a return to capital, unaided by monopoly or special privilege, is as legitimate as wages for service rend ered; the conclusiveness of his reason ing, its ethical support, has never en gaged the consecutive thought of those who qualify wit a "but." Hence we have so-called professors who sub-. scribe in part to the single tax, but who find that Mr. George was "very faulty in some of his reasoning." Of this class are Prof. Behrens, Falny, et al., who are surprised that Mr. George failed to see that the takiug of the whole of land values, i. e., un earned increment, to the use of so ciety would eliminate interest and also that capital is as necessary to tae production of wealth as land or labor. I presume it is the complex sophistry of these -gentlemen that has caused Ernest Crosby to say in the January number of the Single Tax Review that "the last fallacy I have to consider is the trite saying that the interests of capital and labor are one." But Mr. Crosby better examine this supposed "fallacyV again, using the word mu tual instead of the word "one." So also does Mr. Paton in his article In The Independent, under caption, "Progressive Democracy," tumble in to the Behrens pitfall and since he has been more specific and less obtuse than his peers of greater fame we will take him for our scapegoat. Paton says, "Capital and labor are In fact partners up to a certain point . . . but when they sit down to di vide their profits, their interests re absolutely hostile and every dollar added to the pile of one is subtracted from the pile of the other." In the light of this sort of drivel, the usscciate editor of The Indepen dent Mr. De -France, is justified in s.ij'ing a few weeks ago, when com menting on single tax dictum: 'As eome single taxcra state it." and con cerning which that peerless Mipr critlc, Mr. J. If. Dlllard. should take rcto. Acr-oiuipg to the Paton philosophy it could not be to tho Interest of any jr M'U'lor of an Industrial plant, sm b. as cotton mill or shoe factory, if h Is leeched to pay fair wages to those who work for him nor, on the other hand, it could not possibly lc to the Intercut of the employes to have sin a Industrial plant in operation, pay i. is fair arei, unlran the workers could take to themselves all tlnre was of the gn product of muli null or factor, Accu1mik tt Mr. Paton' ft'AndiUng, f uch It may I called, any taking fiorn the gross pile s a Just compensation for sttiwrlntrndiince, fur Interest on capital tovfstrd In machinery and plant (ground rent having Wen p,i4 to sovlrty), any allowance for Ions or wrar and tear, cost of raw material, U would tx Using from the pits of the workman; hrnre he says, "at th'.s lHlnt of dividing grots receipts with the workers in wages their interests are antagonistic." He seems to have no place for a quid pro quo, nor con cept or tne word justice, jbiuie won der. that single tax meets with dis favor under such a rendering, but Mr George would turn over in his grave if that kind of stuff was accredited to him and if Mr. Paton is really a friend of single tax he better. let some one else write lor tne papers and get Air. George's books and study them for a while and if he finds anything like the above, I would like to know where it is. Single taxers of this stamp will readilv fall -In with Prof. Behrens. et al., "that with free land, and special A J 1 privilege to no one, mat in sucn event interest will be eliminated," i. e., there will be no return to capital. It may be that these sophists conclude that in such event, capital will no longer be employed in production farmers will draw the plow "them selves, in fact there will be a general return to primitive methods the great industrial methods and machinery will become absolete. It seems to me, however, that any one who will think for themselves can see that it is patent on the face of the propositon that capital will more and more be in demand as aids to production and whether it be owned by the user or furnished by a third party, It will demand and receive in terest as a return. , Compulsory bor rowing, as a means of self-employment, will of course be avoided, but, as in New Zealand, on the partial ap plication of single tax principle tne demand for capital largely increased at an increased interest while wages kept well in the lead. Perhaps these astute philosophers propose 'to elim inate interest by substituting there for the word profit, a word eschewed by Mr. George in his political econ omy a3 so much surplussage unneces sary and confusing there being but three factors in production it follows that but three returns are necessaiy in computing the several shares. I am one Of thOSd Rind tavern vahn has read and re-read and read again, .studiously, every and all of Mr. George's books and most of his essays and accept and affirm his every pos tulate and every substantial utterance made by him in his lifo-work, as to the cause and cure of Involuntary pov erty, and the relations of rent, wages and Interest In production and of their legitimate returns together with his doctrine of free trade and I challenge the world for the ; successful refuta tion of anything declared upon by him ', E. C. CLARK. Syracuse, Neb. ' AM TUB SPECIAL MARKET LETTER FROM NYE & BUCHANAN CO., LIVE STOCK COMMISSION MER CHANTS. SO. OMAHA, NEB. Cattle: There seems to be plenty of cattle yet. Monday , we had about 4, 500 and Tuesday 9,000 and Wednesday 6,500. Market is. 15 to 20c lower on heavy beeves; handy weights and cows are steady to 10c lower than last Friday, However, they seem to want the cattle at these prices and the market is active. We quote good choice corn-fed steus at 14.30 to $4 .GO, (extra choice $5.00); fair $4.00 to fi.25, common $3.60 U $4.00.. Good fat cows and heifeia $3.40 to $4.00. Cdmmon cows $2.50 to $3.25. canners $1.50 to $2.25. Steer stock calves $3.?5 to $4.25, heifers Jt to $1.25 less. Veal $4.00 to $5.75. Hulls $2.50 to $3.50. Sheep: Market ndvanclng. Choice. Fair to good. Iambs $3.65-0.00 $4.75-d.5 Yearlings 5.25-5.60 4.50-5.00 Wethers ....... 4.85-5.85 4.5M.75 Ew 4.60-5.10 4. 00-4. .0 Shorn sheep b"o pr lot) less. Hogs: Market declining. Ranpo, $1.75 to $5.00. . A (lood Investment The owners of the Greenhorn (told Mtrte In the f unions Greenhorn moun tain gold mining district of Oregon ar offering a limited amount of stock lor a!w. The mlue u already In optta. tlnn and promises the rUheM fttm.u The owners are well known to The Independent, are ht.neat men, and th stock they are offering has gtnutue alut H Is not a pnwjrt or a paper rain, but one that Is already produc ing gold In profitable quantities. Tii Independent has em the original i turns from the V. 8. mint for roM shipments aggregating thousands ct dollars, The stock offered for sale Is Hello! Mr. Stallion Buyer! "Oat mtxt to lams." He has his competitors and buyers on the run. TheyTire headed lor lam's Barns. His "SwII Black Boy" please all horsemen. lams' Stallions are sure "PcacbM aad Cream." lams hypnotizes bis many buyers with " ensatieaal" 5tallloM at lira and lat llva prices." Owing to bad crops in France, lams bought his horses at miaously low prices for Spot Cash. If you will visit lams and pay cash or give a bankable note, you will sure buy a Stallion, as lams sells them, and all must positively be sold. lams Stallions won the 5wcpstskas and, first prizes in their classes at Nebraska 1903 State Fair. (Had a walk-away). Then lams kept out of the show riog his largest and choicest two, three and tour-year-olds. Showed none of his Special Train of 100 Stallions received August 23rd, 1903. They are all in the pink of condition. He has Gold Medal winners lrom France, Belgium and Germany at 5Q cents on the dollar. They are all HERD HEADERS - Visitors and boyers throng his barn and say: Hello, I'm from Illinois. I'm Ely from Mis souri. Say, lams has the best horse show I ever saw.,' Yes; see those tour 2,000-1 b. two-year-olds, lams Is a hot advertlaerLbut he has horses better than he advertises. Hello, Mr., I'm from Iowa. I'm Zrke lrom Ohio. SayTthis is tho best string of Matllons I ever saw; they are sure peaches and cream. See those six 2,200-lb. three-year-olds all alike too. Ztke, they are sure "the wide- . as-a-wasron" sort. Jlother. look, this is lams' sreat show of horses. His horses are all black and big ton fellows. He always has the best. Samanthy, here is Isms' show herd. Everybody waats to see his horses. We came from California to see lams' 5,100-lb. pair of stallions. Thst's them; better than the pictures. They are sure the greatest pair in the U. S. Yes, and worth going 2,000 miles to sea. Hello, Louie, here is lams' 2,400-lb. Sweepstakes Percheron 5tatlion over all. He is a "Hummer!" Say, "Doc," I don't wonder at hU competitors wanting this borsa barred out of show rings. lie is a sere winner aevwlurc lams always has god ones and in shape. Hello, Bob: see those Illinois men bovine that 2.200-lb. three-year-old. a "topnotcher" at J1.200 much better than twenty of my neighbors gave 81,000 ior. Kitty, see those tinecoachersof jams', ucorgte, dear, they are lovely; they can look into tne second-story window, iney step high, live "whirlwinds.'' Yes, Kitty, Isms lias more registered drstt and coach Stallions than any man In the U. 5., and all good ones. Georgle drar, buy your nest Stallion of lams. His nurses are mucn better man tne one you paid tuose Ohio men $4,000 tor, anaiamsomy asKS 5t,uuu and il.OOO for "toppers." lams has reserved lor spring trade, 117 Black Percherons, Belgians and Coachers 117 90 per cent blacks; 50 per cent ton horses lams speaks the languages, buys direct from breeders, pays no payor, salesmen or interpreters, lias no three to tn men as partners to snare proms with. His twenty-two years successful business makes him a safe man to do business with, lams guarantees to sell you a bettar stallion at $1,000 and $1,400 than are being sold to stock companies for 92,509 to 1 1,000 by slick salesmen, or pay your fare and $25 per day tr trouble to see them, you the judge, lams pays horses' freight and buyers' tare, gives 60 per cent breeding guarantee. Write for eya opener and finest catalog on earth. References: St, Paul State Bank, First State Bank and Citizens' National Bank. ST. PAUL, NEBR. tejfcatti Special Prices Send in Your Orders Now Alfalfa Choice, bu .....$ 8.25 Turkestan, bu 10.00 Can Seed 2 bu. Grain Bags extra, 20c 50 bu. lots, 60c bu. 10 bu. lots, 70c bu. 1 bu.50 lbs.) 75c. Millet GERMAN. 1 bu. Grain Bags, extra, 20c 50 bu. lots, 70c bu. 10 bu. lots, 75c bu. 1 bu. (50 lbs.) 80c. ' SIBERIAN. ' xk bu. Grain Bags, extra, 20c 50 bu. lots, C5c bu. 10 bu. lots, 70c bu. 1 bu. (50 lbs.) 75c. Kaffir Corn 2 bu. Grain Bags, extra, 20c 10 bu. lots, 70c bu. 1 bu. (50 lbs.) 75c. Japanese Millet or BILLION DOLLAR GRASS 20 lbs. for $1.25. 50 lbs. for 2.50. 100 lbs. for $4.75. Pencilaria OR PEARL MILLET Per lb., 25c. 10 lbs. for $2.00. Buckwheat Silver Hull ) ?1 , Japanese J1,1' 75 bu Dwf. Essex Rape 15 lbs. for $1.00. 50 lbs. for $2.(!5. 100 lbs. for $5.00. Brome Grass Fancy, $2.00 per bu. (14 lb.) Fancy, $12 per 100 lbs. Choice, $1.75 per bu. Choke, $11 per 100 lbs. Meadow Fescue Per bu. (14 lbs.) $1.25. Per, 100 lbs., $6.00. Seed Corn (SHELLED) We have had a very heavy run on w'd corn this spring and regret that we have to advance our price this late in the season. But we thought it better to do this than lower our grade on hand picked butted and tipped corn. We can, how ever, furnish good seed corn, machine screened, at - $1.00 per bushel. Send your order at once, as freights are low. Per bu. Yellow Prize .., $1.35 Gold Mine l.oO Hogue's Yellow Dent... 1.S5 Calico 1.50 Cattle King (Iowa grown) 1.50 Learning 1.50 Silver Mine 1.35 Snow White Dent (new) 1.50 Canada Flint '.. 1.35 White Prize l.bO (Deduct 10c per bu. in 10 bu. lots.) Sugar Beets AND MANGEL WURZELS. Per lb., 25c. 5 lbs. for $1.00. ' 10 lbs. for $1.80. .; Cow Peas Mixed, $2.00 per bu. Field Peas Canada Field Peas, bu. $2. Scy Beans Ey. Yellow, $2.90. Oyster Shells 17 lbs. for 25c. 100 lbs. for 90c. 500 lbs. for $3.50. Chick Food 10 lb. bag, 25c. 100 lb. bag, $2.00. Grit LARGE SIZE AND CHICK. 17 lbs. for 25c. 100 lbs. for $1.00. . 500 lbs. for $1.25. Sweet Potato Plants 2.'c per UK). $2.00 ptr l.ooo. GRISWOLD SEED CO. 149 So. loth 5t., Lincoln, Neb. for the purpose of raiting fumli to aJd new machinery to INCIIKASK tb output In !' time tfen would b re quired by walUns for rrtnms from the earning. From a mining sUnd point the proportion Is one of the tt n4 Will r tif returns on tnourj InvfsteX SV large ad. In this liuue. Kindly mention The Indrpt-ndint when you write, ... Would a highwayman lx exmlla for heating his victim If he klnd'f taught salv for the victim's wounds?