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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT SEPTEMBER 8, 1904 Mailing Excellent Progress Readers of The Independent who have read our ad in previous issues will be interested to know that the plans outlined have been carried but, and that . '. v ; .' Results Already Obtained Exceed Expectations Work has progressed as rapidly as circumstances permitted; and the ore veinonwhich the shaft is ' now being sunk grows wider and with more characteristics of permanence with every foot of depth gained. The Experimental Stage is Passed Supt. Hunter writes under date August 30; "We have plenty of ore, and it is in place. The conditions of the mine are now settled; and wo are now sure the ore question is settled, we have run a new cross cut and tapped the ore body from the bottom of the shaft. I do not yet know the width of the vein at this point. We have run on the vein for eight feet and have not yet reached the hanging wall. It is the tame ore we had at our first level. If any of your friends are coming out you may rest assured we have . a mine with a tine ledge in place to showthem." A Trial Shipment Gives Large Returns On August 20, a shipment of selected ore was made to the smelter' at Sumpter, Oregon, with the remarkable return ot Five Hundred and Fifty Dollars per ton, in Gold This was not an assay, but ah actual sale of ore which was paid for by the smelter company. We expect to make shipments from 'time to time, the proceeds of which will be used to sink our shaft deeper, snd help buy new equipment . ' We want to build a mill of our own And for, that purpose offer for sale the Company's treasury stock at the low price of 122C per share to those who buy first It will cost you only a cent - - , , - - i- ' to send us a postal, and we will be glad to writo you' more complete information. , . It will not cost you anything to visit the mine, and ascertain all the facts about it for yourself. We will procure for you expert reports from the best and most trustworthy mining engineers at our own expense. Write us and we will tell you hew we can do this and why we offerto do it. W. P. KILLEN, Omaha Nat'l Bank BkTg. - - Omaha, Nebr. f ! g ' " THE "OPEN SHOP." Editor Independent: In The Inde pendent ofjuly 21 is a letter from Mr, C. L. Shellenger in which he .gives evidence that he also fails to fully understand the Colorado situation. But let that pass, for I want to make a re mark or two in addition to vhat the editor said in answer to Mr. for I think that neither of you went to the (heart of the question. ' f Mr. S. says: "Capital and labor 'should go arm in arm." That is true and they would do so, except for the fact that under existing taxation systems capital has the power to obtain monopolies which give the holders the power to shut out laborers from Opportunities where they could employ themselves and be their own masters. For instance, a man has be come the possessor of some wealth, lie may have been a laborer or wage earner himself and saved all he could 'of his earnings until he has accumu lated, say $10,000. He forms a com pany of fifteen or twenty other men who have saved their earnings and they buy, a coal mine, and not only .the mine but also all the land which is supposed to contain coal within fif- 4 teen or twenty miles or more. They employ men and dig coal from only two or three spots in all these lands. ; The men who have not saved any mon r ey and are not yet capitalists and who propose to get their living by digging fcoal come to these mines for work. Jhey are compelled in these times to accept the wages which the min own- ' ers choose to give and that is very ; often onlywhat will only furnishthem "a mean living. . This demand for work enables the .'employers to cut down wages, if it is possible to do 'so, while still leaving the workmen enough to buy food to . keep them strong enough to work. The miners would leave, their,, employers and work for themselves by associat ing together and borrowing capital or getting some others do "grub-stake" them until they could get out coal to sell, but they are prevented from doing , this by the fact that all the coal' lands are monopolized. They proceed to form 'a trade-union and conclude to strike land try to force the payment of bet ter wages that way. -If non-union men ' can be found to take the places of the .strikers,, the, strike will be in vain, and, i is little wonder that violence ensues between the strikers and those .who take their places. f; This i$ an instance where the capi talists are possessed of a monopoly wMch enables them as monopolists to make hard bargains with the laborers in the matter of wages. But it is some: ; times the case that the capitalists, who , have buil the machinery and bought the engine and other apparatus used ' in mining coal, do not own the mines -and the adjoining coal-bearing lands: .These are owned by other parties -who live in New York, London, or Paris, .who do nothing but "own" the mines 'arid lanifs and; allow ithe capitalists to 5 furnish jail the machinery necessary to ; dig the coal on condition that the cap italists will pay them so much per ton ;for. - .;,;t,.; ... ; h.::- ..", ,: In such cases as this' the capitalists are sometimes in a condition which ; might be called Vbetween the devil and the deep, sea.'.' On one side" stand the "owners" demanding the full "'royalty" 'or possibly an increase, and qn .the ; other side the miners demanding more wages. ;Jn such instances as" this; the capitalists are not monopolists at all and sometimes are unable to pay high- -er wages 'without actual loss to them ,silves, which results,; as the 'records -show, in" the bankruptcy of 95 per , cent of the men who put their capital ' into business enterprises. In cases like this the miners and capitalists ' should be "arm in arm" fighting the system that is squeezing them both, namely, land monopoly. ' Let us try to define monopoly. I think it may. be said to be the poKses- ' sion of the exclusive right to use some thing which all others have an equal natural riirht to use. Or it may be the exclusive right to use something in a certain way, for instance, to use the streets of a city by laying iron rails and hauling passengers In cars on them while all other people are pre vented from doing this, If I buy a piece of land 1 am given tho right to use It to the exclusion of nil others. If It is located whore It la in demand for use by others there will be competition for Its who, and It will have exchangeable value, It will bring A price. I think It can be paid that 1 pdH.soHrt a monopoly on a small urate even If it I only a town lot, for thla lot la not a produrt of my labor. It la the gift of nature to the enjoyment of which all are equally entitled. The great anthraclt coal ulrlke made ft Krcat many people think that it h a t ad policy to allow Rome IndU Mual to "own" theme milieu and oru even Nan to think that It wan un , jut fur tho ludlt Idual to be r inltted to txiui a royally for tan priv ilege of dlffttng nut Hial, which U ft bounty of nature to which all people have an equal right, and that the only men who were entitled to any pay were the capitalists who furnished the machinery and the men who did the work of digging coal, 'Some people proposed that the gov ernment should take possession of those mines and employ men , to dig coal. But there is a simpler rem edy than that. It is taxation. If every owner of a coal mine had to pay in taxation what it is worth to keep every one else off of that mine no one else except the actual user of the mine would own it. Then labor could apply itself to any unused opportunity and wages would be what each worker could make working for himself or by voluntary co-operation with others, and the conditions and rules under which he would work for an employer would have to be as agreeable as he would make them while working for himself. As long as Mr. Shellenger and "the papers o the United States" do not see the difference between capital and monopoly, or rather the difference Le tween capital which has no monopoly and capital which has possession of a gift of nature from which the monop oly has not been eliminated by. taxa tion, just so long will they "create strife between -capital and tabor" and it will not be worth while for them to "preach and teach that capital and labor should go arm in arm." Our friends, the socialists are not able to see that it is monopoly and not cap italism that they should fight. Capital is that part of the products of labor which is used for the produc tion of additional products of labor. There is not likely to be too much cap ital in any country, for most people generally want a "little more" wealth and are willing to devote their capital and labor to the production of a lit tle more. j '; Under the present system of taxing labor products if I build a house upon a vacant lot and rent jt to a man he pays me for the use of both house and lot. That part of the payment which is for the use of the house is prop erly interest and being for the use of something which I built by my labor is justly mine. That part of the man's payment to me for the use of the land is rent and is for something I did not build or create. Nature furnished that, and the value which attaches to it (its rent producing power) for which the man pays me, is produced by the pres ence of all the people who constitute the .community, and the community should take it for public purposes for the same reason that the payment for the use of the house comes to me, namely because the community pro duces it. . ; : , ; ; Under the present system the state takes part of the payment which I re ceive for the use of the house; which is a robbery by the state of part of the products of my labor for the house is the creation of ray industry. The state now also takes part of what I get for the use of bare land and here it fails of its full duty, . i, ' - 'j' Were our present policy reversed jit would destroy speculation In, and pre vent forestalling , of land. It would put'; a stop to the dog-in-the-manger business in regard 'to, the earth qn which and from-which all must live. Every man - could have a home. The opportunities which the earth affords for employment would be opened, to all subject only' to the tax or premium which each one would have to pay for the- special advantages of location which he might possess over others and then all he produced wodjd be his without diminution by taxation. Every man would have a job either working for himself or another. There would be no need , for trade unions and every shop would be an "open shop." THOMAS HUNT. Kennedy, Ohio. "STRONGER WITHOUT US." Editor Independent: Single taxers who may be disposed to support Judge Parker, may find some food for thought in the statements of Frederick II. Monroe of Chicago, president of the Henry George association, relative to a recent interview Mr. Monroe had with the candidate of Wall street. Says Mr. Monroe: "The democratic nominee was at supper when I called. His private sec retary received mo with urbanity and Invited me Into I tie library. It Is a large room with books lining the walls. While waiting for Judge Parker to come In I wax Interested In looking over some of the Mien, thinking thus to get an Inkling of the Judge's tastes or literary bent. Hut hli bookshelves gave no. hint whatever on that more. 1 1 tit library might have been ordered In a lump without ae-lectlon for all the nuKgfHtlon It Rive of the eminent JurUt'M predilection!!, "JudKft Parker knew my relation from my card II Knew that I wan th priKl.lent of the Henry (Jeorge ai fcorlatUm and when I lull mated that I had called to ascertain at first hands his attitude toward the radicals he said he understood. But he didn't for a moment try to deceive me into believ ing that he had any sympathy with radicalim. 'Frankly,' - he said, while of course I hope your people will con tinue voting our ticket, as they have been doing at least since 1884, I believe we are stronger without you than with you. It;was a brutal sort of frank ness, of course; but I admired it never theless. "He is exceedingly conservative on the tariff. "Everi' the Wilson-Gorman tariff was too radical for him. He would not go so far and he practically said that he Would prefer to let the tariff alone except for a few slight modifications. Nor was he much more radical regarding the trusts and imper ialism. He admitted that his chief ob jection to Roosevelt was based on the president's somewhat riotous disregard of the constitution. As a jurist this pained him." Now let all single taxers renew their faith in the democratic party. II. W. NOREN. Allegheny, Pa. Much for Little A Myriad Attractions for a Small Price. No circus ever exhibits in New York except Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth and those in which Mr. Bailey Is Interested in. Nothing else need be said But the Madison SVpiare Garden in New York, big as it is, is not large enough to contain all of It. It is only under the enormous tents on the road, which have foot resta for every scat, that the huge affair can be seen to perfection, Every large citv of America is visited by Barnum & Bailey, for their greatest patronage is derived from the Intelli gent and educated classes of the peo ple, as the wonderful attractions and feature appeal to the refined every where. In the menageries one can see giant and dwarf animals cf all Mud, wttnea the wonderful power of man over the brute creation, as shown In the marvellous prformanctii of the troupea cf wild bcasta, doing every thing at the ord of command of a eaponIen trainer, Beside, ail the tae are of anlmaU propetly r!aU I fiwl, m that the umllt child can readily comprehend the: different species while those studiously inclined will find ample material for study in the living human curiosities and as sembly of freaks.. Herds of elephants, open dens of wild beasts, droves of camels, 500 superb horses, ponies, zebras, quaggas, a herd of giraffes, baby elephant, and, animals in leash, are distributed ' everywhere. Three rings, three stages, a racing track, be sides a veritable cobwebs of aerial ap paratus, are required to show all the acts . of the . varied , entertainments. Certainly in no other show can so much be s-een for so little, and no mat ter what the admission price charged, it would Ftill be the cheapest show to visit, because one .can see so much, learn so much, and go away all the nappier lot the visit. Among the many other nw and novel performances in the ring are the high-jumping horse contest, Ancilottti looping the gap, hico and Solo performing a carrying act on oue wheel. Volo, the Volitant, and tumbling and leaping tourna ments, not mentioning anything aout the novel ucc'rA feats by the cham pions of all countries. Twenty cham pion bareback riders, all in fact of any consquence to be had, are a mag nificent addition to a long list of ex pert performers. , The new street parade with dozens of novel allegorical floats will take ylnce in the morninR. All will be here undivided on Tuesday. September 13. Watson's Napoleon. Among Mr. Watson's writings one of the most Interesting Is his history of Napoleon It Is a splendid study of a great genius. There does net live a man whe will not be enlarged In his thinking proc esses, thero does not live a boy who will not he made more ambitious by honest study of Watson'e Napoleon. If you want the best obtainable, mont readable, most intelligent, moKt genuinely American study of this great character, read Watson' his tory of Napoleon. The book retail at $2.25. At that figure The Independent la prepared to aupply Ua reader. . Addrcai all or ders to The Independent, Lincoln, Neb.