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MAItCH 30, 1905. XJhs Nobrasko. Indopondont Direct Legislation. (Continued from page 7.) ter will be treated at length In de bate. It Is right that it should be. Both the republican party and the democratic party are pledged to the In itiative and referendum. The people demand it and the demand bf the peo ple will be heeded. . ; . f . , Reasonable.it is that on bo vital a question there should be difference of opinion. Within the week we have seen on the floor of the house spirited advocacy of one form of bill and oppo sition to another. Mainly, the point in dispute' is the proportion of voters that shall have the say with reference to submission to the people of matters af fecting their interests when the initia tive and referendum finally shall have become a part of the constitution of this state. - ' Out of it all from among the bills that are before the senate and house there should come a measure that is acceptable to all. " . - Colorado From the Denver Times. The initiative and referendum bill Introduced by Senator Campbell Jan. 2G to amend article 5 of the constitu tion of the state and invest the people of the state with the legislative power, which is now held entirely by the two houses of the general assembly, is one of the most important that is coming up for consideration at this session. It provides that 10,000 voters of the Btate may by petition require that any net of the legislature be referred to the next general election, and that no law properly petitioned for shall go Into effect until the people of the state shall have passed on it. One-third of the. members of each house of .the general , assembly shall have the power to refer any act to the electors at the next genetal election, not held'within two months of the date of filing the proper petition with the secretary of state. No law approvediby a majority, vote of the electors shall be held to be un constitutional nor can it be repealed or. amended unless by a similar vpte of electors. South Dakota The people of South Dakota have Bigned and filed with the secretary of state, a petition signed by eight thou sand voters for a direct primary la. Under -the" direct legislation provision In that state's constitution the legisla ture must pass it and submit it to the people to enact or reject. Arkansas j..Mr. S. L. Mcser, who formerly worked so hard with the Missouri leg islature, has moved to Raymer, Ark. The member from his district, the Hon. X. O. Pindel, will heartily support a direct legislation measure and if Hon. E. R. Arnold, who has been pre paring one, does not introduce it, Mr. Pindel will and such an amendment stands a good chance of passing. applied to contractors on public work was declared unconstitutional. Hence a movement to amend tho constitution itself so as to permit such municipali ties as desire it to put an eight-hour law Into effect wljl engage the working men's attention generally. Eight hours, however, is but one feature of the pro posed amendment. It also provides for charters for the cities, to be adopted by the , referendum, and. amendments to charters by ' the same system. If New York city could have a charter framed for itself, by its own citizens, it would have a reform worth every thing else now called for in the name of municipal reform. - This proposed constitutional amend ment is the result of the labors of a special committee of New York's citi zens which was appointed last winter at a mass meeting held in Cooper Union. Among the more active mem bers are J. G. Ager, president Reform club; ex-Congressman John De Witt Warner; ex-Senator John ' L. Ford; Asplnwall Hodge, Professors Frank Goodenow and II. L. Kirschweg, of Columbia University; Charles Sprague Smith and Milo Roy Maltbie. The ac tive labor members of the committee were Charles Oberwager and J. W. Sullivan. The Central Federated union of New York and the Brooklyn Central Labor union have both indorsed the amend ment, as have other central labor bod ies in the state. Maine Mr. Clark of Hancock introduced in the senate of the state of Maine on Jan. 26, an admirable constitutional amendment, establishing a people's veto through the optional referendum and a direct initiative by petition and at general elections. It was referred to the judiciary committee. . A FARMERS' UNION. ' Illinois . " From the Chicago Record-Herald. Senator Campbell of Cook today in troduced a bill at the request of the referendum league of Chicago to en able yoters of political subdivisions of the state to approve or reject any . measure that may be passed by the law-making bodies." Only appropria tion and emergency measures are ex cepted. , This bill, should it become a law, will make it possible for the league to ; procure, a referendum to the people of any' measure it may see fit to advo cate, whether passed by the legisla 1 ture, by the Chicago city council or the lawmaking body of any town' or jfcity in rthe state. it Michigan 'rom the Detroit Journal. . J. The referendum clause is attached ..to nearly every bill or resolution this .year where the constitution allows.it. I This , legislature is more than willing ,o resign' a large share of its respon sibility to the people, especially in lo- i cal measures. i . . . ' New York .' From the Garment Workers' Journal, t No matter has recently been the sub- iHmion men of the state of New York J than the decision of the court of au ; peals by which the eight-hour law as HEADACHE 1 fir I , ., , .f,. .f-',, , -,fuisrKM m At B 4m 2S De 25c. J Rhode Island The Rhode Island people do not give up. Though their beloved governor, Dr. Garvin, was corruptly defeated for fte-election last November, they have again introduced the amendment for popular initiative on constitutional amendments and are urging its pas sage. At a hearing given on Feb. 9, General Chas.t R. Brayton, the repub lican state boss, sent a letter opposing it, in which he said that the proposi tion would be dangerous and unpopu lar, first, because it submits import ant matters to the people, without sanction of any authoritative or re sponsible body, such as the legisla ture; second, that it impairs the per manence of the constitution, and in terferes with the doctrine of consti tutional limitations. Beside it permits a danger of the adoption, as a part of the constitution, of matters proper only for statute; that different persons might submit amendments of similar scope, but con flicting in details, at one and the same time, and all of them be adopted. Also, that petitioners may all be from one section of the state, and that a wholly new constitution, or several articles of amendments, might be submitted as a specific amendment. Another important objection which was raised by General Brayton, is that little interest is taken by the average person in constitutional questions, and therefore the people, by voting unin telligently on questions .submitted to them, would not have their sentiments respected to any extent. When the hearing got under way, ex Governor Garvin made some remarks in which he said, as reported by the Providence Journal: "The" proposed amendment provides that 'any 5,000 voters, by filing with the secretary of state a petition for a specific constitutional amendment, may1 have that amendment' submitted to the people for their adoption or re jection by majority vote. This is to inject? no new principle into our re publican form of government. On the contrary, it is calculated to carry out the intent of the founders of American institutions that the organic law should be directly within the control of the people. ; "For the fundamental law the refer endum already exists. What this reso lution proposes is to add to that the popular initiative. The effect of this pending amendment, if made a part of our constitution, plainly would be to place the constitution of the state under the direct, but deliberate, con trol of a majority of the qualified elec tors. It is essential to our scheme of government. -The departure from the original design of the revolutionary statesmen has been the cause of the many admitted evils which have arisen in the government of our cities, states and nation." . Demand Fair Treatment of Railroads Do Their Own Business Editor Independent: I believe that in our modest little town of Somers, In Calhoun county, in northwest Iowa, was Inaugurated a movement which will spread over all the mighty grain raising regions of this country before a short half decade rolls around. It will do' this; because the country is ripe for it. It' will do this because there is opposition which will make every farmer a fighter' and an orga nizer in a spirit of manly independ ence and as a rebuke to the forces which now attempt to thwart, by fair means and by foul, every action pro ducers would take to reap just bene fits. ' ' We farmers at Somers have formed a union. Each of the school districts sent delegates to the township meet ing. . Ours is more than a township union, because farmers in their eager ness to organize and get their rights, came from various towns in Calhoun and Webster counties. We will have our own elevator. We will do our own shipping. We will meet the sel fish demands of the middlemen and the indifference of railroads, with united action so strong, they will be forced to respect us. And here, brother farmers, is the se cret of the great enthusiasm in Iowa for a perfect and powerful organiza tion of grain raisers, viz.: the dis covery that on every hand there is a hot-bed of opposition to independent action by farmers. There is an iron clad Grain Dealers'" association with its agents at our home station to fix a price and a weight and a method of handling for the grain we raise, the hour it is hauled from, the farm to the railroad. If you escape the grain buyers, or rebel at the tax of the mid dleman for shipping your grain, and poor fool farmer think you can ship it yourself to the open market, of the world you next run , up against the railroad opposition. First, you can not get a car for a farmer shipment, though you get on your knees in the mud to ask for it. Second, if you show fight and demand cars from the traffic officials of the road, you will find them switched alongside a ditch or a bank, at the end of a week's time, where they can not be loaded. Third, if you fight on and load the cars and bill them to Chicago, Minneapolis or Kansas City, the influence of the op position will force delays in transit, and the benefit of a good market for the grain may be lost. Fourth, if you attempt to have some of your wrongs righted by law,' a member of the state legislature, with his pocket full of passes, may arise in the state jhouse as he did in Nebraska only' a few days ago and declare that "if the law mak ing body passes such a statute recog nizing a state farmers' association, it should have erected in its memory a monument built of asses' skulls." . Farmers, this is no dream. It is no impossibility. It is not a time for half-hearted work. Nor do we want professional organizers who are look ing for fat salaries. It is the hour for farmers to work for themselves, work among themselves and reap the bene fits themselves. We all know some thing about politics. It is no harder to form a farmers' union than to attend a town meeting for political purposes. Let us show to the world that farmers are intelligent enough to organize sys tematically, .school districts, towns ships, counties, states and nation; but Your Heart Mrfy Be Weali. Ono Person in Four Has a We all Heart. One . of the . surest .signs of a weak heart Is shortness of breath after exercise. . Tour heart Is not able to pump tha blood fast enough to your lungs. ' Some of .the other symptoms of Heart Trouble are: Pains, in the Side, Back and Shoulder; Fainting or Weak Spells; Dry Cough; Swelling of Feet and Ankles; Cold Feet or Hands. No one can afford to allow a weak heart to go without medicine, because weak heart means poor circulation, and poor circulation mean3 weak lungs," Btomach, liver, kidneys, etc. If, therefore, you suspect heart trouble, begin taking Dr. Miles' 'New Heart Cure. The Heart Cure will do you good, as It Is a .splendid tonic for the blood and nerves, and will revitalize your entire system. Finally, remember, Dr. Miles' New Heart Cure is sold under a guarantee that the first bottle will (do you good. It it doesn't your money back. "I was afflicted with heart trouble for three years. I would be apparently all right, and without a moment's warning would fall as though shot. The attacks were frequent, and a terrible dread pos sessed me, as I never knew when or where, nor under what conditions T would be attacked, and whether 1 would survive them. I consulted . and was treated by some of the most eminent physicians of the state. Not finding re lief from this source," I began taking Dr. Miles' New Heart Cure, and began to improve at once. I used ten bottles, which entirely cured me, as I have not had an attack -for five yea'rs." MRS. fOHN DRESBACK, I.eipsie, O. PI? "FIT1 Write to us for Free Trial C XV.Ci.Cj package of Dr. Miles' Anti Pain Pills, the New Scientific Remedy for Pain. Also Symptom Blank. Our Specialist will diagnose your case, tell you what is wrong, and how to right it. Free. DR. MILES MEDICAL CO LABORATORIES, ELKHART. IND. let us commence right now to attend to our own business and serve notice on all opposition that we are ready to fight for our rights, first of all, the profits . from the marketing of what we raise. ; Already the leaven of fear and re spect is working on the opposition. It comes to me direct that a wealthy and retired member of the great Chi cago grain exchange said to his asso ciates .recently, "You need not jeer at this farmer movement. They are dreadfully in earnest. It is going to win. ' Western farmers find so much against them that they are going to work for . themselves hereafter." -" You start a union at your country school house. Urge those you can reach to stir up the . other districts, and they 'will all rally quickly for a township union. This sort of begin ning in ten thousand towns will soon spread, and. the country will be on fire for state and national organiza tion. V . . . : I most heartily urge every intelli gent producer to put on his thinking cap, his fighting clothes . and let us make a thorough and profitable job of this voluntary farmer organization. W. H. LOTSPEICH, President, Somers, Iowa, Farmers' Shipping Association. .. Somers, Iowa. : I Cure Stomach and Bowel Troubles or no pay. Send symptoms of any disease you may have or for symptom blank to fill out. Pay when cured. You have nothing to risk. Address Kobt. T. Gamble M. D. 529 Racine Ave. Chicago. Massachusetts A public policy act similar to. the Illinois one giving an advising refer endum has been introduced In Massa chusetts' legislature. It has the back ing of Governor Douglass and a fair 9 ffil V TU. V is u&tiHn the : ry natfori.it lis the Av Standard Typewriters vi , . ..... t T ' : : r - A. ' , Kemingiun; 'Typewriter Company 4L W Oliver Theatre Bldg.f Lincoln, Neb.1619 Farnam St., Omaha, Neb. chance of passage.