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Gr HobracfxoT independent
UARCH 30, 1905. PAGE 1 long to man, to him who changes the crude raw material Into merchandise. The farmer, under this just system, yvould take as much land as he needs for cultivation and pay out of the har dest, in grain, stock, etc., the amount assessed, as he now does. The build ings, improvements, everything he himself creates out of the surplus of profit, above the land tax, should be his private property to use, sell or .be queath as he is minded to.- Thus, you see; we will have suc ceeded in shifting taxation from the economic capacity of theetaoinshrdl economic earning capacity of the far mer, as a person, back on to the earn ing capacity of his land. This system would abolish, of course, all indirect taxation of man and bring the taxes down to the low est amount. The reason for that re sult is that land values can not be concealed and everybody would watch tax assessments to be paid In cash. If, then, you can rent all the land you need for money-making purposes and have the priority right to keep it as long as you need it, or your offspring needs it, the idea is feasible and it is now in practical use for years in large areas in Australasia. Some American modification of this so-called single land tax system will no doubt have to be developed by us as a matter of self protection against the rapacity of the Christian men who now control the land resources of America and build on that foundation a caste of monopo lists which will destroy our democracy even as the Roman patricians de stroyed that democracy, by shifting taxation from the land they controlled on to the people, who in turn had to come back to the patrician owners of the land for a chance to make a living. A. WANGEMANN. Edgewater, Chicago, 111. DIRECT LEGISLATION SOME LEGISLATIVE NOTES Never has there been such activity as this year in introducing an4 push ing direct legislation measures. Only a few of these come to my desk but I give here a few clippings showing this activity and I begin with the Pa cific coast and come east as there is more ' activity in the west than east. I will be glad of any slippings or news. Send to Eltweed Pomeroy, East Orange, N. J. California , : "'; From the Sacramento Bee. - The senate and assembly commit tees on constitutional amendments held a meeting in the assembly chamber Jan. 22, at which the pro posed constitutional amendments now before the legislature looking to the adoption of the Initiative and f refer endum were discussed. There was. a fair attendance of members of both branches of the legislature, together with a number of citizens interested In the movement. , Speaker Frank C. Prescott, of the assembly, introduced - Dr. ' George Gates, president of Pomona college, as chairman of the evening. Dr. Gates made a short introductory speech, in which he said he was deep ly interested in the question of ' direct legislation, viewing it from the stand point of a moralist and educator. He then introduced George H. Dun lap of Hollywood, secretary of the direct legislation league. Dunlap .said his object was to explain the purposes of the proposed constitutional amend ments now before the legislature. One amendment proposes the initia tive and referendum in the cities and counties of the jstate, and another in Cities I and counties consolidated gov ernments. " : i In the latter class only matters re lating, to franchises ana the drawing of contracts can be. acted upon, while that proposed for the state, outside of consolidated cities and counties, is more general and permits of a wide range of subjects being voted upon di rectly. . - . A. R. Sprague of this city was; then introduced. He said direct legislation is the! most advanced step in. , this democratic country. -When a certain . pencentage of voters believe a certain law should be enacted they can pre sent it to the electors, but if it is not adopted the matter ends there for a time, at-' least. ' v ' The initiative, without the referen dum," would be worse than useless, for the majority must rule to insure the safety of the community. - r ", 4 ; In the' course of Tils remarks, Mr, Sprague" said: ? ; ' - '-' '. "Popular. . government . must always rest, if' it is to be .safe and stable, up on the will of the majority, and what ever plan can be adopted to ascertain more clearly and definitely what this will of the majority is helps in the very highest degree to the perm,anen cy of true democracy. ' ""The' public may think it is voting fnr a certain course of political action when they endorse a platform by vot ing for', the candidates of the conven tion adopting the platform. But some wise politician has remarked (after the election) a platform is made to get off from. This Is so often what it is used for that it Is an absurdity to say that it affords assurance to the voter endorsing it that' ta declarations will later be realized in law." ; . '. Corrupt Legislation v i Colonel H. Weinstock, of this city, followed, saying he ; would confine Himself to two points made by the opponents of direct legislation: That the referendum destroys the respon sibility of the members of a legisla tive body, and second, that there is no need of the referendum. .Colonel Weinstock said it might as pell be urged that the responsibility mmB' STALLIONS A ' of superior courts or constitutional bodies is destroyed. He held the fear of Incurring the disfavor of the people would still remain with legislative bodies, even if the referendum be adopted. ; The weak spot in our government is not In its federal aspect, but in its municipal, government, where cor ruption, fraud and bribery run riot. The people of the municipality have given over their rights to a few, and the rich corporations and the power ful rich have control, practically of the local legislative bodies-.. The only way to stamp out this de plorable condition is to adopt the ref erendum. , ; v The members, of the legislature are not being asked to say they favor the referendum, but; are asked to permit the people to say whether they favor it. v - Character of Advocates Dr. John R. Haynes of Los4Angeles, president of the state direct legisla tion league, was then introduced. Dr. Hayne said two years ago he had presented to the legislature a peti tion signed by 22,000 people asking that practically the-same amendments as are now proposed be submitted to the people. - By a vote of 65 to 1 the amendments were adopted in the assembly at the last session, but they failed of the ne cessary two-thirds vote In the senate, As showing the, character of those favoring direct legislation, Dr. Haynes ran over the list of vice presidents of the state league, mentioning promi nent men In all walks of. life. Its advocates are not cranks or faddists, Dr. Haynes declared, but hard-headed men of intelligence! Every; paper and periodical in Los Angeles, save one, is in favor of the initiative and referen dum. ' ; ' ' 7 ; Oregon ha3 adopted direct legisla-. Jtion by a. vote of 12 to 1, Illinois by 5 to 1, and Nevada last November fell in line. " r Not a New Proposition Chauncey H. Dunn; president of the law and order league of this city was the last speaker. Some seem to think the initiative and referendum is a new proposition, but it is not, he said. Di rect legislation has been in force in some of the cantons of Switzerland for thirty years. ? ' - Here in California what is known as the obligatory referendum has been in practice since the adoption of the new constitution." Under this obliga tory referendum the constitution of the state can not be amended without submitting the amndement to the people- for their ' approval. . ' ' .j The initiative is hot new in this state, for in cities, operating under freeholders' charters 15 per cent of the electors can compel the legislative body to submit to the people a pro posed amendment to the charter. : ; Mr.' Dunn said the people should keep-the final say as to what shall be done in the way rf municipal and county legislation, -and not turn it over to men-whom they have elected to orhce, as is now done. , The initia tive and referendum will safeguard the people's interests absolutely, he declared. ' ' -o ' ' The people of America boast that theirs is self-government, but as a matter of fact there is little of self- government as it is now, the speaker said. He closed his address by refer ring to the success with which direct legislation operates in Switzerland. -, -The meeting closed wltb some ad ditional remarks by Mr. Dunlapwho delt with 1 some-' of " the -objections raised against direct' legislation. Cheer apt lams' roc ar bIoomini. Tin. so sre his iMpttek(i" ittlllom (orer !!). Th kind he elH at flOOOJMOMft lew higher.) Iami' bami are ut all to th roof" with "topMtehers" and lama baa on hUlllnj UtbM" etery dar(alwayi at home.) Gat baay Lawson! "Get next" to Iam the "1I honvmaa." lie own and aclla mora 1st class stalllont than any man In U. 8. He li" "stirring op the anlmala." He has "eompatltora at . on tba roof' watching him sell "top aoteh.ra" at COcta on tho dollar. lama hypnotiaaa hU bnyers wi in "is'.u" sound, bis "paaehaa and w.m" stallions at 1U Pflco." (He don tw Jsh he e ai your whole inrally for one stRltlon.) rranalod Flnaneo Is a warm bunch" but it i t lOOO to 1 11 you visit fam s and will rr cash or glre bankable note you will poaltlTalr buy a staltloo of him and aaa $1000. lams sells stallions honor" must be as represented. lams nas 104--Black Percherons, Belgians, Coachers--104 2 to 6 years old. w't 1700 to 26C0 lbs,; 90 per cent hlack. 60 per cent toa fcorses. A JJ approved, stamped, (stallions that you can make J1000 serrlce lees in one yr.) WWJ400;" "ien.tioDl atAlllona" of Iam. Better than one your neighbors paid 4000 for. It s a "elnch" that "lams" will sav you 1 1000 and sell you a "inonoy maker rwi Farmer Ikeyl What arlh Kraft" these "gold brlek atalllon aaUsmen" are working on the "honoit firmer", telling 4th rate stallions at 2O0O to 16000 with rt" guarantee lams the reliable Importer and Breeder sells "top notchera" so good, bit? and cheap trial they don't need to he "peddled" to he sold. lams sell, direct to "osara" at his home borni, saves buyers all commlaalons and mlddle-man'a profits," 51000-SAVED AT IAMS-$1000 ee whiz. Teddv, lan s"maka good- every statement In add or catalog. Guaranteea stallions as good or better than pictur?. In catalog or pay. yoa $100 for trouble to see stallions, lams Is a "born horaeman" (one not made to order. The HOME OF THE WINNERS s noted for "sensational" wlnnors. lams buys prize winners In Karope. He owns every lit 2nd rand sweepstake, winners in all ages at 1904 state fair. In P.reheron., Belgl". Coach, lams has'a "wnaatlonal stallion show" daily, iie shipped 100 stallions by "apoolat XtiUiljZ"- stallion, yourself. Take no "g.ld brick atal. lion saU.min'e wlrd. Look out for "knocker.." lams has "tha goods" youred abonU His ertablUhmenrrs worth golnrf 2000 miles to see.) lams makes competitor, "holler " He U i knMklnS ?Xlgh price." out of the "Xma. tree" on 1st class atalllon.. Iaros saws wood. "BUt 'q&IM !. W" "200 stallion, are m.ch better than one our nelehbor naid thoe Ohio men J4000 for. (Then I can wear the diamonds.) lams speaks the UnpuaLesbuys dect lrom bre.dera-pays no buyer., salesmen or Interpreter, has no 2 to W men n8 nartners to dMde profits with. Bit 23 fears of suctessiul business makes him a safe man o dc business with " IamS guarantees to sefl a better stallion at J1000Jl4f.K) than .are sold to Stock Co ?or 52600 to $5000 by .lick salo.m.n" or pay you 100 for trouble, you Judge. . . lams pays horses freight, bnyers fare, gives 60 pe. cent breeding guarantee. Write for "eye openor." Greatest catalog on eattb, Kelerences: St. Paul State Kank and Citlaena National Bank. I A WIS St. Paul, Nebraska Percberon an d Shire Stallions . 1 ' W hen you go to buy a horse stop t Lincoln, Nebraska and see Wat ron Woodtl-ros. & Kelley's l'ercherons and Bhlrei. 60 head on hand, rend lor besutiiol photographs oi latent importation, and price list. , These ru iree to all who mention The Independent. Address . WATSON WOODS BROS. & KELLY, Lincoln, Kib 021 .mm. PRICE . EXPLillHED FOR $21.00 TO $23.00 lie ROAD WAGONS .1 IS34.00 lo$38)0, I prTct. ftnd why we can sell TOP BUGGIES, similar te one Hlu.tr.tetf, HAVE BEEN WIPC.LT ADVERTISED, HOW BUGGIES ean be offered at thee l bnKKlM and all other rehlclei at murb lower price than any other house la all tally explained la oar POUR BIG FREE VEHICLE CATA kwnvui Kiut uits aa. out auci kiiu to oi unit yoa will recelTB by return mall. Free, Peat paid. FOUR BIG VEHICLE OATALOOUCI nowlnsr tiie most complete line of erervthlmr in Buggies, Itoad Wagons. Carts, Sutreye, rlinnioiit. Curriafrea, Light and Heavy Wagons, Vehicle, of all kinds, also everything la Uarnexs. Saddles 'and Saddlery, all shown In large handsome half-tone UluBtratlons.full descriptions and all priced at price much lower than any other boose can possibly make. WITH THE FOUR FREE CATA- I ftfMICC you wtlr receive the most a.taolsliint LyUUCa Buasr Offer ever heard of. a new and AtWshin? crooOTltlon. How others call offertop hunrleg at 121.00 to 123.00 and why we can sell at much lower price than all other, will be fully explained. . We will ex plain Why weshlpaoa. to make freight charges amount to next to nothing. We will explain why we are the only fnakers oi dealers In the world that can ship buggies the day we receire your order. Our Free Trial Offer. Our vf Alter Received Term. Our Blndtnf Guarantee are all explained when we send roe the FOUR FREE CATALOGUES. uaifP VAII Alltf IICC CAD k nilPPVO ltrouhae. dntal1 to cut this sd.out today and mall teu. HAVE YOU ANT USE rOK A UUbUl I lfreucan tu.eaTopBuforat.ny price, call your neigh bors attention to this announcement Don't buy any kind of a bugjy yntir lw cut i this ad. out and send to ua aadfttal'oarBlR;FieaUioirBs.thertllbalor,tfci'rryUUt CC1QC RACRIICK fi CO.- ii i iS2 prtiKIUM, err7lidag f xpUincd, all frM for UU aaiM- Write today. SfLAIi! nU;to U WUsf ILUHOIS. From the Oakland Enquirer. ' The bill for direct- legislation through the initiative and referendum appears to have the support of many progressive men of all shades of poli tical opinion. It Is almost cer- tain that the; legislature iwilh pass fa vorably on the measure; . .'.:!.'.. . Oregon ;7- ' From the Portland (Ore.), Telegram. Senator Howe has introduced a Dill that "carries a number of amendments to the initiative and, referendum la-was it stands on the statute '. books at the. present time. - Many, of r these changes are in order that the law may be more easily carried out, but, an im portant leature is namea. , ! , It will permit friends or. opponents of any measure to .have their4 argti- t'- .v'' ments printed Dy the state at me ex pense of the, people having, the mat ter in hand instead of having the par-; ties -having their own arguments print ed and then submitted. . The' bill also does away with the "necessity for hay ing it printed in at. least one news paper in each judicial district, and also abolishes the printing of the gov ernor's proclamation as to the vote on any measure.- . . , r Senator Brown ell has introduced, a bill enlarging the powers of the . peo ple in municipalities to use direct leg islation, f . , ; .., f.' : : ' . '. -. i Montana ;i" From the Helena Record. , . Deep interest centers in the discus sion that, next Tuesday, will take place in the house in connection with the initiative and referendum. Legis lation on that, head is made a special order for that day. Doubtless the mat- ( Continued' on page 14.) :., i t: , if 'J i. .. t i Examine the date - with the address on the wrapper of your paper and If ' your subscription 13 delinquent, please remit. , v.;:; '. , : ; HORSE COLLARS ' VVPO N sw s r s .tw -m AS K YOUR DE aue r TO SHOV TJlf H BEFORE. YOU BUY.- ! ii : . MANUFACTURED Bf ' ; H AftPHAM BROS.COa ' Lincoln Neb. Would You Better Your Ccndltb? We have an article that sells Itself. Agents make $5 per day. Others are. why not you? -Write today forv full particulars. Send two two-cent stamps to WESTERN FLY-GUARD 130.; ' 30 Burr Blk Lincoln. Neb.