MARCH 30, 1905.
Uh& Nobraskcx Independent
Che Nebraska Independent
132S 0 STREET
centered according to Act of Congress March
S, 179, at the roe (office at Lincoln, Nebraska, M
ccond-clasa mail matter.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY.
M ii i i sua
SI. 00 PER YEAR
: When making remitUncea do not lewt
Money with news agencies, postmasters, etc.
to be forwarded by them. They frequently
forget or remit .a different amount than waa
left with them, and the aubacribex faila to get
Address ell ecaniunicationa, and mako ail
drafta, money orders, eft,payable to
,tl)t tttbraskt Indtptn&tnt,
Anonymous comm'r jications will not ha
katiced. Rejected manuscripts will, net ba
T. H. TIBBLES, Editor.
C. Q. DE FRANCE, Associate Editor.
P. D. EAGER, Business Manager.
. Ohio democrats are now looking for
a Moses to lead their disorganized
forces to another brilliant defeat.
Six men have been killed in the
prize fighting ring in Philadelphia.
The prize fight is a regular thing in
that republican town. , ; , v
The Delaware legislature; -has ad
journed and Addicks still holds it dead
locked. He had more voles in the leg
islature than any other republican and
declares that he will go to the senate
yet",; . "n' i.'w '."-- ;
. Colonel Henry ; Wattef son of the
Louisville Courier-Journal-, is in Spain
studying Spanish moonshine. The col
onel should not '.-forget while , there : to
confer with Spanish' politicians regard
ing a; definite plan of organization for
, the conservative democracy.;-;. :v .
Arkansas got after the., insurance
companies and made it so hot for the
trust that they had formed that 68 of
them threw up their licensps.. discharg
ed their agents and quit business in
the state. The trusts are getting some
hard knocks in .various places, in these
'United States lately. . r ' . . .. ,!
Representative , Townsend ,of , Michi
gan, declares that the, president will
call an extra session of congress in the
fall for the expressed purpose of push
ing his railroad bill through the sen
ate. Perhaps Mr. Roosevelt is. at
tempting to try some experiment on
' the wearied brains of his opponents. ,
' Two weeks ago Roosevelt appointed
Quarles, the most efficient, man the
railroads ever had in Wisconsin, a fed
eral judge, and, , last .. week, through
Elihu Root he offered a . judgeshipTo
Alton B. Parker, late . Belmont . candi
date for the presidency,,: in, the state
of New York. What sort of a man is
Roosevelt, anyhow? .',.'
Some of the Congregationalisms are
protesting against receiving the $100,
. 000 that John D. Rockefeller proposed
to give to fheir foreign missionary so
ciety, and it is rumored that he will
withdraw his offer. When an eastern
plutocratic church will not take John
D. Rockefeller's money there is some
thing in the wind, sure. Five years
ago any church would have taken his
In England whenever it becomes ap
parent that the government does not
represent the wishes of a majority of
the people, the parliament is dissolved
and a referendum is taken." In this
country hen it becomes apparent that
the government is in opposition to a
jnrijOrity of the people, the corpora
tions simply put up more money to
corrupt and bribe and the government
goes on the same as before.
Let Labor Have What It Produce ,
In connection with Mr. Kennedy's
article The Independent wishes to say:
Every worker should have all he pro
duces. No honest man denies that.
The question is how much is the prod
uct of the unaided bare hands. It Is
a very, small part of all that is pro
duced. There was never a greater
fallacy uttered than that labor pro
duces all wealth. The truth is that
while no wealth could be produced
without labor, any more than it could
be produced without land and sun
"light, it does not produce all wealth
One might as well say that sunlight,
or land, or rain produces all wealth as
that labor does. Labor is one factor
in the production of wealth. There
are many more. Starting out with
that false premise leads to a continu
ous series of errors. v
"I think that for a producer to get
all the wealth he could or would pro
duce would stimulate production rath
er than destroy ambition."
Under the collective ownership of
all the means of production and dis
tribution, the producer of wealth
would get nothing. What he produced
would belong, not to him, but to the
collectivity.' That, being the case the
motive to produce, inspired by the nat
ural instinct of ownership, would be
destroyed, and ambition would disap
pear. ' '. 1 :
"To be compelled to give up four
Here the same error enters. What
a worker produces, ' even if he owns
the machines and the land, is not the
sole result of his labor. It is the re
suit of the scholar in his study, the
chemist; in his laboratory, the school
teacher, the instructor in morals, the
statesman ' and ' ! a , ; - thousand ' other
things. : The fruits, ; the corn, the
wheat, the cattle, the -vegetables in the
garden, come' forth-hot alone from the
labor 'required in ; planting, cultivat
mg -lantdj ; harvesting, j -.but from the
thought and study 'of all the ages past.
The apple was once a crab, bitter and
astringent, the Poland , China, Berk
shire j or , Durpc Jersey : hog, not long
ago, was a raw-boned,! long-legged, big
snouted creature - entirely different
from what : we seei Jin the pens. now
arid, which .brings to Nebraska so much
wealth., Therf is something else that
.enters into that hog besides labor. It
seems .very strange that any intelligent
man should assert that labor produced
that hog. Without' labor it could not
have been produced, but there are
ten thousand, other thngs without
which jit could not have been produced,
of , anyone of which it could be said
that it produced that hog as truly as to
say that labor produced it. Of the
labor that enters into; the production
of, that hog, but a very small part is
the labor of this generation. It is the
labor of thej ages since man, existed
that makes much more of the value,
than that of the man who raised it. If
the man who raised the1 hog appropri
ated t all, he! would be taking much
that he did not produced The world
a large, takes that part that he did
not produce and leaves the hog raiser
only the portion that he did produce.
At Jeast, that is what it pretends to
do, but it takes m6re, and it does it
by. means of monopolies, trusts, tariffs,
extortionate freight rates, and exces
sive taxation. . That man should have
what his labor produced. Under so
cialism and the common ownership of
everything, he would only be a com
mon owner along with 80,000,000 oth
ers, many of whom do not produce.
The more one. reflects upon this
primary postulate of socialism, the
more unfair and wrong it appears.
The labor of the hands produced but
a small part of the wealth of the
world. Wealth is to a very large de
gree the product of the mind. The
enormous output of steel is largely
the product of mind. The new process
by which it comes frorm the mills in
lots of hundreds of ton?, and without
which our present railroad system
could not exist, was a product of mind.
How much of the value of steel is the
product of the men who work in the
mills? Can anyone say that the value
of steel belongs wholly to the men who
mine the ore and smelt and fashion
the steel? Does not part of that value
equitably belong to the fchool teacher
who taught those men and gave to
their brains intelligence? Does not
part of it belong to the chemists, the
philosophers, the inventor who have
preceded them? .
Let every man have for his own, not
as an 80-millionth part cwner, but. for
himself alone, all the wealth tljat he
produces, but don't let him set up a
claim to wealth that he never pro
duced, and don't let him be robbed of
what wealth he produces by means of
tariffs, trusts and railroad extortion.
In regard to what would be done
with railroad presidents under govern
ment ownership, and it is strange that
any man should raise such a question,
it may be said that they would still be
railroad presidents just as they are
now.. They would be in the service of
Uncle Sam instead of Hill, Harriman,
Gould and Rockefeller. That would be
true of all . railroad employes. There
would be no strikes and the railroads
would be out of politics, just as the
postoffice is out of politics. Politicians
would pay their fare witb just as much j
certainty as. they now put a stamp on
a letter if they expect it to be trans
ported in the mails. ,:
t ". . Figured It All Out.
Universal disgust", is expressed
among republicans all-over the state
in regard to the . present legislature.
They will everywhere assert that it is
a corporation body, that the state offi
cers are like the legislature, tuat tab
conventions of the republican party
are all manipulated by the railroads,
they will denounce the pass : system
and repeat with bitterness what pop
ulists have been saying about the re
publican party for the last leu yeaib.
After all that, if one . of them is cor
nered and is forced to answer the ques
tion whether he will continue to vote
the republican ticket with conventions
under the control of the railroad and
officers universally riding on passes,
he will answer yes. ; '
It is probable therefore,' that the
republican party will continue to rule.
A young lawyer in the northern part
of the state has figured it all out. He
says that the way to obtain office hi
Nebraska is to denounce the extor
tions of the trusts and railroads and
always stand in with the republican
party. What the people want is a
man who will always denounce the
railroads, ride on passes and always
vote the way the roads dictate. It will
never do for a man to vote against the
roads. The man who does is always
downed at the riext election. The.
same thing happens to a party that
does' that sort of thing. The young
lawyer gave as an illustration of the
last statement the manner in which
the people's party; was treated. That
party came into power by an accident,
went to work in the hardest times that
this state ever saw, and without in
creasing taxes one cent, paid off $600,-
000 of the state debt. Just: as soon
as the people could get a whack at
that party, they proceeded to knock it
cold and stiff. Then the republican
party came- into power in the best
times that the state had had for-two
decades, and increased the state debt,
with nothing to show for it, a million
and a half, in two years. The repub
licans denounced- that extravagance
with the same vehemence that they
are now denouncing pass grabbing,
and then proceed to elect an almost
solid republican legisalture. The
young lawyer continued his philoso
phising as follows:
"I am going into politics. I am go
ing to be a republican and denounce
the corporations and trusts with all the
spare breath that I have. I am going
to do that very thing and. always vote
just as the railroad magnates and
trust magnates tell me to. You Jnst
keep a watch on me and you will find
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cards and price list sent free on request
Nebraska Paint and Lead Co.
305-309 O Street, Lincoln, Nebr.
Have In Stock
500,00 Apple Trees, 100,000 Cherry "
Trees, " 80,000 Plum Trees, 100,000
Grape Vines; 600,000 Strawberry .
A large and complete line of small frnlts, Or
namentals, Roses, Evergreens, Shade Trees,
Weeplne trees, iorest tree seedlings, etc.
Our lruits won highest awards at Omaha, Porta
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We make a specially of hardy varieties which
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t-'atisfaction guaranteed. . Prompt access to
Catalogue mailed upon application. Your
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Fruitful Trees I"0" " '""T
Hllliona of Fruit And Vnrnut Tiaa nnM a-....
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bright Freight prepaid on (10 orders. Free Catalog.
6A6E COUNTY NURSERIES. BOX fiJa. bfjtricf bfmism
That will succeed in the Great Mid
West. Free Catalogue of Small Fruits.
W. A. ARMSTRONG & SONS,
t , Greenwood, Neh.
biir cram 3r
Apple, 4&c; Budded
Inge, $1 per
r - m
RDftlU aV .
cord U rapes,
per 100. We
tl.C0 and. 13.00 ,
HATCH EVERY EC.C USED
Will It do it? Aikoarpatront. i ' :
Mr. W. r. Or&ham, R. V. D. No. 1, New
Hartford, la. ; Mm. Erie Brack, Hennille, ;
. Kn. Send for FREE cU1oku, giviog Dun
LSfr- 30 DAYS TRIAL-
Buckeye Incubator Co. -; '
Box; 10. v Springfield, Ohio. !
r i . , 1 i1 ; i . iy,
Incubators and Brooders
Embrace nine orlsinal and dlntlnrJ: .
improvements not found in-othar
machine Inprenslnir thlr
producing v powers, - making theinl1
minf tnesMt to all um are all oenllird
. mour tw.frtt nteloftu. Write for it. 6en.ll.
Lee Co., Box 89, Onaha.-Neb.
IO80 For ,
Perfect in construction and
action. Hatchet ever; fertile
egg. Write for catalog to-day.
OEO. H. STAHL, Quincy. Ill
! In First Ra.nk
the First Yecr.
Incubator Johnson's 12 years making 50,000
, ' : other incubators put it there.
40 DAYS TRIAL.
6 YR. GUARANTEE. . " 1
The Incubator Man has new patents. He'll tell
yon in a personal letter what ' Old Trusty" is.
His bier Catalog and Advice Book handles
poultry raising in a practical way. And it shows
what Johnson hast done to high incubator
prices. Ask for it t It's Free. ;: ,
M. M. JOHNSON CO., Clay Ctnfsr, Neb.
rOiMfiTllI I ill
Brooko' Sure Cure
Brooks' . Appliance. New' FOR
discovery. Wonderful. Ho
obnozlons springs or pads.
Automatic Air Cushions.
Binds and draws the broken
parts together at you would
broken limb. No salves.)
Molymphol. No lies. Dur-I
able, cheap. Pat. Sept. 10, '01. 1
SENT ON TRIAL. I
8S00KS APPLIANCE CO., Bo 003 MABSHALL. UI0&
TIFFANY'S Sure Death f
Lice (Powder) sprinkled
In the nest keeps your
fowls free from ilee. Sprinkle
hen and the little chicks will
hare no lice. Tiffany 's Paragon
'Liquid" kills mites instantly.
Sprinkle bed for hogs, roopta .
for fowl6. Box powder for lit- -tie
turkeys and chicks post
Mid 10c. VTa want agents. .
THE TIFFANY CO.,
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