Newspaper Page Text
X3hs Nobraokcx Indopondcnt
ATOIL 6, 1905 PAGE I THE SPRING ELECTIONS They Show a Tremendous Advance In Populist Principles There never was such a city election as has just been held in Chicago. It brougnt out almost as many votes as a presidential contest and the cam paign was more vigorous than presi dential campaigns" usually are. Popu lism has made such ; advancement in Chicago that both candidates claimed to be advocates of municipal owner ship of city utilities. The democratic candidate, Judge Dunne, was for im mediate ownership, and the republican candidate was for granting franchises for a few years ten or fifteen until the city could be in a better position to take charge of the street car bust ness. Judge Dunne and immediate ownership won out with a majority of over, 25,000. In the city of Lincoln, Neb., the re publican machine went all to pieces, and here, where the republican's usual ly -have a thousand or two majority, the democratic candidate for mayor 'Was elected by over 500 majority. The labor union vote went almost solid for Brown and that was what did the business. Heretofore the labor union ists of Lincoln have almost unani mously voted the republican ticket and then spent the rest of the year cursing the men they elected and fight ing injunctions. -This year they voted together. The issue on the face of affairs was whether the saloon keepers should pay $1,000 for a license or $1, 500. As far as that was concerned the $1,500 license won out. A majority of the excise board is pledged for the higher amount. The really sur prising thing was that the labor union ists broke away and refused to vote er straight. Let Labor Have What It Produces Editor Independent: Congratulations on your editorial, "Let Labor Have What It Produces." You are doing a noble work. Eminent domain is a tacit admission that in . the last analy sis, society has a prior claim upon what the individual thinks he owns absolutely. , There is no absolute own- . ' ership except in society itself. Prac tically it is hard to determine just how much of a given product Is due to the individual and, how much to so- s ciety, past and present. But the eas iest way to solve the problem is to allow each to'own what he seems to have produced by his own effort, sub ject to a reasonable tax to maintain government in a state of efficiency. Your position is sound and it com pletely answers both socialists and sin gle taxers, who unite on the fallacy that the individual has an indefeasible right to what he produces by apply ing his energy to the land. It be that abstractly he has such a right but he can not show just what it was ; he produced solely by his own effort. Therefore, to tax him is not robbery " per se. ' Populism is now coming to the front as a rational system. It will solve these problems by compelling govern ment to perform its duty of transact - ing public business, while each pri vate person is permitted to attend to his own affairs with the least possible interference by government. It is not difficult to draw the line today be tween public and private business. In a hundred years the line might be drawn a little differently, because of changes wrought by .new inventions. But I do not believe either extreme in dividualism or extreme collectivism will ever prevail. Both socialists and single taxers pulling in opposite di rections are doing a good work, how ever, by calling attention to populism, the golden mean, the attainable, the possible, and probable. , ' . i , CHARLES Q. DE FRANCE. New York City, 'N.. Y. POPULISM IN ENGLAND Conditions There Are Desperate and Populism Is Only Relief The countess of Warwick and many more of the nobility and wealthy classes in England have united them selves with the , political movement known as social democracy, which is practically, the same thing as populism in this country. The cities in Great Britain which have adopted populist principles and where the municipality owns the street cars, water systems, lighting systems, telegraphs and tele phones; 'have much less suffering than in those cities where these things are .privately 1 owned. ; The purchasing "power of money is so great in England that it : makes a vast difference to a workman whether he pays a penny or a half penny twice a day for car fare, whether a bath costs two pence or six pence, whether his light costs two shillings or four shillings a month. In the cities that have taken over the public utilities the cost of all these things have been reduced almost one- half, which is equivalent to a great rise la wages. One-half of the family may bo out of work and the other half, on account of the public owner ship' and cheap rates of the public necessities, can keep the wolf from the door. It is along that line that the reformers In England are working. The distress is very great But Eng land will have to take hold of the money and land system, that is, adopt the full populist program, if any gen eral and permanent relief is obtained. The Springfield Republican, in speaking of this movement in England says: "The countess of Warwick has joined the social democratic federa tion, moved thereto by her distress at the enormous number of people out of work and actually starving. In London the conservative estimate is 100,000, and many reckon it as 150,000; and extreme penury is to be found in every city of England. The countess is now engaged in addressing working men's meetings in the poorest quarters of London, and , at some of these the more desperate have counseled ex treme measures, and advised that mobs should take what is needed to live, since nothing Is done to relieve the present want. "The countess appeals to the gov ernment' and the wealthy classes, as suring them that they will be forced to meet the demands of the desperate if they do not help willingly. Many leading citizens are awake to the needs of the hour and are subscribing liberally, and a committee has been formed to carry out a systematic scheme for providing, work, and it is work that the , self-respecting poor clamor for; they do not ask for alms. London papers the past winter have been full of cases where men and women were, brought before the court for being, known to have children or other dependents in a starving condi tion, only to be dismissed because the so-called delinquents are able to prove that they have been out of work for weeks, or, ' in some cases, many months, and the whole family is starv Ing. Temporary relief is almost no relief; soup kitchens do not restore the self-respect that would rather starve than beg, or afford the comforts of home or sufficient clothing. ' ' "It is of interest to observe, in this connection, the effect of the Brussels sugar bounty convention, to which England was a signatory, upon the condition 'of the poor. That the rise in the price of sugar in the London market, due to the abolition of the bounty system in Europe, has in creased the distress can not be doubt ful. The London Daily News lately gave two columns to the distress caused in that one particular. It ap pears that many men no longer able to do hard work, or widows left with a few pounds, have resorted to the keeping of a "sweets-shop." A front room in the home, or a small shop, does not cost much, and a little money is sufficient to start in with a stock of confectionery; the trade is easily learned and this has earned a frugal living for many until now, when the high price of sugar lately, imposed has actually killed this little business and plunged many families into acute dis tress notwithstanding the ass'erva- tions of Mr. Chamberlain that colonial preference taxes on the necessaries of life would fall lightly, even on the poor. Bear Ci7! Picaco c:!i year UIFE, BflOJYGn 07 SiSTQn lo need LIY FREE Glfcr. WISE WORDS OF SUFFERERS From a Woman of Notre Dame, tad. I will mail, free of any charre, tbla Homo Treat ment with full Instructions and history of my own case to any lady suOerln with female troubla. You can cure yourself at home without the aid of any physician. It will com you nothing to give the treatmeii'; a trial, and If you decide to couUnu It will only cost you about 13 cents a week. It will not Interfere with your work, or occupation. I havenothlrtr to sell. Tell otter sufferers of it Thijus all I ask. It enrea &H, young or old. P If you feel a U?arlng-down sensation, anu of Impending evil, raSu in the back or bowels, creeping feeling up the spino, a desire to cry fre quently, hot flashes, weariness, frequent desire to urinate, or if you hare Iurorrbes (Whites). Dis placement or Fallingof the Womb, Profuse, Scant or Painful Periods, Tumors or Growths, address Mrs. M. Summers for the Free Treatment and Full Information. Thousands bestdfss myself have cured t.hmeflirru with it. T Kpnrl ft tri.liinwMmH TO F10THGR5 OP DAUGHTERS I will explain a simple Homo Treatment which speedily and WTectually cures Xeucorrhea. Green Sickness and Painful or Irregular Menstruation In young Spies. It will save you anxiety and expense and save your daughter i he humiliation of explain. Hp her troubles to otheri Plumpness and health always result from Its nae. Wherever you live I can refer you to well known ladles of your own S:ate or county who know ind will gladly tell any sufferer that this IJomo Treatment really cure,.,! (JUftaaed conditions of our delicate female crjTr.nism. thoroughly strengthens relaxed mnel-.s ar.d 1 laments which caua osplacement. pn.i trw- w,rm well. Write today, as this offer ran v vot l made again. MRS. M, SUMMERS, Box 169 Notre Dame, lad., U. S. A. X ' w l :. . . . v -V V A . 'JL t Kv GOT PETULANT Then His Wrath Cooled Down and He Will Continue to Get Wisdom ( Editor Independent: But more par ticularly, our other friend, Chas. Q. DeFrance, giving you credit for hay ing better sense than to "stop my pa per," you may credit me with a dollar on subscription. It Is not that I "take myself too seriously," but in ordering the' discontinuance ;of the paper a while ago, was perhaps overly petulant at the drivel against Mr. Bryan and, as too many others do, jump onto the editor. At second thought it is easy to see that the "blue pencil," is dif ficult to wield at all times, especially in this medley of ecomonic thought. But I want to say once for all that Bryan is a safe man to tie to and to those who express distrust of him, that they do not know the man at all. Not being a. worshipper of men am In good position' to scan their views with out favor or other' prejudice and am free to say that Mr. Bryan gave and perhaps yet gives too much stress to the "silver fad," and like some others of my acquaintance, favors the "in come tax," singular as that may seem. In this connection, I am constrained to note the reply of Bro. Freeman to your (seemingly) private letter to him on the working of the single tax, also your tilt with Mr. Young concerning "conditions in New Zealand. Young said just what was in my mind to say, only that I would f ave quoted Taylor as evidence that all. the economic bet terments in New Zealand are due to the very meagre application of the land value tax, I. e., the doctrines, of Henry George, while a much larger aDDlication is assured. In your, reply to Mr. Young you say, "There is no doubt that the single tax would estab lish justice," and then break away with remarks reflecting unen its suf ficiency, or practicability, such as we are not sure that Mr. George was right and that "it is vet to be tried." etc. Do you think we need to try "justice" to see if it will work? Going back to Bro. Freeman's reply to you in last issue, it is easy to see that vou have not eiven. hitherto, se rious examination of the single tax philosophy for I am assured that had you done so, your economic acumen would have soon overcome the "shift intr of the tax to the consumer" and that a higher rent would reflect back in higher charges, giving no relief. How much more do you pay for eggs at the hlch rent department store at the center of the mart than you do or the litle grocer on a by-street who pays a low rent? But I am not going to trespass after Bro. Freeman's lau rels, and If you keep on propounding your objections to single tax to eltner he or Wakefield or their like, you will, laying prejudice aside, soon see that single tax is no fad. Both you and Tibbies better get in out of the wet for there will be a single tax shower before 1908. E. C. CLARK. him. Fortunately he retained sufficient presence of mind to pull the signal cord and the men at the surface began to haul him up. Ae he emerged from. the water he was completely wreathed in the sucking tenacles of the fish and was in a state of collapse. As he was dragged up the ladder the octopus still clung to him and had to be chopped off with knives and hatchets. , When spread out on the pier the fish measured eleven and one-half feet from tip to tip of his tenacles.- Kansas City Journal. The Retired List The senate has several times shown igns of wishing to rebuke the presi dent for unnecessarily loading up the retired list of the army by retiring of ficers with advanced rank, bestowed for ihe riurooso of setting them out of ac tive service. Now, however, congress has finally given him a free hand by nffreci'nz'to the I. ill to place Senator Hawley of Connecticut on the retired list with the rank of brigadier-general. A more inexcusable bestowal of a rich government favor has not been seen since Representative Boutelle of Maine was made a retired captain in tne rmw when stricken with incurable dis ease. The retired lists were obviously not intended to be the refuge of aged or decrepit politicians. Mr. Roosevelt can. hereafter. DOint to tne nawiey case whenever any one criticises his naddine 6f the retired roll of either service. To make matters worse, the house, in agreeing to retire Senator Hawley, added an amendment similar ly retiring General Peter J. Osterhaus, one of the most gallant of our German American civil war generate. Neither of these men has been connected with the," army since 18C6, General Oster haus having lived In Mannheim, Ger many, for the last thirty years. For" Senator Hawley senatorial courtesy will have a new meaning hereafter. New York Evening Post. Papers from South Africa tell of the horrible experience which a diver named - Palmer had with a monster octopus. Palmer was down under thirty-five feet of water. The water was clear enough for him to distinguish ob jects about him quite well. Suddenly an octopus which was concealed be hind a block of dislodged concrete, darted out a huge tentacle and in an instant had pinioned a leg. Another tenacle shot out, fastening an arm. The creature. drew itself slowly from its hiding place, flicking Its feelers round the diver and fastening them on various parts, of his body. Having no knife Palmer could make no fight with the monster, which had drawn Itself clear of the block and was clinging bodily to The Inaugural Durbar Now that the hurrah is all over and people are reflecting calmly on the subject, not a few are likely, to come to the conclusion that there were some features of the grand inaguratlon dur bar at Washington last Saturday that might well have been cut out, as un dignified, improper and entirely unfit ting to the occasion. The performance of the cowboy contingent, for instance, might lutt gone all right in a circus parade or a Wild West show, but not in connection with an affair of the character of. this parade, and the event which it was designed to be an im posing feature. ; The lassoing 'of policemen may . he funny, but that. doesn't justify such horseplay nor contribute to the effici ency of the work of these officers in connection with a big public affair of this kind, for the maintenance of or-, der and for safeguarding both partici pants and spectators against the ac cidents and confusion that are always to be apprehended on all such occa sions. In some, cities fool business of that nature wouldn't be tolerated for a minute, even to provide amusement for the head of the nation. We ven ture to say that were these cow puch- . ers to undertake to loop policemen under similar circumstances in New York, for instance, they would dis cover very quickly that these men were not on duty to be made mon keys of, but were engaged in serious and responsible business, while Inter ference with them in the performance of it, even by a lot of rustlers who re garded themselves as privileged char acters, could not be attempted with impunity and without risk to the of fender of being 'taught a wholesome lesson at short order, on the subject of proper behavior. Fall River Globe. Kansas Fighters For many years Standard Oil hag had Pennsylvania's oil industry in its Rrosp. California, Texas, Colorado, In diana and other 'states have been suf- . fering from its oppression, but not until it got Into a fight with Kansas did the oil trust meet with anygreat difficulty:; It is", the wealthiest and most powerful of all trusts,, and it threatened dire ' calamities to 'Kansas for daring to oppose it, but threats only stimulated the Sunflower state to fight the harder. The dispatches seem to indicate that the Standard 13 now badily frightened. It has never had a proposition of this kind to deal with before. Following the action of his state, a Kansas con greesman has instituted an inquiry by the federal government which prom ises to add much to the trust's trou bles. v Other states may now carry on tho fight about as vigorously as Kansas, but the point of it is that Kansas had to start it. As soon as Kansas did so any number of states joined in the idea. There are at least half a dozen legislatures now considering proposi tions to establish state refineries, takes Kansas to start things. Topek State Journal. v tie m riv I It . J r ' ,,,,, , , , , , ... . , ' - : .'"'..''