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APRIL 6, 1905 Xjha Nobraolxtx Independent "Incurable" Heart Disease Soon Cured Dr. Franklin Miles, the Great Specialist In treating WeaJc and Dis eased Hearts, Succeeds after 5 to 30 Physicians Failed $2.50 Worth of His New Personal Treatment sent Free. The Philosophy of Freedom An Open Forum for Single Taxerr i A False Foundation Editor Independent: The socialist philosophy Is based upon a false foun dation. The theory of the "iron law of wages" that wages tend to the low est point at which labor will consent to live and reproduce upon which the philosophy Is based, js Itself based upon a false foundation the founda tion of land monopoly, which the single tax would correct. TKarl Marx, in "Capital," says: "The foundation of the capitalistic method of production is to be found In that theft which deprived the masses of their rights In the soil, In the earth, the common heritage of all." The single tax would restore the "rights of the masses in the soil, the earth, the common heritage of all," thus destroying "the foundation of the capitalistic method of production," and making socialism unnecessary. , That the "iron law of wages" ope rates under our present economic sys tem, based as it Is on land monopoly, is true; but that it necessarily follows as a result of a competitive industrial system, is absolutely false. Abolish land monopoly, by the singe tax, and the "iron law of wages" will cease to be a "law." The persistence of interest under our present economic system is Inevitable. That it would persist under a single tax regime is not so certain. The fact that interest, like wages, is high in new countries, where natural opportu nities are comparatively free, and low In old countries, where the natural resources are monopolized, led Henry George to assume that under the single tax both interest and wages would rise, while rent would fall. Wages are high In new countries because natural op portunities for employment are com paratively free, labor thus t receiving practically 'natural wages--its full product; they are low in old coun tries because the natural resources are monopolized and labor must pay a large share of its 'product, as rent, for the privilege of using them. Interest is high in new countries because capi tal is scarce, while opportunities for its use are plentiful, and because labor, receiving the bulk of its product, and possessing little or no capital, can af ford to pay high interest and; still re ceive more than in old countries where the land and capital are owned by the few.. Having little or no rent to pay, practically all of labor's product is di vided between labor and capital ; inter est is low in old countries because cap ital is abundant and rent absorbs the lion's share of production. But .suppose that in this new coun try the-single tax; prevented th,e mo nopolization of land. Then , labor, re ceiving high wages, much of it employ ing itself,. would soon accumulate its own capital, receiving Its return eco nomic interest merged in wages or in come. Soon many might be willing to lend while few might care to borrow. Under . such circumstances interest would tend to the vanishing) point and all would have to render "service for service." x A. FREELAND. Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. ' :- Questions the Single Tax Editor Independent: I sometimes get your paper and see by the communica tions there you allow all sides of a question to be presented from social ism to single tax. I see by the single tax advocates that principle, when adopted is to be a cure all for every one of our political ills. How the cure" is to be effected I do not see, nor do ' the advocates so far as I have seen tell us.' This is to be tax on land values, really on land. Will placing the tax there make men more honest? Will it cure grafting, bribery or any other dis honesty? Will it take the tariff tax off of the goods needed and used by the , poor, where it is, and place it on goods used by the rich where it is not, but should be? Will it place the burdens of government on the rich who are able to stand it and get vastly jnors nro .teuuwfrom'tHr government than the poor, who are unable to stand it but are now compelled so to do?- Will It prevent our protected manufacturers i from selling in the outside world, 1 goods at competition ; prices ,with out ' side goods, while , they charge home consumers more than they charge for eigners as now enabled by the tariff Jtatto? ..I. fail to. see how it is to ac- Jcomplish theseUhjngs, which are the things we want. Is "there any good reason why the man whovhas earned a sum of money .and bought land with it should pay taxes on his investment, while another man who has Invested in horses, muslins, ' woolens or other goods should pay none? This is sim ply robbery of the land owner, to bene fit the owner of other property, and is in fact, worst in effect, and as vicious in principle, as a tariff to enrich one part. of the people at the expense of the other. There must be something more intended. Some of the early single taxers proposed this plan to make the burdens on the land owner so heavy that he would not pay the taxes and thus let the lands revert to the government for non-paid taxes and then the government hold and rent the lands, make a new letting every ten to twenty years or again sell the lands to the highest, bidder in short the plan was to confiscate the lands and j pauperize the lond owner while the fellows too lazy to earn or pro fligate to keep the money - earned, would be no better or worse off as to paying taxes, but every man with mon ey or other personal property would escape taxation and thus have his property made more valuable for that reason. Will our single taxers give us a good reason why the burden jot gov ernment should fall on the man whose earnings are invested in land, thereby enriching the man whose earnings are Invested- in personal property? ' C. M. B. Practical Single Tax . Persons who doubt the feasibility of the single tax should communicate with Theodore J. Werner, at the town of Fairhope, Ala. Ten years ago a few ardent single taxers' : of Iowa struck out to make an absolute test of the system they believed in. They bought, as a starter, 140 acres of good land on the highest portion of that re gion between the highlands of Never-; sink and the Rio Grand river. v It, , is on the east shore of Mobile bay, ana opposite the city of Mobile. ; The col ony now owns, .unencumbered, 1,600 acres of good land, a wharf,! 1,800 feet long, a steamboat that makes daily trips to Mobile and ; return' a public school, a public library, free bath; free telephone service,' and satisfactory supplies. The rentals for the use of ground will this year aggregate $1,500 and the net revenue from the wharf will be nearly that sum. The title for all the land of the col ony is vested for those who reside there. The unjust taxes levied on the colonists by county and state, oecause of their owning personal property, are met . by money derived from ground rent, and this year it will amount to about 700 dollars, leaving about $2,000 to be expended in improvements. Fairhope has the distinction of being the only-place in the country and per haps in the world, where the people reap all the benefits of good govern ment and yet pay no taxes. What they do pay, and all they are asked to pay, is the ground rent for tne land they .use and that is not a tax but a payment tor special privilege, or a franchise. Fairhope Is an object les son for everybody who desires m to see the time when there shall be equal rights for all and special privileges for none. RALPH HO YT. Los Angeles, Calif. Want a Conference Nebraska Independent: We, the un dersigned populists of Loudoun county, Virginia, wish to suggest the advisa' bility of a national conference of our party leaders editors, committeemen and others and respectfully urge the importance of such a meeting in the early part of 1905 that a more defi nite policy may be outlined: J. L. KIBLER, Hillsboro, Va. P. W. CARPER, -Daysville, Va. B. B. KEANE, Sterling, Va. . B. S. JOHNSON, Sterling, Va.' P. L. CARPER, Daysville, Va. O. W. WRADSHAW, Ryan,. Va. 1 Mf J i& t Farmers We have ALFALFA seed at $7 to $8.50 per bushel. All other kinds of field and garden seeds; berry boxes, bee and poultry supplies. Write for catalog. - YOUNKERMAN SEED CO. Council Bluffs, la. To demonstrate the unusual cura tive powers of his new and complete special treatments by mail, for heart disease, short breath, pain in the side, oppression In the chest, .irregular pulse, palpitation, smothering spells, puffing of the ankles, or dropsy, Dr. Miles will send free to every afflicted person $2.50 worth of his New Treat ments. These are the result of twenty-five years of careful study, extensive re search; and remarkable experience in treating the various ailments of the heart, stomach and nerves, which so DIRECT LEGISLATION The San Diego Charter On Nov. 23, 1904, the common coun cil of. the city -of San Diego, Calif., nauspfl twpntv-seven amendments to their city charter, practically recon structing it. Two days later tne mayor signed the ordinance and on Jan. i, 1905. the people of the city voted on these amendments, carrying them all by votes ranging from 3 to 1 to votes of 5 to 1. There are 4,934 registered voters in San Dieso but the vote on these amendments ranged around 2,50U so about half of the registered voters voted. Of the twenty-seven amendments, two concern us. The first which makes the common council a single chamber of nine members each having some snecial department of work. This body has laree legislative powers, can pass an ordinance over the mayor s veto by a two-thirds vote but is itself held in check by the initiative, referendum and recall which constitute amendment No. 26. These sections are modeled very closely on the Los Angeles provisions It was carried by a vote of 1,534 for to 748 against, which was a larger affir mative than most of the other amend ments. It is: - ' San Diego Direct Legislation Provision That article 1 of the charter pf the city of San Diego, Calif., be-amended by adding thereto a new chapter to be known as chapter 4, which shall read as follows: : . CHAPTER IV. f . Section 1. The common council shall have power to submit to the electors of said city at any election any question reauired to be so submitted by tne con stitution, the law, this charter, or by ordinance; provided, that in case such question is required by said constitu tion, law, cnarter, or oruma.m;e lu uc Submitted at a special or Other particu lar kind of election, it shall be so sub mitted,. and not otherwise. ', ; ! - Sec. 2. Any proposed ordinance may b'e submitted to the common council by a petition signed by registered elec tors of the city equal in number to the percentages, hereinafter required, The signatures to the petition need not an be appended to one paper, but each signer shall add to his signature -his place of residence, giving his street and number. One of the signers of each such paper shall make oath be fore an officer competent to administer baths. that the statements therein made are true, and that each signa ture to the paper appended is the gen dine siimature of the person whose name purports to be thereunto sub scribed, within ten days from the date of filing such petition the city, clerk shall examine and from the great register ascertain whether or not said petition is signed by the requisite num ber of qualified electors, and if neces sary the common council shall allow him extra help for that purpose, and he shall attach to said petition his cer tificate showing the result of said ex amination. If, by the, clerk's certifi cate, the petition is shown to be insuf ficient,, it may be amended within ten days from the date of said certificate. The clerk shall, within, ten days after such amendment, make like examina tion of the amended petition, and if his certificate shall show the same to be insufficient, it shall be returned to the person filing the same without prejud ice, however, to the filing of a new petition to the same effect. If the petition shall be found to be sufficient the clerk shall submit the same to the common council, without delay. . If the petition accompanying the pro posed ordinance be signed by electors equal in number to fifteen per cent of the entire vote cast for 1T candidates for mayor at the last preceding general election at which a mayor was elected, and contains a request that said ordi nance be submitted forthwith to a vote of the people at a special election, then he common council shall either: (a) Pass said ordinance without al- often complicate each case. They re lieve the worst cases in a day and quickly cure. So astonishing are the results of his complete special treat ments that Dr. Miles does not hesi tate to offer all persons a trial free. Nothing could be more liberal. Few physicians have such confidence in their remedies. Send at once for book and free treatment before it is too late. . You may never have another such op portunity. Address Franklin Miles, M. D., Dept H., 601. to 611 Main street, Elkhart, Indiana. Attractive Cash Prizes We advise our readers to look over very carefully the liberal offer made by the Homemaker Publishing Co., on page 12 of this paper. The Home-, maker is a bright, up-to-date and newsy story paper, which is read with interest by every member of the fam ily and alone is worth more than the subscription price, besides giving such valuable prizes. This is not a guessing contest it is a test of ability, and brains; the prizes go to the ones sending the nearest cor rect count, and in case of a tie, to the one sending the best plan. The prizes will be awarded by an impartial com mittee and you have as good a chance as any one to win. The surest way to take advantage of this opportunity is to get your answers in at once and we hope to see a number of these prizes come to readers of our paper. You Should Read It Our readers who are interested in breeding pure bred live stock and like to get hold of good reading matter should by all means take Blooded Stock, a monthly published at Oxford, Pa. It takes up some breed of live stock each month and handles the sub ject very thoroughly. ' The best writers in the country have been secured on these special articles for 1905. Look" up the advertisement pf Blood ed Stock in this issue and write them at once. v ' ' .....-. The Independent and Blooded Stock. both for one year for $1.10. Incubators and Brooders Embriwe nine original nnrt nfin improvements noB lound In other mociunes increasing their money nrodiininiv simpler and easier to manage and in luring tncoeia to all men. An til dncrlbcd mour nir,r eaUlopi.. Writs for it Geo. II. ie vo., box , Omaha, Neb. THIS IS THE LIMIT. SJ, .eZt ror a 50-Eg(r Hot Water, "r ceii-reguiating Incubator. Guaranteed to hatch every hatchshle ep. S3 tor 50-chick brooder. 0nly$7.5O for complete outfit. 30 days' trial. Seud for FB ICE catalogue. ' Buckeye Incubator Co. Jioac 10 Springfield, Ohio. So agent's profits to pay. TREES THAT GROW I AAJ", - f Cv1 cord Grapes. Hardy varieties; yield W j. per 100. We CJT VX pay the freiprht. Catalog, English i'eaeh,S4c;Blae!c or German, free Locust Seed GERMAN NURSERIES ing, l per Boi . ?1, Beatrica, Neb Office Phone Residence Phono ' 497 517 Dr. J. tyi. Birkner Physician and Surgeon 929 0 St : : : ; : Lincoln.' Neb Captain' v ; ' 1 ' ' Commanding Hospital Corps . i - ieDrasKa . ... .. . : - , , . . ; GREEN GABLES The Dr. Benj. F. Bailey Sanato rium, Lincoln, Neb. Largest, best equipped and most beautifully furnished. In the suburbs, of Lincoln, this institution for the medical and surgical treatment of all non-contagious diseases, pre sents the ideal, in its nursing corps, its . massage, its electrical equipments, its bath department, physical culture, dietetics ' and, in fact, - everything which 'goes to make up a scientific yet homelike institution.. A delightful place in which to get well and learn how to keep well.