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JUNE 8, 1905 Gte Nobrachd Independent railway system would be a greater undertaking, the American can be trusted to devise ways and means to accomplish the task as effectively as it has been accomplished in Glasgow. If the people deem it unwise to give increased power into the hands of their mayors, they may decide upon a referendum such as obtains in Manchester, where the people have the right to legislate directly on grave questions connected with the municipal operation of public utilities. Mr. Dalrymple will please be assured that we are not so bad as the private owners, with whom he has talked, have painted us. We have managed our public affairs with some skill for more than a century. We have made many mistakes and have been too patient with those who have time and again betrayed the people. But the present is a crucial period in American economic and political development. ' Many things that we have endured we will no longer endure; and now that we have decided in favor of public .qwnershijp, we will devise, the necessary , means to achieve success In what we' have set; out to dpi , It is, of course, to; be regretted that the Scottish expert, is. n ''the dumps," hut the American people will not abandon municipal ownership; simply because James Dalrymple's liver is out of order, SENSATIONALISM IN EDUCATION ,. Sensationalism) in education has grown so common of late that it is i . i m iv i a L m. vs. J accepted oy ine puDiic as ine naiurai oraer oi inmgs, ana so accusiumeu have we become to its seductive' uses that we are misled by its very impertinence. Sometimes it is cleverly disguised in the garb of truth, and we are apt to mistake it for truth itself. , ' v: This sensationalism might also be defined as quackery, or, to use an even more up-to-date word, as faking. The primary purpose of the edu cator who surrenders himself to this vicious mental habit is to make a stir in the world. Generally, however, he has a more serious aim. He may wish to advertise himself for selfish ends, to flatter a wealthy patron, or to achieve some secret object concealed from ordinary observation. The other day Professor J. D. Quackenbos, formerly of Columbia uni versity, declared that the success of Marshal Oyama was due to his hypnotic power and highly cultivated knowledge of telepathy. The learned' pro fessor might have said just as truly that Oyama's triumphs were due to his skill with chop sticks and highly cultivated knowledge of osteopathy. An even more flagrant case of educational faking occurred a few years ago when a professor attached to the Chicago university, wishing to flatter the man from whom all the dollars flowed, extolled William D. Rockefeller as more valuable to the world than William Shakespeare. ' Such wilful pandering to sensationalism, "Though it make the unskillful laugh, cannot but make the judicious grieve." Every little while a university professor evolves some grotesque theory of the Osier or Quackenbos var iety. If an unsophisticated foreigner were to judge the mental average of our educators by these absurdities he would probably come to the conclu sion that aur great universities have been turned over to graduates from Bedlam. GIFTS FOR THE GREEDY In last week's issue The Independent said that undoubtedly there were men in Lincoln who would have paid $3,500 or $4,000 for the section of Q street which the city council gave to the Burlington as a gift. That the ordinary citizen has not the presumption to ask the city to give away land was clearly shown at the last meeting of the council. One of the Lincoln papers contained this report: : Mr. Buckstaff would like to buy from the city part of the street on Eighth, north of P street. He says that the space he wants, 10 feet by 152, has long been used by previous lot owners, and he. needs the space to put up a large building as a wholesale harness establishment. An ordinance vacating that much of lot 7, block 33, was introduced at a previous meeting and read the second time last night. Mr. Buckstaff says he has bought fifty feet of land at the corner, and paid at the rate of $100 a front foot for it. He is willing to pay the city the same amount, though he says he could take possession of the land anyhow, as he and his predecessors have held undis puted control of it for seventeen years. Although he had held undisputed control of the land for seventeen years, Mr. Buckstaff offered to pay for it at the rate of $100 a front foot. And although the Burlington had never held control of the land it sought to possess, it asked the city to give away this land as a donation, and the council hastened to hand over the people's property to the railway com pany without even so much as hinting that a valuable consideration would be gratefully received. ' VALUE OF RAILWAY COMMISSIONS The Chicago Tribune states that the demand for reduced freight tariffs is growing in Iowa and Illinois. In view of the fact that the people of Nebraska are paying $700,000,000 more annually than the same number of people pay for the same service on the same mileage in Iowa, this state ment is of great interest to Nebraskans. In this state rates are from twenty to thirty per cent higher than in Iowa and Illinois, and yet the Iowa and Illinois shippers are asking for still further reductions. In 1903 the Iowa roads reported that their net profits on their 9,719 miles of a road were $15,076,163, while the Nebraska roads, according to their report filed with the state auditor, made $16,425,000 on 5,697 miles of road. The net profit per mile in Nebraska was $2,883 in Nebraska and only $1,552 in Iowa. And yet John N. Baldwin, an attorney for the Union Pacific, New Business Manager ft J 'I l" - y i FREDERIC O. BERGE The Independent presents to its read ers Mr. Frederic O. Berge, its ner business manager. He is a brother cf George W. Berge. He has becocia part owner of the paper and hereafter will have entire charge of its business management. The Independent believes its read ers should know ..something about those interested in this v paper, and 'with whom they have constant com munication: n - i; KJ i,!v. Mr. Berge is a self made5 man He spent his boyhood days on ?an Illinois ;farm. i Later, by hard worta and sacri fice, he secured a thorough, literary education. , In 1899 he .graduated from the University of Nebraska ,1a w school, and'immediatelyHhereafter located at Kansas City,' Mo. By close applica tion' and' devotion to the.' interests of his ; clients he soon found himself ia the possession of an exceptionally lu crative practice, n Although a young man, he represented many of the larg er business itnerests of ;Kansas City . He.. has. now cast his fortune with The Independent and in the jiewspapei field. '. i told the delegates to the international railway congress that there was no deepseeted demand for a reduction of freight rates in Nebraska. Both Illinois and Iowa have railway commissions which were created during the granger agitation in 1888, and were given the power to fix local rates. Nebraska has no such commission, but it has the Newberry law. This law can be enforced without intervention of a railway commission, but Nebraska should establish a railway commission , with power to fix rates and to regulate traffic. If the state constitution stands in the way, the constitution should be amended. The enforcement of the Newberry law could then be placed in the hands of this commission. More than thirty states now have railway commissions. Of the twenty eight existing in 1890 only fifteen , had the authority to control rates; of the thirty existing in 1902 twenty had the power to control rates. Not only should such commissions have the right to control rates, but they should be given the power to investigate and fix rates on the complaint of any shipper. , The free pass system is a deliberate and well-organized conspiracy between the railroad managers and the pass-holders to defeat representa tive government. In view of what the president has done for the czar in bringing about peace, will the czar kindly secure for us a cessation of hostilities in the Philippines. Nebraskans will be delighted to know that eyen though the Burling ton has been assessed at a low figure, the governor was almost angry about it. The Colombian republic announces that it will build an opposition canal. It will probably be run in opposition to the Erie canal. Wanted a King For use as a figurehead; must be young,, handsome and a good golf player. Apply to the Storthing, Norway. Now that Grover has become a trustee in the Equitable, it is to b hoped he will not tie up on a bond issue with J. P. M. While we are talking about a sane Fourth, the small boy is quietly preparing for an insane Fourth and a remorseful Fifth. When the lawyers of Richardson county ride free, the apples of Rich ardson county must pay double fare. No fair-minded man can defend a transportation system which robs Peter to pay for Paul's ride. Governor Mickey severely censured the Burlington before agreeing to a low assessment. The czar is simply jumping out of the shimose powder into the dynamite. The pass is "the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen." pine. The desire of the Norwegians for independence is a sort of Norwaj Japan wanted Russia to cry, "enough."