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JUNE 15, 1905 XJha Nebraska. Indopondonft the neutral pcwers at the proper moment should be so cast that Russia would have no moral support In refusing such terms. If, the question of indemnity is the crucial one, let it be remembered that Russia, had she won, would have bled Japan without limit in demands for gold to pay the cost of war and to fill her depleted money bags. The Pittsburg Dispatch thinks Japan's terms yrtil not be onerous, and adds: It is matter for pride that the president of the United Stage's is acting as intermediary to bring the warring nations together. The mission of America is peace and if we can help the adoption of pacific policies any where in 'the 'wotfd it is but -giving play to the natural American spirit. f If Mr. Roose velt contributes topeace he will have earned praise for sound! statesmanship and estab lished prestige5 for "this country of the right BREAKING THE FRUI CAR MONOPOLY A wedge has been driven into the fruit car tnononolv which may 'destroy that predatory . or ganization. The Outlook thus views the situ ation: , : ' The Michigan 'fruit-shippers have griev ances of long standing against the private car monopoly which until the present sea son has held their business in Its grasp. An action brought against the Michigan Central railroad before the Interstate Commerce Com mission resulted in a declaration on the part of the railroad that hereafter it would use its own refrigerator cars, charg ing shippers exact cost for the icing service. Former testimony before the commission had shown that these icing charges had been ad vanced by the monopoly (known as the Ar mour Car lines) from 300 to 400 per cent. In consideration of this pledge from the Michi gan Central, the case was dismissed by the commission as to that railroad. Reductions of between 15 to 30 per cent in these exces sive charges had, been offered by the Armour company, but had not, been accepted by the commission merchants or by the Interstate Commerce Commission. The Flint and Pere Marquette railroad still has a contract with the car trust and has no refrigerator cars of its own. It will thus be at a decided dis advantage in competing for shipments with the Michigan Central. The fruit me-, of Mich igan regard the monopoly as broken. MUNICIPAL REFORM There is a widespread and growing interest In municipal ownership among the citizens of Buffalo. The Evening Times of that city states that at a recent meeting of those who favor municipal ownership it was decided to oppose the granting of any further rights to corporations without compensation and to urge upon the peo ple the purchase of public utilities. In another issue the same Journal says: Municipal . ownership would eliminate the corporation from municipal politics. It would remove therefrom the chief corrupting Influence. What would there be left to com bat? It is only those who are beneficiaries of free' gifts of franchises and special legislative favors and control public utilities who are fouud in the corridors and cloak rooms of city halls seeking to bend the actions of legis lators to their wills. Corrupting corporations and corruptible legislators are the great ovils in municipal affairs. Remove . the corrupt ing Influence, and the whob fabric of munici pal corruption will fall. This will restore the people to power as the only source of au thority in city government. Collier,' editor has this to say regarding Mayor Weaver and corruption in Philadelphia. Mayor Weaver was sent by' Providence Into the world without much strength of spinal structure, but by taking the right side in a flagrant crisis he has at least done something to redeem himself, and incidentally .) his city and his state. Such reckless theft as Philadelphia lawyers, business men, and politicians combine to perpetrate sends the feeling for municipal ownership ' forward in enormous strides. Frank Parsons, in the Arena for June, en dorses the proposal of a national association of municipalities and a national clearing house of municipal statistics to safeguard the people against extravagance, Inefficiency and graft: Such a central office, gathering and com paring data relating to municipal industries in this country and in Europe, would un doubtedly be able to detect at once any job bery or serious incompetency in any depart ment of any city management, and by ' . notify ing the city of their conclusions , and , the reasons for them could put the people' on their guard and lead to the correction of the trouble. , Why could not" our cities join at once in such a movement in respect to water-works, roads, schools, fire departments, .. . ga electric light, street, railways, .etc In the name of good government and progress, may 1 not venture to request the mayor of every city of 25,000 , or more inhabitants to bring the matter before the councils of his city? , . . - ' 1 : CONTROL OF THE EQUITABLE The new control of the Equitable Life As surance Society brings little solace to the New York World, which has been fighting the control of James H. Hyde: , Thomas F. Ryan has . bought James H. Hyde's stock in the Equitable Life t Assur ance Society. "Mr. Ryan is one of the choice spirits in the Consolidated Gas company and the Metropolitan Securities company, two corporations notorious fcr their corrupt alli ances with corrupt politicians. Mr. Ryan has elected Paul Morton chairman of the Equitable board. Mr. Ilorton is a self-confessed violator of the interstate commerce law, and Is the distinguished gentleman who . used to manipulate the rebate business for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad company. Alexander, Hyde, Tarbell, Wilson and Mclntyre have resigned. In place of them the policy-holders have Thomas F. Ryan and Paul Morton. What a compromise! The exalted ethical element in life insurance could hardly achieve a more triumphant vic tory unless Anthony N. Brady and Charles F. Murphy were taken into the syndicate. Mr. . Ryan, Mr. Morton and their associates are promoting a vast scheme of underground rail way construction in New York. The prospec tive investment Is estimated at $150,000,000. The assets of the Equitable Life Assurance Society are $400,000,000. It is obvious that a great life-insurance society might be a very valuable annex to a rapid-transit company. Will Thomas F. Ryan and Paul Morton re store to the policy holders the millions of dollars which have been appropriated by Equitable financiers? Will they trace the loot? Will they bring suit against Mr. Hyde, Mr. Alexander and thu other members of Equitable syndicates to recover the money to which the Frick committee reported that the policy-holders are entitled? Will they force reimbursement from the Equitable's chain of banking and trust companies of the profits wiiich belong to the Equitable policy-holders? Will they punish the guilty and compel full restitution for the benefit of tl innocent? HOW TO TREAT MILLIONAIRE'S Dr. Washington Gladden, In the Chicago Trib une, tells how, in his opinion, millionaires should be treated by the laity. He holds that accumu lation, in the case of a good man, may be simply the increase of his power to serve his fellow men. Not all millionaires are heartless and selfish. A large percentage of them are inspired by humane motives. Dr. Gladden adds: . Our neighbor, the millionaire, may there fore be a man who Is entitled to our commend ation as a benefactor of his kind. I do not say that all millionaires are so; far from it; but I think that such motives find place in their Learts oftener, perhaps, than we some times think. And, at all events, a genuine , neighbor love will be ready to recognize such purposes when they appear, and to praise them as they deserve. To assume that all rich men are governed by none but egostic motives is to be guilty of grievious bigotry. Rich men are simply human beings, and the possession of riches does not necessarily make their minds inaccessible to humane considerations. They are just as much en titled to our charitable Judgment as poor men are. They are our neighbors, , I must not steel my heart against him, and build a barrier of cold reserve between him and me, v because of his possessions. He may be a rich man, but "a .man's a man for, a that," and has a, right to be treated like a man. ,1 must not assume that because I am poor he does not respect me; I may do him great injustice by such an assumption. I must stand in his ; presence neither scorning nor suspecting, ; neither flattering , nor fearing, judging him fairly and penerously, as I myself wish to be judged, dealing with him frankly and brother ly, as I wish to be dealt with, wishing him " wisdom and good will tot the difficult' duties ': to which God has appointed him, and hoping that he may learn how to use the great power entrusted to him in the fear of God and for the good of his fellow men. URGES WAR ON CORRUPTION Postmaster General Cortelyou, speaking at the annual commencement of the University of Illinois, declared that the demand of 'the hour I for unceasing arfare on corruption. He added: : . ' - Reforms, to be practical, must be reason able. There must be individual participation in every movement for civic betterment. The , citizen must not shirk his duty. He must help to improve the agencies through which such betterment is to be secured. The influ ence of a free press must not be impaired, nor must the great body of American newspapers, among the noblest agencies of enlightenment and civilization, bj judged by a few which have prostituted their high calling to ignoble uses. A higher standard for our judiciary; fewer laws and better enforcement of them; a wider public appreciation of the essentials of democracy and of the principles upon which this . government was founded, will help us to the solution of the problems before us," and as the very basis and foundation of our na tional life, we must conserve those forces which insure the efficiency of our schools and safeguard the purity of our homes. Every village and hamlet, every municipality, every commonwealth, must assume its share and make Its contribution to the general welfare. Among the greatest of the forces for progress in the struggle for a broader and juster na tional life will be the influence of the men and women of education. PUBLICITY NO CURE In Tom Watson's Magazine for June an art icle by Joseph Dana Miller, entitled "The Power Behind the Trust," declares that publicity is no adequate remedy for the trust evil: Along with the remedy of "publicity" must go all laws, existing or proposed, limit ing capitalization or stock watering. Beyond the fact that such laws would often force capitalization below the earning capacity which Is no unfair basis of capitalization it must bo said that the evils of stock watering are largely Imaginary. It 13 true that over capitalization may conceal from the public the real extent of monopoly profits, and is for this purpose, If for no other, often resorted to. But this of Itself ought to constitute no valid reason for drastic legislation. Investors ought to be left free to take their own risks, and sp3culative ventures ought to be left free to fix their own capitalization, for otherwise, business Interests may be made to suffer In juriously to the interests of the community. But laying aside for the time all considera tions of this kind, stock watering Is only a symptom a sign that monopolistic powers, and not legitimate business interests, are be ing capitalized.