Newspaper Page Text
JUNE 29, 1905.
page e N WORLD OF o o Cj Nobracho, Indopondcxrt THE PROGRESS Northampton, Mass., Is the only American city which has a municipal theatre. It has been more than twelve years now since it was pre sented to the city by Ewdard H. R. Lyman. , There are four towns in the Philippines with a population exceeding 10,000 each, and thirty-five with a population exceeding 5,000. Manila is the only incorporated city in the islands and its in habitants number 219,928. Texas wU open for settlement in September 6,U00,0U acres of stale land at ?i an acre. - me tract thus placed on the market has an area of some 9,400 square miles. This is to say, it is equivalent to more than four times the area of Delaware, twice that of- Connecticut, is larger than Massachusetts. New Hampshire and' New Tmc.nr Wnvna eflll Vino 1 0 ftflft ftflft QPrflQ nf cirri J- Jar land. Viscount Hayashi, of Japan, has informed the Scottish Anti-tobacco society that the Japa nese police confiscate the "smoking instruments" of any youth under twenty years, as well as his supply of the weed. Parents and guardians who 1 1 1 I i- 4-1 Affnn nn nn llltll r o fin o of 50 cents and dealers who furnish a minor with TV lid W 1L11141 U UUliU yvt i "V f " passed in 1900. The treasury department has begun the issue of a new $20 gold certificate of an entirely" origi nal design, to. takes the place of the old certifi cates. The face oC the new note contains a bust portrait of Washington with the figures "20" above the portrait and the words "in gold coin" below it, printed in yellow tint. The face of the note, inside' the margin, is also of yellow tint. The deep margins are in shaded black, the design of which is heavy scroll work altogether new in United States notes. The numerals "20" in each corner are very prominent. While in Kansas City recently W. J. Bryan suggested that the city should own its own union passenger station. The statesman declared that he thought all cities of this size ought to own their own depots. "I believe," he said, "such a plan Is feasible and in fact it is the best way to control the "situation. The various roads using the sta tion could be charged a stipulated sum for this privilege and I, am of the opinion that this would pay the taxes, besides leaving some for other pur poses. It seems to me that in particular this would be a solution of the problem in Kansas City.".' ' . : It is a mistake to suppose that high finance is confined to the United States. The scandal in the British war office goes to show that the craze is as rife there as'here. About $35,000,000 was lost in a few monfhs during the South African war by graft and peculation. And desperate ef forts are being made to prevent the inquiry touch ing the man higher up. Of similar character are ' the sories of graft in the Russian military ser vice. The Krupps,'-it appears, had several mem bers of the staff on their payrolls, and by means of this influence secured contracts which would 'have been awarded to their competitors. Beginning due west of Point Conception on the California coast and continuing at irregular intervals as far south as the bayof Todos Santos in Lower California lie the Channel islands. In this ideal region for the yachtman, the fisherman -: is j H . I 111 and the hunter, one. comes 10 ieei nice a new Cru soe on his primitive isle. And In very truth Cru soe's semi-mythical story was enacted upon one of these same islands, though minus the man Friday and the happy, ending. The castaway in this case was a woman, a Danish emigrant, left ashore through some mischance by the crew of a vessel that had sought shelter behind San Nicholas dur ing a storm in the early '50s. For over seventeen years the lone creature lived unsought and for gotten, ' though the time at length came when, on the days the mist-clearing north wind blew, she could climb to the island's highest point and view the ranchers' herds grazing upon the main land. And at last, when hope and reason-had both long died, the poor, wild, gibbering creature was found in her wolf's burrow among the hills by the advance guard of the otter hunters' fra ternity, who had long wondered at the mysterious footprints they marked upon the lonely sands It is a singular fact that Russia is the country which first gave the greatest encouragement to the woman doctor. The "Women's Medical insti tute in St. Petersburg, on its foundation, was hailed as the only place in the world where a woman could take out medical degrees. But in 1886 Minister Warrowsky closed it. Now it has suddenly come to life again, the .czar has given it an endowment, and its students have all the priv ileges hitherto accorded men. Why and where fore? Because the war is taking all the men doc tors, and if their places are not filled the unhappy empire is at the mercy of any epidemic that may come along. The city of Los Angeles not long ago . went through a municipal reform crusade. Now it is proposed to carry the movement further by es tablishing the Gothenburg system of controlling the liquor trafilc. The idea is to give a monopoly of the business of selling liquor to a corporation which shall be required to reduce the number, of saloons in residence districts; to limit its profits to 6 per cent on the investment, and to restrict sales in the manufacturing districts to beer and light wines.' This, if carried out, will be the first genuine experiment with the Gothenburg system in this country. The South Carolina law is based on ihe Gothenburg p'lan, but it has been so com plicated with politics that' it affords no real test. If Los Angeles carries out its program, the result will be worth watching. A log raft containing ten million feet of spars s and piling is to be towed across, the Pacific to Shanghai during the summer. , This is the gigan tic plan; of a new company just organized under the laws of British Columbia, and which is to be a branch of a raft company of this city. The latter company has rafted logs from northern points to San Francisco. Except for an incident to the first one of the big rafts, which broke loose, all the huge rafts have been, brought safely to port. But they are, nevertheless, looked upon with considerable fear by seafaring men and ship owners, who regard the bulky rafts as positive menaces, which should be prohibited from going to sea. The new company, despite this opposi tion, will send to Shanghai a larger raft of big logs than has ever , been put together. From the present plans, it will be towed by one or more of the most powerful tugboats of San Francisco, accompanied by a collier or oil steamer with fuel for the tugs. Advance reports from the new census indicate the same great shrinkage in the population of the small towns in Massachusetts during the past decade which prevailed during the preceding century. The small town might well have been assumed to have reached its lowest population. There have been for at least ten years three towns in western Massachusetts which have under 200 inhabitants. Now for the first time in Massachu setts one town, has fallen below 100 inhabitants. Mount Washington Is reported in 1905 to have reached nhe remarkably small total of eighty seven souls, and is now undoubtedly the smallest, town in the state, although in 1895 and 1900 New Ashford, also in Berkshire county, had that dis tinction. The exodus : from Mount Washington, however, has amounted to 36 per cent since 1895, while that from New Ashford has been only 14 per cent, leaving a total of an even hundred. Probably never during the last century did the population of a Massachusetts town fall to such a low point. There appears to be no lower limit for the size of a New England hill town, short of an absolute wilderness. Both Mount Washington and New Ashford contain considerable territory, though the former is very rough, and it is aston ishing that both should become so sparsely popula ted. The tendency, however, seems to be un--checked in the small towns mentioned in the ad vance note from the census bureau. Of twelve' spoken of in this, the decline in population in the past ten years averages something like 12 per cent. In only one mentioned is a gain shown. Although several schemes for connecting the Baltic and the Black sea by .canal have been dis cussed, at various times, it has remained for M. von Rukteschell, "a Russian engineer, to develop a plan which meets with favor in engineering cir cles, after having been carefully worked out. This plan is for a waterway 1475 miles long, from Riga to Kherson on the Black sea, utilizing 330 miles on the River Duna and 1080 on the Dnieper and con necting the two streams by a canal 65 miles long. The dimensions - call for a waterway 140 feet broad at the bottom, 265 feet at the surface and 31. feet deep, thus accomodating not only the largest merchant vessels, but all types of war ships. The importance of a waterway of this mag nitude to Russian commerce and industry is ap parent from the fact that at present a steamer journeying from St. Petersburg to Odessa requires six weeks, whereas by means of the new canal the time would be reduced to twelve days. The cost of the undertaking, which is estimated at $180, - 000,000, while remarkably low as compared with the Kaiser. Wilhelm canal, for example, may prove the chief obstacle to its completion. The monthly summary of commerce and finance, just issued by the department of com merce and labor through its bureau of statistics, presents the latest available statistics of our trade with Cuba during April, 1905, as compared with the corresponding periods of the preceding year, from which it is seen that our trade with Cuba, both as regards imports and exports, is for the present fiscal year the largest on record. During the , ten months ending with April last, exports from the United States to Cuba were valued at $31,931,520, as against $21,855,745 during the cor responding period of the preceding fiscal year and $,560,920 during a like period of the fiscal year 1898. Exports from the United States to Cuba have increased 43.3 per cent and imports from Cuba have increased 22.4 per cent, comparing the ten months' figures of the present fiscal year with the corresponding period of the preceding year. The exports to Cuba during the ten months end ing "April 30, 1905, were valued at $31,319,520, a gain of $9,463,775, or 43.3 per cent, while imports from Cuba in the ten-month period ending April 30, 1905, were $69,441,259 in value, an increase of $12,717,819, or 22.4 per cent as compared with a like period of the preceding year. Meantime im ports into the United States from Cuba have also increased rapidly. Again, comparing the figures of the present fiscal year with those of 1898, the last year of Spanish control over the island of Cuba, it is found that imports into the United States from Cuba during the ten-month period under review have increased from $13,760,366 in 1S9S to $56,723,440 in 1904 and $69,441,259 in the present year ending April 30. Thus exports to Cuba have increased $22,000,000 and imports from Cuba have increased $56,000,000, when the ten month period of the present fiscal year is com pared with a like period of the fiscal years 1S98. In the ten months ending with April 1898, im ports into the United States from Cuba exceeded exports from the United States to Cuba but a lit tle more than $4,000,000; in the same period of the present year, the excess of Cuban imports into the United States over exports to Cuba waf $38,000,000. V