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Uh Nobrasktv Independent
PAGU 16 JULY 27, 1905 GREEN GABLES The Dr. Benj. P. Bailej Sanato rium, Lincoln, Neb. Largest, best equipped and most beautiful! furnished. In the suburbs of Lincoln, this institution for the medical and aurglcal treatment of all non-contagious diseases, pre sents the ideal, in its nursing corps, its massage, its electrical equipments, its bath department, physical culture, dietetics and, in fact, everything which goes to make up a scientific yet homelike institution . A delightful place in which to get well and learn how to keep well. I THE LI HP ELL HOTEL i I " I I A. L. Hoover & Son, Props. j LINCOLN, NEBRASKA. ;'f ; Centrally located, Cor. 13th &ri(L "M bta. The largest hotel in the city, up-to-date and 1st class in every respect. Prices moderate. American and Euro pean plans. Phones in all rooms 52 rooms with bath. VICTORY IS REMOTE RAILWAY LITERARY BUREAUS FAIL TO CONVINCE Efforts to Counteract f Popular De mand for Regulation of Transporta ton Companies Are Being Met By Determined Opposition i tot Protected by lock Signals The first railway in Amer ica to adopt the absolute Block .System in the operation of all trains was the (Jhicago, Milwaukee & $t.paul Railway. It today has more miles of road operated under block sig nal rule than any other railway company. The St. Paul Road was the first railway to light its trains by electricity, and it now has more than three trains " from Union Station, Omaha, to Union Station Chicago every day. For Time T,bie special rate write, F. A. HASH, General Western Agent, 154 Farnam Str t, OMAHA. CATTLE Live Stock N nlssloh SHEEP U Nye & Buchanan Co. South Omaha, Nebraska. ' Best possible service in all de partments. Write or wire us for markets or other information. Long distance telephone 2305. .". If the railroad presidents think that they have overcome the popular demand for government ' control of the rate making power they are about to be disillusioned. While the railroads have been ex erting every effort to counteract the growing demand on the part of the public for rate legislation, those who have suffered through discriminations and unjust rates . have been covertly at work preparing a mine, which, when exploded, will expose the abomi nations of the present system of rate making. While it would appear that the pres idents and financial powers of the railroads have permitted their fears to be lulled to sleep by the fanciful tales of their paid agents, of how they have changed the public's mind the men who were conducting the cam paign for the shippers know that the spark of popular enthusiasm only smolders temporarily. . Attacks in Courts Planned It i3 purposed to attack in the courts every railroad in the country or habitual violation of the Sherman anti-trust act. It is asserted that through traffic committees, freight as sociations, and the V , which fix in their respective territories the rates to be charged by all railroads, they are violating that section of the law which prohibits combinations to pre vent free competition. Some of the greatest lawyers in the country are at work preparing briefs aganst the railroads, and the case of the shippers has been strengthened materially dur ing the last month by the decision of Judge Emory Speer of the United States court of the southern district of Georgia. " Since the Esch-Townsend bill passed the lower house of congress, the rail roads have begun to appreciate the real strength of the popular demand for government control. All of the arge railroads in the country have banded together for mutual protec tion, and Samuel Spencer, president of the Southern railway, was put in charge of the movement to stem the tide of public opnion. Publicity Bureau Opened A publicity bureau was established, with Georee V. S. MIchaelis and James D. Ellsworth, former newspa per men, at the head, and they at once began a systematic campaign to win over the newspapers of the country, and through them the peo ple, to the idea that there is no rea need for legislation. This bureau is still in operation, wth offices in New York, Chicago, Boston Kansas City and maha. and it has hundreds of aeents who go about "joyyinging" up the editors. The bureau is supplied with abundant funds. Mr. Michaells in discussing his plan, said "It is my purpose to send out al the material I can get, favorable to our sde of the question, to the news papers. Where I cannot get them to take it as news matter, or to be used editorially, I shall buy space in the papers, and give our side publicity in that manner. But the railroad officials are not .the only ones who have been active with their propaganda. In every large city, and in every state In the union, the merchants, manufac turers, and jobbers have their asso ciations. Since the rate legislation controversy has sprung up these as sociations have formed a sort of mu tual alliance to offset the combina tion of the railroads. These associa tions act in concert in seeking re forms and aid each other to get re lief from rate discrimination. - The Southeastern Freight associa tion is an alliance of all the . south eastern roads, by means of which the rates to and from all points in the southeastern territory are arbitrarily fixed for all roads. It has Its counter part, however, in the western trunk line freight committee, and the Cen tral Freight association, and others. Railroads Ordered to Refund ,4 :W:J:::::;ift m It was against the southeastern roads and the Southeastern Freight association that the decision of Judge Speei was directed. Because the rail roads in this association had contin ued to charge the increase of 2 cents a hundred on lumber from southeast ern points, which was put into effect in 1903, in defiance of the mandate of the interstate cc miner ce commisson that such increase was unwarranted and excessive, Judge Speer ha de creed that the roads must return to the shippers a sum approximating $250,000 or $300,000. In his decision ne says: "The Southeastern Freight associa tion is a combination of common car riers. In the preamble of its organic agreement it is stated that 'its pur poses are set forth In the following articles. A careful scrutiny of the articles will disclose its machinery, but we fail to discover any express statement of its purpose. It is, how ever, plainly enough to fix and control the rates to be charped by each and all of the rr embers for the railway transr cuatioii of freight. In a ter ritory vaster . than many empires of which we have an account, as regards every interest dependent upon the transportation and commodities, the action of the association is more au thoritative than the firman of the sul tan or the ukase of the czar." Continuing the court says: "In the absence of legitimate com petition, destroyed, as we shall pres ently see, by methods obviously illegal, fie com mission presumes that the ad vanced rates are higher than legit- mate competition would produce. It was an arbitrary exaction, imposed by a combination of railroad agents, an'! in restraint of tne natural move ment of the lumber trade. This com bination or concert on the part of the respondent railroads is plainly viola tive of that provision of the Inter state commerce law which forbids pooling. Cardinal Error of the Railroads 'The cardinal error to which the railroads have been committed in this important controversy is the ap parent belief that they have the right by arbitrarily increasing freight rates to divert at any time to their own treasuries a share of the profits of successful industries or occupations. But the courts have more than once decisively corrected this assumption on the part of railway officials. In deed, to concede the principle for the fixation of rates upon which the rail roads through the medium of the Southeastern Freight association have acted in this case, would concede their power to levy for no better service augmentation of tolls for every In crease of profit in every line of en deavor won by the enterprise, sa gacity, and industry of the American people." His One Chance "Poor Henpeck! Every time he starts to say anything l is wife stops him." "Not always. He has a habit of talking in his sleep, I believe, and when he does that she just listens nearly breathlessly.' mwmm. --'V.. ." MISS ELLA OFF, INDIANAPOLIS, IND. SUFFERED FOR MOiiTHS. Pe-ru-na, the Remedy Cured. " That Miss Ella Off, 1127 Linden St., Indian apolis, Ind., writes : 1 " suffered with a run down constitu tion tor several months, and feared that I would have to give up my work "On seeking the advice of a physi cian, he prescribed n tonic found, however, that It did me no good. On seeking the advice of our druggist, ho asked me to try Peruna. In a few . . - t weeks I began to feel ana act uko a different person. My appetite In creased, I did not have that worn-out feeling, and I could sleep splendidly. In a couple of months I was enureiy recovered. I thank you tor wnatyour medicine has done for me." -EUa Off. Write Dr. Hartman, President of The Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus, Ohio, for free medical advice. All corre pondence is held strictly confidential .22 Cream Separator FOR $25.00 w sell th celebrated DUNDEE CREAM SEPARATOR, capacity, 209 pounds per hour; S60 pounds ca pacity per hour for $29.00: 600 pounds capacity per nour for $34.00. Guaranteed the equal et Separators that RE. -TAIL. EVERYWHERE at from $TS.OO to $l!S.OO. OUR OFFER. rater on our 30 day' free trial plan, with the binding under 'standing and agreement if yoa do not nna ty com pan son, test and use that it will skim closer, skim cokler milk, skim easier, run lighter and .skim - one-half more milk than any other Cream Sepa rator made, you can return the Separator to us at our expense and we will Imme diately return any money you may navepaidforfreisht charges or otherwise. Cut this ad. out at once and mall to us. and you will receive by return mail, free, postpaid, oar LATEST SPECIAL CREAM SEPARATOR CATALOGUE. You will get our tig offer and our free trial proposition and you will re ceive the MOST ASTONISHINGLY LIBERAL CREAM SEPARATOR OFFER EVER HEARD OP. " Address, SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO.. CHICAGO. "mrmirrANY'8 Our Death to LIO0 II (Powder) sprinkled In the nest keeps your $ fowls free from lice. Sprinkle hen and tho niue quicks wm bto "v jvc. wi j t Paragon ' ' Liquid ' ' kills mites instantly. Willno color tchitebirds. Our Sprayer, best on earth, and gallon Lice Killer, $1.50. Half pound Powder, by mall, 10c Wi want agents. Our goods are guar anteed. THE TIFFANY CO., Lincoln, Neb. Please Mention THE INDEPENDENT When You Write to Advertisers.