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JULY 27, 190S o o o WORLD OF PROGRE CTjfe HobrachcL Independent N THE Half of Commander Peary's $50,000, needed to get the Roosevelt off northpoleward, comes from Morris K. Jesup, who had done so much already for the success of the venture. It is said that Hebrews have planned to re move every" man, woman and child of their race from Russia, and that for a beginning they will migrate 600,000 to the Holy Land of their far ancestors and bring 400,000 to this country. What is probably the only automobile in use by a rural mail carrier in the country leaves St. Paul every morning for New Canada and vicinity. Gerhard Melchoir is the enterprising carrier who has introduced this innovation in the method of serving the patrons on his route. M. Bethelot, secretary of the Louvre museum, "believes that he has discovered the secret of the agent used in embalming in ancient Egypt. After a laborious examination of the sarcophagi of the fifth and sixth dynasties, which date back ay far as 3,500 B. C, M. Berthelot has come to the decision that the oil employed was simply castor oil, such as is still used in Egypt, which has un dergone some oxidization, but retained during the long period its preservative qualities. Glass that can be heated white hot and then plunged into cold water without breaking would eeem an impossibility, but it has been recently made an accomplished fact. It is made from Bra zilian quartz pebbles, heated red-hot and then thrown into distilled water. Then the purest pieces are selected and welded with the oxyhydro-, gen blowpipe into long stems, like straws, from " which glass vessels of any shape can be made. Thus far this quartz glass has been employed chiefly for making laboratory apparatus. A test tube, however thin, made in this way will not -break when a white-hot coal is dropped into it. The Harmsworth newspaper syndicate of London, has just secured, by lease and purchase, over one-tenth of the area of Newfoundland, or 4,403 square miles, to be used in perpetuity as a source of supply for the wood pulp necessary to manufacture the paper consumed in the syndi cate's business. The tract is estimated to be capable of growing pulp-wood sufficient for 200 tons of paper daily. This is believed to be the most extensive operation in the way of securing an independent supply of paperever undertaken by a publishing house. It brings under skilled management a vast area which would otherwise have remained a waste after being denuded of its valuable timber, and will afford a valuable object lesson in forestry. Among the passengers of the steamer Ohio, which sailed on her second voyage to Nome, the other day, was Frank C. Churchill, special agent of the bureau of Indian affairs at Washington. He goes north as the special representative of President Roosevelt to in estigate-the conditions prevailing among the Alaska Indians and the best steps to be taken by the government for their care and education and to prevent extinc tion. The natives of Alaska are a fast dwindling race. Like others of their race they soon con tracted the habits of the white man. They liked his liquor and curio making was easier than fish ing and hunting. They made the change and starvation in numerous cases was the result in many of the remote parts of the northern pos session. But the higher race is not altogether re sponsible for their ills. The unsanitary state in which they live is not conducive to longevity The impure air of the native huts and lack of personal cleanliness is fast assisting in the work of laying the Eskimos to waste and today the traveler in the northland finds but a remnant of a once populous people. In the interior of the district there is to be found a few villages of two, three or perhaps half a dozen Igloos con venient to the best fishing ground places, and the balance have gathered in, the larger cities of civ ilization, where they can find a limited market for their carvings of wood, clay and Imitation war implements. The sixtieth anniversary of the arrival of the first colonists from Switzerland will be cele brated at New Glarius, Wis., on Wednesday, August 16, with a unique and original festival! Chief of the interesting features will be a "Glar ner Lands Gemeinde' or a representation of the annual meeting of the citizens of that most demo cratic of republics, the canton of Glarius, all the details of which will be faithfully reproduced. The whole of it will be carried out true to native custom and with all the pomp and solemnity of the original, showing the dual features of the . legislative and elective body. Officers will be elected and laws enacted and the initiative and referendum, as it exists in Switzerland, will be exemplified. Another feature will be a repre sentation of the departure of the original settlers from their homes. The afternoon will open with an historical procession, showing the progress of the colony during the sixty years since its establishment. Later, tableaux will depict, the journey and life of the original colonists. These and other events of the day will conclude with a genuine Alpine festival and singfest. The cele bration will be the one of most note in the colony since that in honor of the 600th anniversary of the Swiss government in 1891. " There will be a general revision of the Ca nadian customs during the session of parliament next years. "A tariff commission, consisting of a committee of the cabinet, will begin its investi gations in September, holding sittings from end to end of the country to acquaint itself with the conditions of the various industries which may be affected by the readjustment of the tariff. The rearrangement of duties will provide for what will be known -as minimum, maximum and general tariff rates. The first named rate will be for Great Britain, and possibly for some other of the best commercial friends of Canada. The second will be for nations like Germany, whose duties are deliberately planned to discourage Canadian trade. The general tariff will be applied to im ports from all other parts of the world. Ther is also a likelihood that the British preference, instead of being fixed at one-third on all classes of articles alike, will be increased in some in stances and decreased in others, as the govern ment may deem expedient. It is said that the president has received from day to day during the progress of the investiga tion into the typesetting machine scandal a brief report of the evidence taken and has been much pleased with the thorough and lawyerlike way that the job has been done. It is suspected that there are a number of species of graft in exist ence in the department and the committee will uncover some of them before it has got far in its work. It was reported today that one of the officials of the department was interested as a partner in a large contract connected with the beef inspection service, and that the committee had been urged to look Into it. Another matter that is said to have aroused some suspicion is the juggling of appropriations in the weather bureau service whereby appropriations for weath er stations have been concentrated into one set of buildings in Virginia convenient to Washing ton, where some of the officials of the depart ment may have a convenient berth up in the Blue mountains during the summer heat. It is stated on good authority5 that congress has never appropriated a dollar for this place and yet large sums have been spent upon It, the idea being to get the institution under full headway as a weather college before congress should learn what was being done. The Keep committee is expected to inquire into this matter. After years of patient study and experiments, involving millions of dollars, it Is thought that at last the "high speed" long distance electrical locomotive is about to be put to actual commer cial use; that is, with an ability, If needed, to run at a speed of upward of 100 miles an hour. The test line will probably be built between the cities of Hamburg and Berlin, in Germany. The distance is said to be exactly 178 miles, and is now covered by high-grade steam locomotives with coaches In three hours and twenty-four minutes, or at the rate of fifty-two miles an hour. A proposition has been placed before the German emperor and the reichstag to lay the bed and track and equip rolling stock to establish a ser vice that will travel the 178 miles between the two cities in a trifle over one hour and forty five minutes. An operating scheduk based on this time 100 miles an hour is guaranteed as a part of the proposition and the Allgemeine Elelc tricatats Gesellschaft of Berlin," one of the big gest general electric companies in the world, offers to do the work for $32,500,000. The Allen meine Elektricitats Gesellschaft does not look upon this undertaking as the limit of its develop ment on the matter of high speed traction. It goes further. It says plainly to the German gov ernment "If you would go a trifle faster, say 125 miles an hour, you may do so for $37,500,000." Up to date the German government has not de cided to accept this offer. That the proposition is under consideration is assured, because it grew out of experiment in high-speed traction tests on a road, the use of which was permitted by the government to the very people now suggesting the establishment of the new service. Major Beverly W. Dunn of the ordnance de partment, stationed at the arsenal on Governor's Island, New York, is at Fort Riley watching ex periments with the new explosive, Dunnite, of which he is the inventor. The Seventh battery, field artillery, is making the experiments. It uses the new rapid-fire guns. A large stone block house build on Morris Hill on the reservation was used as a target by the battery for the use of the Dunnite shells. The battery at a distance of nearly two miles, demolished the block hause and riddled the infantry silhouttes that were in trenches behind and at the sides of the fortifica tion. Three caissons that contained ammunition were placed in a ravine' north of Fort Riley. One of them contained Dunnite shells and the other two contained the regulation field battery am munition. At a distance of 2,000 yards the bat tery shot into pieces thesj caissons.' Each was struck by shells, but the one that contained Dun nite was the only one that exploded. The explo sion was terrific and the caisson was blown to splinters. The British rulers of India are uneasy be cause the native population is uneasy. The na tives have been aroused by. the fact that Japan has demonstrated that it can keep itself from absorption by Europeans. They have amongst them agitators who argue that if Japan should be for the Japanese, India should be for the Indians. That's logic. There are perhaps 300,000,000 na tives of India. They are governed and taxed by a British official and business class which doesn't exceed 150,000. The natives have no voice in the government. They are dreadfully taxed. Moreover, they are an educated people. Their knowledge may not match with that of Europe. Their history is thousands of years older than England's. In India there are works of art that cannot be duplicated by the most cunning hands of the west. India has been looted for more than a century by the British. Its people have been patient, bearing the exactions and burdens put upon them without physical remonstrance except in the outbreak of half a century ago. But now that Japan has shown the way they are evincing a disposition to insist on being given their own. It would be remarkable if the Russian-Japanese war, in which Great Britain has been virtually the ally of Japan, should result in the expulsion of the British from India. The postoffice department has recently been receiving complaints from patrons of its rural free delivery routes all over the country pro testing against the refusal of the carriers to de posit or collect mail from boxes which the farm ers have made themselves. The complaint is gen eral that the government is attempting to compel the farmers to buy expensive boxes made by favored contractors. Some of them who com plain have not hesitated to intimate their sus picion of a "graft" of some kind involved in the the sale of these letter boxes. As a matter of fact, the government is utterly indifferent as to the style or the maker of the box used by the patrons of rural routes, but Jit insists upon cer tain specifications. The box must not be less than 18x6 inches if it is rectangular, and if cyl lnderical not less than eighteen Inches long and six inches in diameter, and it must be made of standard gauge sheet iron or of sheet steel. Every box must be provided with an adjustable, durable metallic signal which will indicate wheth er or not there is mail in the box: Postmaster General Cortelyou is having inspectors look into the allegation that, mail carriers In several cities are selling mining stock while delivering mail. The postal laws are very stringent about Uncle Sam's mail carriers having "side lines" and the investigation will be carried out to the letter.