Newspaper Page Text
X3hs Nobraoko. Independent
SEPTEMBER 14, 1905 IN THE ITOLD OF. PlnCF I o . . - t PAGE 6 The Rancho Gaudaloupe, comprising 13,000 acres of tillable soil and wooded lands in lower California, has been sold to 104 Russian families. The Immigrants propose to establish on their site a Russian colony for the raising of stock and grains and the milling of cereals. Water is to be developed at a considerable cost and a town laid out. The fire loss of the United States and Canada for August, as compiled by the Journal of Com merce, aggregates $11,435,600, as compared with $9,715,200 for the same month last year and $8,428,350 during August, 1903, The total for the first eight months of the current year is $117, 720,750. There were 211 fires during August, where the loss reached $10,000 or more. A notice able feature of the fire waste of the last month was the numerous fires due to lightning, and in some Instances these caused heavy losses. The navy department is steadily at work to perfect the use of wireless telegraphy. The operators at St. Augustine, Fla., and on Cape Cod have been enabled to exchange messages over the 940 miles intervening. It is now planned to raise a wireless tower, 200 feet high, , at the Washington navy yard, to effect communication with the wireless station at the Brooklyn navy yard. Heretofore messages betvreen these places have been sent by relay. There are now power ful instruments at either end, and it is expected that the operators will have no difficulty in ex changing messages. The tests will follow the completion of the Washington station, in about five weeks. The movement for pure food legislation which was inaugurated at the convention of the National Grocers' association in Milwaukee last June, and was subsequently endorsed by other national asso ciations and dealers in food products, has borne fruit in the Organization of a National Food Man ufacturers' association, in whicn wholesale gro cers, starch makers, fruit dealers, fish dealers and wholesale druggists were interested. The objects of the new association are the protec tion of the public from unwholesome, adulterated and fraudulent foods and the passage of a na tional food law protecting alike pusiic, manufactu rers and distributors, to the end that state legis latures will have uniform food laws. The asso ciation has enrolled in its membership between 200 and 300 concerns engaged in manufacturing and distributing food products. An elaborate celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin, in which President Roosevelt is expected to partici . pate, is being planned by the American Philo sophical society, which Franklin founded in Phila delphia. The birthday anniversary will not Oc cur until January 17, but the importance of the event, which is national in character, requires that considerable time should be devoted to prep aration. Three cities, Philadelphia, New York and Boston, will pay honor to the great philoso pher's memory, and the state and federal govern ments and the French government will participate. Governor Pennypacker will preside at the cele bration here, and President Roosevelt has prom ised to participate' in whatever way the society desires. The society has $40,000 at its disposal for the celebration, half of which was approrpiated by the legislature. " Sakahalin, on the division of which Japan and Russia have agreed, is an island nearly 700 miles long, but of narrow dimensions, stretching from La Perouse Strait northward along the coast of Siberia. It has an area or 28,000 square miles. The sky over the island is almost always clouded. Its eastern coast . is either ice-bound or strewn with ice summer ana winter, and the climate generally resembles that of Siberia. -The land is mountainous and the soil fertile only in spots. For the reason that the island principally i3 inhabited by Russian convicts and exiles, it is called "The Isle of the Lost." In forests and coal, however, Sakhalin is very rioh. There also are large deposits of petroleum; in fact, the oil regions are said to be richer than those of Amer ica, and some of the subterranean petroleum lakes are reported to be 8,000 square feet in area. .But the chief wealth of the island is the fisheries. The rivers teem with salmon and the waters along the coast with herring. The average fish output of the island yearly is in the neighborhood of $1,500,000, and this with the industry hardly half developed. The expectation Is that when the Japanese take control of the fishing Industries Sakhalin may become a rival to Newfoundland. From another point of view the fish industry is vital to the life of Japan. It becomes a question of no fish, no rice; no rice, no Japs. Every year Sakhalin sends about $1,000,000 worth of herring to be used as fertilizer on the Japanese rice fields. Russian occupation of Sakhalin always has been a standing menace to Japanese agriculture. It was the case of Korea over again, only with her ring submitted for grain as the vital issue. The population of the island is fewer than 30,000, In cluding about 5,000 convicts, 6,000 exiles and 2,000 released convicts. The native population con sists of 2,000 Gilyaks, who inhabit the northern part, and about 2,600 Ainos, the aborigines of the island. The existence of Sakhalin first was brought to tLe attention of Europe by the Dutch navigator Gerrot de Bries in the middle of the seyenteenth century. . Director of the Mint Roberts has made public his estimate of the production of gold and silver in the United States for the calendar year 1904. These figures show an increased production over the calendar year 1903 of $7,131,500 gold and 3.486,000 fine ounces of silver. The largest gold gain was by California, which increased about $3,000,000 more than in the previous year, and a larger amount than in any year since the '60s. "This gain," the director says, "came chiefly from dredging operations, and a further gain is expected during the current year and for some years to come. The California state mining bureau estimates the possible output of the . dredges at $7,000,000 a year for thirty years. Colorado shows an increase of nearly $2,000,000 gold and 1,300,000 ounces of silver; Alaska a gain of $700,000 gold; Montana a gain of 2,000,000 ounces of silver; Utah a gain of 1,300,000 ounces oi silver; Idaho a gain of 1,300,000 ounces of silver. Forty-eight per cent of the silver was pro duced from leadpres, 26 per cent from copper ores and the rest largely from ores which also carried gold." The following table shows the approximate distribution by producing states and territories: ... Silver, Gold. Fine Value. Ounces. Alabama $ 29,300 200 Alaska 9,034,200 210,800 Arizona 3,343,900 2,744,100 California . . . . 19,109,600 1,532,500 Colorado 24,395,300 14,331,600 Georgia 96,900 1,500 Idaho 1,503,700. 7,810,200 Maryland ; , 2,400 Michigan 127,800 Montana 5,097,800 14,605,100 Nevada 4,037,800 2,695,100 New Mexico . 381,900 214,600 North Carolina ..... . 123,900 14,800 Oregon 1,309,900 133,200 South Carolina 121,800 500 South Dakota 7,024,600 187,000 Tennessee 4,300 59,200 Texas 2,300 496,600 Utah 4,215,000 12,484,300 Virginia 3,800 6,700 Washington 327,900 149,900 Wyoming 16,400 4,400 by temperament to compete, and whose proletariat is, moreover, far too intelligent and to proud to be exploited by capital. He is crying out a warning to Japan that her seat at the council table of the powers is being paid for in the blood of her citizens, not expended as they would pour it forth cheerfully in war, but in factory and on farm, in shop and in office. 'Think for a' moment,' he cried last week as we looked at a Japanese battleship in the offing, 'what a multi tude of our tiny rice fields it takes to support such a monster, and then remember that our people can't afford to eat rict!'" Total $80,723,200 57,786,100 The total amount of gold mined was 3,904,986 ounces, and the commercial value of the silver produced was $33,515,938, making the total value of the two metals $114,239,138. In Tokio not fewer than 200,000 people sel dom, if ever, know of a certainty where the ne cessities of the next day will come from, and throughout the land the great majority are too poor to eat rice. The high grade rice grown in the islands is exported almost to the last sack, and inferior rice imported for those who can af ford it. Rice is not in every bowl, as the tourists fondly imagine. A recent visitor In Tokio writes: "I have spent days and nights in the midst of -this inexpressible residue of Japan. In company, with a brilliant native sociologist who, like scores cf his fellow students of men and things, be lieves that Japan has left its good days of gen eral happiness and general comfort forever behind and is entering upon a sordid and merciless age of industrialism, in which its people are not fitted The report of the interstate commerce com mission, just issued, shows that the hazard of travel by rail is increasing at an appalling rate. In 1895 the records show that 71,696,743 passen ger miles were accomplished for each passenger killed and 5,131,977 passenger miles for each passenger injured. In 1903 the figures were 58, 917,645 passenger miles for each passenger killed, and 2,541,096 passenger miles for each "passenger injured. Last year's figures show that 49,712,502 passenger miles were accomplished for each pas senger killed and 2,406,326 passenger miles for each passenger injured. These statistics demon strate that it is "almost twice as dangerous to travel now as it was ten years ago. And this in the face of the fact that great advances have been made in safety appliances. The, only con clusion is that railway managers are getting more reckless and careless of human life. The number " of passengers killed in the course of the year 1904 was 441 and the number injured 9,111. In the previous year 355 passengers were killed and 8,231 injured. There were 262 passengers killed and 4,978 injured because of collisions and de railments. The total number or persons, other than employes and passengers, killed was 5,973; injured, 7,977. These figures - include the casual ties to persons classed as trespassing, of whom 5,105 were killed and 5,194 were , injured. The total number of casualties to persons other than employes from being struck by trains, locomotives, or cars was 4,749 killed and 4,179 injured. The casualties of this class were as follows: At high way crossings, passengers killed, 4; injured, 10; othei" persons killed, 804; injured, 1,453; at sta tions, passengers killed, 28 ; injured, 108 ; other persons killed, 458; injured, 525; at other points along tracks, passengers killed, 9; injured, 38; other persons killed, 3,446; injured, 2.045. The ratios of casualties indicate that one employe in every 357 was killed and one employe in every nineteen was injured. With regard to trainmen that is, enginemen, firemen, conductors, and other trainmen it appears that one trainman was killed for every 120 employed, and one injured for every nine employed. In 1904, one passenger was killed for every 1,622,267 carried, and one injured for every 78,523 carried. For 1903 the figures show that 1,957,441 passengers were car ried for one killed, and 84,424 passengers were carried for one injured. For 1895, one passenger was killed for every 2,984,832 carried and one injured for every 213,651 carried. The total num ber of casualties to persons on the railways for the year ending June 30, 1904, was 94,201, of which 10,046 represented the number Injured. Casual ties occurred among three general classes of rail way employes, as follows: Trainmen, 2,114 killed and 29,275 injured; switch tenders, crossing tend ers, and watchmenr.229 k'Jd, 2,070 injured; other employes, 1,289 killed, 35,722 injured; The cas ualties to employes coupling and uncoupling cars were: .Employes killed, 307; injured, 4,019. The casualties connected with coupling and uncoup ling cars are assigned as follows: -Trainmen killed, 269; injured, 3,506; switch tenders, cross ing tenders, and watchmen killed, 23; injured, 420; other employes killed, 15; injured, 93. The casualties due to falling from trains, locomotives, or cars in motion were: Trainmen killed, 457; injured, 4,757; switch tenders, crossing tenders', and watchmen killed, 25; injured, 301; other era' ployes killed, 75; injured, 570. The casualties due to jumping on or off trains, locomotives, or cars in motion were: Trainmen killed, 116;' in jured, 3,926; switch tender, crossing tenders' and watchmen, killed, . 14; injured, .278; otter em ployes killed, 61; injured, 506. The casualties to the same three classes of employes . in conse quence of collisions and derailments were: Tram mel killed, 613; injured,. 4,337; switch tenders, -crossing tenders, and watchmen killed, 20- in ured, 138; other employes killed, 90; injured' 854.