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The independent. [volume] (Lincoln, Neb.) 1902-1907, October 18, 1906, Image 10

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The Nebraska Independent
OCTOBER 18, 190.
Things Men. Shoild Observe
ieir Clothing
Demand the kind that fit well-look well and wear well.
Insist upon good workmanship and material. The Sterling's Clothes
contain these qualities because we buy of those manufacturers who com
bine these features in their garments.
It's not the price you pay but the value you receive , that constitutes
real clothes economy. Good merchandise always pleases. Call upon the
Sterling whom you suspect of taking the lead, where quality and workman
ship are concerned and see their excellent line of suits; overcoats and furn
ishings for fall and winter. '
Our prices are always right and the quality and style the best ob
tainable. -
1217 0 Street
A good place to
Buy good clothes
Adams, Farquhar,
O'neil Co., Props.
Successors to
Paine Clothing Co.
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Agricultural Department
The question uppermost at this sea
son is how best to keep the chickens
growing. The grass in some yards is
getting old and tough, in others it has
all ben picked off. The growing chicks
require an abundant supply of green
food.. ft you have not already done
sot it would be well to sow some rape,
or better", lettuce. You will be sur
prised how the birds relish these foods.
Worms are not as plentiful as they
were a few weeks ago. We must
supply animal food in some manner.
Milk to drink,' or mashes wet with
milk, are good. The weather is almost
toa warm to feed cut bone or fresh
meat satisfactorily. I have no doubts
as to whether tainted meat is a health
producing food for chicks. I know it
gives good results at times, but I have
seen instances where it was anything
but satisfactory. I know of no foou
fof summer meat equal to beef scraps.
It is expensive but the results are
worth the cost.
Shade is very important. We have
in the yards a few rows of artichokes,
also corn; and apple and plum trees, as
well'as a very nice double row of ever
green trees. The chicks favor the ar
tichokes as shade. During the heat of
the day there are by far the most
chicks sitting under the artichokes.
This may be due to the fact that visit
ors do not disturb them there, as the
growth is thick enough so that it is
rather difficult to see any chicks. It is
interesting to watch how the chicks
enjoy finding a cool, shady place to
rest where there is not much fear of
being disturbed. During a recent hol
iday a party called during the day to
eeo some chicks, and after going
around the, yards asked when I sold
the chickens. They said: "We were
here a few evenings ago and the yard
swarmed with birds. We cannot now
see a dozen." I told him to take a
walk through the artichokes, where he
found them, much to his surprise.
Canadian "Poultry Review.
Farmers' Bulletin 234, Department of
Agriculture on the Breeding and Man
agement of Guinea Fowl.
From this discussion it seems that
guinea fowl might well be bred in the
United States more extensively than is
yet the case either aloiz with other
j poultry or in larger numbers by them
' selves. The varieties have been im
' proved in recent years and there is
reason to believe that the improve
ment will continue and breeding them
will become an increasingly important
branch of the poultry industry; The
birds do well with comparatively little
food in addition to what they will
gather if allowed to range. In spite
of the half-wild habits which they re
tain when allowed to range, they may
be trained to more, domestic ways and
may be readily fed and fattened like
other poultry. Even when very young
they are exceptionally hardy and free
from disease. Although noisy and
quarrelsome, these birds have their
use, as they are commonly thought to
give warning of hawks or other In
truders in the poultry yard. Guineas
eat such large numbers of insects that
they are often useful in helping to de
stroy these pests. They also eat many
wild seeds and in this way are of
There is already a fair demand for
guinea .'fowl, jfjplace of game,' especi
ally" hi New- York and. other, cities
.They have verjT much , the same food
value as chicken and-are. as econbmir
cal when . bought at' "about ; the same
price per pound. "At moderate prices
they "furnish' the body with about a4
much nourishment for-a given sum as
medium cuts of beef and mutton and
at higher prices correspond in value
with the more expensive cuts and such
poultry as turkey, green goose, etc.
While they can hardly be recom
mended for families that have to make
every penny, count, they might well be
more extensively eaten by the moder
ately well-to-do, and would furnish' a
most acceptable variety.' Guinea eggs
also are considered very choice eating,
and while they are very much like
hens' eggs in food value they '.'have
a very delicate flavor and make a wel
come change when obtainable. It will,
without doubt, be a benefit to both
breeders and buyers if, as seems prob
able, guinea fowl become more appre
ciated as "table birds' in this country.
graiting purposes, nearly1 any farmer,
can 'get. a supply f rom 3yi b;wf?!crppif
he so desires. Most seedlings are cfb-';
tained from owners- of cider .-mills" and
mbst, farmers, have, cider mills, so the
rest is comparatively easy After tha
appdes have been crtfshed the seeds'
should ' be washed Out'atid " cured by ;
drying them in a shady building. Then '
they should be - placed in a. slightly.:
damp soil and kept there until spring
when ' they" can be "sown outdoors:
Trees grown from seedlings should be
dug up when winter approaches and
placed in cellars with the roots in sand.
The grafting can be done in the winter
and the trees replanted in sand until
spring. ' If seedlings are not sufficient
ly strong the following- winter they
should be. again taken' up and housed
during the cold weather. Pears should
be treated in exactly the same way aa
apples. '' ' - '
To keep onions through the winter
there are two important points to re
member. They must be perfectly dry
when cribbed and must be kept in a
very cool place with plenty of ventila
tion. A temperature of about 32 de
grees is necessary to preserve onions.
A good way to store onions is to build
shelves or bins with slats so the air
can circulate freely among them. Do
not pile them more than two feet deep,
because they are likely to get warm
and rot. There Is little danger of the
temperature getting too low for onions.
They have been known to withstand a
temperature of less than zero without
freezing. Should they happen to be
come frozen however, they should not
be handled, but kept in the dark. Mov
ing and handling them does more harm
than the frost.
Instead of buying apple seedlings for
Leaves make a good protection for
strawberry beds, if poles, branches or
other light weights are used to keep
them from blowing .away before the
snow comes. Cornstalks used with
leaves will answer the purpose and
evergreen boughs are suitable if they
can be obtained. In the absence of
any of these materials earth from be
tween the rows can be used as a cov
ering for the plants. .
Keep the cream cans in cold water
winter and summer.
With brush and washing powder
wash the cream separator after using.
A necessary thing is not to over
look rinsing with clean hot water.
, You cannot make good butter from
old stale cream.
Cream will absorb any odor near it
so don't put it in the cellar where
there are vegetable and other bad
Fresh cream should be cooled to the
temperature of the cream to which it
Is to be added. Don't mix cold and
warm cream. " . ;

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