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OCTOBER 18, 1906.
passed a law designating Labor day as a public holiday for the District of Columbia, and as a writer in the World Almanac says, "Congress has recognized the existence of certain days as holidays for commercial pur poses," but with the exception named there is no general statute on the sub ject. The proclamation of the president designating a day of thanksgiving only makes it a legal holiday in the District of ' Columbia and the tern- j . tories and in those states which are provided by law for it. Legal holidays in the various states 'are described by the World Almanac as follows: ' January 1, New Years' Day In all the states, including the District of Columbia, Arizona, and New Mexico, 'except Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi and New Hampshire. ' January 8, Anniversary of the Bat- ' tie of New Orleans In Louisiana. 1 January 19, Lee's Birthday In Florida; Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and Alabama. February 12, Lincoln's Birthday In Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, 'Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota,' Pennsylvania, Wash ington (state), and Wyoming. February 22, Washington's Birth dayIn all the states (including the District of Columbia, Arizona and Oklahoma), except Mississippi, where it is observed by exercises in the pub lic schools, only. March 2, Anniversary of : Texan In dependence In'.Texas. March 7, Mardi-Gras In "Alabama and the parish of Orleans,-Louisiana In Florida in all the cities or towns that have a carnival association for "the purpose of celebrating Mardi Gras. April 19, Patriot's Day In Massa chusetts. .. - ' s ; April 21, Anniversary of the Battle of San Jacinto In Texas." ' - April 21, Good Fridav In Alabama, Delaware, Louisiana,. Maryland,- Penn sylvania and Tennessee. 5 Anril 26. Confederate Memorial Da fTtf or th "Carolina & and - - Seuth Carolina;- : n ' May 10S Memorial Day--North Car- niinn and South Carolina"; ' May (second Friday), Confederate cooooooooooooooocoooc ooooc o O CATTLE LIVE 4g(gSBl; COM STOCKft MISSION SHEEP . Nye & Buchanan Co. SOUTH OMAHA, - NEBRASKA. Best possible service in all departments Write or wire us for markets or other Information. Long distance telephone 2305. . COCOCOCKXX)COCOCOC)OOOC)00000 Close to Nature The method of treatment and O life at GREEN GABLES, the Dr. J n . r-x i i ; T J tsenj. I-. oaney. oanaionum, urn coin, Nebraska, are those of good old Mother Nature. In their work the management do not attempt to controvert nature, but enter into partnership with her. They do not ride hobbies or feel satisfied to dismiss their guests as "well" when only able to live the 1 3 of an ascetic or extremist. They prepare them to be strong of body cheery of heart and active in all things. Write for particulars. The Nebraska Day In Tennessee.' May 20, Anniversary of the Signing of the Mecklenburg Declaration of In dependence In North Carolina. May (last Friday), Pioneer Day In "Montana, observed in public schools. May 30, Decoration Day In all the sta'es and territories (and District of Columbia), except Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Miss'ssippi, North Carolina. South " Carol' na, Tennessee, Texas. In Virginia, known as "Con federate Memorial Day." June 3. Jefferson Davis' Birthday In Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Tennes see and South Carolina. In Louisiana, known ' as "Confederate Memorial Day." In Virginia, in public scho-ls. June (first Monday), even years, general state election in Oregon. Julv 4. Independence Day In all the states, District of Columbia and terri'ories. July 24, Pioneers' Day In -Utah. August 16, Bennington Battle Day In Vermont. September (first Monday) Labor Da- -In all states and territories and Dis trict of Columbia, except' Nevada. North Dakota and Wyoming. In Louisiana, observed in Orleans parish. September 9, Admission Day In California. November 1, All Saint's. Day In Louisiana. - November General Election Day In Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Indian!, Iowa, Kan sas, Kentucky," Louisiana,- Maryland, Michigan: Minnesota, Missouri, Mon tana, Nevada, New Hampshire, Nw Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohi? (from 5:30 a. m. to 9 a. m. only), Oklahoma, Oregon (vote for presiden tial . election only), Pennsylvania., Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West " Vir ginia. Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming, in years when elections are held therein. , November, Thanksgiving Day (usually the fourth Thursday in No vember)- observed in all the states, so designated by . the v governor. In Wyoming, Labor day is a holiday when s) designated by Uhe governor - Arbor day is a legal holiday hr Ari zona,' Maine,"New Mexico, Wisconsin and Wyoming, the day being -set bv the governor; in Texas, February -22; Nebraska, April 22 ; Utah, April 15 ; Rhode Island, May 11; Montana, sec ond 'Tuesday - in May;- Florida, first Friday in December; Colorado (school holiday only), third Friday in April; in Oklahoma, the Friday following the second Monday in March. ' . Everv Saturday after 12 o'clock, noon, is a legal holiday in Maryland, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennr sylvania, Virginia, the District of Co lumbia for banking purposes), ana in New Orleans, La., and Charleston, S. C; in Louisiana and Missouri in cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants; in Denver. Colo.. June 1 to August 31; in Tennessee, for state and county officials. The Commoner. THE' MADISON SQUARE SPEECH There is a wide discussion in the nress and amonsr the people over that part of Mr. Bryan's great speech made in Madison Square Garden on. August 30 which refers to government owner shin of railroads. Because of almost universal endorsement by democratic state conventions of Mr. Bryan as tre next candidate of hia party for the presidency this speech is looked upon by many as containing a statement of democratic principles for the national eamnaisn of 1908. In many respects this is true, but that Mr. Bryan did not so regard that part of his speech referring to gov rrnment ownership of railroads is ap parent from a careful examination of all he said on that question, borne express surorise that he should have spoken at all on this question because of the ; opinion that it might, as they think, endaneer his chance of election tn the presidency. Mr. Bryan is in no sense a political trimmer. He has al Independent in the future, sneak boldly what he thinks is right on all public questions regardless of the effect it might have on his candidacy for office. Like Abra ham Lincoln in his great debate with Douglas on slavery, he would declare for the principles he believed to be right regardless of its effect on his public career. And it is this trait of Mr. Bryan in bravely and honestly expressing his real thoughts on all public questions and refusing to sacri fice principles for expediency hit marks his ssuperiority over all public men of his day. While others are playing politics and wa' clung the po litical weather vane, Mr. Bryan, for getting self, is speaking what he con scientiously believes to be fcr the best interests of the people. In honesty, bravery and moral courage no Ameri can of the, present time apprccies Mr. Bryan. In this respect he is the equal of Lincoln or Jefferson. Bryan would; not play politics even to be come president, much less smotlur his convictions of what he thinks Is ri?ht. Because of this traP. of char acter he is the best loved and mo3t widely respected man' hi the Un to 1 States today, not excepting the very popular republican president. There should be no surprise now at Mr. Bryan's views on. the question of public ownership of railroads, as he announced them somewhat at length in the latter part of the year 1904 in a vigorous editorial in The Commoner nndnr the title "Democracy Must Move Forward.", Those who critic'se him for his New York speech certainly can not :claim surprise alter having read his views as expressed in The Com moner almost two years ago. In the Madison Sauare Garden sneecu iur. Bryan makes it clear that he is strong ly 'opposed to socnlisnt and in vivo? of individualism. He dhcufses public ownership as a part of the trut ques tion and lays . down , the propqsi ion, 'o which all democrats must agree, thp.t pnvate monopoly is "indefensible and intolerable" and must oe de stroyed. , He takes - the position that the, trust , question . is the paramount issue" in this congressional campaign, and aftrr'that the tariff question. Cer tninly all democrats will agree to this. .. "" " Tn 'referring to public ownership as the final solution' of that part'of the trust question relating to the railroads he uses' this significant language, which shows clearly that he would not advocate government control of railroads except as the last resort when nil other remedies had failed. His exact words are: "I do not know that -the country is ready for this change. I do not know that a majority of my own party favor it," hut he further states that he bases his con clusion on the theory ""that public ownership is necessary where com petition is impossible," and then fol lows the statement: "The high hand ed manner in which the railroads haye violated the law and ignored au thority, together , with the corruption discovered in high places, has done more to create sentiment in favor of public ownership than all the speeches and arguments of the opponents of private ownership." He further says: "Tf any of you question the propriety of my mentioning this subject I beg to remind you that the president could not have secured the passage of the ratfi hill had he not appealed to the fear of the more radical remedy of government ownership, and nothing will so restrain a railroad magnate from atatcmnting to capture the in terstate commerce commission as the same fear." He also states specifically the great objection to government ownership the danger of centraliza tion. ' In this same speech Mr. Bryan states that the next democratic plat form will be largely shaped by the ac tion of the next congress. From these statements we think the conclusion is inevitable that he was not, as a great many of the newspapers seem to think, announcine a new issue for the party, but was merely expressing his views which all reasonable men admit will te necessary, if railroad rate legisla tion fails to bring relief to the public and correct the great abuses which the railroad trust has created. Mr. Bryan bases his argument squarely on the contingency "that public owner ship is necessary where competi'ion is impossible." From this it neces sarily follows that if the monopoly which destroys competition among railroads can be destroyed by railroad legislation and the basis of true competition restored, unlawful dis crimination prevented and the rail road companies taken out of pon tics, then no "competition destroying mononolv existine." there would be no necessity for public ownership and under such circumstances Bryan would not favor it. But, if on the contrary the railrcad rate bill should prove in efficient and through the corrupting influence of the railroad trust other legislation which would bring about Ahe much desired remedy to the people should be prevented and the railroads should continue to destroy competition, levy extortionate rates, practice un just discrimination, debauch the poll tics of the nation, corrupt the courts, place a dollar mark on public service, ccntrofby corrupt means city councils, legislatures and congresses and pre vent the enforcement of law, thus pre senting, as every one must admit un der such conditions, the great ques tion which Mr. Bryan must have had in mind when he proposed this radical remedy namely, whether the, rail roads should control the government, or the government own the railroads; then the Globe stands with Mr. Bryan in favor of government ownership of railroads as the ultimate and nnai remedy if such a condition arises. Joplin (Mo.) Globe. , MR. BRYAN'S ITINERARY On Thursday, October 4, Mf. Bryan began his campaign tour of Nebraska, speakiug at Geneva in the afternoon and at Hastings in the evening ' On Friday afternoon he spoke at Kearney and . in' the. evening at Granif Island, completing the, initial tour by speak ing at Columbus Saturday afternoon and at Central City in ; the evening. Monday, October 8, he began his tour of Kansas,' making the first, speech at Pittsburg. On Tuesday he spoke ,at Wichita. Wednesday, October 10, Mr. Bryan began his tour of Missouri, where he spent four days, speaking at Nevada, Clinton, Sedalia, Columbia, Lebanon. Springfield, Monett, Joplin, Kennett, Sikeston, Flat River, Macon, Brookfield, Carrolltpn, . Cameron and Maryville. On Monday, October 15, he began his tour of Illinois, speaking at Pittsfield, JacksonvileTand Carroll ton on Monday and at Vandalia, Cen tralia and Mt. Vernon on Tuesday. Wednesday, October 17, was spent in Wisconsin, where he spoke at Madison and Milwaukee. On Thurs day he spoke in Sioux Falls, S. D. From Sioux Falls Mr. Bryan will go to Denver, Colo., where he speaks on October 15. The Commoner. A Tulsa, I. T., dispatch carried by the Associated Press under date of October 12. follows: "Information was received here today direct from the New York office of John W. Gate3 to the effect that the Standard Oil company and the Gates oil interests in Texas have combined and will build a pipe line from the Tulsa fields to the Gates refineries at Port Arthur, Texas. Gates will build north and the Stand ard south, the two lines connecting on Red river, near Paris, Texas. The laws governing corporations in Texas prohibit the Standard Oil company from doing business in that state and for that reason, it is said, the coalition with Gates was made. Gates controls a large percentage of the Texas oil refineries and has a large market for crude oil. The deal announced today makes practically certain two pipe lines from the Tulsa fields to the gulf. The other line is to be built by inde OCOCOOCC)OOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOO ways in the past, and doubtless win of what might be made necessary ana