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The Nebraska Independent 9 OCTOBER 18, 1906. ago of an American syndicate headed by the late United States Senator Calvin S. Brice, of Ohio, receiving a concession from the Chinese govern ment to build a railroad in China. The syndicate thus formed organized the American-China Development Com pany, for the purpose of, under the concession obtained from the Chinese government, building a railroad from Canton to Hankow in China and de veloping the coal and iron industry in the territory tributary to the pro posed railroad. It it not necessary here to remind our readers of the commanding posi tion of iron in the industry of the modern world. But, it may be news to some that China is the richest por tion of the earth in iron and coal, all of which is of the highest known quality. The deposits of iron and coal in the territory accessible to the Yang Tse Kiang river, one of the longest navigable rivers in the world, is said to equal many times that of Pennsyl vania. It is no wonder these rich de posits, which if developed with Chi nese labor would command the iron markets of the world, were attractive to the master minds of England and America, and that their covetous eyes were fastened upon them. How to command so great a prize was the problem in hand by both the American and the English companies at the time the Spanish-American war was on, and for many years before. Here again attention is called to the fact that the corrupt weak and imbecile Chinese government of that period was being continually harrassed by ev ery government of Europe demandng of it territorial concessions for one purpose or another, in settlement of claims on account of the destruction of the lives or property of Christian mis sionaries fro msuch country in China. The nations of the earth were at this time watching the conduct of each other in Chinese matters and combining against exorbitant demands on the part of any one of their num ber, each jealous of the other lest it secure an undue portion of the great prize they then believed was to be divided among them to the great ad vatnage of the participants. In the meantime Russia was moving steadily down upon China, and this power which was the much more dreaded then than now, was through secret intrigue exerting a practical control over Chinese officials. The sit uation was that the English company whose investments were already large outside of England was impatient of delay in securing th coveted Chinese prize and growing daily more distrust ful of the Russians whom they feared intended to balk their game and make themsevles eventually complete mas ters of China and shut out all others from participation in the great prize. Our American capitalists finding abundant profitable employment for their capital at home were less wor ried over Chinese matters than were the English, and therefore gave the matter much less attention. But, tho English were constantly computing naval power and the resources of Rus sia and her allies and trying to figure out a way to command the situation in China, but with a discouraging pros pect, against Russia and its allies. When the United States struck a blow against Spain in the Philippine Islands the British financiers saw their opportunity and seized upon it with avidity. Immediately upon the sink ing of the Spanish fleet in Manila bay the English "company sought and ac complished a co-partnership with the American company forming what was afterward known as the Anglo-American-China development, and then urged their American partners to insist upon the retention of the Philippine Islands by the United States, thus making the United States a war power in the Orient at the very gateway of China. This done and the new syndicate, hav ing the backing of the United States and England combined, hoped to be able to bluff the other powers and force its way to control and develop the country between Hong Kong and Hankow embraced in the original- con cessions to the English and American companies. The administration at Washington was under obligations to the great fi nanciers, to whose liberal contribu tions it owed its success in the elec tion, and it yielded to their demand that we obtain possesion of the Islands and retain them. Thus is given in out line the reasons why we are in the Philippines. ' . ' In this connection attention is called to the fact that President McKinley and his political associates together with their financial backers had been for years loud and long in their de mands for a high tariff to protect American labor. It is well known the tariff was the means of building up in a few years individual fortunes that dwarfted in comparison any to be found in the old world as a result of centuries of accumulation. It is also well known that the beneficiaries of the tariff were liberal contributors to republican campaign funds, and that they maintained a corrupt and powerful lobby at the national to influence legislation, all of which is evidence that the appeal to the voters in name of protection to American labor was a demagogic ap peal made to catch the votes of the ignornt to enable them to control the government in the interest of plunder. Shallow as were the pretensions of philanthrophy and solicitude for the working men of the trust barons and the railroad financiers many honest men were deceived thereby. But, what hope can there possibly be of men, who could longer be deceived by such pretensions, in view of the combina tion for, and attempt to transfer the workshop of the world into China, by the development of that country with its superior resources and its teem ing millions of the cheapest and most effective laborers on the earth. Note the reason given by the apol ogists of the administration for break ing faith with our allies in the Phil ippines and paying twenty millions to Spain for the Islands. The reason given was that we must cultivate trade relations with the millions of China and Japan, and that it was nec essary that we become a war power in the Orient to secure our share of that trade and protect our rights in that quarter of the globe. All of which sounds well to the- unthinking, but underneath the idea of commercial conquest in the Orient lies coiled the deadly serpent that means death to American labor and ultimately to all American interests except that of bondholders alone. Whenever extensive trade relations are established between America and the Orient, that vast reservoir of cheap labor will turn the tide against us and in favor of the yellow man. When the time arrives that American and English capital and skill opens up the resources of China in the name of trade, other nations will soon cease to be competitors in the field against Chinese labor and will ultimately only be able to exchange raw materials and food for the products of Chinese and Japanese factories. Our sales to Japan have fallen off forty per cent during the past year. Our total sales to 850,000,000 of people in all of Asia last year amounted to only $58,000,000, or a little more than one-third the amount of our sales to the less than 7,000,000 people in the British North America. England and Germany sold more to Brazil last year than the United States sold to one-half the human race in Asia. These figures are given with the accompanying sug gestion to expose the fallacy of the Oriental trade fiction that iwas ex ploited in this country to chloroform the American mind by an appeal to commercial instinct, trusting the peo ple to remain ignorants of the facts. The truth is the diseased minds of modern multimillionaires were car ried away with the alluring prospects of becoming billionaires through the development of China's unrivaled resources in iron and coal and the em ployment of cheap labor. The con ception back of the movement of the great capitains of industry in the western world upon China was of power and wealth beyond anything the mind of man had before con ceived of. If the Chinese would per mit of its being carried out it would undoubtedly check the advancement of western civilization, make billionaires of a few promoters, and in less than a century make the Mongolians the masters of the world. Subscribe for The Independent. The man whose reputation is that of being tame, kind and wise cannot compete in politics with a man 1'ke William R. Hearst, whose audaci'y is attractive and whose courage and abil ity challenges admiration. If the great daily newspapers of the country reap a harvest of prosperity during political campaigns, what meas ure of prosperity must the Hearst pa pers enjoy when they have to furnish one-half of the entire demand, as in the present campaign in New York state? William R. Hearst is a success as an advertising agent for the Hearst publications. He has forced all of hi3 business rivals into giving him free advertising and creating a demand for his wares, which he is prepared to fur nish in unlimited quantities from his own warehouses (newspaper offices) in the principal cities of the country. The voters of the third congressional district ought to take pride in electing Judge Graves to congress by an over- whelming majority. We trust our friends in the third district will show" their appreciation of an upright, filth. ful and wise public servant, by doing all in their power to swell the vote for their worthy candidate for congress. If our friends will make an especial effort to do so on election day they ought to be able to obtain several thousand republican votes for V. Wolfe and J. S. Canaday, as their opponents on the ticket are the two officials who voted to keep down the railroad assessments last year. A change of a few votes at each voting place means a change of thousands In the state. We trust our friends will not overlook this matter. A small number of talented and per niciously active idealists of the Henry Watterson type, have contributed much toward the success of the repub lican party in the past. These men, honest in their purpose and sweet singers have twanged away on their one string tariff fiddles denouncing the protective principle and defending free trade as a principle. These men did not represent the democratic party or any considerable number of men In any party. But their ill advised and impracticable teachings were eagerly seized upon by republican leaders as texts to write and preach about to the great damage of the democratic party. The American people for the first time during the present generation have turned their attention the rela tions existing between the people and the various interests . that constitute' industrial society, and the attitude of the government toward each. ' There is at last evidence of an awakening among the people generally to a realiz ing sense of the duties and responsi bilities of state and nation in the mat ter of restoring relations of justice and social order necessary to the peace, happiness and security of general so ciety. Hence, many who a few years ago were regarded as oracles of wis dom are gradually but surely being eclipsed the luminaries of the new day, the leaders who voice the aspirations of the present and future. When we hear af rays of light cap able of achieving puhotography through a foot thickness of solid iron; of the charting of the sky itself on such a scale that a thousand million members of the firmament can be re corded each in its appointed place; of the discovery of something like the sense-organs of human knowledge on the roots, stems and leaves of plants; of the tracking of diseases which de cimate humanity to their obscure source in the parasite of a parasite, and of the process by which two pa tient and humble scientists working upon a few grains of an element in a mere secondary form managed to rev olutionize our whole conception of the most stupendous forces of the physical world it seems indeed a mystery that the appetite for surprise and sen sation should turn aside from what the pursuit of truth can offer and prefer to regale itself with the petty pro ducts of trumpery invention and Ingenuity.