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THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT FEBRUARY 14, 1907 i UP-TO-DATE s j-4 BAVOKABLE action in congress on the suggestion that the fortifica tions of Hawaii should bo strengthened gue excu.se for a revival of war talk early in the week. Immediate denials of .any ground for such rumors pro ceeded from both Japanese and Amer ican sources. Secretary Taft showed that he had been trying ever since he entered the war department to secure appropriations for the fortification of Hawaii, llaron Kantaro Kaneko, a member of the Japanese house of peers, who has made a special study of American affairs, said of the ques tion which caused the discussion with the United States, the segregation of Japanese children in San Francisco schools; "From the outset I knew it to Le a local question, unendorsed by American public opinion, and I have been speaking of it to my friends in that light. This is more than confirmed by President Roosevelt's message, , which I consider the greatest utterance since the farewell message of Presi dent Washington. It .is unprecedented in the way it so strongly advocates a foreign cause. No stronger or abler ad vocate could be ' found for Japan. When the text of his message bearing on the school question was fully trans lated in the leading pa-pers throughout this country, even in the island of For mosa, all could readily see and appre ciate the profoundness of his argu ments. Had the question arisen else where, the crisis would have occurred anV loud dcilance have been uttered for the length and breadth of the em pire. On the other hand the quiet tone of the press clearly demonstrates the strength of the confidence reposed in President Roosevelt and the typical American sentiment generally. Not a single soul has ever thought that the San Francisco affair would endanger the friendship of both nations. The af-t-.i&fmi iwswabtMftd -regrettable; aa-lt Jsjj has served the unique purpose of demonstrating to the world how deep rooted is the friendship between Japan and America. The latent cordiality Japan entertains for her tutor is shown by the fact that, suffering under the severest strain, Japan does not forget what she owes to America in her mod ern progress, but unflinchingly trusts in support of her rights to the justice which guides American sentiment." The New Jersey senatorial contest ended with the withdrawal of Senator Dryden and the election of State Treasurer Frank O. Rrlggs, an ally and lieutenant of Senator Iryden. The Rhode Island deadlock continues. The lower house of congress occupied itself mainly with the "pork" bill, the bill carrying over eighty million dollars appropriated for the improvement of waterways in various sections of the country. The service pension bill was passed and was signed by the presi dent. This bill makes every soldier of the civil war eligible to a place on the pension rolls at a minimum pay of $12 a month. The house passed the bill amending the free alcohol law so as to make possible the manufacture of alcohol for denaturing in small distill eries, such as farmers could afford to maintain. The interstate commerce commission reported that the charges of errors in its statisfical department had not been sustained. Charles S. Hanks and Goo. W. Harriman had alleged that the railroads of the country could reduce their rates ten per cent without reduc ing wages or dividends. They were given opportunity to substantiate their statements. Following their report the president wrote to Mr. Hanks: "Last winter you came to me on several occasions, assuring me that very grave errors and shortcomings existed in the work of tile interstate commerce com mission, these being due primarily to the work of its statistician, Mr. Adams. Allegations were so grave that I had both of you to meet certain members of the commission, on which occasion you stated that you would be able to put the commission in pos session of information which would practically revolutionize much of the work they were doing, if you were given access to their books. The com mission, at my request, gave you such access. You were engaged In the re searches last spring. The charges you had made and were thn making were of so grave a character that I did not feel Justified In failing to give, you ev ery opportunity to substantiate them. 1 ndeavored to have Mr. Harriman state to me definitely what hi charge were. You admitted that your knowl edge of the matter was from him. I found it almost Impossible to pin him down to any definite statement, and finally. In view of the reflated stale itont of both you and himself tint only experts could g Into the matter, I appointed Mr. O. P. Austin to look Into the iharne, IU repeated to in. that after careful examination of the i h irsri . presented In tic paper of Mr. Harriman and of the reply of pro. IViotnr Adam he found the churge v.eie without foundation." Weather the mot vere f th en on prevailed lii Nebrak.n and Kn rally throughout Urn northwest. A coating of ice on the ground followed by a heavy fall of snow made It im possible for cattle on the range to get at the range grass, and where there was no cut hay severe losses of stock occurred. Lack of fuel and provisions in Nortjt Dakota tccasioned ruffering and many deaths. One homesteader re ported that seven men in his vicinity froze to death on their claims. Deaths by freezing wero reported also from South Dakota. Joint committees of the Nebraska legislature agreed upon two Mil.- t be introduced to deal with railroad matters. An anti-pass bill was intro duced which forbade the giving of passes to persons except bona fide employes and care-takers of live stock in transit. Passes are not permitted to attorneys and physicians of the roads unless their cash salaries amount to $500. This bill is more sweeping than the anti-pas provision of the national law, and conforms strictly to the promises of the state platforms. The committee naving in charge the bill defining the powers and duties of the railroad commission also com pleted the draft of a voluminous bill. In g-wral it gives the commission the authoritv and functions of the national, railroad commission The committee engaged in drafting a direct primary law appointed a sub-comrnit-tee ti formulate a bill providing for a state-wide primary in accordance with the party platforms. County op tion bills received a large share of attention. A banquet was-given in London in honor of James Bryco, who is soon to leave f -r America, where he will oc cupy the post of British ambassador. In the course of his address Mr. Bryce said: "The United States have grown so great that they no longer need, as they did a century ago, to be self-assertive. Having become the largest and the wealthiest among civilized communities, they are respected everywhere and know it. During the last frty cr fifty years Great Britain and the United States havj come to kuc).w tduwlerstn4. ach other ,bet ter and to read one another's writ ings. With these guarantees there is a better chance that 'their friendship be durable. Neither has any cause to quarrel with the other. Each country has as much territory as she can possibly require aud each country is proud of the other. We in England are proud of having such a child as America, and the Americans are proud that the earlier achievements of Croat Britain, in which they shared, havr; been sustained since the separation. This is the sentiment of pride and brotherhood that '.lie English envoy is required to represent in the United States. Never has the spirit of peaco oeen more conspicuously the ruling spirit of both peoples." HOW THK MOONSHINERS GOT KVES The moonshiners in sight of Glassy Mountain have a little sly humor about them, nays the Spartanburg corres pondence of the Charleston News. They do not skip around over the hills and. through the ivy thickets with long, lugubrious faces as though they ex pected the terrors of the law to break in on them any clay. Some of ihem are chockful of fun. A day or two ago Chief Constable Grady, with several others, went up to the dark corner to investigate whether or not there was a reduction in the manu facture jf "mountain d3w." They hired a team in Spartanburg, and on reach ing tho country where the moon shines day ami night they hitched their horses and proceeded on foot. They reported that their search for the copper four, tains of perpetual death was made interesting bv the frequent firing of guns which reemed to be aimed at them. On their return their vehicle had Leen taken apart and piled up with some wood and fired. The tires and axles were not burned Horses and harness were not hurt RUMINATIONS. Modesty is the best policy. Good .ord, save my friends from mc! Hope is the tonic that is keeping most of us alive. it is better to be an ugly duckling than a goose. Hope deferred maketh the creditor kick. She that hesitates has to hustle to catch any kind rf husband thee days. The man thai Kirls think awfuily diflfer nt Is usually indifferent. No mere man could be as respectable ax the average bend waiter look. Im't Judge a man by hi cigars, maybe his wife Itmiifht Ihem for him. Typewriter tell no tales, hut this lun't faying anything about steno graphers. NoImhIv denies hat man I the dar ling of the godn. They didn't eVeli Kv woman a use of humor. She that run hatd her tomato U greater that he who t an b ut ile n automobile. One thing about the ruin who tepi on your fool when you ar wearing ttuht h In nuiko you forget yur other trouble. MARK TWAIN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY North American Review: One day In the midwinter of 1856 or 18571 think it was 1856 I was coming along the main street of Keokuk in the middle of the forenoon. It was bitter weather so bitter that the street was deserted, almost. A light dry snow was blow ing here and there on the ground and on the pavement, swirling this way and that way and making all sorts of beautiful figures, but very chilly to look at. The wind blew a piece of pa per past me and it lodged against a wall of a house. Something about the look of it attracted my attention and I gathered it in. It was a fifty-dollar bill, the only one I had ever seen, and the largest assemblage of money I had ever encountered in one spot. I adver tised it in the papers and suffered more than a thousand dollars' worth of solicitude and fear and distress dur ing the next few days lest the owner should see the advertisement and come and take my fortune away. As many as four days went by without an ap plicant; then I could endure this kind of misery no longer. I felt sure that another, four could, not. go by in this .safe and secure way. I felt that I must take that money out of danger. So I bought a ticket for Cincinnati and went to that city. I worked there sev eral months in the printing-office of Wrfghtson and company. I had been reading Lieutenant Herndon's account of his explorations of the Amazon and had been attracted by what he said of coca. I made up my mind that I would go to the head waters of the Amazon and collect coca and trade in it and make a fortune, left for New Orleans in the steamer "Paul Jones" with this great idea filling my mind. One of the pilots of that boat was Horace Bixby. Little by little I got acquainted with him, and pretty soon I was doing a lot of steering for him in his daylight watches. When I got to New Orleans I inquired about ships leaving for Para and discovered that there weren't any, and learned that there probably wouldn't be any during that century. It had not occurred to me to inquire about these particulars before leaving Cincinnati, so there I was. I couldn't get to the Amazon. I had no friends in New Orleans and no money to speak of. I went to Horace Bixby and askei him to make a pilot out of me. He said he would do it for a hundred dollars cash In advance. So I steered for him up to St. Louis, borrowed the money from my brother-in-law and closed the bargain I had acquired thfs brother-in-law several years before. This was Mr. William A. Moffett, a merchant, a Virginian a fine man in every way. He had married my sister Pamela, and the Samuel E. Moffett of whom I have been speaking was their son. Within eighteen months I became a compe tent pilot, and I served that office un til the Mississippi river traffic vas brought to a standstill by the breaking out of the civil war. The' government of tne new territory of Nevada was an interesting menag erie. Governor Nye was an old and sea soned politician from New York poli tician not statesman. He had white hair, he was in fine physical condition; he had a winningly friendly face and deep lustrous brown eyes that could talk as a native language the tongue of every feeling, every passion, every emotion. His eyes could outtalk his tongue, and this is saying a good deal, for he was a very remarkable talker, both in private and on the stump. He was a shrewd man; he generally saw through surfaces and perceived what was going on inside without being sus pected of having an eye on the matter,. When grown-up persons imialge in practical jokes, the fact gauges them. They have lived narrow, obscure, and ignorant lives, and at full manhood they still retain and cherish a job-lot of left-over standards and ideals that would have been discarded with their boyhood if they had then moved out into the world and a broader life. There were many practical jokers in the new territory. I do not take pleas ure in exposing this fact, for 1 liked those people; but what I am saying Is true. I wish I could say a kindlier thing about them instead that they were burglars, or hat-rack thieves, or something like that, that wouldn't b utttrly uncompliirentary. I would pre fer it, but I can't say those things, they would not be true. These people were praetieal jokers, and I will not try to disguise It. In other respects they were plenty good-enough people; hnnext people, reputable and likable. They played praetieal Joke upon each other with stieeetis. and got the admir ation and applause and also the envy of th rest of the community. Natur ally they were .eager to try th'tr art on big vame and that wa what th uovenior n. Hut they n not able to score. They made m. I effort, but the governor defeuted these effort without any trouble utit went on smil ing hi peasant smile tm if nothing had hapiM'tieit. Finally Ihf Joker chief of 'arson City and VlrKtnl.i City con spired together to e, f their comhlnM talent wouldn't win a letory. for th Joker weru getting Into il very uit- ollar Pacliago mm Man Medicine Freo You can now obtain a large dollar-size freav package of Man Medicine free on request. 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Interstate Remedy Co., 811 Luck Bldg., Detroit, Mich. comfortable place; the people were laughing at them, instead of at their proposed victim. They banded them selves together to the number of ten and invited the governor to what was a most extraordinary attention in those days pickled oyster stew and chaml pagnc--luxuries very seldom seen in that region, and existing rather as fabrics of the imagination than as facts. The governor took me with him. He said disparagingly. "It's a poor invention. It doesn't de ceive. Their idea is to get me drunk and leave me under the table, and from their standpoint this will be very funny. But they don't know me. I am familiar with champagne and have no prejudices against it." The fate of the joke was not decided until 2 o'clock in the morning.. At that hour the governor was serene, genial, . comfortable., contented, happy and sober, although he was so full that he couldn't laugh without shedding cham pagne tears. Also, at that hour tho last joker joined his comrades under the table, drunk to the last perfection. ! The governor remarked. "This is a . dry place, Sam, let's go and get something to drink and go to bed." At first I roamed about the country seeking silver, but at the end of '62 or the beginning of '63 when I came up from Aurora to begin a Journalistic ' life on the Virginia City Enterprise, I was presently sent down to Carson City to report the legislative session. Orion (Mr. Clemen's brother, secretary of Nevada territory) was soon very popu lar with the members of the legisla ture, because they found that whereas they couldn't usually trust each other, nor anybody else, they could trust him. He easily held the belt for honesty in that country, but it didn't do him any good in a pecuniary Avay, because he had no talent for either persuading or scaring legislators. But I was differ ently situated. I was there every day in the legislature to distribute compli ment and censure with evenly balanced justice and spread the same over half a page of the Enterprise every morn ing, consequently I was an influence. I got the legislature to pass a w ise and very necessary law requiring every corporation doing business in the ter ritory to record its charter in full, without skipping a word, in a record to be kept by the secretary of the ter ritorymy brother. All the charters were framed in exactly the same words. For this record-service he was authorized to charge forty cents a folio of one hundred words for making the record; also five dollars for furnishing a certificate of each record, and so on. Everybody had a toll-road franchise but no toll-road. But the franchise had to be recorded and paid for. Everybody was a mining corporation, mid had to have himself recorded and pay for it. Very well, wc prospered. 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