Newspaper Page Text
MARCH 28. 10U7. THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT NEBRASKA BRdKEN BOW has an improvement club which holds regular meetings with a stated program to discuss ques tions related to the city welfare. An essay on women's clubs, and their ben efit to city and country, a report of thei late meeting of commercial clubs in Lincoln, and a paper on cement side walks, how to get them and where to put them, were numbers of the pro gram of a recent meeting. A discussion participated in by a city merchant and a farmer on the business relations be tween village and country, involving of course the mail order business, was the most interesting feature of the meeting. Such discussions would seem a town, but the Chief reports that the attendance of business men at th3 meetings is by no means as heavy as it might be. These offerings by a Wahoo real estate firm give an idea of Saunders county land values: Two hundred and thirty-three -acres, three miles from town,' 190 acres under cultivation, 7 room house, good barn, double eorn crib, good well and windmill, fenced and cross-fenced, one-half mile from school. Price, $55 per acre. Easy, terms. This is a good bargain and will be taken soon. One hundred and sixty acres, four miles from town, all fenced, 115 acres under cultivation, 15 acres hay land and 30 in pasture, 5-room house, good barn and plenty of out buildings. Price, $G0 per acre. . - Eighty acres, 5 1-2 miles from town, one mile from school, 50 acres under cultivation good spring water, small house, good barn and granery. Price, $50 per acre. This is a snap you can't afford to miss.' One hundred and sixty acres," 5 1-2 miles from own, 1 1-2 miles to school. 120 acres under cultivatio,' all fenced and cross-fenced, good 5-room house,' large barn, granery, double corn crib, hog bam, cow shed and chicken house. Price, $85 per acre. This farm is well located. This soft winter story is from tho Talmage Tribune: "George Peterson, the most extensive apple raiser in this section of the country, called at the Tribune office one day this week with gome apples for the Tribune force to sample. They had been laying in the orchard all winter with only such pro tection from the weather as the few leaves on the ground afforded but still were sound Tind intact the same as though they-had been given the best' of care for preserving them. They Were the Ben Davis variety and had lost nnns of their flavor or toothsome ness by. the exposure." " Spraying will be essential to future apple crops in Richardson county, ac cording to the Falls City Tribune: "One of our subscribers, who is good author ity on the subject, brought in a twig of an apple branch Tuesday of this week, which shows the condition of many of the fruit trees of this section. The twig was only, about nine inches in length but on it were between fif teen and twenty coddling moth eggs. These eggs are deposited on the tree by a certain species of a miller and if early steps are not taken to prevent their growth and hatching the fruit crop will suffer. To prevent the ravages, of this coddling moth every orchard should be sprnyed by its owners early in the season and this should be done thoroughly. Too much attention can not" be paid to this by fruit growers of this eounty." Ed Hufiton and his better half, of Brock, got 4nto a dispute over whether or not ice cream which was shipped to that town for a certain social function was sent in a square or round con tainer, reports the Tecumseh Chieftain. The dispute was started in bed long before the festive cock had crowed for morn, but the head of the family, un like the ice cream, got pretty warm, and getting out of bed he telephoned Hanker Yont of that town for a deci; sion. The banker ai-us from his beauty sleep to answer the ringing of the tele phone, and when the nature of the question was put to him, he warmed up a little, too. The decision was fa vorable to Mrs. Huston. The next diy Mr. Huston received a bill from the banker for $10 for the advice given and he refused to pay it. Mr. Yont. at last account", was insisting on his fee. The era of good fin-ling In Mate poli tic has made headway wlin a pair CASTOR OA In IzixjU tal dlirta. Ti3 Iti Ya to AfcJ CnfJ I of the minority party comments on a legislative situation as does the York Democrat: "A brief visit to the capital and the legislature last week was re assuring. It is gratifying to take a squint at a legislative aggregation which is really devoted to the public interest. We have scarcely ever had a legislature in Nebraska whose para mount aim was the public good. We were not there long enough to observe thoroughly, but thought we detected a wholesome . atmosphere at the state house. We saw little evidence of the unsavory outside pressure which has heretofore prevailed there. The profes sional lobbyist was conspicuous for his absence. Those who have hitherto hovered over the scene of legislation with their insinuating and sinister methods were not there in great num bers. And if a few were left they looked subdued if not whipped. We saw little; evidence of the old time perni cious activity of the third house." The Federal ranch, situated near Cody, Cherry county, has been sold. The value and volume of business of this ranch illustrate the scale on which the big ranches, not all of which ara to be" broken up, do business. C. J. An derson, who becomes the owner, lives at Neligh. The leader describes the place: "The Federal ranch consists of 6,000 acres of deeded and 7,000 acres of school land, and includes a liirge pro portion of hay meadow, something very valuable and now almost impossible to obtain in that section. On its ranges are 3,000 head of cattle and 200 head jf horses, the latter mostly brood mares. The stock has passed through the win ter in good shape and are in excellent condition. The big ranches of the west ern part of .Nebraska are being rapidly broken up, and by this transaction Mr. Anderson ranks among the top-notch-ers." Now and then somebody out in the state' rises to ask why Governor Shel don doesn't make some appointments. He hasn't busied himself about such matters because it takes all of his time and strength to keep abreast of the work of the legislature. It is his plan to study every bill before attaching his signature. To leave the matter of appointments to the period of compar ative leisure following the adjournment is a piece of statesmanship. -. . . Two Alliance men, Bert Carr and C. M. Lotspeich, have bought a new steam plow, which will turn fourteen feet of earth at each round. The owners of the machine are not farmers, but propose to do plowing by contract as steam threshing and com shelling are done. This is a further development of a system encouraged for the shortage of farm labor, and one that has already afforded some relief. In some communi ties men with teams have begun to contract in the winter to fill farm ice houses. Next fall it will not be surpris ing to find steam corn huskers appear ing to take the farmer's most dreaded burden from his back. Contractors with machinery for handling hay crops in a trice would take the remaining greatedt strain off the farm year. Perhaps the population of Alliance as compared with the of other towns can be estimated from its school attend ance. The report of February enroll ment and attendance was as .follows: Number of pupils enrolled this month 7S0 Number of boys enrolled 373 Number of girls enrolled 373 Total number of pupils enrolled to date SgJ Number days attendance for mo..l211 Average daily attendance 645. Wi Aver, number pupils belonging.. .679. 10 Per cent of daily attendance .... 95.06 Number of cases of tardiness .... 12 Neither absent nor tardy for mo. 274 Number present every day 381 Number of visitors 22$ Although the government pays the railroads enough rental for the aver age railway mail car to pay for the car outright in less than two years, as is stfown by the findings of the last postal commission, yt there are many of these cars which are veritlble death traps. According to figures cited by Uepresentatlve Finley of South Caro lina, a member of the committee on pojMofllcea and postroads, in the last session of th fifty-eighth congress, there were then 1.015 cars In the serv ice at a rental averaging $5,427 a year each. Th annual coct of mainten ance, including natural deterioration arid the usual wear and tear, was placed at tl.2in year. Il will be w-n from this that deducting the coat of maintenance and the allowances for wear and tear the railroad get bnt $4. 2'.' 7 a year net on the cost of a car, which nveraxnti about $8,000. And In addition l this rental of the rara the government payi for the transportation of all mull matter ut a rate wiouilr etl trailed at frcra two to four times as much as is charged the express companies for carrying express matter. It is claimed by those who believe in properly safeguarding the malls while in transit that these rates are at least high enough to entitle the government to every safeguard the ingenuity of man can devise for the protection of the mails. The steel postal car is regarded as the only proper protection of the mail in tran sit. The combustibility of the mail, coupled with the fact that the mail car is nearly always run next to the engine, makes it easy pray for the flames in case of wrecks. In this connection it is interesting to note that there are some postal cars in the service which have been running more than a quarter of a century- In that time, after deduct ing the cost of maintenance, the gov ernment has paid over $100,000 rental for the car whose first cost was only $6,000. - - , - , Postal cars, however, are. often wrecked. A local postal clerk says: "The death rate among postal clerks in the railway service is greater .than it was with the soldiers during the Spanish-American war. Postal clerks, however, face the danger without a great deal of worry. They figure that someone must be killed, and that when the time comes there is no" getting away from it. "The clerks face the danger a little more willingly since the congressional promise of an increase, in salaries, although they would have been better pleased had the postal clerks' increase been in proportion to the Increase congressman granted themselves." 1 UKNCII INCOME. Notwithstanding a deluge of the usu al negative arguments the passage of the income tax bill in the French par liament is accepted as a matter of course. The fact that the income tax' has been in operation in Great Britain for half a century with no present sug gestion of its repeal despite obvious de fects .makes hard work for the op ponents of the act, particularly since the French measure aims to avoid the weaknesses of the British law. The French statesmen must count on one thing, that may affect them seriously, in case they pass the bill. In France the danger from swollen fortunes is not an important argument for the in come tax, for the reason that the wealth of that country is more equably diffused than in any other important nation. In 1902 of $921,000,000 bequeathed by deceased citizens less than half of 1 per cent of the estates were valued at - over $50,000. Ten million French families will contribute to the income tax, arid cheerfully, no doubt, since a tax paid "On income in hand is generally less offensive than a tax on property levied regardless of whether it is earn ing an income or not. But money paid directly makes a deeper impression than money paid indirectly, and gov ernment expenses are likely to be scru tinized more carefully by a people who pay their taxes with open eye than by a people who pay indirectly by a tax on consumption. War ships and public "pork" will come harder,. when a large portion of the national income is derived directly from individual in comes. Philadelphia. St. Louis and Nert York city have all had difficulty lately in floating city bonds at the accus tomend rates of interest. They ascribe the trouble to the general financial situation, involving . a commerce so heavy as Jo exhaust the' money slippy. When a railroad has similar difficul ties in getting money, however, thfc cause is the president's railroad regu lation policy, together with' the ais position of state legislatures to reduce passenger fares. Theological schools will have to sup plement their courses of study with technical and professional 'courses if the suggestion of a St. Louis minister takes root and grows, H has been ad mitted to the bar, and - proposes to serve his church in one of the poorer districts without charge, earning hi living by law practice, lie thinks this Is a course' that others might well fol low in carrying the gospel to the poor. This will, or at least should not, take on the shoulders of the people readied the entire financial burden of support ing a church. Despite the fact that theoretically salvation is free, it is one of the commonest of observations that its value to the winner thereof Is cloly proportioned to the sacrifice he makes to get it. fix-Governor Pennypacker la held up in an unenviable light by the Investiga tion into the Pennsylvania capitol scan dal. It has been disclosed that he put through the board of public buildings and grounds a resolution barring every bidder who did not have tender In for the entire work. Only one contractor was prepared for such a rule, and he received the award nt his own figure. It Is alleged that this contractor re ceived $50.74. 40 for erecting the roo trume In the ItgUrlatlre hallr. and had the work don by sub-coa- BETTER THAN SPAKXJKG. Spaakiag dofl not cart children of bed wotting. If it did there would bo few children that would do it. There is a constitutional cause for tbU. Mrs. M. Bummers. Box 414, Notre Dame, lad., will send her home treatment to any Bother. She asks no money. Write her today if yovr children trowUe you In this way. Doa't blame the eMhL Tfce chances are it caa't help it tractor for $2,060. The woodwork in fourteen rooms was done for $28,724, but the general contractor drew from the treasury $155,369.60 for it. It is not charged that Pennypacker was cor rupt in bringing about conditions of ex tra vagancer He was merely stupid. The idea of a "people's lobby" seems to have been adopted as a regular ad junct to the city government of San Francisco. The idea as it has been out lined by leading citizens is to form sji advisory committee which will have a representative in each of the city of fices and attend all meetings of the supervisors. These representatives will make, a full and impartial report of every item of business transacted. All accounts will be inspected and all suspicious circumstances on ihe part of city officials will be investigated and reported. This is work that could be done by the newspapers of San Fran cisco if they had not thrown away their influence with the voters by becoming partisan or personal or mercenary or gan's. As they have proven ineffective in guarding the interests of the public, this general committee sema -a noccs sary adjunct to the city government. So long as the committee retains the confidence and respect of the voters it will be a power for good, probably a. sufficient force to change the munici pality from a paradise of grafters to a model of good government. The New York newspaper men who ' rushed reporters and artists ami "spe cial commissioners" to the Brooklyn navy yard on receiving a tip that one of the submarines had "sunk with it entire crew" felt exceedingly foolish when they found that it was literally true. In the excitement, of the mo ment, none of the brilliant editor re membered that a submarine .is built to "nink with its entire crew," and that there is no news in Its performance un less It refuses to sink or alls to come up after a ; reasonable Interval under water. ' ' When the new steel passenger cars and the steel postal cars are made up into trains it will be necessary to place them together and next to the locomo tive. A train made up of a heavy loco motive, a heavy steel postal car, fol lowed by three . or four old fashioned passenger coaches with a couple of steel sleepers, at the end would be a death dealing combination in case of collision. The flimsy wooden cars would be pounded to pieces by tUcim pact of the heavy cars in the front and the rear. With the steel cars massed next to the engine, the danger to the wooden cars would be little more than if they were attached alone to a locomotive. DOINU III SINES. J. G. Phelps Stokes, the ricluand in telligent young social reformer, said about business, at a St. Patrick's din ner of a past season: "The mora I see of business, the more I come to agree with the old Japanese idea of it namely, that it is too much of a game of cheating, that it is a pursuit in which brave, honor-, able, generous persons people like the Irish, for instance cannot hope to suc ceed. "That, at least, is how modern busi ness, as it is exemplified In Wall street, strikes me. "You know the story of the two Wall street men. '"Business is business.' began the first. ' 'Whom have yon beeing doing now?' said the other." What has become of the old fash ioned wise man. who attributed almost everything to the sun's spots? two pti:iT coins free. tote us eee aaa ixm -fea- t ttmm -m a. 4 aa t i (a i aa i a. and Myt Sead tm jut n a w fatal Often," and w wtu aeod yuo nut; by ratura mail, out two pMIlt valuable aad attractive aw nflrred; one a tatt book. " I law to tiil." Mia rrtxy tfitM about paaTiimr. vba otter, a btt rmnpteta aamitie book, wtUi inattahMtal ot avary oior baum paiiil. ban paint. ChaMae Uloae Leqiicr. lor raftnialtbie' fanttture (nulua aid artirtra I la nw. varniaa, itaaw, cnamrla, ato.. atova bammnung folor aaMnUuiw and our waneWfuMf low prtraa. Ha own uur owa big 18)1 factory aad w4 yaw dinrt oa Iba b ol munaJ and UW euat one-half wftat you onwt par all other Our pant M f uaraahml taw Man, owwUiML aaaiMt wnuws. mvara doM tfia mirfair, boca twir aa kmc aa eihara. ad VOt SrUB-r! IN Olat PVOMT. n tw cla.cn :twa J a aanar Taaiaata artwaw Itaa, I 7 exaordijif ta iwewd. awr liberal "v ueo ir pmn nt Uttur- l '" """"Nam arwata wM our wiiitniriui ntur 'enrtafeww. m it tre Balatbawaa. Write at and fH w pa tat hanaa Addrea. CZAR9, ROZQUGft A CO., ChicajO.