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MARCH 28, 1907. THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT I NATIONAL Under the recent act of congress mak ing appropriations for the postal ser vice for the ensuing fiscal year, the postmaster general may fix - the sal aries of carriers in the rural delivery service at a rate not exceeding $900 per annum after July 1, 1907. The highest rate now paid under existing law is $720 a year. The readjustment of sal aries under the new law has not been fully determined, but it is proposed to allow the maximum rate $900 to all carriers on routes twenty-four or more miles in length as shown by the records of the department. This will give ap proximately 22,800 or about 60 per cent of the carriers an advance In silary of $JS0 per annum., A substantial Increase in pay for other carriers is contemplated, but the chief beneficiaries of the new law will "b" those serving the longer routes upon whom the greater hardships of the ser vice fall. Carriers on the shorter routes ranging from twelve to fourteen and from fourteen to sixteen miles in length, now receive $504 and $540 -a year, respectively, being proportionally better paid than carriers on, routes of twenty or more miles. The pay of substitute rural carriers will .also be Increased in many ..cases. At present the law provides that sub stitutes, employed when the .regular carriers are on vacation shall be paid at the rate of $600 per annum, regard less of the rate of pay of the regular en t riers. The new law provides that substitute carriers shall receive com pensation at the. same rate allowed the regular carriers. This advance in pay for carriers and substitutes, It is estimated, will re sult In no approximate increase of $5, 900,000 in the cost of the rural delivery service. The postoflice department Is experi encing great embarrassment from in ability to secure twine sufficient to fill promptly orders Veceived from post masters. The twine is used In tying let ters in packages after they are as sorted by mailing clerks and arrarfged for dispatoji. There are requisition on file from postmasters aggregating 100,000 pounds of twine, and numerous telegrams and letters of complaint are received daily because these are not filled immedi ately. ........ The contractor has in hand orders for upwards of 400,000 pounds of twine, and promises early shipments to meet the contingency. There has been a great increase in requisitions from postmasters incident to an apparent unprecedented increase in mail matter which is being handled at the principal postofflces throughout the country. This increase may be fair ly illustrated by 'reference to reports received today from Chicago, showing that the amount of mail which is being handled during the current quarter of the fiscal year at that office exceeds by 20 per cent the amount handled during the same period in 1906, It is noted in dispatches from Pitts burg, telling of W. J. Bryants recent visit vthere, that after a long lecture, he sat up with Col. James M. Guffey until 3 o'clock in the morning, despite the fact that he had to catch an early train. This is no new experience of Mr. Eryan. Indeed, it is rather charac teristic of the man. ' Newspaper men in Washington who traveled with the Nebraskan in his campaigns recall his habits then in respect to sleeping, which are said to have characterized his whole public career. Apparently hp can sleep little or much without producing noticeable-effect upon his physical vigor or intellectual alert ness. While touring the country in hi:? campaigns for president he is known to have gone for weeks at a stretch with loss than six hours sleep a day. On these trips he delivered from a half dozen to thirty speeches a day. between daylight and midnight; was usually the last occupant of his var in l ed at night, and almost In variably the tlrst up in the morning, looking fresh and virile as though he had M.-pt all night without hav'ng performed unusual labors the day be fore. Tin n, again, it is of record that Mr. Hrvun once slept twonty-throo hours wiothout u break. This was the day after the election of 1900. Ho went to bed its soon as the returns that ii I eh t convinced hhn that ho had again been defeated by McKinley, nnd Mrs. Uryun wv to It that he was not disturbed until th signs in his bed room denoted that ho was awake. Col. Charle A. Mil wards, wecretary of tlio democratic cniigrexxloiml cam paign committee, a few week ag sent u letter to all thjo democratic member -f the next contrreHH, sena tors us Well as representatives, ak Injf theni to contribute $25 to help de fray tl expenne of hi ofllco until I ho opening of the next campaign, to th end that he might he able to keep the 1 burning;. The other day Colonel Edwards received the follow ing typewritten reply on a postal card, dated Washington: "Dear Charlie: I received your let ter requesting a contribution to as sist you In procuring the services of a stenographer for the prosecution of your 'labor of love.' It is a real pleas ure to inclose herewith my personal check for the amount. Allow me to' indulge in the pleasing hope that this sh.11 by no means result in 'Love's Labors Lost.' May I ask that you mail me a receipt. Your true friend, "SENATOR E. Z. MARK." Colonel Edwards is sfill hopefully looking for the inclosure, ; V Have you ever heard the reason why the American government is called "Uncle Sam?" It was because one Samuel .Wilson, government in spector of beef and pork at Troy, N. Y., in 1812, had a way of marking his barrels with his own initials and "U. SV "meaning United States. A Work man who was something of a wag saw the letters and facetiously re marked that he supposed they stood for "Uncle Sam." The joke was re told and retold until it became a com mon saying, and the general govern ment has been so . nick-named for nearly a hundred years. The deficiency appropriation bill of the . recent congress carried an item appropriating the sum of $15,000 to reimburse Reed Smoot for expenses incurred in the matter of the protest against his right to retain a seat in the United States senate. L. W. THAVIS. . A Washington special to the World -Herald says: "The United States is setting an ex ample of administrative efficiency 'in the canal zone that is a perfect won der to the nations of. tropic America," said Congressman E. M. Pollard of Nebraska, who was in Washington to day after a trip to the canal zone. "The success of the government in establishing sanitary conditions which have made Panama an attractive place of residence compared to many cap itals of the tropical regions of South America," continued Mr. Pollard, "has done more to convince the Latin American peoples of the real desir ability of the friendship of the United States than anything else could. The zone region used to be dreaded as one of the worst hotbeds of disease in the tropical world. Today it has the rec ord of a less death rate than of New York city, and there has not been a case of yellow fever since November, 1905. I did not see a mosquito while I was there. r "At a reception while we were on the zone the minister to Peru talked to me at length about this phase of American administration. He said the people of his country were taking the greatest interest. They wanted to learn how these North Americans did It. The next day the minister from Venezuela talked to me in the same strain. The authorities of the zone told me that several South American governments hade made requests that the United States permit some of its experts in this service to accept en gagements with them for the purpose of introducing American methods of sanitation and administration in their cities. I am assured that so far as possible this government is going to comply with such requests. I firmly believe that nothing we could do would go farther to cement friendly relations with the Latin American peoples. Indeed some of the South Americans with whom I talked de clared that the appearance of the great North American republic as a tropic power meant a revelation for the whole tropical world. It meant, they thought,' the introduction of the business and governmental methods of the north in southern cities and-countries which would mean better living conditions and in a few years would do away with the terrors that the tropics have always had for people from the temperate climates. With that would, come a boom In develop ment of the immense resources of these countries, a turning of enter prise and capital to the tropics and such growth as has never been thought of.' "The canal country is in excellent condition. The labor problem has been solved by the assurance that Spanish and Italian labor tUn bo secured in ample numbers. The engineers declare they will be able to open the canal In eight years. There Is no uncertainty about any engineering proposition. Foundations for the great locks and for the (latum dam have been as sirred. Half the cut at Cul'obra has been af nsmpllshed ami the building of the locks is the greatest matter now before, the engineers." TOI .VTOI IN 1114 1IOMK. Hy all odds the most IntereMlmr na tional feature that Russia allowed me to see was Count Tolstoi. And yet I had never rend any f Tolstoi's novel before meeting him, nnd my notions of his altruism were vague, Indeed about what the Idea re of nvplo who have never bren In Utmsla or ween Tolstoi, and who, on learn Ins that you have been there and met him. ask Im mediately: "Say, on the level, is he a faker or not?" Once and for all. so far as my sim. pie Intercourse with him is concerned, it may be most boldly declared that he never was a faker no more of one when he was sampling all the vices he could hear of than he is now in urg ing others not to follow his example as an explorer of Vicedom. The man at Yasnaya Polyana, In 1896, was a fairly well preserved old gentleman, with white beard, sunken gray eyes, overhanging bushy eye brows, and a slight stoop in the shoul ders, wljich were carrying, I think, pretty close to seventy years of age. The place looked neglected and un kempt In many respects, but the two remaining wings of the old mansion were roomy and comfortable. Eight children of the original sixteen were living at the time of my visit, ranging in years from thirty and over to four teen. The countess was the "boss" of the establishment in and out of the house. What she said of a morning constituted the law. for the day, so far as work was concerned. She had as sistants and I think a superintendent, to help her, but she was the final au thority in matters of management. The count did riot appear to v take any active part in the direction of af fairs. He spent his time writing, rid ing, walking and visiting '-with the guesls, of whom there were a goodly number. At one time he may have worked in the fields with the peasants, but in July of 1896 he did not share any of their toil at least I personally did not see him at work among them. What the countess really thought about the whole business I never found out. We had one short conver sation about the count and his work, during which she delivered herself of these remarks: "You will hear many things here that I do not agree with I believe it is better to be and do than to preach." I judged from these senti ments that Tolstoiism as a cult" had not captured her. But that she thought much of the count as a man and husband was evident from her solicitous care of him. The ' late Josiah Flynt, hi Success Magazine. PEARLS FROM THE SULU SEA. Many and beautiful pearls are found in the Sulu sea and the possibilities of that body of water seem unlim ited. The greatest pearl ever claimed from the sea in the Sulu archipelago was recently marketed in Singapore for 60,000 pesos, . nearly $30,000. It is the size of a small marble, perfectly round and of perfect color. The gem was found by a poor Moro fisherman and was promptly seized by the sul tan of Sulu. Then Governor Steever interfered and took- the part of the poor fisherman. Under the old Moro law, in force when the American troops first took charge of Jolo, - all pearls of unusual size must be sent to the sultan, who in return made the finder a "present." The only alter native the finder of a large pearl had was to sell his treasure privately to the pearl traders. But to do' so placed the finder's life in jeopardy, for if the trader could not buy the gem at his own price he could report the matter to the sultn, who had the power to seize the finder and execute him. Under American rule, however, this law has been abolished. The finder of this $30,000 pearl, know ing this fact when his find was seized by Uie sultan, .speedily made a trip to Jolo and reported the matter to Governor Steever. The matter was taken to court, and the sultan forced to give up the pearl. The governor commissioned the Jolo Trading com pany to sell th pearl for the finder, the company receiving 20 per cent for so doing. So far as known this pearl is the largest ever taken from the Sulu sea. though owing to the secrecy practiced in selling the gems before American rule in Sulu there may have been greater finds. Three years ago a pearl found somewhere to the south of Jolo was carried to Batavia, and there sold to a European buyer for $18,000. Dur ing the recent fair at Jolo, given by the government for the purpose of bringing the Moros together, Captain Trana of the Jolo Trading company exhibited a magnificent black pearl valued at $7,000, a rare gem of un usual size and beauty. Fred Whlttemore of Lincoln, former state bank examiner, was Monday afternoon appointed receiver of the Citizens' Bank of Firth. The appoint ment was made by Judge, Holmes of tho district court on application of the state examining board through Attor ney General Thompson. With the ap plication of the board for the appoint ment of n receiver, was filed the report of Examiner E. 8. Mickey, who was plarMt in chargo of th affairs of the bank as soon a the condition exhit n In the Institution were discovered. The stale board. In applylnir for the appointment of a receiver, relates the history of the bank's troubles no far n It cwtie Into contact with them, it dec hires that on March 19, the bank was Insolvent, and the portion In rturffo of them, W. J. Crandall, cashier, had abandoned the bank, which was in an insolvent condition. While not charg ing Mr. Crandall with dishonest man agement of the bank's affairs, both the board and Mr. Mickey, in his report, do not attempt to mince matters in detail ing their discoveries as to the action? of the cashier and his use of the bank's funds. One paragraph of the board's petition reads ras follows: "Fromf" the examination by E. S. Mickey it was found that the Citizens bank is insolvent; that said bank at the time said W. J. Crandall, cashier, abandoned it, and previously thereto, had been conducting its business in an unsafe and unauthorized manner and was jeopardizing the interests of the depositors of the said bank." GOLD LOSS FROM ABRASION. Shipped In Form of Coin Depreciat ion is Serious. i "When the banks ship gold across the Atlantic," said a banker, "they pre fer to ship it in bars rather than in coin. It loses less that way." . "It loses less?" , "Yes, sir. If $1,000,000 in gold coin is shipped across the seas it is only $999,800 on its arrival. It loses from twelve to fifteen ounces, about $200, through abrasion, through knocking about with the motion of the waves. The sea makes gold lose weight, you Nsee, the same as it dose human be ings. "Gold bars lose less. In fine weather they will lose only about $100 to each $1,000,000, In the ugliest weather they don't lose more than $150, wherevis in like conditions gold coins have been known to lose $300. As gold shipments of $10,000,000 often occur, to make these shipments in gold bar instead of gold coin is a saving of $100 or more. K is odd to think when, you cross in one of those gold-laden ships that every wave that hits the boats clips off 10 to 15 cents from Jts golden cargo. " Why Teetotalers ShoxIdn't Chew. "You have sworn off drinking during Lent, eh?" said the skate salesman. "Yet I see you chewing plug tobacco. Don't you know that plug tobacco is full of rum?" "Nonsense," said the millinery sales man, with an uncomfortable smile. "It is the truth. I once worked in a tobacco factory. I'll tell you how the average plug tobacco is made. "The leaves first are bundled up and steamed. Then they are dried. Then they are thrown into a vat containing hot licorice syTup. The heat of the syrup penetrates every pore of the to bacco, giving it the sweetness that you chewers love. . "The sweetened plugs are now dried, first in drying rooms, then in the sun. And finally they are sprinkled with ilquor some with Jamaica rum, some with whisky, some with brandy. "A millinery salesman should never chew tobacco because the habit is un tidy. Above all things he should never chew ft dTiring a Lenten swear off, each mouthful being the same as a mild drink." - Joseph It. Burton, ex-statesman, said all he wanted to in nla jreat vindication speech the other night, but not in ex actly the words be Intended to use. He had It committed to paper in the first draft of his intended speech, that the president was a cross between a turkey gobbler and a bull dog. Friends pre vailed upon him to strike out the offen sive language, which ne reluctantly did, but the spirit of natred and revenge was in no way mitigated by the absence of coarso invective. Burton evidently be lieves that the president was inspired by motive of fear and Jealousy to pcreccuta him for a technical violation -of law in which the spirit of disobedience was en tirely lacking. Burton the strong. Bur ton the valiant, Burton the brave! The president was sharp enough to see In him a rival for popular favor and he set about to shove him onto the siding and lock the switch. That in Burton's story for It, and it will bo told and retold times without number, for the aggrieved legal adviser for the Rialto don't-get-rleh-too-qulekly aKree;Uon ' Is about to start a weekly newspaper through the columns of which his vindication may be made perpetual. FEEL 7EARY AND ALL RUN DOWN! Then get a bottle of the Bitters from your Druggist, Grocer or Oeneral Deal er and let It clean out all impurities collected in your system during the winter months. HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS Im ii M'lendid Spring madicine. It in vigorates and renews the entire system and thus cures General Dsbility, Dya cpt, Indigestion, Coitlveness, Colds and Grippe. We guarantee Its purity. VEUMNAimCOURSE AT HOWE. t i f! 11 V' "'' " r" 1 " v "' f I iUU ('mirt l fcon:itar!iif (ri.,i,wH Iim4 DfMCtt 8HOOiDlt.t , l.on4vC.'Md.