THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
MARCH 28, WO.
of the British high commissioner. The
quick transformation of a sub
jugated and scattered nation into
a self-governing state which has
taken place in the Transvaal has hard
ly a parallel unless it be the quick
reconstruction of our own southern
states after a four years' rebellion. As
In that case the reconstruction involves
the adjustment of the fundamental
points of the difference beforethe war.
The right of the outlanders to partici
pate in the government is now unques
tioned. Perhaps the British govern
ment thought the settlers front- Eng
land would offset the Boers when it
came time to elect a parliament. If so
they were disappointed, for the settlers
joined with the Boers in keeping off of
the new government the hands of the
mining kings for whose benefit in some
part the Boer war was fought.
Edith Cutting is free to marry again
in South Dakota, but if caught in
Massachusetts she will be subject to
prosecution for bigamy. She obtained
residence in South Dakota long enough
to get a divorce under the South Da
kota statutes as they were before the
last legislature did its work, but the
Massachusetts courts hold, following
the late decision of the federal su
preme court, that the South Dakota
court had no jurisdiction over the
husband. An ungenerous person might
wonder whether the belated willing
ness of South Dakota to reform her
divorce laws had any relation to the
deteriorated value of a Dakota di
vorce under the new construction.
The Massachusetts general court,
as the legislature is called in that
state, proposes to submit a referen
dum allowing the voters to say
whether they wish laws passed to al
low them to nominate' and elect sena
tors. It is not made clear by the re
port whether the intention is to ao as
in Nebraska, permit the people of the
parties to name the candidate who is
to be elected in case that party con
trols the legislature, or as in Oregon
to bind the legislature to elect the
candidate who gets the most Votes
regardless of his politiics or the com
plexion of the legislature. The latter
plan is better, supposing it can be en
forced, since thereby national politics
would be removed entirely from the
election of members of legislatures.
There is not much question as to the
result of the referendum. The Mass
achusetts voters are a queer lot if
they are not unanimously anxious to
take the choosing of senators upon
The fire test of the vitality of the
Helicon hall idea promises to turn fa
vorably. A part of the colonists have
decided to continue under, the original
plan, living in tents for the present.
While some members are said to have
found the experiment so little to their
taste that they will not continue it in
any event, there is a waiting list of
twenty-five ready to take their places.
Should a plant be constructed espe
cially for the colony it will not be
made to house the colonists under a,
single, roof, as in Helicon hall. Cot
tages of four or five rooms each will
be built for private homes and a large
central building providecLfor the com
mon purpose, such as social gather
ings, dining hall, nurseries, schools
and administrative offices. This was
the original plan of Mr. Sinclair.
Behind the appointment of John E.
Sater to be a federal judge for the
southern district of Ohio there is a
story. The story Is that Senators
Foraker and Dick asked for the ap
pointment of J. J. Adams, who had
rendered them valuable service in
their struggle to retain control of the
party last year. President Roosevelt
is apparently not making appoint
ments just now for the strengthening
of the Foraker-Dick machine, par
ticularly where judgeships are in
volved. For aught anyone knows this
may be the gage of the battle that
will have to be fought before Taft
gets the Ohio delegation to the na
Nebraska people may not realize that
one of the most remarkable events of
the period has just occurred in this
state. After half a generation of talk
ing and legislating against trusts, the
cases of prison sentence for violation
of anti-trust laws anywhere in
America can be recorded on the Angers
of one hand. When Ice trust conspira
tors were sentenced to prison last
summer at Toledo, O., the event was
considered epochal. But though the
country wax dotted with Ice monopolies
and hot with prosecutions no other al
leged violators of anti-trust laws went
to Jail though Home were fined. The
conviction und sentence to prison of
Samuel K. Howell, formerly president
of tho Omaha coal exchange, on
charge of violating the mate anti
trust lawn In ho far an reported the
first cose of the kind since the Toledo
trial. Mr. Howell' cose will of rourne
not be nettled until pmatmi upon by tho
The other day a New York man of
fered to present South Dakota with
$1,000,000 in repudiated North Caro
lina bond. South Dakota is the state
that accepts! some years ago a gift
of South C Qlina repudiated bonds,
sued and obtained judgment in the
United States supremo court. Never
theless the late offer of another
batch of bonds was refused. Per
haps a feeling arose that all it is not
a seemly thing for one state to act
as collection agency against another;
but there is another reason for the
South Dakota reversal of policy. It
appears that while one state can get
as many judgments against another
as it wishes to sue for in such case
as this, there is absolutely no way
to enforce its judgment. To bring
war isNunconstitutional, and besides
in case South Dakota should attack
South Carolina the United States is
bound by the constitution to come
to the defense of the defendant state.
Were there any South Carolina prop
erty in South Dakota the latter state
might attach it, but public buildings
and roads are not in the traveling
habit. Any South Carolinians travel
ing in South Dakota might be seized
and held as hostages but for the
same obstacles that prevents war, a
little matter of constitutionality. The
repudiated debts of the southern
states will remain unpaid.
The recent warm spell appears to
have inaugurated the silly season
among the legislators. First came forth
Senator Joe Burns, who wished to
amend the constitution by a motion in
the senate to the effect that no news
papers be allowed to attempt to in
fluence the legislators by printing any
editorial or news comment or opinion
upon the measures before that body.
Next came Representative McMullen,
who had a scheme to limit the charges
of a newspaper to a candidate in a
primary election to the simple sum of
$2. In this position he was supported
by that able champion of human
rights, Tom Hamer, the Buffalo county
Mr. Burns has persistently been un
able to distinguish between what is
right and what is offensive in lobbying.
We have no objections to his classing
newspaper comment and opinion as
lobbying, if his perception of the pro
prieties leads him to that conclusion,
but we desire to call his attention to
the fact that It is not the lobbying
that is done out in the open and that is
intended to enhance the public interest
rather than a private interest that has
caused lobbying to fall into disfavor.
It is the secret influence exerted by
'the paid representatives of special in
terests that has debauched many a
legislator. It will be impossible to stop
all lobbying, but if the lobbyists are
driven into the open, they can do no
harm if their aims are bad, and they
will do good if their aims are for the
As for Mr. McMullen's proposition,
it is rather too absurd for considera
tion, and we can only conetnde that
its Intent was to delay primary legisla
tion., But granting that he was really
sincere, he has an entirely erroneous
idea about the influence of newspapers
in directing results, and an exaggerated
idea about the desire of the newspapers
to dictate. No sane editor cares to
become a party boss, picking candi
dates and vetoing the aspirations of
others. Politics and political patronage
"cut such a small figure in the counting
rooms that the best part- of the busi
ness, the mercantile advertising, will
be nurtured more than the ambitions
of any men. The whole trend of the
newspaper business nowadays is to
wards a course that means better con
ditions of government, because news
papers are dependent, to quote from an
Iowra contemporary, "for their life and
profits upon decent relations in their
home communities." By which is
meant that, as between candidates at a
primary, newspapers will not interfere,
save to defeat a grossly incompetent or
unworthy man, and will aim to be fair
OMAHA'S MOWSTROLS BLUNDER.
There was one spasmodic impulse for
reformatory or punitive law whtch
swept over the land six or seveu years
ago which should have borne better
fruit than it did. That was the Impulse
to provide more adequate punishment
When It was proclaimed that young
Cudahy had been kidnaped and held
for an enormous raneoro to be paid by
his wealthy father, a grand chorus
of Indignation went up from every
state In tho union, and even In the
chief states of Europe, from the tenor
of which one who heard would have
concluded that the world wna ready to
make nhort work of the kidnaper.
How pitiable. Is the failure of that
outburst of popular wrath as to the ac
complishment of any real rood. Al
though the kidnaper of Kddie Cudahy
waa In time brought to buy, the lemon
derived from his capture and trial waa,
owing to the asinine eccentricities of
a Douglas county jury, a hbwtnr fare.
The result is that the kidnaper has
gone merrily on in his despicable
career, lured- probably as much by the
mock heroics that glorified Pat 'Crowe
among the world's criminal's as by the
hope of immediate gain and the seem
ing promise of immunity from punish
ment. Today we are shocked by the spec
tacle of a Delaware father, tortured by
the . uncertainty of the fate of hi3
stolen baby boy, wearing away his for
tune and his very life in a vain search,
the terrors of which no man can realize
wbo has not had a like experience.
The agonies of Dr. Marvin can very
justly be attributable to the criminally
farcical result of the deliberations of
that Omaha jury. Had summary jus
tice, even with such punishment as is
now provided, been meted out to the
unspeakable Pat Crowe, this Delaware
tragedy might have been averted.
But that precious dozen mutton
heads in Omaha allowed Itself to be
fooled into trying Eddie Cudahy's
father, and in convicting him of be
ing a rich man, it acquitted the des
perado who had wronged him.
Yet in almost every case of kidnaping
the suffering parents are rich. There
is little cause for-anyone to steal away
the children of the poor, for, though
it might create as much real suffering
as in the case of the rich, there would
be no probability of reward. So,
wherever there are children of rich
parents the fear of the kidnaper must
be justified and embitter the lives of
those who enjoy every other reason for
Punishment for the kidnaper should
be the most terrible that civilization
can bring itself to permit. Murder
as a crime is sufficiently terrible, but
its terrors are nowhere compared to
those of the fearful uncertainty of a
parent that some act or omission of his
may lead to the murder of his child.
Greater yet must be the tortures of the
mother whose, baby's fate and where
abouts are but fountains for her fears.
There are crimes that are more terrible
to contemplate than even the taking of
life by violence. Kidnaping is one of
them, and the law which does not so
recognize and reward it is miserably
The natural movement for more
stringent and certain punishment for
this heartless crime should be renewed,
so that some day a wiser and saner
jury than the one in Omaha may teach
criminality the enormity of this species
of brutality. '
ATCHISON GLOBE SIGHTS.
Here is something as true as gospel:
Half you hear about people Is untrue.
"If you had my wife," a drunkard
said to Chfef Sullivan today, "you'd
Our idea of a self-possessed man is
one who can have a good ttme on the
Undertakers are nice men, and use
ful, but no one ever sincerely wishes
There is a lot of nonsense in the
newspapers; and Ave suppose we fur
nish our share of it.
Nothing makes a man so happy as
to collect a bad debt or secure an in
crease of his pension.
When a friend tells you something
mean that has been said abont you it
means one of two things: Your friend
has it in for you or in for the person
he claims said the mean thing.
The hobo has a lot of trouble with
policemen, dogs and -poor pie, but he
enjoys the distinction of being prac
tically the only person who can lake
an absolutely disinterested view of the
2-cent a mile and anti-pass railroad
FFTE," said Margie, who was
laboriously spelling words from
a first reader, "how can I tell which
is a d' and which is a ?"
"Why," replied ECle, wisely, "the 'd'
has Its tummy on Its back."
"Tommy," said the fond mother,
"Isn't It rather an extravagance to eat
both butter and Jam on your bread at
the name time?"
"No, ma'am, it's economy," the boy
answered. "The same piece of bread
does for both."
One dey on army chaplain niw a
soldier, by the name of McDonnell,
making for I lie back door of a saloon.
"McDonnell!" tho chaplain shouted,
"McDonnell! Oh. MctDunneJI!"
McDonnell turned, gave him a hasty
look, frowned, and darted Into the bar.
The chaplain loitered outjilde the door
till McDonnell came forth again.
"McDonnell," he said, reproach folly,
"didn't you hear me calling you?"
"Yew, sir," McDonnell answered, 1
did; but-but I only bad the prk of
A young matron of Baltimore, upon
entering her nursery, found her young
est in tears.
"Why, what's the matter with
Harry?" she asked the nurse.
"He's mad, mum," explained nurse,
"because I wouldn't let him go to. the
Simoases' acrost the strate."
"And why wouldn't you let him go,'
, "Because, mum," they're havin' cha
rades, so he said, an' I wasn't sure
whether he'd had thim or not."
"When I was city editor of the
Virginia City Enterprise," retnatked
Mark Twain at a dinner in New York,
"a fine turkey was one day left at the
"Turkeys were rare in that high al
titude, and we all hankered after this
bird. The proprietor, though, claimed
it for his own. He took it home and
had it cooked for dinner.
"The next day, as he was expatiating
on the turkey's richness and tender
ness, a letter was handed to him. He
opened it and read: -
" 'Sir, Yesterday I sent you a tutkey
which has been the cause of much de
pute among us. To settle a bit, will
you kindly ask your agricultural editor
to state in tomorrow's lsue what It
A young lady who taught a Sunday
school class of young boys was often
nonplussed by the ingenious questions
sometimes propounded, by her hopefuls.
One Sunday the lesson touched on
the story of Jacob's dream in which ho
had a vision of angels descending and
ascending a ladder extending from
heaven to earth. One inquiring young
ster wanted to know why the angels
used a ladder, since they all had
wings. At a loss for a reply, the
teacher sought to escape the difficulty
by leaving the question to the class.
"Can aJiy of you tell us why the
angels used a ladder?" she a.sked.
One little fellow raised his hand.
"Please, ma'am," he, salt; "p'r'aps
they was moulting!"
A rich man out in the suburbs who
owns a large place has among the
many people employed to keep it in
shape an Irishman of whom he is par
ticularly fond, on account of his un
conscious wit. This Irishman is some
thing of a hard drinker, and, as his
income is limited, he is more particular
as regards the quantity than the qual
ity of his liquids. The other day the
employer, who had been awaiting a
good opportunity, remarked in' a kind'
tone, as the closing sentence of a
friendly lecture: 1
"Now, Pat, how long do you think
you can keep on drinking this cheap
To which Pat instantly replied:
"All my life, if it doesn't kill me."
THE NEWS -IN BRIEF.
J. B. Amy, the sculptor,' 1? dead.
On the German brouse tlie general ten
dency was quiet.
There was no buying of stocks on the
Wool sales were postponed at London
on account of heavy fog.
Gen. J. Warren Kelfer prounced pro
gress on the Panama canal as marvelous.
The Standard Oil company advanced all
grades of gasoline, naphtha and refined
oil in barrels.
Serious disorders have broken out at
Sebzewar, necessitating the intervention
of Russian troops. , -
The ban on -Chicago canned moat as a
food for British army has been removed
by the British war office , ,
T,he comptroller of the currency Is
sued a call for the conditions of national
banks at the close of business i"rlday
A bomb was thrown today at Gover
nor General Begalevski at Bialyste'k
Russia, while he was out driving The"
governor general was not injured.
The navy department has approved the
readjustment of wages of the praployes
at the lxjague Island navy yard, Phila
delphia, recommended" by th local naral
The dispatch boat Dolrtfn arrived at
San Juan, P. It., with Secretary Met
calf and a BeDatortal party on board
They were met by the naval aud Insular
Benjamin M. Arahercnan, recently con
firmed by the senate ah I ?Mt1 States at
torney for the district ef WyomW Juui
defined the office, preferring not to elva
up his private- practice.
Official notice was received by Seeri.
tary Shepard of the national 'education
aaaodalton from all the railroad 11,,,."
of the transcontinental and wiwifrn r,a
seng. r association thHt a round trln raie
of one fare plue h niemberxhin f,Z
Ims been granted for the llfteonth annl
verrary convention or the aaaucJaUoi,
which Is to be held In Los Anri-!n July
8 to 12. , y
A letter received by the A'neuelan
ecmsul from Cararas, says that
Juan Pablo rwmloM, who was rnorted
early In the month to have start!
wrlous rebellion In the atate of Tachlra
YeneauHa, ho been defeated '
A party frwilting of the member of
the rivera and harbors cerorotttee ef the
national houe of ropreantatrv bran a
all diya' tour of Inspection of the water,
ways ana material rwootircea r luuti.
ana, aa the ffueata (X th LeutaJaaa co-
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