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o r e W mm 1 # * $2.oo The Year Elk City, Idaho, March 19, 1904 Vol. I, No. 12 The BUFFALO HUMP CAMP Robert N. Bell, State Inspector of Mines, in His Report on the Hump District, Gives Much Interesting Information Relative to the Formation and Value of the Ore. The discovery of the Buffalo Hump veins in 1898 was made the basis of one of those wild and woolly mining booms for which the western mining states are noted. The boom was short lived, how ever, for when the snow melted off the stories of great wealth, it was found that to win it would evolve no small in vestment of money, muscle and time, but the snow did not melt the big led ges of gold-bearing quartz, which are still there, and just as big as ever, and their recent development is such as to warrant the anticipation that the glow ing fairy tales told of their riches will be justified by the facts and actual bul lion- at no distant day. The Buffalo Hump district probably holds the record for receiving the high est prite for a ten foot hole in the whole mining history of the state, t Mr. Charles Sweeny, who recently launched the big thirty million dollar merger in the Coeur d'Alenes, offered a quarter of a million dollars cash for the Big Buffalo vein, when its development did not exceed ten feet in depth, which figure was refused by the owners; he afterwards bought the property, when the excitement had died down a little, for about half that sum. The Buffalo Hump summit is a sharp hog back elevation of bare granite, which, viewed from some directions, roughly resembles the outline of a buf falo's back. The culminating point, or hump, has an elevation of eight thou sand eight hundred feet above sea level; it is situated on the divide between the South Fork of the Clearwater river and the main Salmon river and is the high est elevation in a region of mountain country fifty miles square. The country rock at the Hump dis trict is practically straight eruptive gray granite of medium coarse grain. There are no dike rocks exposed over the present central area of the district, covering a belt of country six miles long by two wide, but this belt contains a parallel system of monster fissure veins of quartz that stands nearly ver tical and strike almost due north and A south. Well posted local miners say that this belt contains a quartz vein from workable size up to 60 feet wide for six hundred feet of its width, and every after studying the surface of the belt for awhile one will easily come to the «"inclusion that the statement is not an exaggeration. The surface appearances of these great fissures are not attractive, owing to the excessive local ice action which has worn the veins down even with the enclosing granite walls, and at the present center of the district, including the Hump postoffice and Concord post office settlements, some of the biggest ore bodies are situated in a broad flat glacial basin full of little benchy flats and swamps that form the head of Sheep creek, in which situation the big veins are naturally eroded even with the enclosing formation and inconspic uous. The Big Buffalo ledge, owned by the Buffalo Hump Mining Company, is lo cated on the west side of this basin and forms the bed of one of the tributaries of Sheep creek, which has cut a V shaped trough along the soft wall of the vein for four thousand feet, expos ing a succession of fine ore shoots for that distance; then the grade of the country drops off very rapidly, and at the first big drop an adit tunnel has been started on the vein which is al ready in several hundred feet. It the intention to drive this tunnel back on the vein to the north which wilt de velop the ore shoots as it goes along and undercut the discovery shoot at vertical depth of nearly six hundred feet. This property was opened by a shaft located at the discovery, on a little swampy bench near Hump town. This shaft is reported to be two hundred and fifty feet deep and in a crosscut at the bottom level is said to show sixty feet of quartz between walls that carry over ten dollars in gold per ton on an aver This shaft produced some aston ag< ishing rich native gold specimen ore, ■ pieces of which are still seen around ' the camp, that are nearly half gold. A ten stamp mill was put on this property and run on a body of oxidized ore that was mined above a sixty foot level in the shaft. This ore body was mined seven sets wide and seven sets high by about one hundred and sixty, feet long and is locally reported to have produced gold bullion to the value of $250,000. From a part of this opera tion a tailings pile was saved said to contain 6,000 tons and average value of five dollars per ton in gold. Owing to the enormous expense of pumping a shaft located in a swampy creek bottom, this operation was dis continued until the ground could be opened by the new drain tunnel now in progress. The company's managers claim that the operation of the property did not pay, which is probably true under such adverse conditions, but the report that they have secured seventy claims in the district would indicate their faith in the future. After it is properly developed and equipped with the necessary mill ing capacity, run by water power, of which the company has plenty available and near at hand, all the gold won out of the ore of this great vein over two dollars a ton should be net profit. The veins of the Buffalo Hump are very clearly defined when opened under ground, and the ore shoots range from fifty to five hundred feet in length; the walls are usually smooth and hard, fre quently polished, and the ore shoots are filled with a rather ribbony banded white quartz next to the walls that shades into a more massive variety towards the center with small vuggs lined with glassy crystals; they have evidently been formed by ascending mineral solutions that filled pfe-exist ing fissure spaces. This district is the highest in the region, has suffered less erosion than the adjacent country and the values are more likely, for this rea son, to extend to greater depth than in a placer district, the erosion of whose veins have produced millions of dollars worth of placer gold, like those of Elk City and Florence, near at hand. The great quartz ore shoots of this district are usually quite thickly sprink led at a short distance below the sur face with banded lines and rich dissem inations of iron pyrites, together with a varying mixture of copper, lead and zinc sulphides with free gold, The lead mineral here, as is usual in most Idaho gold mines, indicates the richest gold values. The free milling tests obtained in this district vary from different veins, and in fact from different parts of the same vein. The deepest ore now being mill ed in the district is from the Jumbo vein. It is a straight hard white quartz from a depth of five hundred feet on the vein; it is richly sprinkled with iron sulphides, but shows occasional colors of native gold. The milling results save sixty per cent of the total value as free gold, fifteen per cent in the form of high grade concentrates, and the bal ance going into a tailing pit for future treatment by cyaniding, to which meth od it is said to yield ninety per cent of the remaining values. Practically the same results as above were obtained on ç; rac ] ter j ac ]< 0 re, some of their higher is a grade material showing a little less free gold extraction, but just as good results on cyanide tests. The country immediately adjacent Sheep creek basin is very ruggqd and abrupt, a succession of deep cut can yons carrying large creeks and whose steep slopes are densely timbered. This topography will be appreciated by the statement that from the head of Sheep creek at Hump town to where the creek joins the Salmon river, the dis tance is only fourteen miles and the fall is fifty seven hundred and fifty feet. These conditions mean a great deal for the economical development and operation of these veins. The only properties producing in the Hump district during 1903 were the Jumbo and the Cracker Jack mines; their combined milling capacity was equal to about one ten stamp mill and their total bullion yield was one hund red and twenty-six thousand dollars. The five stamp mill at the Cracker Jack was increased to ten in August and thfen shut down November first, pending the installation of electric power. The four stamp mill at the Jumbo was increased to fourteen in October, and again to twenty-four on December 25; the last ten are expected to be in commission by the tenth of January. The new mill building at the Jumbo, built during the year, is of thirty stamps capacity, and the remaining six stamps will be put in during the winter to make it complete. This is one of the most substantially built and most conveniently arranged mills in the west, and contains, besides the stamp and vanner floors, a three drill air compres sor and electric light plant, the whole run by water power using two Felton wheels fed by sixty inches of water under a head of six hundred and eighty feet. (Note.— The remainder of Mr. Bell's report on Buffalo Hump will be pub lished next week.) Concise and to the Point The Imperial Corona Gold Mining Company, or agents, have been delug ing the Standard with literature pro testing against being classed as mining sharks. One of the letters demand the publication of several yards of rot, their defense in the matter. The Stan dard has at no time characterized the company as a swindle. It has said some vigorous words about sharks who trade on the good name of reputable mining communities. If the Imperial Corona people choose to wear the shoe, and the shoe has tacks in it, why, it's their foot, of course. The company would better spend its time and money in developing the mine that it alleges will pay $800,000 a' year for a 20-stamp mill, than in seeking an apology here, for there is more probability of that yield than of the apology.—Grangeville Standard. Committee Meeting. The republican central committee of Idaho county, Idaho, is hereby called to meet at Grangeville, Idaho, on Satur day, the 26th day of March, 1904, at 2 hall, o'clock p. m., in the I. O. O. The selection of county delegates to at tend the republican state convention at Pocatello to select state delegates to attend the national republican conven tion to be held at Chicago, June 21st, 1904, will come before said committee, as well as other regular business. John E. Jaques, Chairman. T. H. Bartlett, Secretary. Grangeville, Idaho, March 9, 1904. Jake Rice L-OS6S Suit Judge Kennan yesterday ordered en try of judgment dismissing the com plaint of Jacob N. Rice against R. M. Sherman, the American Eagle Consoli dated Gold Mining company and the Fishhawk Consolidated Gold Mining company. The action has attracted a great deal of attention on the part of mining men since it was commenced year ago. The contention of the plaintiff was that a copartnership agreement be tween Messrs. Rice and Sherman, made m September, 1898, extended to owner - , , ship of stock in the two défendent cor ... , , , - . . porations and a large number of mining . T11 ... . ,, claims in Idaho, which contention the défendent Sherman denied, alleging the fact to be that in some of the instances recited his purchases and Interests were entirely without the partnership agree ment. . *■ In delivering his opinion, Judge Kon LOST IN THE MOUNTAINS Williara Campbell, Who Left Thunder Mountain February 12 For His Ranch on Salmon River at Campbell's Crossing, Has Probably Perished During the Last Storm. A letter from Henry S. Hazlitt to this office last week giving the news of the probable loss and death by exposure of William Camp bell, of Campbell's Crossing on Salmon river, below Dixie, has been confirmed by Sherman Whitaker and Fred Roesch, who arrived here from Roosevelt, Tuesday, the 15th inst. It appears Mr. Campbell left Roosevelt the 12th of February, for his home on Salmon river and stopped a day or two at the Gold Bug cabin at Raimy ridge, leaving there the 16th, since which date he has not been seen, thus leaving no reasonable doubt as to his fate, which is sad in the ex treme. Messrs, Whitaker and Roach came through to Elk in five days, each had a. fifty pound pack, and, as there is no travel over that route this time of the year, of course, they were compelled to break the trail. They report the camps Over there as being enthusiastic for the Dixie route for the mail. There is considerable work being prosecuted in and around the Thunder Mountain country. The Dewey is working 36 men, the Sunnyside, 20, the H. Y., 12, and the East Dewey, 12. These companies would probably employ more men but for a shortage of supplies. Speaking of the projected mail route via Dixie, those gentlemen endorse everything which has been urged in the past by every man who has been over all the va rious routes, to the effect that the Dixie route is the only safe and feasible one thus far discovered. The boys do not intend to return to Thunder Mountain before July. They report an important strike of free gold ore on the Gold Bug group, on Raimy Ridge, about thirty miles from Dixie on the Thunder Mountain trail.. This strike is second in importance to Elk City only on account of the numer ous strikes made in this district. This should stimulate the efforts of our citizens, if they need stimulation, toward securing that mail route from Dixie to -Roosevelt. We believe the department is dis posed to look with favor upon this route already. We are informed fififther that the route has been reported upon favorably by one route inspector but was not acted upon, more for lack of energy on the part of northern Idaho citizens than for any other rerson. See to it that this lack of public spirit is remedied. Yellow Jacket Has Pick Ore H. P. McCarthy, manager of the Yellow Jacket, came in from that group, Wednesday, and reports a phenomenal strike-.in shaft No. 2, of two and a half feet of very rich ore. In proof of his state ment, were proof necessary, Mr. McCarthy brought in a piece of rock, weighing about eighty pounds, which fairly glitters with na tive gold, copper pyrites, and iron sulphides; it is also heavily im pregnated with a brown hematite (oxidized sulphide). There is besides a redish brown oxide which appears to belong to copper. Altogether it is one of the handsomest specimens thus far produced in Elk City. Mr. McCarthy shipped it to Spokane to Mr. Lusk, of the Badger Improvement Co. This strike was made at a depth of thirty two feet and reproduces the characteristics of so many other fine properties in this camp, that is to say, the values increase with depth. The development work thus far has been confined to the 'Fellow Jacket No. 2, and consists of shafts Nos. 1 and 2, which are 1200 feet apart. No. 1 is down fifty feet and shows good and increasing values with every foot of depth attained. A 250 foot tun ne j j g amon g the improvements intended in the near future, 1 Jack Chesebro Heard From. G. V. Herrington received a letter from J. G. Cheesebro this week which seems to indicate that Jack is having the time of his life down among the orange groves of southern California. He tells ranch of 50,000 acres which he a v * s * t to Luck y Baldwin's thought seriously of buying till he learned that only small tracts were for sale to any one person. He also writes interestingly of the San Gabriel mission which boasts of 130 years,—which, by the way, is two years older than the "Great Republic" itself—and paintings that belong to the church, which are 400 years old; of three bells which, he says, are hanging on the same rawhide with which they I were hung 130 yèars ago. He adds that there used to be five but Lucky Baldwin stole two, which is probably true, if they were fas tened with nothing stronger than rawhide 130 years old. That j would be easy for Lucky. Jack describes Los Angeles at some length and gives her credit for 163 schools, 41 banks, 133 churches, and 400 saloons. This rather throws Elk City in the shade for schools, banks, and churches. He also saw a fine old residence which covered two blocks. ! j j nan said: "The plaintiff failed to sus ^ tain the allegation of a general partner-i b ® . 1 ship and community of interest with 1 r J 1 j Sherman in the American Eagle Con- j solidated Gold Mining company, and ac- j cordingly judgment will be entered dis missing the complaint. " Testimony has been taken in the court here in Spokane at different times for a period extending over several „ . . , . .. months. Depositions were taken in New , , , . T , . York and at several places in Idaho, , , The attorneys for the deiense are Graves *& Graves and A. E. Gallagher, while the interests of the plaintiff have been in the hands of Allen & Allen, T. Waldo Murphy, and F. W. De wart. Attorney Murphy said yesterday that » he would appeal, from Judge Kennan V order.—Spokesman Review.