Newspaper Page Text
met—nay, hurled back upon the enemies who
sought our ruin. We yet dwell in safety. Your
property is secure. You still gather your annu
al income, proteoted in all your rights by the
strong national arm. And what does the nation
assess to you as your share in the cost of this se
curity ? Half your property ? No—not a farthing
of that property! only a small per centage of
your income from that property! Just forty-three
dollars and twenty-one cents ! Pardon me for
saying it, friend Growler, taut I am more than
half ashamed of you."
"And seeing the way you put the case I am
more than half ashamed of myself," he ansAver
ed frankly. " Why, taking your view, this is
ataout the cheapest investment I ever made."
" You certainly get more money than in any
other line of expenditure. Yesterday I had a
letter from an old friend living in the neighbor
hood of Carlisle. The rebels took from him six
tine horses, worth two hundred dollars apiece;
six cows and oxen; and over two hundred bush
els of grain. And not content with plundering
him, they burnt down a barn which cost him
nearly two thousand dollars. But for the armies
raised and equipped by the nation, in support of
which you and I are taxed so lightly, we might
have suffered as severely. How much do you
think it cost in money for the protection Aye have
received in this particular instance?"
" A million dollars, perhaps ?"
" Nearer ten million of dollars. From tho time
our army left the Rappahannock, until the bat
tle of Gettysburg, its cost to the government'
could be scarcely less than Aye have mentioned.
Of this sum your proportion can scarcely haA r e
been more than three or four dollars; and for
that trifle, your property, and perhaps your life
was held secure."
" No more of that, if you please, said Growlor,
showing somo annoyance. " You are running
the thing into the ground. I own up square.—
I was quarreling with my best friend. I w r as
striking at the hand that gave me protection. If
my war tax next year should be a hundred dol
lars instead of forty-three, I will pay it Avithout
"Don't say without a murmur, friend GroAvler.'
" What then ?"
"Say gladly as a means of safety."
" Put it as you will," ho ansAvered, folding up
Collector Riley's receipt which he held in his
hand, and bowing himself out.
Not many days afterwards, I happened to hear
some grumbling in my neighbor's presence about
his income tax. Growler hardly Availed to hear
him through. My lesson was improA T ed in his
hands. In significant phrase, he pitched into the
offender, and read him a lesson so much strong
er than mine, that I felt myself thrown into the
" You have been assessed fifty-eight dollars,"
he said in his excited way, " fifty-eight dollars,
one would think from the noise you make about
it, that you had been robbed of half your prop
erty. Fifty-eight dollars for security at home
and abroad \ Fifty-eight dollars as your share
of the expenses of defence against an enemy,
that if unopposed, will desolate our homes and
destroy our government! Already it has cost
the nation for your safety and mine, over a thou
sand million of dollars; and you are angry be
cause it asks for your little part of the expense.
Sir, you are not worthy the name of an Ameri
" That is hard talk, Growler and I won't bear
it!" said tho other.
" It is true talk and you will have to bear it,"
was retorted. " Fretting over the mean little
sum of fifty-eight dollars! Why sir! I know a
man who has given his right arm to the cause;
and aaother who has given his right leg. Do
they grumble ?| No sir! I never heard a word
of complaint from their lips. Thousands and
tens of thousands have given their sons, and
wives have given their husbands—sons and hus
bands who will never more return! They are
with the dead. Sir, you are dishonoring your
self in the eyes of men. A grumbler over this
paltry war-tax —for shame!"
I turned aAvay saying in my thoughts:
"So much good done! My reclaimed sinner
has become a preacher of righteousness."
__ —■ » _
The Private Soldier.—lf there is a being in
the world who is deserving of private affection
and public gratitude it is the soldier who march
es as a private in the ranks of the army to light
for his country, and offers his blood and life as a
sacrifice for tho maintenance of the Union and
the Constitution. And yet hoAV seldom it is
that they get tlie honor and the reward their
serA'ices entitle them to. It is the private Avho
carries the gun ; the private who marches on
foot through mud, frost and snow : it is the pri
vate who erects bridges oA'er swift streams, and
rears the lofty fortifications ; and it is tho pri-
A-ate, Avho with the bayonet set charges on the
deadly rirlo pits, and how seldom is it that he re
ceives the honor and the reward of his noble
History tolls us of the country which Alexan
der conquered, and the battles Csesar fought,
but after all it Avas the iron-hearted soldiers,
which these men commanded, who won these
victories, and conquered these countres. No
army of ancient or modern times, no army Avhich
Alexander, or Csesar or Napoleon OA'er led, has
excelled tho army of the Union in personal suf
fering, patience, endurance, heroism and glo
rious military exploits. We hope that the time
may yet come Avhen no higher compliment can
be paid to a citizen than to have it said of him,
"He was one of the army of the Union."
m $ -
The Battle of Olustee, Fla., was fought on
the afternoon of tho 20th ult. Our troops under
General Seymour, met the enemy 15,000 strong, 55
miles beyond Jacksonville, and 8 miles beyond
Sanderson, on the line of the Jackson A'ille and
Tallahassee Railroad. The battle was desperate
ly fought during three hours, and then, at sun
set, our forces, overpowered by numbers, retired
to Sanderson, taking with them tho greater part
of the Avounded. The 7th Connecticut, 7th New
Hampshire, 40th Massachusetts, 48th and 1501b
New York, and Bth United States were engaged.
Col. Fribloy of the Bth U. S., was left dead on the
field. Col. Reed, a Hungarian officer, was mor
tally Avouudod. Col. Guy Henry, of tho 40th
Massachusetts had three horses shot under him,
but escaped unhurt.
1— i » _.
Advices from North Carolina say that the reb
els will undoubtedly make another effort to drive
Gen. Peck's forces out of the State. They have
three iron clads nearly ready to move doAvn the
Neuse, Roanoke and Tar rivers. Our late incur
sion troubled them greatly, by destroying a vast
amount of commissary stores. It is said that
Governor Vance demand- the expulsion of the
Union forces from the state, as the condition of
keeping the State troops in the Confederate ser
vice. Hence, it Is argued, the rebels will aban
don Virginia, and plan thoir next battle-field in
Adversity is the true touchstone of merit
The "Way the Velocity of Cannon Balls
We recently had an opportunity of examining
the instrument in use at West Point for measur
ing the velocity of cannon and musket shot, and
we found it an exceeding ingenious piece of mech
In front of a graduate arc, two pendulums are
hung upon the same axle, one a little in front of
the other, so that they may swing past each oth
er. Each pendulum carries a block of iron near
its lower end by means of which it is held in a
horizontal position by an electro-magnet; one
pendulum being raised up on one side of the arc,
and the other upon tho other side. The cores of
of the electro-magnet are made of the purest soft
iron, so that when the circuit of electricity which
passes along the Avire around them is broken,
they will be instantly demagnetized, and Avill
consequently allow the pendulums to drop.
The wire from one electro-magnet is carried
out of doors, and drawn repeatedly across a
frame target just in front of the muzzle of the
gun ; and the Avire from the other magnet is drawn
in the same way across a target at 100 feet great
er distance. The gun is fired, and as the shot
passes through the target it cuts the Avires of both
circuits; allowing the pendulums to fall. But
the wire near the gun is cut sooner than the one
more distant, and consequently, the pendulum
which is supported by its magnet begins to fall
sooner than the other pendulum. The pendu
lums therefore do not pass each other at the loav
est point in the arc, but at a distance from the
lowest point, which depends on the time occupied
by the shot in moving from one target to the other.
The exact point on the arc at which the pendu
lums pass each other is indicated by a little prick
made in the arc as the pendulums meet. To ef
ect this the pendulum nearer the arc carries a
pin pointing towards the arc, the outer end of
the pin having a beveled head which is hit by a
projection on the other pendulums as the two
meet, driving the point into the arc.
The time occupied by the pendulums in making
thoir oscillations is ascertained by careful obser
vations, and then the time required for their pas
sage through any portion of their arc is known
by calculation. The instrument is always very
nicely adjusted immediately before it is used,
and the experiments must be conducted with the
utmost thoroughness in every respect. When
all the conditions are carefully complied with,
the velocity of shot is probably measured with
more accuracy by this instrument than by any
other means yet devised.
The idea of using electricity for determining
the velocity of projectiles was first suggested by
Wheatstone in 1840, and a machine devised by
Captain Navez of the Belgian service was tried
in this country, but was found too delicate and
complicated for general nse. The machine which
we have described was designed by Captain J.
G. Benton, late Instructor of Ordnance and Sci
ence of Gunnery, Military Academy, West Point.
It is called tho electro-bollistic machine.— Scien
11 > _
The Rebels have captured three small vessels
in Chespeake Bay. One of them is the side
wheel steamer S. P. Thomas, employed as a dis
patch steamer between Fort Monroe and Cherry
stone Inlet. The other two were tugs—the Titan
and the lola—employed in running between the
same points. The Titan, is said to be up Plan
kataiik River, Avatched by gunboats, and pretty
sure to be retaken. Later accounts say that our
forces have destroyed the Titan.