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C|e $M£tt? Journal.
WEDNESDAY MOBMJNgTnOV. 16,1864. ,
THOEh V, COOPEEL - - - Editor and Publisher.
AMY M. BRADLEY, - - - Proprietor.
OUR VOLUNTEER AGENTS.
The following persons are announced as our agents
at the places standing in connection with their names,
and are authorized to receive subscriptions and Con
tributions for The SonnrEits' Journal:
Miss Amy M. Romans, East Vassalboro',.Maine.
Miss Mary P. Locke, Charlostown, Mass.
Ma. G. T. Crawford, Camp Agent.
We still invite the co-operation of our friends every
where, to increase the circulation and influence of our
Contributions, intended for publication, must lie
accompanied by the name of the author to iiisuro in
Advertising.—A limited amount of advertising in
serted at ten for the first and five cents per line for each
subsequent publication. The cash must accompany
All Communications, and other mail matter, in
tended for The Soldiers' Journal (except such as
Is prepared in this camp; should be addressed to 211, V
Street, Washington, D.O, No notice taken of -eomihu
uications unaccompanied by the name of the author.
" the: solbiers' journal,"
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
HENDEZVOUS OF DISTRIBUTION, VA..
CONVALESCENT CAMP, VA.
At the subscription price of Ss£,oo per annum,
payable always in advance. Single copies
Five Cents each.
The proceeds resulting tVom its sale to be devot
ed to a fund for the maintenance of the or
phans of soldiers who have fallen ;or
may yet fall, in defence of the
cause of the Union
[(S primary fibjectts will be to promote the interests
of the soldier in the ranks. To this end it will contain
all necessary information as to the methods of keep
ing in good order their accounts with the Government.
The soldier in hospital will find in our columns in
structions how to procure pay and clothlna when en
titled to it; what are the requisites exacted by the
Government, when furloUgna aaro granted; ami dis
charged .soldiers will be put in tie way of procuring
prompt settlements of their accounts without the in
terference of claim agents.
Aside from this THE SOUOfURS" JOURNAL will
contain interesting original and selected reading mat
ter. It Is the intention of those engaged in its pnbll- '
cation to make iff. pages lively and readable, and it is i
believed that the varied talent pledged to its support
will enable it to take at least a respectable rank
among the.journals of the country.
The Election and the Lesson it Teaches.
The country has just passed through the most
exciting and animated political contest known
to its history, and the administration have tri
umphed in a more signal manner than the elec
tion which first gave it power. The crisis was
peaceably passGd,:more peaceably than generally
It has heretofore been the boast of the Ameri
can people that the are always ready
to acquiesce in or give at least a passive submis
sion to the will of the majority. The only pal
pable refusal is in the present rebellion, and that
refusal has already caused in the South the stop
page of all the arts and trades of peace—all val
uable foreign and home commerce, and some of
tho most ordinary agricultural pursuits. It has
scattered death and desolation through all Vier
States, and has drained almost the entire able
bodied male population, while the women and
children, in so many cases widows and orphans,
are lei'tto pass a cold and half-starved existence
in homes that were formerly luxuriantin every
. comfort. Because of hor unjust rebellion against
justly constituted authority—against rightful law
—against the main principle which makes our
government a five and republican one—tho right
of the majority to rule-they are suffering these
things, and the end of their suffering is not yet.
Our whole national history points to this princi
ple not alone as orthodox, but as the only one by
which a free people can give or remove the gov
erning power. -While the South ruled she was
content—content with one of the virtues of the
principle; but when the great North, in the
interests of freedom, assumed for once tho pre
rogative which her own strength and the exam
ple of her opponent entitled her to, those used
to ruling failed to be good at obeying, because of
their dominant interest in slavery, so conspicu
ously siuful behind the throne which they had
held for nearly a century. They scouted the
principle from which they had derived all for
mer benefit, merely because freedom claimed a
rotation, after a quiet and rather timid struggle
of nearly eighty years. They seceded, andtheh\
secession dug tho grave of the institution they
were trying to preserve. They have already
nearly lost their property in slaves, lost all ben
efits from the system, and with a despair wrought
by four years of suffering and defeat, are now
clinging to the idea only. The ideal may drag
.them down yet-farther than therealit3 r has done.
Their lesson has been a bitter one, and the most
bitter part is to come. They already realize that
what were formerly thirteen populous and pow
erful States, are now reduced to four, upon all of
which the iron grasp of freedom is fastened, and
past history is no guide if these do not soon suc
cumb to a fate as inevitable as the right conquer
ing the wrong. Their cup of iniquity is full,
and its overflow will drown both the idea and
its leading begetters. The election, if it has not
already, will teach them this, and we trutt show
them that an honorable abandonment of a false
notion is better than a stubborn persistence in
Without any party feeling of triumph—indeed,
wo have known no party as a party since the
opening of this unjust crusade against the Union
—we can say truthfully that tho simple verdict
of the people on the Bth inst., was that the Union
should be maintained at any and every hazard,
and that slavery, its criminal assailant, shall
die the death its treason merits. Southerners can
apply tho fact, and we fear that we have some
amongst us who may be benetitted by its appli
cation. Men in the North and Northwest who
have within the past few months prepared or
pretended to prepare for .resistance to the gov
ernment, should accept the leuson in time.—
They are styled Sons of Liberty, Knights of the
Golden Circle, etc., and have been detected in
conspiracies of formidable looks and intentions.
They would better not call forth upon their own
heads the wrath of a government which has pro
ven itself the most powerful on the globe, and
which, now that it has been re-indorsed by the
people, will and should no longer hesitate to
employ every means to speedily crush all open
or covert resistance to its authority. The elec
tion has taught these men that they are, at least
for the coming four years, in a minority, and
they can gain more peaco for themselves and
more prestige for their circle by giving at least a
passive submission to that which thoy cannot or
will not help, and which they, are powerless to
materially injure. The mass of our people of
both parties, whether at the election supporting
or opposing the administration, with the good
sense which has always characterized their po
litical conduct, and with the patriotism inherent
in them, will yield a cordial support.to the gov
ernment in the prosecution of the war to an ul
timate and honorable peace, and accept the ver
dict of the majority as one that cannot, and under
existing circumstances, should not be altered.
—Sheridan is on the move for another fight.
—McClellan has resigned his Major Generalship wlta
a view of being elected U. 8. Senator for New Jersey.
—It is reported that Queen Victoria is furnishing a
story from her own pen for one of the London maga
—Mr. Benjamin; the rebel Seecetary of State, finding
it impossible to write up the rebel finances, has under
taken to write down those of the Federal government
—Gen. Birney left his family in such poverty tha;
friends are raising funds for the benefit of the widov.
and children. He was like his father, ready to sacri
fice everything for his principles.
—Prominent mi n from the Northern States are urg
ing the Canadian government to energetic co-opera
tion with the American authorities to preserve peae*
. on the frontier. .Efficient measures on the part of tb+
Canadian government have been taken.
—The Richmond JfrMquirer says that "a people-thut
can fight in a retreat can .never be conquered." Tha:
is consoling to them, but it displays quite as sanch
power to fight in an advance—which is, fortunately,
our side of the question.
—North Carolina is reported to be in the power of
deserters from the rebel armies. All efforts to subdue
these men have failed, and it is feared in Seccssia that
they will compel tho Carolina authorities to make a
separate peace with the Federal government.
—The Sanitary Commission has sent an agent and v.
slock of its supplies with each vessel of the fleet to
bring 10,000 of our paroled men north. The Commis
sion lias also made arrangements to alleviate the suf
ferings of these men upon their arrival at Annapolis.
—Citizens of California sent to President Lincoln by
Dr. Bellows, on his return East, a valuable present.—
It is a gold box, about three inches long, and one and
a half Indies wide. On opening the box a number
of singularly beautiful golden crystals are seen em
bodied in line velvet.
—It Is reported that the rebel army in the Shenan
doah, notwithstanding they have been routed six
times within six weeks, and -three times lost all their
cannon, is about to attempt Its annual full campaign
towards or Into Maryland and Pennsylvania. They
have been newly clothed for vvlnter and have fresh
equipments, and are now up to " snuff." Sheridan Is
ready to sneeze them out as soon as they advance.
—There are four rebel privateers on our coast, and
another larger and more powerful—the Col. Lamb, Is
soon expected. They are all fast steamers, and manned
by reckless desperadoes are capable of doing much
mischief to our coasting trade. We have recently
made some good captures, as in the case of the Flori
da, and hope soon to rid the ocean of the remaining
—The Jeivish Messenger states that " Mr. Belmont Is
simply the New York correspondent of the house of
Rothschild} .that though a Jew by birth, he married
out of the faith many years ago; is not connected with
a Jewish congregation, and is universally repudiated
as a Jew; that the Rothschilds have never assisted the
rebel treasury to the extent of a dollar; their sympa
thies and active co-operation have been with the Gov- —
eminent, based on liberty as its main principle, a«
stated by Baron Rothschild, of Frankfort, to the United
States • Consul General, Mr. Murphy; that tho only
banker of any note who upholds the Confederate cause
In Europe is Mr. Erlanger, of Paris, who to be a
' Jew,' but was converted to ' Christianity,' and mar
ried Mr. Slidell's daughter."
—At tho election of the Bth Inst,, President Lincoln
was re-elected by a largo electoral and popular majority
—carrying the following States by the approximate
Maine 11/)Q0 Indiana ....28,000
Hew Hampshire 7,000 Illinois 16,000
Vermont..... ~..15,000 Michigan 13,000
Massachusetts 75,000 Wisconsin 4,000
Connecticut 5,000 Minnesota 6000
Rtiode Island 3,000 lowa 21,000
New York ~ 0,0001 Missouri 6,000
Pennsylvania 16,000 California 20,000 *"
Maryland „ 2,ooo|Oregon 2,000
Ohio OO.OOOjKansas 7,000
McClellan carried only Now Jersey, Delaware and
Kentucky by small majorities.