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C|e $M£tt? Journal.
WEDNESDAY MOBMJNgTnOV. 16,1864. , THOEh V, COOPEEL - - - Editor and Publisher. AMY M. BRADLEY, - - - Proprietor. OUR VOLUNTEER AGENTS. The following persons are announced as our agents at the places standing in connection with their names, and are authorized to receive subscriptions and Con tributions for The SonnrEits' Journal: Miss Amy M. Romans, East Vassalboro',.Maine. Miss Mary P. Locke, Charlostown, Mass. Ma. G. T. Crawford, Camp Agent. We still invite the co-operation of our friends every where, to increase the circulation and influence of our paper. Contributions, intended for publication, must lie accompanied by the name of the author to iiisuro in sertion. Advertising.—A limited amount of advertising in serted at ten for the first and five cents per line for each subsequent publication. The cash must accompany all orders. All Communications, and other mail matter, in tended for The Soldiers' Journal (except such as Is prepared in this camp; should be addressed to 211, V Street, Washington, D.O, No notice taken of -eomihu uications unaccompanied by the name of the author. PROSPECTUS. " the: solbiers' journal," PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AT HENDEZVOUS OF DISTRIBUTION, VA.. KECENTI.Y CONVALESCENT CAMP, VA. At the subscription price of Ss£,oo per annum, payable always in advance. Single copies Five Cents each. The proceeds resulting tVom its sale to be devot ed to a fund for the maintenance of the or phans of soldiers who have fallen ;or may yet fall, in defence of the cause of the Union [(S primary fibjectts will be to promote the interests of the soldier in the ranks. To this end it will contain all necessary information as to the methods of keep ing in good order their accounts with the Government. The soldier in hospital will find in our columns in structions how to procure pay and clothlna when en titled to it; what are the requisites exacted by the Government, when furloUgna aaro granted; ami dis charged .soldiers will be put in tie way of procuring prompt settlements of their accounts without the in terference of claim agents. Aside from this THE SOUOfURS" JOURNAL will contain interesting original and selected reading mat ter. It Is the intention of those engaged in its pnbll- ' cation to make iff. pages lively and readable, and it is i believed that the varied talent pledged to its support will enable it to take at least a respectable rank among the.journals of the country. The Election and the Lesson it Teaches. The country has just passed through the most exciting and animated political contest known to its history, and the administration have tri umphed in a more signal manner than the elec tion which first gave it power. The crisis was peaceably passGd,:more peaceably than generally expected. It has heretofore been the boast of the Ameri can people that the are always ready to acquiesce in or give at least a passive submis sion to the will of the majority. The only pal pable refusal is in the present rebellion, and that refusal has already caused in the South the stop page of all the arts and trades of peace—all val uable foreign and home commerce, and some of tho most ordinary agricultural pursuits. It has scattered death and desolation through all Vier States, and has drained almost the entire able bodied male population, while the women and children, in so many cases widows and orphans, are lei'tto pass a cold and half-starved existence in homes that were formerly luxuriantin every . comfort. Because of hor unjust rebellion against justly constituted authority—against rightful law —against the main principle which makes our government a five and republican one—tho right of the majority to rule-they are suffering these things, and the end of their suffering is not yet. Our whole national history points to this princi ple not alone as orthodox, but as the only one by which a free people can give or remove the gov erning power. -While the South ruled she was content—content with one of the virtues of the principle; but when the great North, in the interests of freedom, assumed for once tho pre rogative which her own strength and the exam ple of her opponent entitled her to, those used to ruling failed to be good at obeying, because of their dominant interest in slavery, so conspicu ously siuful behind the throne which they had held for nearly a century. They scouted the principle from which they had derived all for mer benefit, merely because freedom claimed a rotation, after a quiet and rather timid struggle of nearly eighty years. They seceded, andtheh\ secession dug tho grave of the institution they were trying to preserve. They have already nearly lost their property in slaves, lost all ben efits from the system, and with a despair wrought by four years of suffering and defeat, are now clinging to the idea only. The ideal may drag .them down yet-farther than therealit3 r has done. Their lesson has been a bitter one, and the most bitter part is to come. They already realize that what were formerly thirteen populous and pow erful States, are now reduced to four, upon all of which the iron grasp of freedom is fastened, and past history is no guide if these do not soon suc cumb to a fate as inevitable as the right conquer ing the wrong. Their cup of iniquity is full, and its overflow will drown both the idea and its leading begetters. The election, if it has not already, will teach them this, and we trutt show them that an honorable abandonment of a false notion is better than a stubborn persistence in the wrong.. Without any party feeling of triumph—indeed, wo have known no party as a party since the opening of this unjust crusade against the Union —we can say truthfully that tho simple verdict of the people on the Bth inst., was that the Union should be maintained at any and every hazard, and that slavery, its criminal assailant, shall die the death its treason merits. Southerners can apply tho fact, and we fear that we have some amongst us who may be benetitted by its appli cation. Men in the North and Northwest who have within the past few months prepared or pretended to prepare for .resistance to the gov ernment, should accept the leuson in time.— They are styled Sons of Liberty, Knights of the Golden Circle, etc., and have been detected in conspiracies of formidable looks and intentions. They would better not call forth upon their own heads the wrath of a government which has pro ven itself the most powerful on the globe, and which, now that it has been re-indorsed by the people, will and should no longer hesitate to employ every means to speedily crush all open or covert resistance to its authority. The elec tion has taught these men that they are, at least for the coming four years, in a minority, and they can gain more peaco for themselves and more prestige for their circle by giving at least a passive submission to that which thoy cannot or will not help, and which they, are powerless to materially injure. The mass of our people of both parties, whether at the election supporting or opposing the administration, with the good sense which has always characterized their po litical conduct, and with the patriotism inherent in them, will yield a cordial support.to the gov ernment in the prosecution of the war to an ul timate and honorable peace, and accept the ver dict of the majority as one that cannot, and under existing circumstances, should not be altered. EDITORIAL JOTTINGS. —Sheridan is on the move for another fight. —McClellan has resigned his Major Generalship wlta a view of being elected U. 8. Senator for New Jersey. —It is reported that Queen Victoria is furnishing a story from her own pen for one of the London maga zincs. —Mr. Benjamin; the rebel Seecetary of State, finding it impossible to write up the rebel finances, has under taken to write down those of the Federal government —Gen. Birney left his family in such poverty tha; friends are raising funds for the benefit of the widov. and children. He was like his father, ready to sacri fice everything for his principles. —Prominent mi n from the Northern States are urg ing the Canadian government to energetic co-opera tion with the American authorities to preserve peae* . on the frontier. .Efficient measures on the part of tb+ Canadian government have been taken. —The Richmond JfrMquirer says that "a people-thut can fight in a retreat can .never be conquered." Tha: is consoling to them, but it displays quite as sanch power to fight in an advance—which is, fortunately, our side of the question. —North Carolina is reported to be in the power of deserters from the rebel armies. All efforts to subdue these men have failed, and it is feared in Seccssia that they will compel tho Carolina authorities to make a separate peace with the Federal government. —The Sanitary Commission has sent an agent and v. slock of its supplies with each vessel of the fleet to bring 10,000 of our paroled men north. The Commis sion lias also made arrangements to alleviate the suf ferings of these men upon their arrival at Annapolis. —Citizens of California sent to President Lincoln by Dr. Bellows, on his return East, a valuable present.— It is a gold box, about three inches long, and one and a half Indies wide. On opening the box a number of singularly beautiful golden crystals are seen em bodied in line velvet. —It Is reported that the rebel army in the Shenan doah, notwithstanding they have been routed six times within six weeks, and -three times lost all their cannon, is about to attempt Its annual full campaign towards or Into Maryland and Pennsylvania. They have been newly clothed for vvlnter and have fresh equipments, and are now up to " snuff." Sheridan Is ready to sneeze them out as soon as they advance. —There are four rebel privateers on our coast, and another larger and more powerful—the Col. Lamb, Is soon expected. They are all fast steamers, and manned by reckless desperadoes are capable of doing much mischief to our coasting trade. We have recently made some good captures, as in the case of the Flori da, and hope soon to rid the ocean of the remaining five. —The Jeivish Messenger states that " Mr. Belmont Is simply the New York correspondent of the house of Rothschild} .that though a Jew by birth, he married out of the faith many years ago; is not connected with a Jewish congregation, and is universally repudiated as a Jew; that the Rothschilds have never assisted the rebel treasury to the extent of a dollar; their sympa thies and active co-operation have been with the Gov- — eminent, based on liberty as its main principle, a« stated by Baron Rothschild, of Frankfort, to the United States • Consul General, Mr. Murphy; that tho only banker of any note who upholds the Confederate cause In Europe is Mr. Erlanger, of Paris, who to be a ' Jew,' but was converted to ' Christianity,' and mar ried Mr. Slidell's daughter." —At tho election of the Bth Inst,, President Lincoln was re-elected by a largo electoral and popular majority —carrying the following States by the approximate majorities given.-— Maine 11/)Q0 Indiana ....28,000 Hew Hampshire 7,000 Illinois 16,000 Vermont..... ~..15,000 Michigan 13,000 Massachusetts 75,000 Wisconsin 4,000 Connecticut 5,000 Minnesota 6000 Rtiode Island 3,000 lowa 21,000 New York ~ 0,0001 Missouri 6,000 Pennsylvania 16,000 California 20,000 *" Maryland „ 2,ooo|Oregon 2,000 Ohio OO.OOOjKansas 7,000 Nevada 3,000. McClellan carried only Now Jersey, Delaware and Kentucky by small majorities.