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FARMER AN D PLANTER.
THE FERTILIZER LAWS. Tl»e Farmer At the Mercy of the Stanufnctnrer and Compelled to l*uy Tribute to Him. We desire to call attention to the situation as shown in Col. Peek’s communication in a recent issue. The Georg ia law,as interpreted by the attorney general, forbids any one selling fertilizers to farmers in bulk. This simply means that a farmer can only buy fertilizers in sacks from manufacturers. But the manufac turers can buy in bulk. That means that the consumer can not buy with out paying the manufacturer for sacking, mixing, inspection and han dling. —* /,p! ’Ttplaces the farmer at the mercy of the manufacturer, and comples him to pay tribute to him. This is an iniquitous law. It pre vents the farmer from buying the material in bulk and doing his own l mixing. It compels him to pay sev * eral dollars extra for each ton of fer tilizers he uses. The farmers of Geor gia use about 400,000 tons annually. On this they pay at least four dollars per ton more than it would cost them if they bought the material and mixed for themselves. This is $1,600, 000 each year that the farmers are forced to pay the manufacturers. This is an outrageous and enor mous tax. Farmers, can you afford to submit to it? Will you submit to It? Rather than do s©, you had better not use fertilizers at all. The law has been upon the statute books for many years, but was con strued to mean that the farmer could buy the material for his own use if he did not wish to sell again. Under that construction they were permit ted to buy and mix. But now the Virginia and Carolina Chemical Co., having secured control of the Carolina phosphate, refuses to Bell to the farmers in bulk, and force them to buy their manufactured goods at higher prices. They claim that the law will not permit them to sell to the farmer. The attorney general sustains their claim. So the poor farmer, who uses all the fertilizers, finds himself at the mercy of this one company. Tied hand and foot, he must tamely sub mit to be robbed. There is no secret value in ma chine-mixed fertilizers. Experience shows that any farmer can mix his own to better advantage with a ; Bhovel and a lioe. It is not the mix ing, saekingior tagging that gives ^ _____ ^^2©-tr>'^<Vrnl!zers. That value de "* pends entirely up the quantity and quality of soluble plant food which they contain. The farmer can get the same bene fit from their use without mixing them at all. He can put in his cot ton-seed meal and get the same re sults. The mixing only saves time and labor in distribution. We say the time has come when farmers imist either buy the material and do their own mixing or use less fertilizers. They can not stand the enormous cost they have been paying. It now requires about four hun dred pounds of these ready-mixed goods to make a good crop where two hundred pounds used to be enough. XI is lime iur a reueiuuu ui u hunvc or a boycot. We are opposed in prin ciple to all of these, but sometimes nothing else will do. Demand of your several legisla tures to change the law so as to give you a chance to purchase the raw material in open market at the same terms as any one else. If a man is a manufacturer he can buy at a cheap price; if he is a farmer he must buy at a higher price. This we call class legislation of the rankest kind. This is protecting the wrong party. A great trust or cor poration, the Virgina & Carolina •^4 Chemical Co., for instance, can buy »t the original market and the low est price, but the farmer can not. Any little factory that will set up a grinder and brand the sacks, can buy at the lowest figures, but the farmer can not. Better do away with the whole business of state inspection than protect the farmer in any such way. The Virginia & Carolina Chemical Co. is now entire master of the whole situation.—Southern Cultivator. ^ SAVING OF FARM MANURES. How to Save and Utilize the Escap ing (>iiHva From the llurn yard Manure Pile. - Within the last year there has come more forcibly than ever to my attention one point about the saving of farm manures that I think should be well understood by every farmer. I have long known that there is a waste of nitrogen about almost every stable. The bad odors—are. tell-tale evidence of this fact. It is nitrogen escaping into the air that causes the most of the foul smells that pollute the air about our premises, and this one of the Tery ingredients that I we ought to preserve. When it gets into the air it is gone beyond our reach. How to prevent these un wholesome and offensive, and, at the same time, valuable gases from es caping is the point which I wish to make plain. It is easy enough and should not be omitted by any pro gressive farmer. It is done by using absorbents. We know that there are various things that have chemical affinity for eacli other, and it is by properly using this idea and that of the mechanical affinity of substances, as well, that we should accomplish this end. There are two principal materials that we should use, and both are easily ob tained and worth all they cost aside from their absorbent qualities. The first is kaiait. It contains about 12 Yi per cent, of potash in an available form for plant food. In ad dition it contains chlorine and other substances, that, when brought in contact with the nitrogenous matter in the stalls and gutters where farm animals are kept, unite and form compounds that are at once practically scentless and in the best possible forms to be retained and be come an important part of the farm supply of manure. About one quart per day for each animal is about what should be used. The other is commonly known as acid phosphate. This is the product that is made by grinding and then treating with sulphuric acid the phosphate rock that is mined in cer tain places in South Carolina, Flori da.Tennessee and Canada. It contains not far from 14 per cent, of phos phone acid, and the rest is largely sulphate of lime, which is also called gypsum, and when ground is known as land plaster and is bought and ap plied to land because of the chemical effect it has upon other elements, causing them to become available plant foods. Now, when this dis solved phosphate rock is sprinkled about the animals, it too absorbs the nitrogen, somewhat the same as does the kainit, purifying the stables and making a most excellent manure out of what would otherwise have been largely a waste and also a nuisance If one quart is used for each horse or cow each day, it will be found about right. If these simple things are done on any farm, they will prove about the most profitable ways to get these highly useful plant foods, potash and phosphoric acid, into the soil. They will be mixed with the farm manures and balance them up materially; for they are both needed to reinforce materials that are often quite want ing in both potash and phosphoric acid. The absorbents are badly need ed and the benefits from this point alone are often worth all they cost. There is a double gain, and those who do not use one or both of them are making a mistake. Of the two, there is a better effect from the use of kainit.—E. H. Van Deman, in Far mers’ Home Journal. No Dnoner of Overproduction. There is very little danger of over production of farm crops this year for the general scarcity that exists will made a demand that can only be fully met by full crops of everything People and domestic animals are sub sisting on short rations, and that is good for the Jppetite, so that wher production and the demand for prod nets meet on a normal basis more will be consumed. Therefore let us tickle the soil and make it. smile wit! gladness and laugh with abundance —Farm and 11anch. HERE AND THERE. —Do not allow the cows to drinl stagnant or impure water. It wil not only affect the quality of tht milk, but will injure the health of th< animal. —Vicious animals should never be used for breeding, because “like pro duces like” in temper, character am habit, as well as in size, color anc conformation. —A cruel custom, but a profitable one, is to set two hens, and whei they hatch, give all the chicks to qne and give the other fresh eggs, and 2 days more of confinement. Anything but a fool hen would rebel. -—Ducks are the choicest of all ta ble fowls, and it is not necessary tha they be canvass-back, or be flankee with green-seal. Pekin, Rouen, Ayles bury, Cayuga, or even wild ducks, ar< each better than the others. —Any good wholesome food, in suf ficient variety, is egg-food. The vari ety should embrace grain, green vege table and animal matter. Crushe< peas or beans may replace the anima matter if cheaper or more conven ient. —For a farmer to shorten up or any crop because prices are low ii often bad policy. So many do so tha next season prices are likely to b< high. Before deciding on crops th< farmer should do some solid, dee] thinking. —Grain farming as an exclusivi business does not pay the farmer whi owns the land,” for every year hi makes a heavy demand upon it fo the wealth which nature has provide! and which must be there if inaximun crops are to be growrv Mrs. Mamie Herbert, 56 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo, N. Y., Treasurer Empire State Fortnightly, Buffalo, N. Y., After Eight Years’ Suffering Cured by Lydia E. Pink ham’s Vegetable Compound. “ Dear Mrs. Pinkiiam :—Inflammation and ulceration of the uterus laid me low and robbed life of its joys for me. For eight years I was in frequent pain and misery, and then Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound came to me, the greatest boon I have known, for it brought new life and health to me. I used several bottles of Compound and your Sanative Wash. My improvement was slow, but from the first bottle I felt that I was better, and so I kept up courage and continued the treatment. None of my friends ever dreamed that I would be well again, but I have now enjoyed life to its fullest extent for three years.” — Mrs. Mamie Herbert. $5000 FORFEIT IF THE ABOVI LETTER IS NOT GENUINE. When women are troubled with irregular, suppressed or painful menstruation, weakness, leucorrhcea, displacement or ulceration of the womb, that bearing-down feeling, inflammation of the ovaries, backache, bloating (or flatulence), general debility, indigestion, and nervous pros tration, or are beset with such symptoms as dizziness, faintness, lassitude, excitability, irritability, nervousness, sleeplessness, melancholy, “all gone ” and “ want-to-be-left-alone ” feelings, blues and hopelessness, they should remember there is one tried and true remedy. Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound at once removes such troubles. Refuse to buy any other medicine, for you need the best. Mrs. Pinkham invites all sick women to write her for advice* She has guided thousands to health. Address, Lynn, Mass. •^VTUrjlg^ • removes from so^ M /^jjjjjr large quantities of Mg Potash. . The fertilizer ap fijakX.plied, must furnish enough Potashr-jOr the * IrLX land will lose its pro Read carefully our books on crops—aent /re*. GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 Nassau St., New York. Screen Doors and Windows linrgo Assortment All Sizes. DOORS 75c up. WINDOWS 50c up. We receive them in carload lots and can offer special ln duermcnis. MATT STEWART HARDWARE CO. 284 MAIM STBEKT, . MEMPHIS, TENS. HI addresfi on a tl bring you _ trated Pamphlets | srtnnlties of tbe I NORTHVtBST I 2, TACOMA, WASH. ® be number la UmUe^yp I SALLOWNESS 1 Bad breath, dark rings around the eyes, bloated feeling, heartburn, dizziness, headache, palpitation of the heart are all symptoms of bad ;^jL digestion and a clogged condition of the bowels. These symptoms -ffi should never be disregarded as the dangerous ills that afflict the v|k body spring from just such beginnings. The proper course is to £§# purify, strengthen and regulate the vital organs without delay, and for this purpose the celebrated tonic medicine and purifier yW PRICKLY ASH BITTERS will be found to possess merit of the £||, highest order. It tones the stomach, helps digestion, sharpens, the ijrj® appetite, cleanses and strengthens the kidneys, liver and bowels, thereby promoting harmony of action and regularity in the system. ,>.3 A few doses will produce a marvelous improvement. Strength and '-M energy return, the breath is purified, the complexion is cleared and it exercises a bracing effect in both body and brain. Every family 0F! needs this grand remedy as a safeguard against sickness* ^ SOLD EVERYWHERE AT $1.00 PER BOTTLE. Take no substitutes which may be recommended as “Just as Good.*’ Get the genuine. It will produce the results you desire. ‘NflB Have You Kidney I or Bidder Trouble? I Jho Oaso of Mrs. Nancy Bath | There are no diseases that more quickly and surely derange the entire constitution than B Kidney or Bladder trouble, and it behooves every man and \fomau suffering from these diseases B to have themselves cured at ouoe. The body depends upon the Kidneys to throw off the waste matter of the system, and when It fail* to do this the result Is an interference with digestion, a B sudden stoppage of the free circulation of the blood and a serious weakening of the heart. B Also rheumatism could not exist if it were not for weak and deranged Kidneys. K Mrs. Nancy Ball, proprietor of the Ball Ip House, Columbia, Miss., says : “ l was for a long time a great sufferer from dropsy complicated with Kidney and Biadder trou- &% bies; my feet and bands were swollen and £ at times 1 was unable to walk about. My family physician bad exhausted bis skill in iy the treatment off my case wlthoutgiving me any relief. 1 was then Induced to give Smith's Sure Kidney Cure a trial and to my B utter astonishment the first bottle relieved me, and I am In perfect health and able to B attend to all my Csitles about the hotel. 1 consider Smith's Bure Kidney Cure the great- B eat medicine of the age" MBS. NANCY BALL,Columbia, Miss. SMITH’S SURE KII*VET CURE contains nothing harmful, but nevertheless It will entirely cure Bright’s Disease, diabetes, dropsy, gravel, stone in the bladder, bloated bladder, frequent desire to urinate, pains in the back, legs, sides and over the Kidneys, swelling of the feet and ankles, retention of urine, scalding pain in the bladder, wetting the bed—In short, every S£ form of Kidney, bladder and urinary trouble in man, woman or child. gf Price 5Uc and Sl.OO a bottle of druggists generally or direct from the chemist*. w QT FREE SAMPLE SENT ON APPLICATION ^ SMITH MEDICAL COMPANY, I ST. LOUIS, MO. I OLD SORES CURED Allen's Ulcerine Sal?© cures Clumale Clears, Baas Deers, Serefaieas Clears, faHeesr Clears, ladeleai Clears, Bereurlal Clears, White Swelllaf, Bilk le«, Eeseme, Salt Bheaai, Peter Berea, all old sores. Positively ao falfere, ae matter hew leaf slaadkd, B/mailt tte and Mto. J.t ALL£tf ,8t. Paul.Miajt. 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