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WK^NeW ErT»?E«Ut!&im. M PT M A . n t/ ' “* ________M A> M WEDNESDAY* JULY 13. 1898. VOL. XV. NO. 28; m mm a II Ilf f II R I #1* RH t.p riots <n . ' ~ “ “ —--■ - " .. ~ ... ... 1 ■ —— Authorities at Washington Appre hensive That Most of the Span iards Have Quit Santiago. j sen, MILES TELEPHONES GEN. SHAFTER, jfaval Officers Kegard Their Operations at Santiago as Practically at an End and Are Looking Around for More Worlds to Conquer—Alger’s Opinion—Situation at Santiago—Surrender Demanded. Washington, July 12.—There is ap prehension to-day that the Spaniards may have succeeded in evacuating the town before the American lines were completed, and that when the Ameri cans enter the city it will be found empty, with perhaps nothing more than a desperate rear-guard of | Spaniards left to protect and con ceal the retreat of the main body of troops. There were several indications of some such move, which is supposed to have been in progress for the past three or four days. Gen. Sbafter reported under date of Sunday that the Spaniards evacuated a small town on the west side of the bay, one of the suburbs of Santiago, while the Associated press dispatches yesterday reierreu to the departure of a body of Spanish troops from Santiago towards Holguin. Of course, these facts are not conclusive that the town has been evacuated by the Spanish army, but the fact cannot be concealed that there is some apprehension entertained that the main result of the investment of i Santiago, aside from the important j achievement of driving the Spanish j squadron to its destruction, will be i the inheritance by Gen. Shafter of several thousand wounded Spanish i soldiers and many more thousand hun- j gry mouths in Santiago. Gen. Miles who arrived at Siboney ' on the Yale yesterday, made the fol- j lowing report to Secretary Alger to- i day: Arrived at noon. Had consultation with Ad- j miral Sampson and with Gen. Shafter by tele- j phone Troops brought from Tampa, Charles ton and New York arrived and leaving for the front Line of investment being extended. Miles. Gen. Miles has not taken and will not take charge of the operations now being conducted against Santiago. He is simply in his capacity as command ing general of the array, to look over the field and ascertain whether the operations are going along as they should. The naval officers regard their nart in the operations at Santiago as at an end practically and are looking around for new worlds to conquer. Their eyes | are turned to the east and they are ; rushing preparations for the dispatch : of Commodore Watson’s eastern squad- i ron. This is decidedly a more attract ive cruise from a naval point of view j than the demonstration proposed against San .Juan de Porto Rico, which i» understood to be the next number upon the programme, but which the □aval authorities believe will not amount to much because of the easy reduction of the defenses. : Every ship in Watson’s squadron has IHeen prescribed the very latest charts, sot only of the coasts of Spain and of the Mediterranean, but of track courses that will take them clear to the Philippines. In addition to this the few officers assigned to the vessels of this squadron, but not yet aboard, have received orders from the depart ment to go to their ships at once. Secretary Alger's Opinion. Washington, July 12.—At the cabi net meeting to-day telegrams from Gen. Shatter were read and discussed, Ho new plan of campaign was consid ered or important orders given. Gen. Bhafter’s report that he had the city of Santiago completely invested was received with much satisfaction, as there had been some apprehension | I at the Spaniards were contemplat es1 a night evacuation. Secretary r\ser, on leaving the cabinet meeting Md that although Shafter’s line on the rest was thin in places, he had no FOubt that, it was sufficiently strong r rePel any attack the enemy was ppable of making at this time. It Fas the secretary’s opinion that the Spaniards were now completely cut from outside aid and it was now [niy a question of prompt surrender j r a fight which would result in their pPture. It was Secretary Alger’s Jpiiiion as well as that of other mem °f the cabinet that the Spaniards f 'Uld surrender rather than take the pks of a general assault. I , Situation at Santiago. I. ashington, July 13.—The following 1 patch was received here from Gen. 1 ■“after at 0:;io a. m.: jf-ayadei Este, via Haytl, July 13— Adjutant ; r'|Tal. Washington: It has been very quiet, | i f little fighting. A Hag of truce up since two flock considering proposition for surrender- I , F now that I have the town surrounded on f north. Lines were completed at live p m. fc/f" hiidlow right down to the bay. The fv* rather thin, but will have it strength f, ln 'he morning by Gen. Henry who has f ’ arrived at headquarters. Only three or I r casualties; no one killed so far as I can fra Expect to have two of the new hat SHHSSpS Demanded the ( tty, Harrender. 12 -^°ry’ciUl/ U’ Vhl July , n* Shafter communicated by a S'ffnal with Rear Admiral Sampson requesting the latter to cease firing.’ ihen the general sent Gen. Wheeler into the Spanish lines, under a flag of truce, with a message to Gen. loral, the Spanish commander, demanding the unconditional surren der of the city. Several hours elapsed before any reply was received from Gen. loral and then he sent a message to Gen. Shafter to the effect that the matter was of such great importance that he had been obliged to refer it 10 Madrid government and that he would send his final answer as soon as ne could receive instructions from ac*rl,L It was late in the afternoon and Gen. Shafter gave orders to all the troops to get a much rest as pos Bible and be prepared to resume the attack at any moment. CLARK S REPORT. Oregon’s Commander Gives His Ver sion of the Great Naval Battle. He Bay* It Was HI* ship That 1’revented the Cristobal Colon’* Escape—Shafter Will Not Turn Santiago Over to the Cuban*. OFr Guantanamo, July 11.—Capt. Clark, of the United States battleship Oregon, which did such remarkable work at the navV.l battle off Santiago de Cuba that resulted in the destruc tion of Admiral Cervera’s squadron, aays in his official report of the en gagement to Rear Admiral Sampson: The Spanish fleet turned to the westward end opened lire, to which our ships replied vig orously. For a short time there was an almost continual flight of projectiles over the ship, but when our line was fairly engaged the ene ■“J ® “ro uecame uerecuve. as soon as It was evident that the enemy's ships were trying to break through and escape westward, we went ahead at full speed with the determination of carrying out to the utmost our Instructions: “If the enemy tries to escape, the ships must close and engage him as soon as possible and endeavor to sink his vessels or foroe them to run ashore ” We soon passed all of our vessels except the Brooklyn At first we used only the main bat tery, but when It was discovered that the enemy’s torpedo boats were following the ships we used our rapid-fire guns us well as the slx lnch guns upon them with telling effect As we ranged up near the sternmost of their ships she headed for the beach evident ly on Are. We raked her as we passed, rushing ov for the next ahead, using our starboard guns as they were brought to bear; and before we had her fairly abeam she, too, was making for the beach. The two remaining vessels were now some distance ahead, but our speed had increased to 16 knots and the Vizcaya was soon sent to the shore in llames Only the Cristobal Colon was left, and for a time it seemed as If she might escape. But when we opened with our forward turret guns and the Brooklyn followed, the Colon began to edge in toward the coast and her destruction was assured. As she struck the beach her flag went down. The Brooklyn sent a boat to her, and when the admiral caught up with the New York, Texas and Vixen, the Cristobal Colon was taken possession of. I cannot speak in too high terms of the bearing and conduct of all on board this ship When they found the Oregon had rushed to the front and was hurrying to a succession of conflicts with the enemy's vessels, If they could be over taken and would engage, the enthusiasm was Intense. As these Spanish vessels were so much more heavily armored than the Brook lyn, they might have concentrated upon and overpowered her. Consequently, I am persuaded that, but for the officers and men on the Oregon, who steamed and steered the ship and fought and supplied her batteries, the Cristobal Colon and perhaps the Vizcaya would have escaped. « obana Not to Control Hantltgo. Washington, July 11.—The state meat telegraphed the press irom the army in the field to the effect that the Cubans under Garcia have undertaken to designate a governor for Santiago after it falls has attracted a good deal of attention here. The dispatch went on to state that the man chosen for the place was Col. Demetrio Castillo, of Garcia’s army, and that Gen. Shat ter, upon being notified of the choice, had referred the matter to Washing ton. No such reference has been made, and the officials hero do not expect for j an instant that Gen. Shatter will make it If Santiago falls under his at tack, Gen. Shatter and no one else would assume command of Santiago and retain that command as long as he stays in that vicinity and until he is relieved by orders from Washington. How to Feed Santiago, Washington, July IS.—The author- j ities are now concerning themselves [ seriously with the great problem of feeding the destitute population of Santiago as soon as it capitulates, as well as the Spanish prisoners of war who may surrender. It has been ex tremely difficult, as shown by Gen. Shifter’s reports, to supply the Ameri- j 3an troops with what they need, and if course the difficulty will be in ireased enormously by this large ad lition to hungry mouths. <;uantanaa>o Coaid Be Ka«lly Taken. GUANTANAmo, July 12.—Advices re •eived by Commander McCalla, of the NJarblehead, from the city of Guantan imo, show that the deaths from star vation there average 15 daily. Gen. Perez, the commander of Guantanamo, ms given up succor, and the town Jould readily be taken, were it worth while to risk the lives of the Ameri can troops. A MOST PATHETIC SCENE. Landing of spanlsli Naval Prisoners at Portsmouth, N. II.—Contain of tlo I ris tohal Colon Kltum* Kadi <»f 111* Mon. Portsmouth, N. II., July 12.—The Spanish prisoners who were brought to port on the auxiliary cruiser St. Louis from Santiago, numbering 692 of the men who formed part of the crew of Admiral Cervera's squadron, are resting in comparative comfort in the new barracks erected for them on Seavey’s island. Around them is a guard of 125 marines. The crew of the Colon had landed with the rest of the prisoners, and with them came Capt. Merou, who turned to the Amer ican officer and asked to say a few parting words to his men. The re 4 admiral ckkvera (A Commander Without a Fleet.) quest was readily granted, but Capt. Merou, instead of making a formal and eloquent address to the long line, walked up to the man at the head of it and taking him warmly by the hand, tenderly kissed the grim sailor on the cheek. When the men saw the action of the commander they wept as if their hearts would break, and as the captain walked down the 14ne, shaking each hy the hand and kissing each sun burned cheek, each man threw his arms around his commander’s neck and gave him a most hearty embrace. Few who saw the tenderness with which he walked down the line and affectionately embraced each seaman as if lie were his son could refrain from tears, while the whole scene will be remembered by those who wit nessed it as one of the touching ex amples of the devotion and'reverence in which the seamen of every warship hold their commander. SHAFTER’S FIGHTING FORCE. In I Im >i«mI That Mr N,,. S3.S3S Mghi Iiik Men— KevU.-d Llm of Casual* ties to Hate. Washington, July 12.—Gen. Shaf ter’s available force to-day after count ing all reinforcements, and deducting the dead, sick and wounded, is 32,850 fighting men, according to military estimates. This is based on aa esti mate of 16,000 men in Gen. Shafter’s original expedition and about 10,000 in various expeditions which have gone since then, making in all 26,000 men. Against this, however, must be de ducted the casualties in the fighting thus far, and also the men confined to the hospital by sicknesa The deduc tion is roucrhlv estimated at 8.000. leaving about 23,000 men available as the fighting foroe of the American army. Adjt. Gen. Corbin has received from Gen. Shafter a revised and corrected report of the casualties before Santi ago on July 1, 2 and 3. It slightly in creases the number of killed and wounded as given in bis first report and is as follows: Killed, 23 officers, 208 men; wounded, 80 officers, 1,203 men; missing, 81. Total, 1,595. Gen. Shafter is of the opinion that the num ber of missing will be reduced some what Admiral I'ervm'l (explanation. Nkw York, July 12.—A special to the World from Portsmouth, N. H., says: Admiral Cervera’s explanation to a naval officer as to why he took the fleet into Santiago was that he ex pected to provision and coal and get away inside of 24 hours, but this was found to be impossible owing to the tropical methods employed in han dling coal. There Capt Gen. lllanco was communicated with and the pres ence of the two fleets in Yucat.au chan nel and the Windward passage waj announced._ A Short Acreage In Corn. Washington, July 12.—The July grain crop report of the department of agriculture says: Preliminary returns to the statistician of the department of agriculture on the acreage of corn indicate a reduction of three per cent, from the area harvested last year. There is a decrease of 661.000 acres in Missouri, of 722,000 in Kansas, and ol j 482,000 in Nebraska. Many other states likewise show a reduced acreage. Con ditions va.ry widely among the differ ent states, Iowa reporting 100, Nebras ka 90, Kansas 83, and Missouri 78. (iim. SI lie* Arrives at Santiago. Washington. July 12.—Geu. Nelson A. Miles, commanding the United States army, arrived off Santiago bay I shortly after noon yesterday. Upon the arrival of the auxiliary cruiser \ ale, on which Gen. Miles was a pas* senger, communication was opened with Admiral Sampson and the two commanders were soon in conference. During the early afternoon Gen. Miles landed at Play a del Bate and com mu* nicated with Gen. Shafter, command* ing the American forces before Santia go, by telephone. SINKING OF THE MERRIMAC. I.l«ut. Hobson Dives an I liferent lug Account of lit* Experience in Performing HU During Act. New York, July —A dispatch to the New York Herald from oil Santi ago says that a correspondent saw Lieut. Hobson after he had made his report to Admiral Sampson, and he gave the following account of his ex ploit: It was about three o'clock in tho morning when the Merrlmao entered the narrow chan nel and steamed in under the guns of Morro castle. It was so dark that wo could scarcely see the headland. We had planned to drop our starboard anchor at a certain point to the right of tho channel, reverse our engines and then swing the Mer rimac around, sinking her directly across the channel. This plan was adhered to, but cir cumstances rendered Its execution impossi ble. When the Merrlmao poked her nose Into the channel our troubles commenced. The deadly silence was broken by the wash of a small boat approaching us from the shore. I made her out to be a picket boat. She ran close up under the stern of the Mcrrtmac and flred several shots from what seemed to be three-pounder guns. The Merrlmao’s rudder was carried away by this fire. That Is why the collier was not sung across the channel. We did not discover the loss of the rudder until Murphy cast anchor. We then found that the Merrlmao would not answer to the helm and were compelled to make the beet of the situation. The run up the channel wae very exciting. The picket boat had given the alarm and in a moment the guns of the Vizcaya, the Almirantft OmiP.ndn and uhnrn hatt.PplM were turned upon us. Submarine mine* and torpedoes were also exploded all about us, add ing to the excitement The mines did no dam age, although we could hear rumblings and could feel the ship tremble. We were running without lights and only the darkness saved us from utter destruction. When the ship was in the desired position and we found that the rudder was gone, I called the men on deck. While they were launching the catamaran I touched off the explosives At the same moment two torpedoes, fired by the Relna Mercedes struck the Merrlmac amidships I cannot say whether our owe explosives or the Spanish torpedoes did the work, but the Merrlmao was lifted eut of the water and almost rent asunder. As she settled down we sorambled overboard and cut away the catamaran. A great cbeer went up from the forts snd warships as the hull of the collier foundered, the Spaniards thinking the Merrimac was an Amerlean warship We attempted to get out of tho harbor on the catamaran, but a strong tide was running, and daylight found us still struggling In the water. Then, for the first time, the Spaniards saw us, and a boat from the Relna Mercedes picked us up We were taken aboard and later sent to Morro castle LA BOURGOGNE’S SURVIVORS. They Are Taken Prom Halifax to Hoc ton— List Shows 5flO Persons Lost and 164 Persons Saved Boston, July 9.—The Plant line steamer Halifax has arrived here hav ing on board ttf2 survivors of the French line steamer La Bourgogne, which was sunk in a collision with the ship Cromartyshire, off Sable island, last Monday. On the passage from iibium ua duu*KuKt,c s im was carefully revised and it was. shown that there were 714 souls on board the steamer, of whom 550 were lost and 164 saved. Of the saved 12 were second class, 47 steerage and the remaining 105 were members of the crew. The correspondent of the Associated press who took passage on the Halifax for the purpose of learning from the sur vivors more of the details of the disas ter than had been possible in the short time between their arrival at Halifax and their departure for New York, during the trip to Boston had oppor tunity to come in contact with very many of those who escaped. Their stories of experience were thrilling, and many of them gave horrifying de tails of brutality, if not of murder, possibly never equaled in the history of the merchant marine. A Disastrous Blase. Cincinnati, July 12.—A fire involving heavy loss broke out yesterday in the manufacturing district, at Harriet and Sloo streets. It was first discovered in the dismantled warehouse of the McGill Grate & Mantle company and spread rapidly to the yards of the E. D. Albro Lumber company and other combustible manufactories in that dis trict The total loss will reach 8150, 000._ Fifteen Men Killed. Dover, N. J., July 12.—An explosion at the works of the Laflin & Band Powder company in Pomptou Lakes killed 15 men, among them several soldiers who had been detailed to j guard the powder works, and wound ed many others. A short time ago there was an explosion that killed six men. _ Teamster* for Culm Wanted. St Louis, July 12.—Col. Smith, depu ty quartermaster general, has received orders from Washington to secure 200 teamsters for service in Cuba. In ad dition to these men, who are wanted immediately, Col. Smith has been in structed to secure 50 more mule pack ers. French Government Informs Spain It Is Ready to Tender Its Good Offices for Peace. SPANISH PAPERS DISCUSSING PEACE, The Conservative One* Declare Spain Would Accept I’cmiti Provided lr. Im plied Only tlie l.m» of Cuba—'pain May Negotiate Without the Aid of the |i'»r clKu Power*. Now York, July 1*J.—A dispatch to the World from London says: France’s new foreign minister, M. Deloasse, hoe ' notified the Spanis i ambassador at l’aris, Senor Leon Castillo, that the French government is ready to tender tlie goo i offices of the French ambas sador at Washington in opening nego tiations for peace if the Madrid gov | eminent will permit it to do so. The proposition, first suggested by Austria and France, of intercession at Wash ington by the British ambassador lias been abandoned. Premier Sagasta in formed the European powers, through Ambassador Castillo, tiiat the hoint difficulties of the Spanish ministry would be likely to be gravely increased if Great Britain's aid were invoked be cause of the hatred of England per vading Spain. It is expected in diplo matic and ministerial quarters here that peace negotiations will be opeued uiruu^u wm rrencn amuimuur Washington. The Sagasta ministry bn now regarded with contempt through* out Europe, it being notorious that its members are only deterred from suing for peace by fear for their per sonal safety. Npsnlib Newspapers Discussing Pease. Madrid, July 13.—The possibility of peace with the United States is being widely discussed in the newspaper* and by the public. The conservative papers declare Spain is prepared to ac cept peace, provided it implies only the loss of Cuba But, tl.jy assert, Spain would prefer war a l’outrance if the United States should claim Porto Rico, the Philippine islands or an immense indemnity which it would be impossible for Spain to pay. The Correspondencia asserts that Gen. i Correa, the minister for war, does not disagree with the other cabinet ministers so seriously as is generally supposed, and in view of the gravity of the Cuban situation it is possible be will no longer oppose peace, provided the conditions are not too onerous. The public connects the recent confer ence between Duke Almodovar de Rio, the Spanish minister for foreign ' affairs, and the French ambassador here, M. Patenotre, with the report j that the French ambassador at Wash* . ington, M. Cambon, has been instruct ed to ascertain the lightest condition* upon which peace is obtainable. Currnnt In lTnvor of Pesos. J London, July 13.—A Vienna dispatch to the Chronicle says: It is semi-offi cially announced that the ambassa uura ui tuc puwcra at irinunu iiuyu ux pressed to Premier Sagasta a desire that peace negotiations should be opened. It is stated that in spite of official denials a desire for peace prac tically prevails in all classes in Spain, but the government is afraid that the revolutionary parties might take ad vantage if the government should open negotiations. The Madrid corre spondent of the Mail telegraphs: The current In favor of peace Is running stronger to-day. The government will nego tiate without the Intervention of any foreign power. The foreign diplomats observe that the tendency In Madrid Is to exclude the pow ers altogether from the negotiations. The premier’s resignation was expected before peace negotiations opened, so as to leave the crown absolutely free to consult with the lead ing statesmen Should Sagasta's resignation be accepted efforts will be made to form a mili tary cabinet, whose acts would Inspire greater confidence in the army. MISSOURI DAY AT OMAHA. Addressee by <Jov. Stephens and. Prominent Political headers on Tuesday, August 30, at the Kiposition. Jefferson City, Mo., July 12.—-Presi dent F. M. Sterrett, of the Missouri Omaha exposition commission, was here yesterday in consultation with Gov. Stephens and Secretary Carroll, relative to the make-up of the pro gramme for “Missouri day” at the ex position, which will be celebrated on Tuesday, August 30. The programme has not yet been completed, but it has been agreed that besides an address by the governor, there will be short speeches by prominent representatives of the different political parties and the list of speakers is already made up. Gov. Stephens will be accompa nied by his full staff and special trains will be run from the principal points in the state. Nearly Half the “Hough Kldem” Oleablad. Washington, July 8.—Of the 5«8 “Rough Riders” who landed in Cuba only 86# are fit for service, 209 having been killed or wounded.