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K -Mlidated June 1. 18#7. -—---J____ I _ _«ENA, ARK., WEDNESDAY, JULY ,o. .8*. VOL. XV. NO. ,9) Strenuous Efforts Made to Prevent?, the Spread of Infectious Dis eases in the Camps. STRAINED RELATIONS WITH CUBANS, fbe Friendship Displayed Toward Them at First by Our Soldiers Now Turned Into Contempt—Gen. Garcia Was Invited to the American Flag Raising at Santiago bnt Refused to Be Present. Santiago de Cuba, July 19.—Strenu ous efforts to prevent the spread of in fectious diseases among the American troops in front of Santiago de Cuba were made so soon as the city surren dered and for the past 30 hours our sol diers have been sent as rapidly as pos sible to the hills to the north of the city, where new camps have been established. Everything possible is being done to improve the sanitary conditions of the camps, especially in tbe case of troops which are expected to take part in the expedition to Porto Rica Of the regiments here only those which are not in the slightest infected will be allowed to go to Porto Rica The others will remain here for the present, encamped on the high ground north of Santiago. Two im mune regiments from New' Orleans and Mobile are expected here daily and upon their arrival they will be sent to the city, forming the only American garrison PUIV** ' ••• * VI J/UJ O*- ' cal condition of our troops is not con sidered serious, now that the number of cases of fever is growing less all the j time, and it is believed that the dis ease will disappear with the removal of the soldiers to healthier localities i sod the extra precautions which are j being taken. Gen. Wheeler’s cavalry j division is practically free from sick- | ness and probably will be allowed to go to Porto Rico, to take part in the eompaign. t A fact which is impressed more and more every day upon the American officers and men is the increasing ! strained relations between the Ameri- I cans and Gen. Garcia’s Cuban soldiers. Indeed, the situation has now reached apoint where there is practically no communication between the armies and their relations border on those of hostile rather than the relations which one would suppose should exist be tween allies. After Gen. Shatter an- '■ loonced his decision not to let ! the Cuban junta enter the city of San- j tiago deep mutterings were heard j a ill or nr (Jpn ftarfjiftV !H£H. It was £71‘ J dent that the Cubans were greatly dis- ' appointed at the step taken by the j American commander, for they had j confidently counted upon having San- j tiago turned over to loot and, plunder j as they had in succession sacked Bai quiri, Siboney and El Caney. Conse quently their disappointment was keen when they ascertained that they were not to be permitted to take pos session of the city upon Gen. Toral’s surrender. The Cuban soldiers now fully real ize that there is a rising sentiment against them in the army. They hear •othing but words of scorn from our *>en as they pass onwards, lugging their bacon and hard tack into the woods. Even our officers no longer Conceal their their ellieo and St is understood that the war friendship displayed towards them at first has now turned into contempt, for the Cubans have neither fought aor worked. The correspondent of the Associated press, who sends this dispatch says a ffroup of Cubans refused point blank fo aid in building roads and, during She two days of heavy fighting, while ‘hey were loitering in the rear, our •orgeons sought in vain to secure as sistance from them, even to cut poles °r improvised litters for our wounded. Gen. Shatter sent an invitation to Gen. Garcia to attend the ceremony of •"sing the American flag over Santia- ! but the Cuban general showed his j resentment bv sending a reply which j imply confirmed the course which he his ragged, ignorant soldiers have flowed during the weeks of hard Kiting and campaigning which have j resuited iu the fall of Santiago. He echoed the invitation, saying he ®«-‘d the Spaniards and added that he " n°t want to be where anj' of them erf S.iice that time the Cubans ave remained in their camp, eating merican rations, and our troops have a" no communication with them. ; p0RTO RICAN EXPEDITION. tkiii B* Swelled to 40,000 Troops, ami p«rhap* 70,000—Plenty or Heavy Artillery. Washington, July 19.—The Porto man expedition will be swelled soon ■ *b'GO() men ami if necessary to 70,000 ®n, the equipment of the volunteer °rces having now progressed so well to Warrant the statement that that ®ber of men can be ready for service ni i orto Rico within a verv short time Ihe entire body of troops at Tampa will be taken, numbering about 13 000 men and including a lot of heavy and light artillery under command of Gen. Rodgers. The expedition will be par ticularly strong with artillery, as some of tliat at Santiago commanded by Gen. Randolph is to be drawn upon. EUROPE LEARNS ITS LESSON. America Recognized u* a Great Colonizing torce, to He Keckond wltli by the Power*. New York, July 18.-The London correspondent of the New York Com mercial Advertiser savs: Englishmen grow more and more disposed to assume tacitly that the progress and the inevi tabie results^ of the war with Spain will leave the United States the ruler, real and virtual of th$ more important Spanish colonies The more foreslghted of them foresaw this from the outset of the war and even during the events that preceded it They gave, they still give, due weight to the humanitarian motives that prompted American intervention in Cuba; but they had long seen in the United States a growing Anglo-Saxon power that was drawing steadily closer to the moment of colonial expansion. Expansion beyond the sea seems to them the natural destiny of a strong Anglo-Saxon race. They do not doubt its fitness to rule and civilize Inferior peoples. More thuH half the English approval of the Anglo-American understanding springs from the belief that the two powers will have hence forth many common interests, imperial and commercial, to be jointly prosecuted with joint strength. The continental powers are waking up to the fact that we understand how to handle the peace question. A Colliery Accident. Breslau, July 19.—A dispatch from (ileiwitz, Prussian Silesia, says that 34 persons have been killed by a cage ac cident at the Pauius colliery, near Morgenrot. McKinley Thaulca the Army. Washington, July 18.—The following messages were sent Saturday by Presi dent McKinley and Secretary R. A. Al ger: To Gen. Sh after, commanding front, near Santiago, Playa: The president of the United States sends to you and your brave army the profound thanks of the American people for the brilliant achievement at Santiago, resulting In the surrender of the city and all of the Spanish troops and territory under Gen. Toral. Your splendid command has endured not only the j hardships and sacrifices incident to campaign and battle, but In stress of heat and weather has triumphed over obstacles which would | have overcome men less brave and determined. ! One and all have displayed the most conspicu ous gallantry and earned the gratitude of the nation. The hearts of the people turn with tender sympathy to the sick and wounded. May the Father of Mercies protect and comfort them.—William McKinley. To Ivjaj. Gen. Shafter, front, near Santiago. Playa: I cannot express In words my gratitude to you and your heroic men. Your work has been well done. God bless you alL—R. A. Al ger, Secretary of War. Dewey Allowed a Free Hand. Washington, July 17.—The attitude assumed by the German naval com manders in the Philippines is without doubt a serious menace and apprehen sion to our government Still, our government is satisfied that its inter ests are safe in the hands of Admiral Dewey, and is adhering to its original intention of allowing him a free hand to deal with the situation. Until he himself asks for action on the part of the government it is not the purpose to make any representations regard ing the Philippines to the German gov ernment. _ Will Capture the Caroline Ialanda. San Francisco, July 18.—Advices from Honolulu indicate that the coast defense vessel Monterey will take possession of the Caroline islands before reaching Manila. While in Honolulu harbor, Commander Lentz, of the Monterey, borrowed charts of the Carolines from Capt Bray, of the missionary bark Morning Star and also consulted with that navicator re garding the harbors of the islands. Commander Lentz promised to return the charts when he reached the Philip pines. __ Kiprx** Companion Mult Furnish stamp*. Kansas City, Mo., July 19. —Accord ing to the United States attorney gen eral's office, the express companies must furnish their customers with war revenue stamps. William Warner, United States district attorney, wrote to the attorney general in Washington, asking for construction of the law. ; An answer was received this morning from James E. Hovd, assistant a tor nev general, to whom all such ques tions have been referred. Mr. Boyd, says positively that the express com panies are required by law to pay the tax. _ Spuin'* Most Powerful Wurnlilp Uamuifod. Marseilles, July 19.-A steamer which has just arrived here reports having sighted on July 16 off the coast of Tunis the Spanish fleet commanded by Admiral Camara. As the steamer passed the battleship Pelayo a column of smoke suddenly issued from her and, from the fact that a cruiser had to take the Pelayo in tow, it is evident that the most powerful warship of Spain has been damaged. _ Of Interest to Fraternal Societies. Fort Worth, Tex., July 19.—United Stutes Internal Revenue Collector Hunt has ruled that warrants drawn cn the treasury of the Knights of Pythias lo Iges in payment of benefits and current expenses do not have to be stamped as checks. The decision is of interest to ali fraternal lodges. •Stars and Stripes Raised Over San tiago Amid Cheers of Enthusi astic Soldiers. ELABORATE CEREMONIES AT PALACE. | At Noon Sunday Gen. Shafter'x Army For* mallv Took l’nuxeatdon of the City_ American Iteartx Thrilled with Joy a* Old Glory Wax Unfurled to the lireeae Scenes In the Captured City. Santiago de Cuba, July 18.—The American flag is floating in triumph over the governor’s palace at Santiago de Cuba. Gen. McKibben has been appointed temporary military gov ernor. The ceremony of hoisting the stars and stripes was worth all the blood and treasure it cost. A vast concourse of 10,000 people wit nessed the stirring and thrilling scene that will live forever in the minds of all the Americans present. As the chimes of the old cathe dral rang out the hour of la yes terday the infantry and cavalry pre sented arms. Every American uncov ered. and Capt. MeKittriek hoisted the stars and stripes. As the brilliant folds unfurled in a gentle breeze against a fleckless sky. the cavalry band broke into the strains of “The Star Spangled Banner,” making the American pulse leap and the American heart thrill with joy. At the same instant the sound of thedistant boom in nr nf (' u tv f < ' u nmn ’n liu arn r* « r, r l-' --./ »--r» — salute of 21 guns, drifted in. When the music ceased, from all direc tions around our line came floating across the plaza the strains of the reg imental bauds and the muffled hoarse cheers of our troops. The iufantry came to order arms a moment later, after the flag was up, and the baud played “Rally ’Round tlie Flag. Hoys.” Instantly Oen. Mc Kibbon called for three cheers for Oen. bhafter, which were given with great enthusiasm, the band playing Sousa’s “The Stars and Stripes Forever.” The ceremony over, Gen. Shafter and his staff returned to the American lines, leaving the city in the possession of tiie municipal authorities, subject to tlie control of (Jen. McKibbon. -1 •'iim In the Captured CttT. Santiago de Cuba, July 18.—Since four o’clock yesterday morning a stream of refugees has been pouring into the city, some naked, and ail hun gry, .--keietons and foot sore. Many had fallen by the wayside. The town of Santiago presents a dismal sight. Most of tiie houses have been sacked and the stores have all been looted, and nothing to eat can be had for love or money. In the streets of the city yes terday morning, at the entrenchments, at the breastworks and every hundred feet or so of the barbed wire fences were the living skeletons of Span ish soldiers. Among the arrivals yesterday were the German, Ja panese and Portugese consuls and their families, the British and French consuls having arrived Saturday. Gen. Pando was never here, but 3,500 men from Manzanillo arrived on July 3, making the total garrison here 7,000. The contact mines in the harbor were removed the day Admiral Cervera left, but two chains of electric mines, one from Estrella Point and the other from Socapa, are still down. The armament of the shore batteries of Santiago consists ol five brass six-inch muzzle-loaders, in the Morro fortifica tions; two six-inch Hontorias, from the cruiser Mercedes, and three 21 centimeter mortars, never used, in the Socapa upper battery; two useless 21 centimeter mortars, two eight-centi meter muzzle-loaders and four eight-inch centimeter field pieces in the Estrella battery; one 57 millimeter and one 25-millimeter Nor denfeldt and one 37-millimeter Hotch kiss, in the Socapa lower battery, and two six-inch Hontorias, two nine-cen timeter Krupps and two 15-centimeter mortars at Punta Gorda. Four Span ish merchant steamers—the Mortera, the Rein a de Los Angles, the Tomas Brooks and the Mexico—and the gun boat Alvarado are now in the harbor. Market Flare Wuh Sacked. The market place had been sacked by the troops. Twenty-two thousand refugees are quartered at El Caney, 6,000 at Firmeza and 5,000 atCuhanitas el Boniato and San Vincente, where they have been living for a fortnight In one case 500 were crowded into one building, which was a regular pigsty, with a horrible stench. S|>aiit»h 1.«1<I Down Their /Irion. Santiago deCuba, duly 19. —Amid im pressive ceremonies the .Spanish troops laid down their arms between the lines of the Spanish and American forces at nine o’clock Sunday morning. Gen. Shatter and the American division and brigade commanders and their staffs were escorted bv a troop of cav alry, and Gen. Toa! and his 6taff by 100 picked men Trum peters on both sides saluted with flourishes. Gen. Shatter returned to Gen. Toral the latter’s sword after it had been handed to the American commander. Our troops, lined up at the treuclies, were eye-witnossea of ceremony, lien. Shatter and his es cort, accompanied by Uen. Toral, rode through the city, taking formal posses sion. The city had been sacked before they arrived by the Spaniards. Atthe palace elaborate ceremonies took place. Exactly at noon the American Hag was raised over the palace and was saluted by 31 guns by Capt. Capron’s battery. At the same time all the regimental bands in our line played “The Star Spangled Banner,” after which President McKinley’s congratu latory telegram was read to each regi ment. The Thirteenth and Ninth regiments of infantry will remain in the city to enforce order and exercise municipal authority. The Spanish forces are to encamp outside of our j lines. Oen. Toral In Heartbroken. Uen. Toral, the white-haired com* manderof the Spanish forces, anneared tio be utterly heartbroken. He spoke bitterly of the fate which compelled him to sue for peace, but had no word to say against the gallant men who had conquered his army. He declared that he had little chance to win. “I would not desire to see my worst ene my play with the cards I held,” he said to one of the commissioners. “Everyone of my generals was killed or wounded. I had not a single colonel left and am surrounded by a powerful enemy. We have counted 67 ships off this port. And besides,” he con cluded, wearily, waving his hand toward the city, “I have secret troubles there.” Speaking of the bat tle of June 24, in which the rough riders and a part of Gen. Young’s com uiuuu pit.rwcipa.ieu, wen. i oral saia that less than 2,000 Spanish troops were engaged, his loss being 265. He would not say how many Spaniards were killed at El Caney and before Santiago. “Heavy, heavy,” he said, dejectedly. He informed the officers that Santiago harbor had been again mined since Admiral Cervera left. Telegram* from Shafter. Washington, July 18.—The war de partment posted the following bul letin yesterday: Santiago de Cuba, Julv 17 —Adjutant General United States Army, Washington: I have the honor to announce that the American flag has been this instant—12 o'clock noon—Kolsted over the house of the civil government In the city of Santiago. An immense concourse of people was present A squadron of cavalry and a regiment of Infantry presented arms and bands played the national air. A light battery fired a salute of 21 guns Perfect order is being maintained by the muni cipal government Distress is very great, but there Is little sickness in the city. I am pleased to state there is scarcely any yellow fever. A small gunboat and about 200 seamen left by Cervera have surrendered to me. The obstruc tions are being removed from the mouth of the uarbor. Upon coming Into the city I discov ered a perfect entanglement of defenses. Fighting as the Spaniards did the first day, it would have cost us 5,000 lives to have taken the city. Battalions of Spanish troops have been depositing arms since daylight In the armory, over which I have guards. Gen. Toral formally surrendered the plaza and all stores at nine a. m.—Shafter, Major General. Last night Adjt. Gen. Corbin made public the following dispatch from Gen. Shafter: My ordnance officers report about 7,000 rifles turned in to-day and 000 cartridges At the mouth of the harbor there are quite a number of fine modern guns, about six inch; also two batteries of mountain guns, together with a saluting battery of 15 old bronze guns. Dis arming and turning In will go on to-morrow. List of prisoners not yet taken. —Shafter. The Terms of surrender. Washington, July 18.— The war de partment has posted the following: Playa, July 14—Adjutant General, United States Army, Washington: The conditions of capitulation Include all foroes and war ma terial In described territory. The United St.ft fpq lurrppu with &a lit.t.l* /Inlaw as possible to transport all Spanish troops In district to kingdom of Spain, the troops, as far as possible, to embark as near the garrison they now occupy. Officers to re tain their side arms, and officers and men to re tain their personal property. Spanish com mander authorized to take military archives belonging to surrendered district. All Spanish forces known as volunteers Mol rlllzadoes and guerrillas who wish to remain In Cuba, may do so under parole during the present war, giving up their arms. Spanish forces march out of Santiago with honors of war, depositing their arms at a point mutually agreed upon to await disposi tion of the United States government, It being understood United States commissioners will recommend that the Spanish soldiers return to Spain with the arms they so bravely defended. This leaves the question of return of arms entirely in the 1 hands of the government. I Invite attention to the fact that several thousand sur rendered, said by Gen. Toral to be about 12,000. against whom a shot has not been fired. The return to Spain of the troops in this district amounts to about 24,000 according to Gen. Toral. —W. R. Shatter, United States Volun teers. Spain Not Vet Satisfied. Madrid, July 19.—The defense works are being rushed at all the Spanish ports. The Madrid newspapers assert that the United States intends to de mand an enormous indemnity “in or der to have the pretext to seize the Philippines as a guarantee." The supposed American peace terms are greatly exciting the public, and the opinion is expressed among the people that war to the death would be prefer able to the ruin of Spain. Maj. Webb Hayes, of the First Ohio cavalry, son of ex-President Hayes, was among those wounded at Santiago Trtlv 1. OFF FOR PORTO RICO. Gen. Miles Heads an Expedition to Capture the Island. A Ills: Army Under lien. Ilrnoke to Follow —Point C'hoaeii for Untidlng Kept Serret—Uaiupiiigii to lie » Short One. Washington, July 19.—After three days’ consultation between the presi dent, Secretary Alger and Gen. ltrooke, during which there was frequent com munication with Gen. Miles, at Sibo | ney, the details of the Porto Rican ex I pedition were perfected and the expe dition itself was gotten under way, Gen. Miles with some artillery and ! troops sailing yesterday for Porto Rico on the converted cruiser Yale, to bo i followed quickly by an army of about 80,000 men. There are some notable differences in the plans for this expe dition and for the stately naval pag eant that sailed away from Tampa under Gen. Shafter’s command to at tack Santiago. First, there will be practically no naval convoys. The department lias declared that they are unnecessary, that there is not a Span ish warship in the West Indies that dare thrust its bow out of port. Iu the second place, the expedition does not start from one point, but will be divided among several ports, thus pre venting the tremendous congestion that was encountered at Tampa in the effort to start the big fleet. Lastly, there will be no effort made to get the ships away together, but the trans ports will be allowed to find their own way to their destination, without concerted movements. Gen. Miles leads the way. He had been promised by the president that he should go to Porto Rico, and the promise was redeemed when the Yale headed yesterday from Siboney for Porto Rico, 800 miles distant. Gen. Brooke will be the senior officer in Miles’ command, and upon him will fall the responsibility for the execu tion of the details of his superior’* plans. It is estimated that Gen. Mile* should arrive by Wednesday night at the point selected for the land ing, and will hoist the Ameri can flag at once over Porto Rioau soil. The point chosen for his landing is kept secret, as the general will land before the full body of the expedition is at hand and it is consequently not | desirable that the enemy should ha i able to assemble a superior force to i meet him. The distance from Charles ton, where the first body of troops for Miles’ expedition started yesterday, is more than double the distance from Santiago to Porto Rico, sc that the transports which sail from the former city can scarcely reach Gen. Miles be fore the early part of next week. The purpose of Secretary Alger is to make the Porto Rican campaign a short one. An overwhelming force will be thrown upon the island, and it is possible that a bloodless victory will be achieved when the Spanish be come convinced that they have no rea sonable chance to resUt successfully. The expedition is to comprise 30,000 men at the start, and it will be swelled soon to 40,000 meu, and, if necessary, to 70,000 men, the equipment of the volunteer forces having now prog ressed so well as to warrant the state ment that that number of men can be ready for service in Porto Rico within a very short time. The entire body of troops at Tampa will be taken, numbering about 13,000 men, and Including a lot of heavy and light artillery under command of Gen. Rodgers. The expedition will be par ticularly strong with artillery, as some of that at Santiago commanded by Gen. Randolph is to be drawn upon. The part which the navy is to take in the assault against Porto Rico has been fully matured. The several transport fleets will hare with them one or two auxiliary craft carrying strong secondary batteries of six or eight-pounders. Secretary Long said yesterday afternoon that no time had been fixed for the departure of Admiral Sampson’s fleet for San Juan, As to the naval plans, he would only say that they would eo-oper ate in every way with the movements of the army. The movement of the ships from Santiago to their new fields of action will begin at once, and it is probable that some of Admiral Samp son’s ships were detached yesterday and proceeded with Gen. Miles’ first expedition toward Porto Rico. They will be needed to cover the debarka tion of the troops on Porto Rican soil. The others will follow as soon as the full army expedition is ready to make a landing, when the attack will begin simultaneously from land and sea. W« Will Mow Connor lllanco. Washington, July 16.—Capt. wen. Blanco at Havana will be deprived of all means of communication with his government at Madrid except through a strict censorship when the American army formally takes possession of iSantiago ___ George Alfred Pillsbury, the famoBir miller at Minneapolis, Minn., is dead, aged 6>£.