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The Mena star. (Mena, Ark.) 1898-1904, July 20, 1898, Image 1

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K -Mlidated June 1. 18#7. -—---J____
I _ _«ENA, ARK., WEDNESDAY, JULY ,o. .8*. VOL. XV. NO. ,9)
Strenuous Efforts Made to Prevent?,
the Spread of Infectious Dis
eases in the Camps.
STRAINED RELATIONS WITH CUBANS,
fbe Friendship Displayed Toward Them at
First by Our Soldiers Now Turned Into
Contempt—Gen. Garcia Was Invited to
the American Flag Raising at Santiago
bnt Refused to Be Present.
Santiago de Cuba, July 19.—Strenu
ous efforts to prevent the spread of in
fectious diseases among the American
troops in front of Santiago de Cuba
were made so soon as the city surren
dered and for the past 30 hours our sol
diers have been sent as rapidly as pos
sible to the hills to the north of the
city, where new camps have been
established. Everything possible is
being done to improve the sanitary
conditions of the camps, especially in
tbe case of troops which are expected
to take part in the expedition to Porto
Rica Of the regiments here only
those which are not in the slightest
infected will be allowed to go to Porto
Rica The others will remain here for
the present, encamped on the high
ground north of Santiago. Two im
mune regiments from New' Orleans
and Mobile are expected here
daily and upon their arrival
they will be sent to the city,
forming the only American garrison
PUIV** ' ••• * VI J/UJ O*- '
cal condition of our troops is not con
sidered serious, now that the number
of cases of fever is growing less all the j
time, and it is believed that the dis
ease will disappear with the removal
of the soldiers to healthier localities i
sod the extra precautions which are j
being taken. Gen. Wheeler’s cavalry j
division is practically free from sick- |
ness and probably will be allowed to
go to Porto Rico, to take part in the
eompaign.
t A fact which is impressed more and
more every day upon the American
officers and men is the increasing !
strained relations between the Ameri- I
cans and Gen. Garcia’s Cuban soldiers.
Indeed, the situation has now reached
apoint where there is practically no
communication between the armies
and their relations border on those of
hostile rather than the relations which
one would suppose should exist be
tween allies. After Gen. Shatter an- '■
loonced his decision not to let !
the Cuban junta enter the city of San- j
tiago deep mutterings were heard j
a ill or nr (Jpn ftarfjiftV !H£H. It was £71‘ J
dent that the Cubans were greatly dis- '
appointed at the step taken by the j
American commander, for they had j
confidently counted upon having San- j
tiago turned over to loot and, plunder j
as they had in succession sacked Bai
quiri, Siboney and El Caney. Conse
quently their disappointment was
keen when they ascertained that they
were not to be permitted to take pos
session of the city upon Gen. Toral’s
surrender.
The Cuban soldiers now fully real
ize that there is a rising sentiment
against them in the army. They hear
•othing but words of scorn from our
*>en as they pass onwards, lugging
their bacon and hard tack into the
woods. Even our officers no longer
Conceal their their ellieo
and St is understood that the war
friendship displayed towards them at
first has now turned into contempt,
for the Cubans have neither fought
aor worked.
The correspondent of the Associated
press, who sends this dispatch says a
ffroup of Cubans refused point blank
fo aid in building roads and, during
She two days of heavy fighting, while
‘hey were loitering in the rear, our
•orgeons sought in vain to secure as
sistance from them, even to cut poles
°r improvised litters for our wounded.
Gen. Shatter sent an invitation to
Gen. Garcia to attend the ceremony of
•"sing the American flag over Santia- !
but the Cuban general showed his j
resentment bv sending a reply which j
imply confirmed the course which he
his ragged, ignorant soldiers have
flowed during the weeks of hard
Kiting and campaigning which have j
resuited iu the fall of Santiago. He
echoed the invitation, saying he
®«-‘d the Spaniards and added that he
" n°t want to be where anj' of them
erf S.iice that time the Cubans
ave remained in their camp, eating
merican rations, and our troops have
a" no communication with them.
; p0RTO RICAN EXPEDITION.
tkiii B* Swelled to 40,000 Troops, ami
p«rhap* 70,000—Plenty or Heavy
Artillery.
Washington, July 19.—The Porto
man expedition will be swelled soon
■ *b'GO() men ami if necessary to 70,000
®n, the equipment of the volunteer
°rces having now progressed so well
to Warrant the statement that that
®ber of men can be ready for service
ni i orto Rico within a verv short time
Ihe entire body of troops at Tampa
will be taken, numbering about 13 000
men and including a lot of heavy and
light artillery under command of Gen.
Rodgers. The expedition will be par
ticularly strong with artillery, as some
of tliat at Santiago commanded by
Gen. Randolph is to be drawn upon.
EUROPE LEARNS ITS LESSON.
America Recognized u* a Great Colonizing
torce, to He Keckond wltli by
the Power*.
New York, July 18.-The London
correspondent of the New York Com
mercial Advertiser savs:
Englishmen grow more and more disposed to
assume tacitly that the progress and the inevi
tabie results^ of the war with Spain will leave
the United States the ruler, real and virtual
of th$ more important Spanish colonies The
more foreslghted of them foresaw this from
the outset of the war and even during the
events that preceded it They gave, they still
give, due weight to the humanitarian motives
that prompted American intervention in
Cuba; but they had long seen in the United
States a growing Anglo-Saxon power that
was drawing steadily closer to the moment
of colonial expansion. Expansion beyond the
sea seems to them the natural destiny of a
strong Anglo-Saxon race. They do not doubt
its fitness to rule and civilize Inferior peoples.
More thuH half the English approval of the
Anglo-American understanding springs from
the belief that the two powers will have hence
forth many common interests, imperial and
commercial, to be jointly prosecuted with joint
strength. The continental powers are waking
up to the fact that we understand how to handle
the peace question.
A Colliery Accident.
Breslau, July 19.—A dispatch from
(ileiwitz, Prussian Silesia, says that 34
persons have been killed by a cage ac
cident at the Pauius colliery, near
Morgenrot.
McKinley Thaulca the Army.
Washington, July 18.—The following
messages were sent Saturday by Presi
dent McKinley and Secretary R. A. Al
ger:
To Gen. Sh after, commanding front, near
Santiago, Playa: The president of the United
States sends to you and your brave army the
profound thanks of the American people for the
brilliant achievement at Santiago, resulting In
the surrender of the city and all of the Spanish
troops and territory under Gen. Toral. Your
splendid command has endured not only the j
hardships and sacrifices incident to campaign
and battle, but In stress of heat and weather
has triumphed over obstacles which would |
have overcome men less brave and determined. !
One and all have displayed the most conspicu
ous gallantry and earned the gratitude of the
nation. The hearts of the people turn with
tender sympathy to the sick and wounded.
May the Father of Mercies protect and comfort
them.—William McKinley.
To Ivjaj. Gen. Shafter, front, near Santiago.
Playa: I cannot express In words my gratitude
to you and your heroic men. Your work has
been well done. God bless you alL—R. A. Al
ger, Secretary of War.
Dewey Allowed a Free Hand.
Washington, July 17.—The attitude
assumed by the German naval com
manders in the Philippines is without
doubt a serious menace and apprehen
sion to our government Still, our
government is satisfied that its inter
ests are safe in the hands of Admiral
Dewey, and is adhering to its original
intention of allowing him a free hand
to deal with the situation. Until he
himself asks for action on the part of
the government it is not the purpose
to make any representations regard
ing the Philippines to the German gov
ernment. _
Will Capture the Caroline Ialanda.
San Francisco, July 18.—Advices
from Honolulu indicate that the coast
defense vessel Monterey will take
possession of the Caroline islands
before reaching Manila. While in
Honolulu harbor, Commander Lentz,
of the Monterey, borrowed charts of
the Carolines from Capt Bray, of the
missionary bark Morning Star and
also consulted with that navicator re
garding the harbors of the islands.
Commander Lentz promised to return
the charts when he reached the Philip
pines. __
Kiprx** Companion Mult Furnish stamp*.
Kansas City, Mo., July 19. —Accord
ing to the United States attorney gen
eral's office, the express companies
must furnish their customers with war
revenue stamps. William Warner,
United States district attorney, wrote
to the attorney general in Washington,
asking for construction of the law. ;
An answer was received this morning
from James E. Hovd, assistant a tor
nev general, to whom all such ques
tions have been referred. Mr. Boyd,
says positively that the express com
panies are required by law to pay the
tax. _
Spuin'* Most Powerful Wurnlilp Uamuifod.
Marseilles, July 19.-A steamer
which has just arrived here reports
having sighted on July 16 off the coast
of Tunis the Spanish fleet commanded
by Admiral Camara. As the steamer
passed the battleship Pelayo a column
of smoke suddenly issued from her and,
from the fact that a cruiser had to take
the Pelayo in tow, it is evident that
the most powerful warship of Spain
has been damaged. _
Of Interest to Fraternal Societies.
Fort Worth, Tex., July 19.—United
Stutes Internal Revenue Collector
Hunt has ruled that warrants drawn
cn the treasury of the Knights of
Pythias lo Iges in payment of benefits
and current expenses do not have to
be stamped as checks. The decision
is of interest to ali fraternal lodges.
•Stars and Stripes Raised Over San
tiago Amid Cheers of Enthusi
astic Soldiers.
ELABORATE CEREMONIES AT PALACE.
|
At Noon Sunday Gen. Shafter'x Army For*
mallv Took l’nuxeatdon of the City_
American Iteartx Thrilled with Joy a*
Old Glory Wax Unfurled to the lireeae
Scenes In the Captured City.
Santiago de Cuba, July 18.—The
American flag is floating in triumph
over the governor’s palace at Santiago
de Cuba. Gen. McKibben has been
appointed temporary military gov
ernor. The ceremony of hoisting the
stars and stripes was worth all the
blood and treasure it cost.
A vast concourse of 10,000 people wit
nessed the stirring and thrilling scene
that will live forever in the minds of
all the Americans present.
As the chimes of the old cathe
dral rang out the hour of la yes
terday the infantry and cavalry pre
sented arms. Every American uncov
ered. and Capt. MeKittriek hoisted the
stars and stripes. As the brilliant
folds unfurled in a gentle breeze
against a fleckless sky. the cavalry
band broke into the strains of “The
Star Spangled Banner,” making the
American pulse leap and the American
heart thrill with joy. At the same
instant the sound of thedistant boom
in nr nf (' u tv f < ' u nmn ’n liu arn r* «
r, r l-' --./ »--r» —
salute of 21 guns, drifted in.
When the music ceased, from all direc
tions around our line came floating
across the plaza the strains of the reg
imental bauds and the muffled hoarse
cheers of our troops.
The iufantry came to order arms a
moment later, after the flag was up,
and the baud played “Rally ’Round
tlie Flag. Hoys.” Instantly Oen. Mc
Kibbon called for three cheers for Oen.
bhafter, which were given with great
enthusiasm, the band playing Sousa’s
“The Stars and Stripes Forever.” The
ceremony over, Gen. Shafter and his
staff returned to the American lines,
leaving the city in the possession of
tiie municipal authorities, subject to
tlie control of (Jen. McKibbon.
-1 •'iim In the Captured CttT.
Santiago de Cuba, July 18.—Since
four o’clock yesterday morning a
stream of refugees has been pouring
into the city, some naked, and ail hun
gry, .--keietons and foot sore. Many
had fallen by the wayside. The town
of Santiago presents a dismal sight.
Most of tiie houses have been sacked
and the stores have all been looted,
and nothing to eat can be had for love
or money. In the streets of the city yes
terday morning, at the entrenchments,
at the breastworks and every hundred
feet or so of the barbed wire fences
were the living skeletons of Span
ish soldiers. Among the arrivals
yesterday were the German, Ja
panese and Portugese consuls and
their families, the British and French
consuls having arrived Saturday.
Gen. Pando was never here, but 3,500
men from Manzanillo arrived on July
3, making the total garrison here 7,000.
The contact mines in the harbor were
removed the day Admiral Cervera left,
but two chains of electric mines, one
from Estrella Point and the other
from Socapa, are still down. The
armament of the shore batteries of
Santiago consists ol five brass six-inch
muzzle-loaders, in the Morro fortifica
tions; two six-inch Hontorias, from
the cruiser Mercedes, and three 21
centimeter mortars, never used, in the
Socapa upper battery; two useless 21
centimeter mortars, two eight-centi
meter muzzle-loaders and four
eight-inch centimeter field pieces
in the Estrella battery; one 57
millimeter and one 25-millimeter Nor
denfeldt and one 37-millimeter Hotch
kiss, in the Socapa lower battery, and
two six-inch Hontorias, two nine-cen
timeter Krupps and two 15-centimeter
mortars at Punta Gorda. Four Span
ish merchant steamers—the Mortera,
the Rein a de Los Angles, the Tomas
Brooks and the Mexico—and the gun
boat Alvarado are now in the harbor.
Market Flare Wuh Sacked.
The market place had been sacked
by the troops. Twenty-two thousand
refugees are quartered at El Caney,
6,000 at Firmeza and 5,000 atCuhanitas
el Boniato and San Vincente, where
they have been living for a fortnight
In one case 500 were crowded into one
building, which was a regular pigsty,
with a horrible stench.
S|>aiit»h 1.«1<I Down Their /Irion.
Santiago deCuba, duly 19. —Amid im
pressive ceremonies the .Spanish troops
laid down their arms between the lines
of the Spanish and American forces at
nine o’clock Sunday morning. Gen.
Shatter and the American division and
brigade commanders and their staffs
were escorted bv a troop of cav
alry, and Gen. Toa! and his
6taff by 100 picked men Trum
peters on both sides saluted with
flourishes. Gen. Shatter returned to
Gen. Toral the latter’s sword after it
had been handed to the American
commander. Our troops, lined up at
the treuclies, were eye-witnossea of
ceremony, lien. Shatter and his es
cort, accompanied by Uen. Toral, rode
through the city, taking formal posses
sion. The city had been sacked before
they arrived by the Spaniards. Atthe
palace elaborate ceremonies took place.
Exactly at noon the American Hag
was raised over the palace and was
saluted by 31 guns by Capt. Capron’s
battery. At the same time all the
regimental bands in our line played
“The Star Spangled Banner,” after
which President McKinley’s congratu
latory telegram was read to each regi
ment. The Thirteenth and Ninth
regiments of infantry will remain in
the city to enforce order and exercise
municipal authority. The Spanish
forces are to encamp outside of our
j lines.
Oen. Toral In Heartbroken.
Uen. Toral, the white-haired com*
manderof the Spanish forces, anneared
tio be utterly heartbroken. He spoke
bitterly of the fate which compelled
him to sue for peace, but had no word
to say against the gallant men who
had conquered his army. He declared
that he had little chance to win. “I
would not desire to see my worst ene
my play with the cards I held,” he
said to one of the commissioners.
“Everyone of my generals was killed
or wounded. I had not a single colonel
left and am surrounded by a powerful
enemy. We have counted 67 ships
off this port. And besides,” he con
cluded, wearily, waving his hand
toward the city, “I have secret
troubles there.” Speaking of the bat
tle of June 24, in which the rough
riders and a part of Gen. Young’s com
uiuuu pit.rwcipa.ieu, wen. i oral saia
that less than 2,000 Spanish troops
were engaged, his loss being 265. He
would not say how many Spaniards
were killed at El Caney and before
Santiago. “Heavy, heavy,” he said,
dejectedly. He informed the officers
that Santiago harbor had been again
mined since Admiral Cervera left.
Telegram* from Shafter.
Washington, July 18.—The war de
partment posted the following bul
letin yesterday:
Santiago de Cuba, Julv 17 —Adjutant General
United States Army, Washington: I have the
honor to announce that the American flag has
been this instant—12 o'clock noon—Kolsted
over the house of the civil government In the
city of Santiago. An immense concourse of
people was present A squadron of cavalry
and a regiment of Infantry presented arms
and bands played the national air. A light
battery fired a salute of 21 guns Perfect
order is being maintained by the muni
cipal government Distress is very
great, but there Is little sickness
in the city. I am pleased to
state there is scarcely any yellow fever. A
small gunboat and about 200 seamen left by
Cervera have surrendered to me. The obstruc
tions are being removed from the mouth of the
uarbor. Upon coming Into the city I discov
ered a perfect entanglement of defenses.
Fighting as the Spaniards did the first day, it
would have cost us 5,000 lives to have taken the
city. Battalions of Spanish troops have been
depositing arms since daylight In the armory,
over which I have guards. Gen. Toral formally
surrendered the plaza and all stores at nine a.
m.—Shafter, Major General.
Last night Adjt. Gen. Corbin made
public the following dispatch from
Gen. Shafter:
My ordnance officers report about 7,000 rifles
turned in to-day and 000 cartridges At the
mouth of the harbor there are quite a number
of fine modern guns, about six inch; also two
batteries of mountain guns, together with a
saluting battery of 15 old bronze guns. Dis
arming and turning In will go on to-morrow.
List of prisoners not yet taken. —Shafter.
The Terms of surrender.
Washington, July 18.— The war de
partment has posted the following:
Playa, July 14—Adjutant General, United
States Army, Washington: The conditions of
capitulation Include all foroes and war ma
terial In described territory. The United
St.ft fpq lurrppu with &a lit.t.l* /Inlaw as
possible to transport all Spanish troops
In district to kingdom of Spain, the
troops, as far as possible, to embark as near
the garrison they now occupy. Officers to re
tain their side arms, and officers and men to re
tain their personal property. Spanish com
mander authorized to take military archives
belonging to surrendered district. All
Spanish forces known as volunteers Mol
rlllzadoes and guerrillas who wish to
remain In Cuba, may do so under
parole during the present war, giving up their
arms. Spanish forces march out of Santiago
with honors of war, depositing their arms at a
point mutually agreed upon to await disposi
tion of the United States government, It being
understood United States commissioners will
recommend that the Spanish soldiers return
to Spain with the arms they so bravely
defended. This leaves the question
of return of arms entirely in the
1 hands of the government. I Invite
attention to the fact that several thousand sur
rendered, said by Gen. Toral to be about 12,000.
against whom a shot has not been fired. The
return to Spain of the troops in this district
amounts to about 24,000 according to Gen.
Toral. —W. R. Shatter, United States Volun
teers.
Spain Not Vet Satisfied.
Madrid, July 19.—The defense works
are being rushed at all the Spanish
ports. The Madrid newspapers assert
that the United States intends to de
mand an enormous indemnity “in or
der to have the pretext to seize the
Philippines as a guarantee." The
supposed American peace terms are
greatly exciting the public, and the
opinion is expressed among the people
that war to the death would be prefer
able to the ruin of Spain.
Maj. Webb Hayes, of the First Ohio
cavalry, son of ex-President Hayes,
was among those wounded at Santiago
Trtlv 1.
OFF FOR PORTO RICO.
Gen. Miles Heads an Expedition to
Capture the Island.
A Ills: Army Under lien. Ilrnoke to Follow
—Point C'hoaeii for Untidlng Kept
Serret—Uaiupiiigii to lie
» Short One.
Washington, July 19.—After three
days’ consultation between the presi
dent, Secretary Alger and Gen. ltrooke,
during which there was frequent com
munication with Gen. Miles, at Sibo
| ney, the details of the Porto Rican ex
I pedition were perfected and the expe
dition itself was gotten under way,
Gen. Miles with some artillery and
! troops sailing yesterday for Porto Rico
on the converted cruiser Yale, to bo
i followed quickly by an army of about
80,000 men. There are some notable
differences in the plans for this expe
dition and for the stately naval pag
eant that sailed away from Tampa
under Gen. Shafter’s command to at
tack Santiago. First, there will be
practically no naval convoys. The
department lias declared that they are
unnecessary, that there is not a Span
ish warship in the West Indies that
dare thrust its bow out of port. Iu
the second place, the expedition does
not start from one point, but will be
divided among several ports, thus pre
venting the tremendous congestion
that was encountered at Tampa in the
effort to start the big fleet. Lastly,
there will be no effort made to get the
ships away together, but the trans
ports will be allowed to find their
own way to their destination, without
concerted movements.
Gen. Miles leads the way. He had
been promised by the president that
he should go to Porto Rico, and the
promise was redeemed when the Yale
headed yesterday from Siboney for
Porto Rico, 800 miles distant. Gen.
Brooke will be the senior officer in
Miles’ command, and upon him will
fall the responsibility for the execu
tion of the details of his superior’*
plans. It is estimated that Gen. Mile*
should arrive by Wednesday night at
the point selected for the land
ing, and will hoist the Ameri
can flag at once over Porto Rioau
soil. The point chosen for his landing
is kept secret, as the general will land
before the full body of the expedition
is at hand and it is consequently not
| desirable that the enemy should ha
i able to assemble a superior force to
i meet him. The distance from Charles
ton, where the first body of troops for
Miles’ expedition started yesterday, is
more than double the distance from
Santiago to Porto Rico, sc that the
transports which sail from the former
city can scarcely reach Gen. Miles be
fore the early part of next week.
The purpose of Secretary Alger is to
make the Porto Rican campaign a
short one. An overwhelming force
will be thrown upon the island, and it
is possible that a bloodless victory
will be achieved when the Spanish be
come convinced that they have no rea
sonable chance to resUt successfully.
The expedition is to comprise 30,000
men at the start, and it will be swelled
soon to 40,000 meu, and, if necessary,
to 70,000 men, the equipment of the
volunteer forces having now prog
ressed so well as to warrant the state
ment that that number of men can be
ready for service in Porto Rico within
a very short time.
The entire body of troops at Tampa
will be taken, numbering about 13,000
men, and Including a lot of heavy and
light artillery under command of Gen.
Rodgers. The expedition will be par
ticularly strong with artillery, as some
of that at Santiago commanded by
Gen. Randolph is to be drawn upon.
The part which the navy is to take
in the assault against Porto Rico has
been fully matured. The several
transport fleets will hare with them
one or two auxiliary craft carrying
strong secondary batteries of six or
eight-pounders. Secretary Long said
yesterday afternoon that no time had
been fixed for the departure of
Admiral Sampson’s fleet for San
Juan, As to the naval plans, he
would only say that they would eo-oper
ate in every way with the movements
of the army. The movement of the
ships from Santiago to their new fields
of action will begin at once, and it is
probable that some of Admiral Samp
son’s ships were detached yesterday
and proceeded with Gen. Miles’ first
expedition toward Porto Rico. They
will be needed to cover the debarka
tion of the troops on Porto Rican soil.
The others will follow as soon as the
full army expedition is ready to make
a landing, when the attack will begin
simultaneously from land and sea.
W« Will Mow Connor lllanco.
Washington, July 16.—Capt. wen.
Blanco at Havana will be deprived of
all means of communication with his
government at Madrid except through
a strict censorship when the American
army formally takes possession of
iSantiago ___
George Alfred Pillsbury, the famoBir
miller at Minneapolis, Minn., is dead,
aged 6>£.

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