Consolidated June 1. 1597.
withNewEra. Ksutx mi. MENA, ARK., WEDNESDAY, JULY 27, 189b.
SPAIN NOW SUES FOR PEACE.;
Negotiations Were Opened Yesterday
Through the French
UNCLE SAM TOO BIG TO WHIP.
M. Cambon Presents a Message From the
Spanish Government Looking
to the End of War.
The following official statement is made:
“The French ambassador, on behalf of the government of:
Spain, and by direction of the Spanish minister of foreign affairs,
presented to the President this afternoon at the White house a mes
rsage from the Spanish government looking to a termination of the
war and the settlement of terms of peace.”
Spain’s communication presented by Ambassador Cambon is in j
general terms and does not make any distinct propositions as to
Cuba, the Philippines or any other possession. It is simply a request
that peace negotiations be opened.
The President reserved his answer, an understanding being
reached that he would at once lay the subject before the cabinet atrd
then invite M. Cambon to another conference at the White house, j
when the final answer will be given as to the willingness of this
government to open negotiations.
It is suspected that the conditions named: The annexation to
the United States of Cuba and Porto Rico and the relinquishment
to Spain of the Philippines, represent what may now be looked
upon as the maximum concessions that Spain is willing to make.
j Splendid Showing of Our Troops In the
Two Battles Preceding the Capture
Washington, July 25.—With the
week just closed the United States
saw the end of the third month of the
war with Spain, and the responsible
officials, from the president down to
j the lowest employe, who has had to
do with shaping the course of events,
: feel nothing but satisfaction at the
progress made. An army of 250,000
men has been mobilized, armed and
equipped, and much of it has seen
service. The battles preceding the
capture of Santiago have been re
markable in many respects, and in
the opinion of military experts, have!
covered the United States army en
gaged with imperishable glory. Mod
srn warfare of a type developed in
these engagements was absolutely
new and untried, not only to the United
States army, but to the world.
No such charge is recorded in his
tory as that made upon the stone fort
»nd the blockhouses crowning the
hills of El Caney. There have been
engagements between trained troops
and savage races in the jungles of In
dia and on the hills of South Africa
of late years that conveyed in a
•light manner the possibilities of mod
#rn weapons. Hut these battles fought
!! hy the Fifth rmy corps have been the
first in which large bodies of civilized
hoops on both sides have been en
Paged with all the nplements of mod- I
ern warfare, and the result is bound
Jobe rightly instructive to the mili
tary student and to extort admiration
for the splendid fighting qualities of j
the United States soldiers from the !
most unwilling critics.
llimiltiieM to 4io t*» Snui
New Orleans, July 20. —Col. Duncan
• Hood’s regiment of immunes from:
ovingum arrived here to-day. Col. i
Riche’s immunes arrived Saturday, j
oth these regiments will be taken to
anti a go by the transport Berlin, now
akiuir ou 8tures for the expedition. :
en. shatter is very anxious to have;
; e6,e two regiments to do garrison!
dut.v at Santiago.
H.1 port IhMt H.iii l.xmlxd.
Thomas. I). YV. I., July 20.-The
Bited States troop* were landing yes
"V tin* island of Porto Rico,
ear Ponce, on the south coast*
tall for a National Conference.
Chicago, July 20.— The Civic federa
°n of Chicago last night gave out a
for a national conference, to be
at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., j
ufust 19 and 20, to discuss the future (
J?r*iign policy of the United States. ;
ls call is signed by over 1,000 men j
°m every state in the union.
GEN. KING’S VIEWS.
Commander of Next Expedition to the
Ehillpptue* Luuka for Trouble with
Agulualdo—50,000 Men Needed.
San Francisco, July 26.—It is under- j
stood that Rrig. Gen. Charles King
will be in command of the next Ma
nila expedition. He will probably go
either on the Arizona or Scandia. Re
ferring to the men to go to Manila,
Gen. King said:
It is my persona! opinion that every man of j
the expeditionary forces will be wanted in the j
Philippines and will go there- Even should ,
Manila be taken from the Spanish and the
war settled in the Orient, as far as Spain Is
concerned, with the forces now there or already
ordered to dcpurt, yet it is not to be doubted
that Qen. Merritt will be glad to have &0.000
men before he is through with Agulnalda The
men at Camp Merritt and the Presido, may rest
contented that they will see all of the Philip- j
pines they desire
Watching for Grasshopper*.
Topeka, Kan., July 26.—The an
nouncement that grasshoppers are nu
merous enough in Colorado, within 60
miles of the Kansas line, to interfere
with train service, though it has
aroused no excitement, is causing
farmers in Kansas to watch for In
formation from the west In the vi
cinity of Goodland, it is reported, grass
is disappearing before the hoppers very
Illness Increases in Camp.
San Francisco, July 26.—Sickness
among the soldiers here is increasing.
In the division hospital are 208 patients
aud in the Presidio barracks hospital
45, a total of 258 soldiers, not counting
perhaps 100 less severe cases iu regi
mental hospitals. More suidiers arc
sick now than during the bad weather,
when about 14,000 men were at Camp
Merritt, where to-dav there are only
a iittle over half that number.
The steamer Edward Smith was run
into and sunk in Lase St. Clair, near
Detroit. Mich., by the schooner Aura
nia. Those on board were rescued.
The \> hole Town Burned.
Halifax. N. S., July 26.—The town of
Pugwash, 1,200 inhabitants, a shipping
port of considerable importance on the
Straits of Northumberland, burned
yesterday, 200 dwellings, five churches,
20 stores, three hotels and several
mills being destroyed. Many people
are missing and they may have per
Cuba's Klrst American Newspaper.
Sautiago, July 20. —Company F,
Thirty-third Michigan volunteers, will
publish, with Gen. Shatter’s consent,
the tirst American newspaper pub
lished in Cuba. It is edited anJ print
ed bv members of the company and
will bear the title of Company F En
Gen Miles Lands His Troops at
Guanica After a Little Brush
with Spanish Troops.
A MOVE MADE TO CAPTURE A RAILWAY.
Pon<-u Only About Ten Miles East of Uusn
le» and Not Much Resistance It Expect
ed in Taking the City, ns the Garrison
I>o>'» Not Exceed U,o6o Men—A Post
master Appointed for Porto Kloo.
Washington, July 20.—The govern
ment is waiting to receive confirma
tion of the reported debarkation of
Gen. Miles’ troops. The war depart
ment did not expect t» hear of Gen.
Miles’ landing near Ponce, as men
tioned in newspaper dispatches, but it j
is admitted that Gen. Miles is master
of his own movements, and it Is en
tirely conceivable that he acquired in
formation since the original plans i
were formed for the campaign against
Porto Rico that led him to modify
them at the moment when they were
to be put into execution. While the
distance from Ponce to Han Juan
is much greater than from the point
originally selected for Miles’ landing,
there is, according to the military in
formation charts, a splendid 14-foot
macadamized road leading directly
across the island to Han Juan on the
north shore. Huch a road as this, if
it is properly described in the
archives of the war department, would
be very little affected by the torren
tial rains of this season, so that it
might he possible for our troops, ac
companied as they will be by field ar
unery, to marco across tne 70 miles
between Ponce and San Juan in less
time than would have been required
to cover the much shorter distance be
tween the capital and some of the
other points that have been named as
the landing place for the troops.
Wherever the landing may have been
made the war department expects to
hear from Gen. Miles vary soon, for he
has been long enough on the coast of
Porto liico to have established himself
somewhere ashore and to have for
warded some coinrnuuiWi ion to the
government. There will be no diffi
culty in the prompt transmission of
any dispatches the general may '
tile over the eable from St.
Thomas. It is probable that in the
beginning the government at Madrid j
will be in advance with the news. !
This is because there is a cable run
ning from Ponce around through a
group of the West India islands to
Kingston, where communication with
the transatlantic cable can be had.
Thus the conditions at Ponce so far as
cable connections are concerned ap
proximate those existing at Santiago
at the beginning of the campaign,
when the Spanish government was
able to communicate directly with the j
Spanish general in the town while
Gen. Shatter’s communications were ;
subject to a delay of about 24 hours.
However, all this will be rectified in j
the course of a few days and Gen.
Miles will be in quick communication
O*o. Milas Landing Nssr Paso*.
Washington, July 2ft.—The dis
patches received here last night to the
effect that Gen. Miles was landing his
forces near Ponce Indicate that he is
iouowing out ms original plan, wnicn
was to seize Ponce, one of the largest
towns in Porto Rico, for a base, and,
after he has captured it, get his army
in thorough shape before proceeding
to San Juan for the largest under
taking before him. It is not his
intention to push forward for San Juan
until all his forces have landed
at Ponce. Although Ponce is the sec
ond eity of Porto Rico in population
and importance, its defenses are weak
and its garrison is small. Not much
resistance is expected. The city of
Ponce proper has no military defenses,
but on the hills to the north of the
town a series of earth intrenchinents
have recently been constructed. West
of Ponce, where the railroad and mili
tary road touch the shore, earthworks
have been constructed to guard this
strategic point. There are about 30
mountain howitzers in Ponce available
for the defense of the city and rail
road. The regular garrison at Ponce
does not exceed in number 2,000 men.
A UniKiliiK M»il« Aft*-r a sklrmlnli.
Port of Guanica, Porto Rico, July 25,
via St Thomas, I). W. I., July 20.—The
United States military expedition un
der the command of Maj. Gen. Nelson
A. Miles, commanding the army of the
United States which left Guantanamo
bay during the evening of Thursday
last, Judy 21, was landed here success
fully to-day, after a skirmish with a
detac iiuent of the Spanish troops and
a crew of 30 belonging to the launch
of the United States auxiliary gunboat
Gloucester, formerly Mr. J. Pierpont
Morgun's steam yacht Corsair. Four
of the Spaniards were killed and no
Americans hurt. The troops were
pushed forward promptly in order to
capture the railroad leading to Ponce, 1
which is only about ten miles east of !
Postmaster for Porto Klcu.
Washington, July 26. —Nathan Smith,
in charge of the postal establishment
for Porto ltico, left yesterday for New
port News, whence he is to sail on the I
St. Louis for his destination on the is
land. He carried with him an outfit,
including $5,000 worth of stamps and
all the blanks and books necessary for
transacting a money order and regis
tered letter business. The rate of let
ter postage between Porto Rico and
the United States will be the domestic
rate, two cents an ounce.
Every state Filled its Quota.
■Washington, July 26.—The war de-1
partment feels that it has reason to be
gratified with the results obtained un
der the first and second calls for troops
by the president. The statement is
sued last night shows that practically j
all the states have supplied the quotas
called for in these two calls.
FROM GEN. SHATTER.
The Commanding General’s Report
on the Situation at Santiago.
The Army Mentally Depressed on Account
of Inactivity—Answer to Critical
Washington, July 25.—Gen. Shatter
reported by cable yesterday that the
condition of the troops at Santiago
was rapidly improving and said he
hoped, in the course of a day or two,
to have them all located in comforta
ble camps where they may rest and re
cuperate, and where the sick may re
cover. He is feeding 11,000 of the
Spanish prisoners of war, and. |
although he has not yet been able to !
furnish them tents, this deficiency is
being made good and, meanwhile, their
present condition is no worse in this
respect than was their condition be
fore the surrender.
In a very dignified manner Gen.
Shatter takes notice of some of the
severely critical newspaper articles
that have appeared touching the con
dition of the troops before Santiago
while they lay in the trenches. He
admits that there was a shortage of
tobacco for a time, but shows conclu- !
sively that there was no lack of the
necessaries of life, and that the troops
were adequately supplied with hard
bread, bacon, sugar and coffee. Al
though this bill of fare is not as
extensive as that afforded troops
in garrison it embodies the main !
features of the army ration while on
the field service and removed from a
base of supplies.
The Army Much Depressed.
Santiago, July 25.—There have been
no fatalities from fever thus far, but so
long as the men are exposed to the hot
sun during the day, the increasing
rains and heavy night dews, malaria
will increase and our men grow worse.
A second attack is much more diffi
cult to eradicate, especially in the case
of men exposed to the present condi
tions. The cavalry is anxious to pro
ceed to Porto Rico, but will be obliged
to remain here until the Spanish pris
oners of war have been transported to
Spain, which, it is believed, will have
been accomplished before the next
month is well advanced. The army is
mentally depressed by inactivity and
the uncertainty as to Its future move
ments, together with the increasing
PrDoucra to B« Sant to Spain.
Washington, July 26.— The war de
partment Sunday night posted the fol
Santiago, July 24.— Lieut. MUey has returned
from Sun Luis and Palma Sorlany, where he
went four days ago to receive the surrender of
Spanish troops The number surrendered was
larger than Gen. Toral reported—3,006 Spanish
troops and 330 volunteer guerrillas—gave up
their arms and gave parole and have gone to
work. Three thousand stands of arms were
turned In loaded on ox carts and started to the
railroad. Spanish troops accompanying him
to San Luis and all apparently greatly delight- ,
ed at prospects of returning borne. They were
on the verge of starvation and have to send ,
them rations to- morrow. If the numbers keep
up as they have there will be about 24000 to
ship away—nearly 12,000 here, 8,000 from San i
Luis, 6,000 from Guantanamo and over 2,000 at
Sagua and Baracoa.—Shatter, Major General
Commanding. _ _
GEN. GOMEZ’S ORDERS.
The Insurgent General Hays That He Has
Directed His Forces to Co-Operate
Jacksonville, Fla., July 26.—Lieut
Charles Fritot, of this city, who was
a member of the Cuban expedition on
the steamer Florida, and who has
returned from Cuba, states that the
Florida expedition was met by
Gen. Gomez, and that he had a
personal talk with the general,
in the course of which he said, when
asked what message he had for the
American people: “I have only to say
that the only man that has anything
to say in the direction of matters is
Mr. McKinley and we shall do what-1
ever he says. 1 have given instructions
to all my forces to co-operate with the
Americans, to whom we are much in- 1
debted.” j 1
Admiral Sampson Makes an Offi*
cial Report on the Destruction
of Cervera’s Fleet.
REPORT COMPLIMENTS MANY BY NAME.
The Destruction of the I’luton and Terror
by the Olouceater a Remarkable Event
In Naval Warfare—The Rcm-up of the
KpanUh Sailor* Also Dwelt Upon—Uon.
Shatter Report* Ilia L.O.* at Santiago.
New York, July 20.—A Washington
special to the Journal says: Admiral
Sampson’s official report is a statement
of the facts connected with the de
struction of the Spanish fleet It is
made up of reports from Commodore
Schley; Capt. Evans, of the Iowa; Capt.
Clark, of the Oregon; Capt. Taylor, of
the Indiana; Capt. Philip, of the Tex
as, and Commander Wainwright, of the
Gloucester. Commodore Schley is eulo
gized in the reports for his prompt dis
position of the fleet in the emergency,
and for his coolness and daring during
the fight. In this respect he will be
given a larger share of the praise than
muy of the captains of the battleships.
Capt. Evans, of the Iowa; Capt. Tay
lor, of the Indiana, and Capt. Philip,
of the Texas, are praised in high
terms. Capt Clark, of the Oregon, re
ceived marked praise for the manner
in which his ship was handled and
the efficiency of his fire. Com
mander Wainwright, of the auxil
iary cruiser Gloucester, is most
highly complimented and recommend
eu lor prumuuuu. Aumirai numpsuu
says that the destruction of the Pluton
and Terror by the Gloucester was one
of the most remarkable events in naval
warfare. The report at some length
compliments the men of the fleet and
mentions in particular a number of
commissioned officers who were con
spicuous for their coolness during the
fight. The rescue of the Spanish sail
ors after the battle was over was also
Gen. Shatter Reports Bis Less.
Washington, July 28.—Gen. Shatter's
detailed report of the American cas
ualties of the battle of Santiago has
been received at the war department
and is now preparing for publication.
The total number of casualties was
1,595. Recapitulated, the American
losses were: Killed, 23 officers and
208 enlisted men; wounded, 80 officers
ami 1,308 men; missing, 81 men. The
missing are supposed to be dead, as so
far the Spanish forces took no prison
BASEBALL GAMES. I
At New York—Game forfeited to Baltimore
by New York.
At Philadelphia—Washington 8, Philadel
At Chicago—Chicago 7, Cleveland 0. <
At Brooklyn—Brooklyn 4, Boston it t
NATIONAL LNAOIJM STANDING.
W. LfC W. t, P.O.
Cincinnati....57 28 . 871 Pittsburgh ..43 40.518
Boston.53 30 .832 Philadelphia 37 42 . 488
Cleveland....52 32 .812 Brooklyn.83 47 . 413
Baltimore. - .47 32 .525 Washington..31 52 .373
Chicago.47 40 .540 Louisville....22 55 . 345
New York... 4J 38 . 531 St Louis. ....24 00.280
At Kansas City—Kansas City 5, Milwaukee(X
At Minneapolis—Detroit 7, Minneapolis &
At St Joseph—Indianapolis IS, St Joseph 4
At St Paul—St Paul 11, Columbus 1(X
WMTIRt LIAO01 STAHDIltU.
w. l. r.a w. u r.a
Indiana polls. W 29 .642 Columbus ...44 34.664
Kansas City.SO 36 .MM Detroit.33 49 .402
St Paul.49 35 . 583 St Joseph ..27 49 . 366
Milwaukee. .86 37 .675 Minneapolis.24 61.282
Tu Fortify Honolulu.
San Francisco, July 36.—It has been
decided to fortify Honolulu and make
it one of the strongest military posts
iu the Pacific. For this purpose Maj.
Langfitt, commanding a battalion of
United States volunteers, wilt leave
on the first steamer for Honolulu and
he will be followed by 400 men under
command of Col. Willard Young.
These men are all expert engineers.
All strategic points which control
Honolulu will bo strongly fortified
and barracks will be built for a large
i'arllsts l.eitvini; Spain.
London, July 38.—The Paris corre
spondent of the Daily News says: “The
prefect of Lower Pyrenees reports a
Carlist exodus from 8pain. Saint Jean
de Luse, Bayonne and Biarritz are
alive with Carlists. The prefects of
the Pyrenees have been ordered to
place certain Carlist chiefs under sur
veillance and to notify the French
government if any organization for
giving arms nr ammunition is discov
An Attack on ulanlla I in mint'll I.
London, .July 36.—A special dispatch
from Madrid says that tieri. Augusti,
saptain general of the Philippines, has
telegraphed to the government as fol
ovvs: "The Americans are about to
ittack Manila. Crave events are im
The president has appointed Ferdi
iand W. Peck, of Chicago, cornmis
iiouer general of the Paris exposition.
xml | txt