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Hdated June 1. 1897. ---—— - MENA, ARK., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1898. VOL. XV. NO. 311 ffILL SPAIN ACCEPT? Official Note Naming Peace Condi tions Handed to M. Cambon. lolitrstlon Entertains Small Hopes jlut xermt Will He Accepted—Mo In ducements Offered as the Price of Immediate Peace. Washington Aug. 1.—Events of a omentous character occurred at the nference at the white house Satur day afternoon between the president, Ambassador Caiubon, of France, and Secretary Day, carrying the peace ne gotiations far beyond the mere sub mission of terms of peace by the United States and reaching the point 0f a preliminary basis of peace be tween the government of Spain and the government of the United States, seeding only the acquiescence of the Madrid cabinet in what was done to bring the war to an end. This was ac oomplished on the part of Spain when Ambassador Cambon presented to the president credentials he had received M. JULES CAMBON. from the Spanish government appoint ing him envoy extraordinary tad plenipotentiary, with complete instructions as to the manner of act ing upon peace propositions presented, including the disposition of Cuba, Porto Rico, the Philippines, the La drones, indemnity, armistice and all other questions likely to arise in the course of the negotiations. W ith these credentials, authorizing him to speak ns plenipotentiary of the government of Spain, and with full instructions ou every point at issue, Ambassador Cnmbon, in behalf of Spain, not only received the peace conditions laid down by the American cabinet earlier in the day, but those in the final dis cussion, with a view to reaching final and complete agreement. In condensed form the conditions of peace offered to Spain are these: Spain shall surrender sovereignty over Cuba, Porto Kico anil adjacent Islands, and shall »gree to Immediately remove her military forces. The United States shall take possession of o»e of the I.adrone Islands as a coaling sta tion. The United States will then consent to the appointment of a joint commission to pass upon the terms of peace, including the question whether the United States shall permanently hold possession of the Philippine islands or Ptrtof them, or shall retain only a coaling and Mtal station. Pending the final decision on the Philippines the United States shall take possession of and hold the city and bay of Manila, and shall re ™ the same under a military government the terms of peace have been agreed udoq. The President Not Sanguine. The president and the cabinet are oottt all sanguine that the terms will accepted. When it was decided to inexpedient to present definite con ditions regarding the Philippines, the ®oe chance of an early peace disap peared. That is the view taken by Ame members of the administration. a prospect of saving something «oo the wreck could have been held Spain might have consented to up Cuba and Porto Rico. Rut ! We terms as presented to-day demand Accessions and offer nothing as the j price of immediate peace. And so the J%ht hope which was entertained ! nursday that something might come •peedily is no longer generally enter tained. ■'•pain Not Expected to Accept, pain is expected to make a reply ***iWee^' -That it will be such as 1 lead to prompt peace negotiations « administration does not believe. 01 owing the delivery of the formal swer to the French ambassador there 8 feeling that the war must go on for considerable period to come. Secreta J bong talked most hopefully of anv Member of the cabinet McKinley Favor* Icaragua Canal. ashington, Aug. 2.—Ex-Senator *rner Miller, president of the Nica- j ?uan canal commission, and Senator roe?40' A*abama, the leading ad 4 cate of that project in congress, had c°nfereace OQ Nicaraguan canal cstion with President McKinley yes aJ' The president expressed his •^“lescence in the belief that the riJernrneQt possession of the Nica thR^iu cana* i® now necessary, and cin i ? War anc^ its results make the State ‘n<*‘sPens>able to the United j _ fhe Tax on Telegram*. efferson City, Mo., Aug. 2.-Attor- . * General Crow has decided that, ooin express and telegraph companies are to pay for stamps required by the new revenue law in regard to the business handled by them. IIe came to this conclusion after a careful in vestigatum of all the laws, both state | and federal, governing such matters. Missouri Young People Drowned. Humausville, Mo., Aug. 2.-Joe and Laura Moore, Eula, Dossia and Laura Kelly and Minnie Mason were drowned at Dorman’s ford, on the Pomme de Xerre, near Hermilage, Mo. The young people were driving to a picnic. Ihey drove into the river just after a I hard rain and sank at once. Dewey still Gathering Them In New York. July 29.-A cablegram from Ilong Kong says that Admiral Dewey at Manila has dispatched the Raleigh and Concord to gather up 11 •Spanish craft which, according to in* formation sent him by Consul General D ’ldman, art* at various places in the | Philippine archipelago AFFAIRS AT MANILA. Admiral Dewey Hopes to Take the City Without Bloodshed. Gen. Merritt Arrives and the Two Warriors Confer—Trouble Feared from Aguln aldo, Who ig A&sumiug an Air of Deft inee. Cavite, July 27, via Hong Kong, Aug. 1 ■ ri O VS \f «««•' i 4 A Vs . V itttrritiu, tuc j^overutir ^euerai of the Philippines, who arrived Mon day, and Admiral Dewey have held a conference and discussed the situation at great length, and in every phase | Admiral Dewey outlined his plans for the capture of Manila and said that he preferred to wait until the Mon , terey arrived before beginning the attack. Persistent reports are cur rent that the Spaniards in Manila will surrender whenever surrender is demanded, and there seems to I be some foundation for them. One report, for which there seems to be some foundation, says that Capt Gen. August! favors capitulation on August 1, if a relief fleet has not arrived here before that time, but he feels in honor bound to make some show of resistance. Admiral Dewey thinks that it is possi ble to take the city without the loss of a single life and that he is most anxious to do so. He thinks that it is prefera ble by far to undergo a little further delay in order to await the arrival of an overwhelming force. Should he attempt to take the city now by assault, he says that a heavy loss would be certain. Gen. Anderson has taken a decided stand in so far as Aguinaldo, the rebel leader, and his dictatorship are concerned, and matters are assum ing a more definite and satisfactory shape. The American commander has refused to recognize Aguinaldo as dic tator or the establishment of his gov ernment AnguAtl Appeal* for AI<1. Madrid, Aug. 2.—According to of ficial advices Gen. Wesley Merritt and Admiral Dewey have demanded the unconditional surrender of Manila. This information was conveyed to the government in a message received from Capt Gen. AugustL The Span ish commander in the Philippines no tified Senor Sagasta that he had re fused to comply with the demand and that he would resist to the utmost He added that the Madrid govern ment must not expect him to hold out against such a superior force when he has but a scant supply of ammuni tion. Augusti says that his garrison has been greatly reduced and weak ened by losses from deaths and ex haustion. He tells Sagasta he has no ammunition for his mountain guns, and they are, therefore, useless. Au gusti concludes his telegram with the notice that the United States forces had warned him that the city would be Invested and shelled unless he com plied with their terms. Agalnahlo’a Hold Move. Washington, Aug. 1.—While the cabinet was in session a significant cablegram was received from Admiral Dewey. It announced the arrival of Maj. Gen. Merritt and the expedition with him at Manila, but graphically painted the uncertainties as to the fu ture there. The dispatch, which has not been made public, save in its un important feature, largely guided the cabinet in its disposition of the Philip pine problem. Without mincing his words Admiral Dewey announced that Aguinaldo had assumed a bold atti tude of de tin nee and that there were strong indications that the 1 hilippine insurgents themselves would have to be fought Based on this depiction of the gravity of the situation there it would take 15U.OOO soldiers from this country to cope with the insurgents throughout all the islands. No Anti-American Feellmr There. Manila, July 25, via Hong Kong, Aug. 1.—Conversation with a consid erable number of natives has failed to disclose the existence of any percepti ble anti-American feeling among the Philippines. These people are appar ently satisfied to accept annexation to the United States. Their principal desire is for a peaceful existence with the minimum of trouble. IIO — Under the Present Law They Must Be Mustered Out if Peace Is Declared. — EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRESS LIKELY. — New Regulation Will He KequIreU So That the I'renlrieut Can Have Troopa to Gar rUoii Cities of Cuba, Porto Klco and tlie Philippines—The Volunteers Net Sent to the Front to He Uaed. Washington, Aug. 2.—If peace should i be concluded between the United | States and Spain the president will be obliged to call an extra session of con gress at once. Under the present law the volunteer army is only to serve while the war lasts. It is realized that, even with peace concluded, there will be need of about 100,000 men for garrison duty In the new colonies, and there will have to be new legislation to put these troops at the command of the president The terms of the act under which the president was em powered to call for volunteers are very explicit. Under it the president has no discretion and nothing is left to be done except to muster out the volunteer troops and send them home. It would be impossible to pay them or to feed them, because there would be no authority for the spend ing of a penny of the government’s money for this purpose. The war department is now giving some attention to the problems which the department will be called upon to , meet after peace has been declared. , me island oi Luzon is retained by I the United States an army of at least JO,000 will be necessary there to main j lain the United States authority. Probably a similar number of troops will be kept in Porto Rico, at least un i til congress meets and provides a form of government for that island. The estimate put on the number of men that will be necessary to police Cuba during the reconstruction period runs from 50,000 to 75,000. If the insur gents should give any serious trouble more would be needed. It will be seen, therefore, that the duty of the great army which the president has called into the field will not end with the conclusion of peace between, the : United States and Spain. It is the ex pectation of the war department offi cials that a garrison of United States | troops will have to be stationed in every town in Cuba and Porto Rico while permanent and stable govern ments for those islands are being es tablished. While the service which is ahead of the volunteer troops is not that for which they yearned, there is a strong likelihood that it will be a service which will present many opportuni ties. There is a quiet confidence pre vailing in all branches of the war de partment that the regular army of the United States will never again go below 100,000. If such an increase | should be made in tha standing mili tary force of the goverament, very few doubt that auch an increase will be provided for during the next ses sion of congress, and there will be a chance for many officers of the volun teer army to secure a transfer to the regular army. These transfers will all be made up on the basis of merit, and those officers who have shown con. spicuous ability at the front, or who will demonstrate special executive ability in the government of the prov inces over which they will exercise sway in Cuba and Porto Rico, during the interim which must occur before a stable form of government can be adopted for those islands, will stand an excellent chance of appointment to the regular service. The belief at the war department is that, as far as the enlisted men are concerned, they will welcome the ex perience which is before them in Cuba, They will not have to go there until the hot spell is past, and the winter months in Cuba are both healthful and delightful. The conditions which will exist in Cuba during the reconstruc tion period will afford a rare oppor tunity for the exercise of tact and ex ecutive ability, and those who demon strate that they have the possession of these two characteristics in a marked degree are certain of recognition for their services. The president is anxious to demon strate to the world by results achieved in Cuba the high capability of the Americans for government. Every thing that can he done to help the Cubans to establish a government of their own will be done in good faith, but it is taken for granted that the Americans will be compelled to re main in control of the island for some time. It will be the aim of the admin istration to make the American rule in Cuba so popular that, in the event of the Cubans failing to rise to the height of self-government, they will of their own accord ask for and welcome the continuance of American control. It is the purpose of the war depart ment in sending a further expedition to Porto Rico to grant recognition to each state at the front It is believed this can be done by sending 15,000 more troops to Geu. Miles. Thev will probably be sent on the auxiliary cruisers Harvard, Yale, St Paul anti St Louis, which have been given up by the navy department, and for which the war department is now dickering. The troops at Camp Alger, number ing 34,000, few of which will get a chance to go to the front, are to be consoled by a great parade which will be given in Washington on August 13. This great army will march into Wash ington all the way from the camp and will then parade down Pennsylvania avenue past the white house, where they will be reviewed by the presi dent and his cabinet. It will be the greatest military display W ashington lias seen since the grand review at the close of the civil war. HAPPY PORTO RICANS. Inhabitant* Ur««t Americana Troop* with Delight—Mtlea Proceeding Cautious ly— Prices Hieing at Ponce. — Ponce, Porto Rico, Aug. 3.—In spite I of the brave words of the pronuncia j mento of Capt. Gen. Macias, Spanish I power in Porto Rico is rapidly crum bling, Mr. P. G. Hanna, United States consul at San Juan until war was de clared, gives the Associated press the following text of a dispatch received by him from a Spanish official in the northern part of the island: “Resist ance is impossible. The volunteers have refused to march and we have no ammunition ” Mr. Hanna has all along insisted that the native Porto Ricans were eager for a change from Spanish to American rule, and that the only (1 an crAr in t.h a islunii frnm t.ViA Spanish regulars under the direct eom mand of the captain general. Gen. Miles has not yet directed a general forward movement in advance of the arrival of the main body of the troops. CoL Hulings is still at the front and has occupied Juan Dias, the first important town on the road to San Juan. The inhabitants, crazy with delight, met the troops with home made American flags. Mr. Hanna is busy in assisting to adjust local conditions to the new state of affairs. He is endeavoring to establish American post offices in all the Important centers of occupied ter ritory, and he has frequent interviews with merchants and bankers on the question of money premium, an awk ward question that is giving the Amer ican and local financiers much trouble. Prices Rising at Pone*. Ponce, Porto Rico, Aug. 2.—Business in the city has enjoyed a great boom since the arrival of the Americana The merchants are eagerly engaged in competition for the American dol lar. American gold is at a premium of 100 per cent. The natives imagine that the pockets of the Americans can emit a countless flow of eagles and double eagles. There is plenty of provi sions in the city, except rice, one of the staples, which is quoted at a very high figure for this country. Our army will not lack for fresh meat in the march across the island. The broad savannas which lie between the undulating hills swarm witn cattle at reasonable prices and of excellent quality. Miles Will Walt Awhile. Ponce, July 39, via St. Thomas, D. W. L, Aug. 2.—No forward movement of the army is expected for several days. The transports with Gen. Brooke’s army corps and the remainder of the First corps are arriving slowly. Our troops will probably remain here quietly until the bulk of the army has flnn Milan will rafnln his headquarters at the custom house at the port of Ponce, while Gen. Wil son will be In immediate command of the troops in the city. Captured Another Cttj. Key West, Fla., Aug. 1.—On Wednes day the cruiser Nashville entered the harbor of Gibara and, meeting with no resistance, took charge of the city with out firing a shot The Spanish garri son discovered the intention of the cruiser and evacuated the town the day before, leaving the Cubans in possession. Officers from the Nash ville went on shore and hoisted the American flag. speaker Heed Renominated. Portland, Me., Aug. 2.—The repub licans of the First congressional dis trict held their convention here to day. The name of Thomas B. Reed was presented to the convention and i he was nominated by acclamation amid 1 much enthusiasm. ___ Fatal Collapse of a Tank. Dallas, Tex., Aug. 3.—A newly-fin ished water tank on top of a tower 85 feet high, to be used for private fire protection, collapsed yesterday, fatal : ly injuring William Pierce, a work man, and doing damage to the extent | of 850,000. _ The Sick at Santiago. Washington, Aug. 2.—The following telegram has been received from Gen. Shafter: “Sanitary condition for July 20: Total sick, 4,164; total cases of fever, 5,212; new cases of fever, 609; j cases of fever returned to duty, 792.” 0 Statement of What Was Offered Spain Given Out by Authority of the President. OFFICIALS BELIEVE PEACE IS NEAR. The Heller Bai«il UponClrouinitsiitUl Evi dence llather Than Upon Any Assur ance Received from Spain— Report* from tlavaua Show That lllanoo Cannot Bold Oat Much Longer. Washington, Aug. 3.—The oablpe was in session an hour and ten minutes. It is positively stated that no word in any form has come from Spain, nor were there dispatches of any signifi cance from the front There was no important action taken, so far as could be learned, except that it was decided to make public a statement of our terms of peaee. The official statement given out by authority of the president to-day as to the terms of peace offered by the United States is as follows: In order to remove any misapprehension In regard to the negotiations as to peace between the United States and Spain, it is deemed proper to say that the terms offered by tta«f United Stntos to Spain In the note handed to the French ambassador on Saturday last are In substance as follows: The president does not now put forward any claim ior pecuniary indemnity, but require* the relinquishment of all claims of sovereignty ever or title to the island of Cuba as well a* the Immediate evacuation by Spain of the Island; the cession to the United States and Immediate evacuation of Porto Rico and other isinnas unuer apaniim sovereignty in tuo west Indies; end th* like cession of an Island In th# Lsdrones. Th# United States will occupy and hold th# city, bay and harbor of Manila, ponding th# conclusion of a treaty of peace which shall de termine the control, disposition and gov#TB meet of the Philippines If these terms are aocepted by Spain In th#ir entirety, It Is stated that commissioners will be named by th* United States to moot com missioners upon th* part of Spain for the pur pose of concluding a treaty of peace on th# basis above tadloated. President McKinley believes tit a ti the next 48 hours will determine th# question of peace or oontinued war. Reports which he has received hav# shown the situation in Havana to b# such that Blanco cannot hold out much longer and have convinood th# president that Spain will accept hi# terma There will be no hag gling or bargaining as to th# price ot peace. President McKinley'# note is an ultimatum which Spall* must accept or reject Its acceptance will result in the framing of a treaty with the terms as a basis which wilt at once be submitted to the senate for ratification. The committee to deter mine the future of the Philippines wilt not be required to report prior to th# ratification of the treaty, its declsioo to be Incorporated in a treaty which will also be submitted to the senat# for ratification. There is not a member of the admin istration who does not confidently be lieve that peace is near at hand. It is a belief based upon circumstantial evi dence rather than any assurance re ceived from Spain. The reply of Spain to the president's note on the terms upon which the United States will consent to peace is not looked for be fore to-morrow, but when it comes th# authorities are sanguine that it will be a virtual, if not a full, acceptance. The president told a number of hi# _11 _A. 8 A 1 A. 1 _1 J J f S' IHIu*i ■ j vewi uaj vmw% uv wuuviuqiuu •* certain that there would be an early termination of hostilities. A eabiuet member also said last night that he had reason to believe that peaee would be an established fact inside of id hours. He said, however, that he based this belief mainly upon the logic of the situation. JEALOUS OF AMERICANS. Agulnaldo Does Not Aid Dewey Uoeense He Fears the Island Will Again Be Given Hick to Spain. New York, Aug. 3. —A cablegram from Cavite, July 30, via Hong Hong, reports that a correspondent has spent two days in interviewing insurgent leaders. Asa result the correspondent says he discovered evidences of jeal ousy of the American invasion, but no actual anti-American feeling. The dispatch adds: A (ruins1'' respectful toward Admiral Peer ttt and Consul Wild mail and wld .to retain Consul Wlldman’e go - he holds back from giving eD. i he United States forces. He w i ..f-gative sort of assistance un til ii o exact form whloh the Ameri can take. He Is disturbed by tele grap.. iurts that the United States will abandon the Islands to Spain. There are some Indications of a clash between Gen. Merritt and Aeuinalda_ Hawaii Helps Fay for War. Honolulu, July 20, via San Fran cisco.—On the receipt here of the news of annexation the hanks commenced to use the war revenue stamps on checks and drafts, a consignment having been sent down on the Coptic. Speculators are already cornering the supply of Hawaiian coins and postage stamps, which are sure to he of value in a few years.