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DEATH OP BISMARCK.
Man Who Ruled with an Iron Ham Passes Away at Friedrichsruhe. On*- «>f ■ h« World'* Moat Ksiiioni state*' m*-n I >*■»<( at the Ak« of S3— Career of the Man Who Khapail the lie*tinlea of Nation*. Friedric srnhe, Aug. 2.—Prince Bis ma vk died just before 11 o’clock Sat urday evening. The deatli of the ex chancellor comes as a surprise to all Europe. Despite the family’s denials, there was an undercurrent of appre hension when the sinking of the prince was first announced, inspired more by what the family left unsaid than by any information given. But when the daily bulletins chronicled improve I'UinCJC BISMAHCE merits in the prince’s condition the public accepted the physician’s asser tion when he said there was no reason why Bismarck should not reach the ag-e of 90 years. < »rwr of the Noted Ntttmmin. Prince Bismarck, or to give his full name and title. Prince Ot'.o Eduard Leopold von Bismarck-Sehoenhausen, was born April 1, 1815, on the knight's estate of Schoenhausen near Stendal, In Prussian Saxony. He came of an old family of the lower order of Prussian nobility. Several of his parental ancestors were distinguished as so.diers and statesmen. From his father, a retired officer and a coun try gentl- man. Blsuiar.'k Inherited a strong love for country and fa-nily life -a trait which we see woven in and ou through his career. A year after hi< birth hU father moved to one of his estates near Stettin, in Pomerania, and it w.'S there that lie got his drst impr'ssionof life. In 1HS2. wh -n 17 years old. he matricu lated as student it the University of Goettingen His career at the university appears to h ive been that of the traditional German student One of his professors ■aid that ho never saw him in his class room. He rode, he drank, he (ought, he flaunt d th ' colors of his corps, got himself up ir guv jacket, monk • cap rod top boots Twenty-eight duels ar ■ recorded against him In July. 1847, he married Johanna von Putt katner. To the couple three children were born: a daughter, who married Count Kuntzan; two sons Herbert, who married Countess Marie Hoyos of Vienna, and Wilhelm, who strongly resembles his father. The princess died November 27. 18V-4. When the revolution of 1848 swept over Eu rope Blsiuuick raiiieu to the support or nis sovereign. His first political stand was taken undoubtedly from blind caste of prejudloe. What he saw was his beloved country sucked into a torrent and he believed her safer in the hands of a wisely guarded despotism than In a many-headed democracy. To him "the ballot box was only the dice box." In 1851 he was sent as a representative of Prussia to the diet of Frankfort He beoame disgusted at bis treatment by Austria’s young emperor, and it was thought prudent to send him as am bassador to St Petersburg. He remained here "in the cold," or, as he put It, "upon Ice, like champagne, until wanted.” That time came in 18(51, when the death of Frederick Wilhelm IV. placed hla brother upon the throne of Prussia as Wilhelm t __ it. j _. . « .« — — V n wa VHUUU u^/uu *V banc bUC Vlivr* out part of minister president, with the port folio of foreign secretary. It was then that really began bis great career as an European statesman. HU first undertaking as premier was to carry through the army reorganization measure of his king in the teeth of a power ful majority. It was a four years' strug gle. The first foreign knot to be untied was the Schleswig-Holstein question. It re sulted in a six months' war, in which Austria and Prussia upon the plea of broken engage ments, attacked Denmark and wrested from her both duchies The trouble over the divi sion led to the war of 18661 The decisive event of the war was the battle of Koenlggraetz, or Sadowa, which was fought July 2, 1866, and was wou by the Prussian forces King Wilhelm soon afterwards made hts triumphal entry Into Berlin, Bismarck by his side with the treaty of Prague in his pocket. Bismarck devoted the years between 1866 and 1870 to the creation and consolidation of the North German confederation. Within this period fell the master stroke of his diplomacy. While he knit together and formed the North German confederation he quietly formed with the South German states an alliance offensive and defensive. He had allowed Napoleon to exercise some Influence in negotiations in the character of a mediator, but the French mon arch lived to see in the Franco-Prussian war the troops of Bavaria and W urtemberg march ing with those of Prussia against Paris The story of 1870 need not be retold here. King William led his army across the Rhine and through the garden of lovely France toward Paris Victory followed victory, and, what irony of fate, the proclamation of the German empire was issued in the palace of Versailles One of the most important enterprises in which he engaged after the war was his cam paign against the power of the Roman Catholic church in Germany. He conceived that the unity of the nation and the authority of the government was endangered by the church of Rome u..! its doctrines of papal in fallibility. A 1 ter struggle, called the Kulturkampf, resulted with the Vatican. A series of laws, the Faik or May laws, ■o-called, were passed, which were most stringent measures aimed against the Catholic hierarchy. The law closing monas teries and convents was enforced with great strictness and thousands of men and women, learned, but thoroughly unfamiliar with the ways of the world, or of any means of making a living, were turned almost helpless out upon the world. Afterwards, however, he modified some of the most oppressive of the anti-pupal edicts. When Wilhelm I. died Bismarck's political opponents had much to hope from the attitude and sympathies of his successor, Frederick Wilhelm. But the new sovereign was too ill to enforce his plans and his death left Bis marck's power supreme. When Wilhelm II. succeeded his father it soon became apparent | that he and the iron chancellor were not in complete harmony. The turmoils of Frederick Wilhelm's short reign had made vivid impres sions upon the young emperor which were not favorable to Bismarck. So the latter resigned March 18, 1890. Upon his retirement he went to live at Fried richsruhe, one of his estates. Many honors i Were bestowed upon him by the emperor, ; among them the dukedom of Lauenburg. A memorable event was his triumphal entry in January, 1894. into Berlin and the public recon ciliation of the emperor and himself. Another of almost equal note was the celebration of bia eightieth birthday anniversary. FOR OCCUPYING CUBA. Fifty Thousand American Volunteers, Un der Gen. Fitzhugh Uee, Will Be Sent to the Islaud Soon. Washington, Aug. 2.—Anticipating Spain’s probable acceptance of the terms of peace, Secretary Alger has j instructed the war department officials to begin the work of preparing for the military occupation of Cuba. It is es timated that at least 50,000 American soldiers will have to be sent to the island within the next three months if peace is declared. They will have to garrison all the cities and towns to do military duty until the form of government to be allowed the Cubans is created and in running order. A good sized army will be required for Havana alone, and Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee is expected to be placed in com mand in Havana. It is proposed to use in garrison duty volunteer soldiers, who have not yet had a taste of mili tary life outside of the great peace camps at Chickamauga and Camp Alger. Preparing for shatters Men. Washington, Aug. 2.—Secretary Al ger is hastening the preparations at Montauk point for the reception of the Fifth army corps, now at Santiago. Gen. Shafter has been authorized by a cablegram from Secretary Alger to notify his soldiers of the good fortune in store for them, in order that the men may be cheered up to wait with patience for their removal. Will Appeal to Gen. Alger. Chickamauga Park, Ga., Aug. 2.— Charles O’Hrien, whom Gov. Stephens refused to commission as captain of company A, Fifth Missouri, will carry the fight to Secretary of War Alger. Meanwhile he will endeavor to con tinue acting as captain without a vol unteer commission, Lieut. Col. Mor gan, temporarily commanding the regiment, not having recognized Lieut. Howell as the captain of company A. Look for No Mon Hatties. Washington, Aug. 3.—Army and navy officers consider the war practi cally ended so far as actual hostilities are concerned, and that there will he no occasion hereafter to tire a hostile shot except in the slight resistance that may be offered by the Spaniards to the progress of the American forces in Gen. Miles’ brilliant Porto Rican campaign. WASTE OF TWO MILLIONS. Shell* Worth Tlut >un> Flr.U ttt Uefeunei at KutruncH of Santiago Without Weakening Them. Santiago, Aug. 3.—A party of naval officers, anxious to see the effect of the four or five bombardments of the de fenses of the harbor by the fleet under Admiral Sampson, made a two days’ tour of the batteries. One of them j made the following sti'ement to the Associated press <• »rrespondent who accompanied th<* o i ■ y: kO AM iWVi ..._ . __i.i ... . _ _ ' — •», — . — -rm Hull uuiutoil OAA1VSWU the batte ■ - • 1 .1 .mg Santiago harbor was absolutely b ir .1 , .a Its effect, so far as the reducing of : li • aterles was concerned, and while It ra iy e given the Spaniards a whole some re'i-'e. tor us, It simply bore out the weUkri'>w ' ot that it is a waste of time aud money to <-mbard earthworks. Ulg Kxports, Siuall Imports. Washington, Aug. L — The story of the foreign commerce of the United States for the year ended June 30, 1898, shows that the exports to all parts of the world increased both in manufac tures and products of agriculture, and that, while tfeere was a great falling off in imports, the reduction was almost exclusively in manufactured articles and food products. llurrirnne at Kmibu >*t. r, ..u. Sedalia, Mo., Aug. 1.—A hurricane almost wiped Knobnoster, 20 miles .. est of here, off the face of the earth at 7:30 o’clock Friday night an.i i,.c i; tie town is a scene of wrecks •• : at would be creditable to a tirs^-c.ass cyclone. Almost everv l>u: din.; in town was damaged, many of them be ing cutirely destroy ed ami leveled to the ground. Hawaii’s Indemnity to Japan. Yokohama, Aug. 2.—It is reported here that Hawaii has agreed to pay Japan £40,000 in settlement of the dis pute which arose out of the exclusion <d Japanese emigrants from the Ha waiian islands. Triple Murder and Suicide. Roslyn, \V^th., Aug. 2.—Andrew " urge, an Australian miner, shot his wife aud two small children and then killed himself. Warge was insane. W Idle out driving at Kingston, Mo., Mrs. William Loomis was thrown from her buggy by a fractious horse and her seven-weeks-old baby was killed Instantly. Hewitt—How did you queer yourself with that French girl? Jewett—I asked her to dance the 1 ‘german’ with me.—Judge. Egger Items. Rev. A. A. Bates will conduct a series of meetings at Big Fork church next week. Uncle Lloyd Mixau and wife of Rocky are spending a month with us this summer. The most interesting divine we have had with us this year is the Rev. Da vid Sherley, the Sadducee Universalist. We have come to stay with you, we hope, and have no news of importance except our crops are the best since 1891, and the recent rains insure a crop above the average. Our grain is all threshed. Wheat 3'ielded from fifteen to eighteen bush els per acre. Oats are about three fourths of a crop, the failure being due to rust. Our teachers’ association for the eastern district of the county will meet at Cherry Hill the fourth Satur day in August. All who are interested in education are invited to attend. The protracted meeting season is on. Rev. Jno. H. Edmon, the Methodist Protestant pastor, is conducting a meeting at Midway church this week. Rev. M. C. McCrary of Logan county, is preaching in our midst this week, and Rev. Jackson of Texarkana, has been delivering some excellent ser m nni amonr* nc --0 E. C. Blanks, of Lewisville, Texas, writes that one box of DeWitt’s Witch Hazel Salve was worth $50.00 to him. It cured his piles of ten jrears standing. He advises others to try it. It also cures eczema, skin diseases and obsti nate sores. Pipkin «fc Hanes. From Rocky. Mrs. Dave Connally is dangerously ill with fever. W. P. Cummings is also sick. The recent heavy rains insure a good crop of ••nrn. Cotton is better ; than it has bet .or many years. Mr. and Mrs. L J. Carter of Hartley, j are up this week . isiting. Miss Belle Ho: >er of Mena, has been among her frit- . .s for several days. George Henson has moved down to Janssen, it being his former home. 0 The meeting at Jackson school house has closed. There were thirty five conversions and twenty-seven ad iditions to the church. The meeting was conducted by Rev. J. F. Shands. There will be public speaking at | Camp Ground August 6. Good speak ers will be in attendance. If there is a gold bug or a moss back in Polk | county, please come out it will be good for your health. Li ke “I think DeWitt’s Witch Hazel Salve is the finest, preparation on the market for piles.” So Writes John C. Dunn, of Wheeling, W. Va. Try it and you will think the same. It also cures eczema and all sain diseases. Pipkin & Hanes. A Warning. The register of lauds at Camden lias caused the following to be published: “Persons who are living on govern ment lauds, without having homestead ed the same, are liable to get into trouble, as the special agent of the government will investigate such eases with the view of protecting the gov ernment's interests and bringing to ac count all trespassers on her rights. Therefore, to save costs and trouble, such persons will do well to take out homestead papers without delay.” The Star has all necessary blanks, and will send applications and give legal publication to all such notices for 83.50. A Bargain. A beautiful 10-acre tract of land, with a 2-rocm house and an excellent spring of water, located within one mile of depot Can be bought for 8300. Apply at the Star office. [29-4t For Sale. I have one 10-horse power boiler and engine to sell or exchange for lumber. 28-4tJ Tuad M. Cahdkr. VALUABLE BUSINESS POINTS. Fresh flea powder at Jackson’s. Fly paper at Jackson’s Drug Store. For any kind of an iee-cold drink go to Jackson’s up-to-date soda foun tain. We curry the Joplin, Monarch, Vane Calvert and Mena Paint and Paper Company’s mixed paints in all colors. C. D. Nicholls, the DeQueen street •neat market man, keeps a full supply of choice meats, cured and fresh, constantly on hand, the best the market affords in its season. tf Geo. W. Knowiton pays the highest cash price for hides, tallow, wool, pelts, bees wax and all kinds of roots. L. •■it.nl at N. M. Roach's warehouse east of frieght depot on Sherwood avenue, Mena, Ark. 22-tf THE Up-To-Date Drug Store, Always in the lead, invites you to watch this space for As they will appear next week and each week thereafter. They will all be very in teresting to those wanting anything in the drug line. Watch this space and call and see us on Mena street near Honert avenue. T^J. C.JaeKsor? Dr<j$ <?o. IOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOliiOOOOCXXXXXXXXXJOOOOOOOOOOQ Hardware and Stoves.! The Lloyd Hardware Store I Is now on hand with a splendid ||| stock for your business. We have a !|i FIRST CLASS TINNER 8 \\ ho attends to his line. We also han Idle Belting and Engine Supplies and can| show up the best stock in our line inl| Polk county. Come and see us. ! J. W. CARY, Manager. ! De Queen Street. ♦❖♦❖♦❖♦❖♦•I**.!. A.AAA AAAAJLAAAMa ( GOODS I 3^C\a.st Be Sold.. ij | v ♦ Santanella Striped Organda, regular price 10c, closing 1 ♦ price. 7c X § t Fine Grade Organda worth 15c, closing price, ! 10c \\ I $ figured Lawn goes as low as. 2|c I t Scotch httwns 801,1 everywhere for tic and 7c, closing I x price,. 4c X i v Very Best Prints Made goes at. ...... 5c ♦ ft ♦ Shirting Prints at .. 4c X I | 30 yards Cotton Checks for..$1 00 i Z , !?eS! Doiigola Shoes worth $1.25. our price! !!!!!!!! 98 | f l Ladies Glove Grain Shoes worth $1.25 our price. 98 S | T Mens Lace and Buckle Kip Shoes goes at . 08 JI I ♦ Come to the Celebration Aug. io and make 1 | y°ur headquarters at Our Store I i Grand Leader. I a North Mena Street. §