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I MEET THE HIGH l
fOST OF LIVING W E A™ E " _ , - T One way to meet the high cost of j rWletVMOl living is to spend more time studying j - the advertisements in your morning Washington, .Jan. 3.—Forecast for f where to spend your money and get Monday, with decided temperature the best possible value THE ONLY NEWSPAPER IN HOT SPRINGS THAT RECEIVES THE FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORT OVER LEASED WIRES. changes. v'PLUME XXXII._TWELVE PAGES HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1914. TWELVE PAGES NUMBER 85. WAR NOW ON CITY COUNCIL NOT TO CATER TO INSURANCE COMPANIES WITH OUT HOPE OF RELIEF. HDUSIEY TAKES THE FLOOR Corps of Aldermen, Joined by Mayor McClendon and City Attorney, Pounce on Alderman Burgaurer's Attitude for the Underwriters. War to the hilt on the Insurance situation in Hot Springs was waged on the door of the city council last night in a general attack waged on the various resolutions by Alderman Hurganrer, who is championing the cause of the underwriters in that body and who, last night, was not alone made the center tor a focus of attack from other members of the city coun cil, but from Mayor McClendon and City Attorney McLaughlin as well. (iiHirge W. Housley, member of the Hoard of Public Affairs, also took a hand on the matter, speaking from the standpoint of a citizen and tax payer, and he directed his atta. k mainly to Alderman Hurganrer, when he asked the question of Mr. Hur gaurer what interest he had in the old city hall buildimr, and when that was not answered, asked the alder man why the rate on this building was reduced. ‘‘The rate was not reduced," an swered Mr. Hurganrer. "it was rais ed »; cents per hundred." "Yes” responded Mr. Housley, "and a building livelier than the old city hail building ever W'as, owned by my father, was increased from $1.50 to $5.17." There was a sharp till between Mr. Hensley and \lr. Burgaurer, and the funner claimed that the building in which he intimated Mr. Burgaurer had an interest, had within it as ten v cut* a printing office, an undertaking house, and a clothes cleaning and pressing establishment. He stated no such hazards were in the building raised that he had reference to. (Here it might be stated, that re gardless of the rate on the old i lty hall building proper, the rate of at least one tenant was raised within Hie building. I Tne fight came up when the Bur || uer ordinance requiring the Board of Public Affairs to purchase a trac tor for the aerial truck was taken vp on the calendar. Immediately Alder men Reynolds, Williamson, Rigs bee and Pedeu began firing questions at Mr. Burgaurer, all wanting to know what benefits the citizens would be guaranteed in reduced insurance lines if they spent the city money for this .improvement. Mayor McClendon called Alderman Reynolds to the chair and from the iloor lie called attention of the coun cil to the letters he had exchanged with mayors of oilier cities, all allow ing that where the citfes had made large expenditures for further fire fighting apparatus they were still to the charged higher Insurance rates. ■The people are not going to stand for tills most gigantic robbing scheme ever perpetrated.” said Mayor McClen don. 'it is true that the poorer peo-l pie, with mortgages on their property, will have to pay these exorbitant tales, but they will liot stand such oppression long, and 1 for one uni agalnsj doing anything that will aid tlie companies In the enforcement ol their designs.” Mayor McClendon caneu im; tion or the council to the situation in I ittle Rock, where the administration had assumed a large debt for tire fighting materials, only to have rates raised. Fine Bluff had the same ex perience. * He believed that the peo ple had a right to relief. He did not believe that to meet the conditions of the underwriters would be any guar antee that the rates would he decroas ' cut here. ”1 think the best editorial 1 ever read.” said Attorney McLaughlin, ••was in the Sentinel-Record this morning on the subject of tbe tire in surance situation. 1 believe that no better service <ould be given the peo ple than to have marked copies of j hat sent to every insurance company operating in the state. The situation is one that demands prompt atten tion. The rates are being forced up higher and higher, and at the same time the underwriters are here mak ing demands for a large expense ef the money of the people, without of tering any guarantee that they will receive any 'benefits in reductions. The discussion had taken such a range that the defeat of live llur tunrer ordinance was certain had a roll call been taken on it. and Alder man Burgaurer was permitted to have it go back to the calendar. Then came up the question of the purchase of the 5,000 feet of tire ho-e, I w hich had been made' without the authority, of the council, but which hose was here and delivered. That furnished another contention, in which t^ty Attorney McLaughlin said tliat. whether the council passed the ordinance authorizing the purchase or not the company could collect at law lor the hose, as the board had pur chased it, and it had been delivered, and partly used. The council; however, refused the purchase, when on the final roll tall i lire vote for the ordinance was as fol lows: l’eden, McLaughlin. Gunther, Shepherd, Reynolds, Si email—7. Against the ordinance, Williamson. Pe.ttit, Rigshee and Burgaurer—4. The ordinance required a two-thirds vote to carry, and lacking in this, was declared defeated. Tate Named Chief. Ivoyd Tate, who has been acting chief of the fire department since the former chief, the late Henry Higgins, was stricken, was last night appoint ed chief of the tire department by Mayor McClendon, and there was a round of applause in the council when the appointment was made. “I would not have asked for the place unless 1 (relieved 1 was com petent to 'till it," stated the chief. "And i would not have appointed you unless 1 had known you were competent.” answered the mayor. Early in the session Alderman Pet tit called the attention of the mayor to the city digest, which requires that the chief of ix>lice attend all council meetings or have a representative present, and Mayor McClendon had Chief (Ellison called in and notified him of the rule. A special committee to which had been designated the duty of making a settlement with former sprinkling collection, Willis Moore, submitted a report asking that the city settle with him on a basis of $1 and this being acceptable to the- council, a resolu tion was adopted approving the re port of the committee. Alderman Williams had a grade or dinance called up and passed, which requires a grade of Malvern avenue from the end of the <ar line to the city limits and then he had passed a sidewalk* resolution requiring side walks the same distance. This is the preliminary move towards having an extension of the rar line to the city limits, and it is stated that later an effort, is to he made to get the car line extended to the golf grounds. I'ndcr a resolution the city attor ney was authorized to confess judg ment in circuit court for $4,000 to the owners of the American La France auto truck1, that sum being now due, and the city beimg unable to meet the payment. finder a resolution adopted by the council the finance committee and the major added will have the authority and sanction of the council to hypoth ecate scrip to borrow money to carry the city over until such time as the liquor licenses may lie paid into the treasury. -o POPE RUMORED DEAD. But Report Proves to Be Untrue and Pontiff Is Well. Home, Jan. 3.—A rumor that the; Pope was dead which spread rapidly throughout the city tonight, caused intense excitement for a time. The Vatican was overwhelmed with In quiries, hut at that very hour the Pope was quietly conversing with Cardinal Basilins Pompili, who had not long before congratjilated the pontiff on his vigorous appearance. The police instituted an inquiry rel ative to the origin of the rumor and learned that it was the work of a so called practical joker, who had tele phoned to a friend ai a leading hotel that he knew the Pope was dead. --O REVISE THE CUSTOMS. Washington, .Ian. 3—An immediate revisi n of customs regulations will lie undertaken by a" committee ap pointed today by Assistant Secretary Hamlin of the treasury. The last re vision took four years but (Secretary Hamlin hopes the work can he done this time in 12 months. Many regulations made unnecessary by the new tariff law will be elimi nated; others will tie rewritten. TOO MUCH JOURNALISM. Sopkane, Wash., Jan. 3.—After run ning for two weeks, the Lorgnette, a twiee-a-week newspaper, published by the class in journalism at the Lewis and Clark high school, died a sudden death at the hands of the faculty, be cause the editors took so much in terest. in the newspaper work that they promised to register "flunks" in their classes. The Ixirgnette also pi’t an appreciable crimp in the school's monthly magazine, as the students much preferred writing live stories from day to day to preparing dry, lack-newsy stuff once a month. DECISION ON WITHDRAWALS RENDERED BY JUDGE CARROLL D. WOOD IS RELIANCE OF THE PETITIONERS. MUST SHOW A “UOflU CAUSE" Well Known Jurist in Liquor Case Said Caprices of the People Should Not Be Tolerated in Matter of Pe titions Fled In Court. A decision rendered by Justice Car roll I). Wood of the supreme court of the state which is taken to bear di rectly on the issue relative to with drawals of names front the liquor license petitions, and which prohibits withdrawals unless under the most strict showings, was yesterday regard ed as the bulwark of safety for the petitions now on file with the coun‘y clerk. County Judge Mooney held county court yesterday, and the matter of the petitions before that court might not have been brought up bn*, for the ap pearance in court of Judge O. H. Sumpter, for the prohibitionists, wtho asked the court when the petitions would be considered. "Some time during the week begin ning January 12th," Judge Mooney an swered. Judge Sumpter then asked definite ly that the c-our give him and Attor ney McConnell and Rev. Wylie at least 24 hours notice beft re considering the petitions, which Judge Mooney con sented should be given, after which the matter was dropped. Tlhere had been much talk of late about some of the hotel men who were aggrieved because the council sustain ed the mayor’s veto cf the i’ettit drum ming ordinance, having decided to have their names taken from the pe tition, and got others to do likewise. There was also talk that some c* the saloon men who secured some names and signed '.heir own, hut who wanted saloons in outlying districts, would have their names taken off the petition. These things make the Judge Wood decision in the supreme court all the more interesting, because that decis ion requires that there shall lie some "good’’ reason before the < unty juage should permit any names to lie with-1 drawn. It is argued that a grievance against the city administration be cause it would not permit hotel drum ming was not a good "cause,” neither was it said to tie good "cause" simply because the city refused to grant i liqiK r petitions, in file event they are granted at all, in the outlying dis tricts. » Judge Sumpter had the Wood decis ion shown him, and said: "I have looked over taht decision aend there is nothing in it new to us. The de cision points out that withdrawals may be had by leave of the court for grod reasons, add we expect to show them. I do not anticipate that there is any reason why 1 slhould change my original prediction ‘hat there will be no saloons in Hot Springs during the year of 1914.” The decision of Judge Carroll I). W'cod is handed down in the case of Boardwell vs, Hills and is reported In the 70th Ark. The contention was over the three nolle law. Petitions having been filed for the sale of liquor. In this case Judge Wood said: "Treating the proceedings as anaia gous to that of an election as is done in McCullough vs. Blackwell, supra, the ballots are cast when the petition containing ttie signatures is filed with the Clerk of the counts court. Con tinuing the analogy when the coun‘y court begins investigation to deter mine the result the poles are closed and the count of the ballots lias tie gun and when the order id entered the returns are made. Before tiie fil ing wPh the Clerk where petitioners adopt that method of presentation to the Judge the petitions is in the power of the signers. ICarh signer may con trol his signature. It is not yet a pe tition in which the public is interested. The matter is as yet in feiri, so to 6peak, but when the petiti n lias been filed with the county court it lias then been delivered, presented to the court, made a court record. The public has \iow become interest d in it. The ju risdiction of the subject matter na* now attached. ‘‘In the absence of something in the Statute permitting it no individual signer, nor indeed all (he signers, could thereafter withdraw or erase their names from the petition without leave of ttie court. And ihe court should not grant such leave without some ‘good cause- Mhown therefor. He who voluntarily sets on fool a proceed ing for *he enforcement of a salutary police regulation in any community should not he permitted to capricious ly undo his work. He should not he allowed to play fast and loose with the interests of society. The law makes no provisions for protests and remon strances, for signing and contra-sign ing. it only provides for the peti tion.” SCHEDULES DRAFTED. American and National League Heads Name Playing Dates. French Lick, tnd., .Ian. 11.—‘Bail B. Johnson, president of the American League; Barney Dreyfus, president of tlie Pittsburg National League Club, and John A. Heydler. secretary of the Natlo’nal League, completed drafting the 1914 playing schedules lor the two major league here today. Bach mem ber of the commission declined to give out any information regarding their work, other than to say that April 14 had been agreed upon as the opening date in boll) leagues, which information had been made public some time ago. The schedule makers said they had to report the result of their labors to each league before any part of the schedules could he announced. Mr. Johnson and Mr. Dreyfus dis cussed in a general way the Federal League and its promises. Bath in sisted he did not see how the new or ganiation could accomplish much. The schedule makers will leave here tomorrow for Cincinnati ito at tend the meeting of the National Com mission, which will convene there Monday to hear the demands of the Ballplayers’ Fraternity. RAILROAD SITUATION. in New England Is Subject of Finan cial Conference. Boston. Jan. 3.—J. P. Morgan and Howard Elliott, chairman of the New York, New Haven and Hartfod rail road, conferred here today on the re lations between the banking firm and the railroad. Tlie coming visit of Mr. Elliott to Attorney General MoReynolds at Washington in relation to the separ ation of the New Haven and tile Bos ton and Maine interests also was de stroyed. it is said. A statement issued tonight in be half of Mr. Elliott said: "The object of Mr. Morgan's visit to Mr. Elliott was to confer regard ing the general business, financial and railroad situation in New England and ito offer any aid he could give toward solving the complicated rail road situation. J. P. Morgan and Company some time ago canceled the so-called fiscal agency agreement with the Boston and Maine and New Haven roads, and now Mr. Morgan has resigned from the New Haven board of directors. Mr. Morgan, while no longer officially connected in anj way with the properties or having any voice in the management of either, stands ready and willing to do all that he or his 'firm can prop erly do to help out financially or oth erwise." LOOKS GOOD FOR LABOR. Secretary Wilson Predicts Prosperous Year in Store. Washington, .lan. 3.—Despite the Calumet and Colorado strikes, the most important disputes remaining unsettled, Secretary Wilson believes indications point to a prosperous year in tlhe labor world. “The production of coal,” said the secretary today, “is the host industrial barometer we have In the last year the production was between 30,000, 000 and 40,000,000 tons in excess of the preceding year The ratio of pro duction Is greater now than It was at any time during the past year. “There virtually are in stocks on blind and the prospects for future consumption look bright.'’ McNAB'S SUCCESSOR. Jonh W, Preston Is Named United States Attorney. San Francisco, Jan. 3.—John W. Preston today assumed the office of United States attorney for the north ern district of California, succeeding John L. McNab, resigned. When McNab gave up the office he coupled his resignation with a criti cism of Attorney General McRey nolds for delaying prosecution Of the IMggs-Caminetti white slave and the western Fuel cases. There was an erno of McNab’s charges in a statement given out by Preston today, after he had taken the oath of office. Preston said he had accepted the position because lie “wanted to contribute to the support of President Wilson and ito vindicate the attorney general of the United States, who has been misjudged by persons unfamiliar with the affairs of the Department of Justice,” MINE OWNERS IN REFUSAL « STRIKE NEGOTIATIONS END WHEN THEY DECLINE TO RECOGNIZE MINERS’ UNION. ACTION WAS ANTICIPATED By the Western Federation of Miners, Who Have Made a Long Fight for the Recognition of the Union in the Copper District. Houghton, Midi., Jan. ,'i.- Lfforts to end the strike of copper miners by conciliation failed vs night. John B. Densmore. of the Department of La bor, bo announced after a final ef fort to bring the warring interests o gether. He <1 id not hesitate to blame his failure in settling the trouble on the uncompromising attitude of the mine owners. The rock that split the negotia tions and shattered hopes of peace was the question of recognition of the union. ‘In a nutshell, the question was whether the union men should go hack to work with or without dis crimination. The companies refused to do anything but discriminate against members of the union,” said •Mr. Donsmore. “It means a struggle to the bitter end." said O N. Hilton, chief coun sel of the Western Federation of Miners, who has represented Presi dent C. H. Moyer here since the lat ter's sudden departure. “The outcome is due entirely to the attitude of the companies. They wanted everything and would concede nothing.” The union’s last word was an offer to withdraw the Western Federation from the field, its place to lie taken by a union affiliated with the Michi gan State Federation of Labor, the United Mine Workers or some simi lar body. Tills was rejected by the companies. The employing interests suggested to Mr. Densmore that a secret vote of the men on strike, if properly safe guarded, would show a majority of them in favor of returning to work outside the union fold. When this was broached to the Federation men there was an immediate refusal lo submit the case to such a test. Re sults of the negotiations were wired to the secretary of labor by Mr. Dens more tonight. He said he would make a full report of his efforts after his return to Washington. He lias set ills departure for tomorrow night. Statements try mine managers took practically the same grounds for re fusal to treat with the unions as that Issued in Boston tonight by the exec utive heads of the Calumet and llecla Company. 'Mt was simply a case of asking us to (burden ourselves with an organi zation whose history is one of vio lence,” said F. W. Denton of the Cop per Range Company. "The proposals that reached ns were mere subter fuges, did not go to the merits of the question and sought to rorce us to recognize indirectly an organization with which we will have nothing to do and have never treated. "As a matter of fact, we already have settled this strike. The men now working for 11s are entitled to every possible consideration and it would have been rank Ingratitude for the companies to have promised them our protection and then asked them lo labor alongside members of the Western Federation. There is no doubt that constant trouble would have resulted between the men. This was a condition which we could not and would not overlook. "Then, too, anything less than dim illation of the Western Federation from the district would have meant within live years if not sooner we would have had all the work to do over again. There Is no doubt in our minds that the first work the Feder ation menders who would be left 'll the mines would be to Spread a prop aganda of discontent, follow it up witli a series of unreasonable de mands and then start another strike. "From every consideration of hu manity to our loyal employes, of self respect on our own part and of good business sense, we could do nothing else than decline to be buncoed by such alternative plans as were brought to our attention.” Word of the failure or the negotia tions spread rapidly through the dis trict. In company circles there was no surprise. Among union leaders ther^> was manifest a strong feeling of indignation against the companies. Every possible resource of the labor world is to be called on for further prosecution of the strike, it was an nounced. Practically every local In the country will lie asked to contrib ute a quota and strike leaders of ex perience are to be invited to aid the strikers. Efforts for a congressional investi gation are to be renewed also. En ron leaders said that while the rules committee of tire house had declined to consider Representative MacDon ald's resolution favorably, that there remained a good chance of the adop tion of a similar resolution in the senate. Alleged disregard of consti tutional rights with special emphasis on tile Moyer-Tanner “deportations" probably will lie relied upon as a ba sic argument for such a hearing. In tills regard the unions are cer tain to meet opposition from the stale authorities. <!ov. Kerris' vigorous disclaimer of need of federal activity in the Moyer case was followed here today by a special charge to the grand jury in vestigating strike violence. In it •lodge O’Hrien especially called the attention of the jurymen to the stat ute relating to kidnaping, wiith its ac companying penalties of fine and im prisonment. The local authorities agreed with flov. Kerris that with the machinery of the state in full swinj; all crimes arising from the strike will 'lie taken care of under the state laws. Company Stands Pat. Boston. .Ian. The Calumet and Heela Mining Company will continue to refuse recognition of the Western Federation of Miners or to employ its ‘members, oftieers of the company de clared in a statement tonight, re garding the strike in their Michigan mines. "The copper country," said the com pany. "for fifty years lias enjoyed in dustrial peace and our relations with our men have been mutually satisfac tory. We never have and do not now discriminate in the employment be tween those who do and those who do not belong to labor organiaztions. We have, however, during the pending strike refused and must continue to rfuse to give recognition to the Western Federation of Miners or to employ it,s members, for reasons pe culiar to that organization," The statement severely arraigned the Federation’s policy, and adds: “The company, with all the officers anil employes of the mines, join in deploring the unhappy accident, which destroyed the Christmas happiness of so many of our fellow citizens, and we have been anxious and ready to give every assistance to our stricken fellows that lies within our power. "The company desires and will en deavor to make hours, wages and working cohditions equal or superior to those obtaining in any copper mines at home or abroad.” Action Was Expected. hanging, Mich.. Jan. f!.- The state ment issued tonight by officers of the Calumet and Heela Mining Company in Boston that the company will con tinue to ignore filie Western Federa tion of Miners, was expected by ‘lie miners who have figured in attempts to compromise the labor troubles in the copper mine strike region. Recently union officials urged state officers to make another attempt to bring together the warring parties. It is understood Governor Ferris replied that he deemed it useless to submit to the operators any proposal from the miners which included recognition of the federation. LIMITED DRINKS. Ottawa, Ont.. Jan. 3.—Saloon men of this city finally have decided what constitutes a temperate use of liquor. This was evidenced today when they posted notices that habitual tipplers hereafter will tie allowed but four drinks a day, one before each meal j and one at bedtime. “Some fellows are how v^ieti ii comes to drinking,” said one dealer. "We’ve got to put the lid on ithom.” The new liquor law provides that saloonists must keep their places to a proper standard of resp©< tabllity. SUPREME COURT ACTIVITY. Washington, Jan. 3.—A prolonged secret conference of justices of the supreme court today was accepted as an assurance of the announcement of many decisions Monday. About one hundred cases are await ing decision. A few, such as the inter mountain riot cases, have been under consideration all summer. - ■ -O —■ ■— -- PANKHURST ARRESTED. London, Jan. —Miss Sylvia Pank hurst, the suffragette agitator, was arrested tonight in the east end of London under the provisions of the “cat and mouse act.” Miss Pankhurst was released from jail December 17 after having endured a hunger, thirst and alee)) strike to the point of seem ing collapse. ARTILLERY _ ' MEXICANS AT OJINAGA SUBJECT ED TO HEAVY SHELL FIRE FROM THE REBELS. SEEK SAFETY ON BORDER Camp Followers and Wounded Seek Refuge in American Army Camp on U. S. Soil—Believed General Exo dus Will Follow Soon. IVpsidT, Texas, Jan. S.-—Fleeing from tile heaviest firing in all ‘he five days' battle between the federals at Ojlnaga, Mexico, and General Or tega's rebel army, which is surround ing the village, women, cthildren and deserting soldiers flocked to the bor der and crossed the river in such num bers today that the United States bor der pafrol and the Hod Cross faced a serious problem of feeding the refu gees. It was necessary to permit food lo be sent across to the Mexican side to save the lives of women, children and wounded federals. For such as wad $1 through tlie river there was no shelter as the churclb and the few buildings here had been converted into Red Cross hospitals. Major Michael \V. Me Naan ee. com manding tlie pa'rol, also received a few federal deserters and held thein^ prisoners on this side. In the line streaming down from the battlefield about a mile bark from the river women nursing babies min gled with the hobbling wounded. They were scattered for almost two utiles up and down tlie river bank, Most of tlhese refugees were camp followers. A‘ remote points wounded rebels also came to the river. Major McNamee extended to the combatants of both sides such aid as humanity dictated. The arrival of tlie camp followers, who usually remain with the soldiers until tlie situation becomes untenah'e for ‘hem, was regarded as the precur sor of a great exodus. Major McNa mee lias been on tlie alert f*r a week for a possible flight of the whole fed eral army. Through the battle between the 4, 000 defending federals and 6,000 or more rebels among the hills pro gressed until late in the day and It remained undecided at night. The rebels put their artillery into action. One shell nbyiie, it was observed through field glassees, brought 7.8 soldiers to the ground. Observers on tlie American side were of the opin ion that tlie total wounded may lie 7oo or 800 while the number of killed would lie less than half that number. Toward night the rebels’ firing slackened. This was followed at once by the silencing of tlie federal arms. The United States troops along the river while prepared for an emer gency. had not lost sight of the pos sibility that the rebels’ ammunition might run out. which would necessi tate their falling back temporarily. The few shots which fell on the American side caused no damage. Some sickness hr. ke out among the refugees, but the Red Cross officials believe it has been checked. Constitutionalist Stopoed. Guatemala City, Jan. 3.—When *lio British steamer Marowijne of the I'nited Fruit Company's service ar rived at Belise, British Honduras, from New Orleans, a few days ago, an armed force of the British warship Lancaster boarded the vessel and re fused to all w Sonar Castillo, a Mex ican constitutionalist and his wife *o land. Boats from the warship pa trolled the hay to prevent any Mexi < an from getting ashore^ or communi cating wit'll those on shore. The action of the British naval of ficers was taken ‘o prevent the con stituptionalists from entering Yuca tan by way of Belise. — Wilson Is Satisfied. Washington, Jan. 3.—While Presi dent Wilson and his personal repre sentative. John Lind, were “getting together’’ on the cruiser Chester near Gulfport. Miss., regarding the situa tion in Mexico, bloody battles were In progress on the Mexican border, ail tending to the end which the pres ident foresaw in his statement after the conference. At Ojlnaga the fed erate, though beset 'by a superior force of constitutionalists had been able to hold their own, the American CONTINUED ON PAGE THREE.