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THE EVILS OF WAR." DISCUSSED
BEFORE RECENT MEETING BY MRS. D. A CROCKETT. Paper Is Published at the Request of Members of That Organization and Will Be Read With Interest. Tim following paper on "The Kvlis of War'* .was read before the recent meeting or the It. A. It. in this city I by Mrs. I). A Crockett, and is pub lished at tlie request of memners of that organisation: la Hie words of General Sherman,! '•\\’ur is hell." Certainly Sherman know whereof he spoke, for he made i it a.- hellish as possible, leaving be hind Him a trnfl of fire and smoke, devastation and desolat Ion in his I "march through Georgia," hailed in song and story by his admirers as ■‘famous.’ but by others as "infa mous.'” Today no name Is so hated by Georgians ns that of Sherman, whose order, it is alleged, was to hurt! and destroy everything in his noth in a radius of three miles, when making that memorable “march to the sea." The smoking fields, the destitution of the wailing, homeless, orphans, widows, wives and children of the absent Southern white man rose tip from the land where, also, another danger threatened, as negroes were being stirred up against the whites and the unprotected women knew their real proteetlrs were not able to reach them. However, in this con nection, tie it said to the credit of the slaves and freedtnen during that war that they did not take advantage of this opportunity to commit outrages but often protected their former mis tresses and families with wonderful loyalty. There may have been some who committed outrages but the num ber was small and the cases isolated. Now, what glory can anybody see In a vast army fighting a handful of men and women? What glory is it to burn the food of a starving people? And, yet. to General Sherman belongs the glory, credit, or responsibility. aa you prefer to call it, of bringing to a speedier climax the close of a long, bitter struggle. That was his ohjert. From one viewpoint perhaps that ol General Sherman—it was more hu mane to cut off supplies to the people and so close the war, than to prolong on already long, bitter, bloody strug glp which would, if continued, entail more widespread loss of life, prop erty and human happiness. And. continued it would be as long as the South' had supplies of ammu nition and food. There was simply no surrender in the Southern fighting man’s makeup. Already he was out numbered six to one by an army well equipped, trained, and hacked up by a government with funds and in con trol of military posts, arsenals and forts. Tlie Southern soldiers were overpowered but -conquered? Never! So, we see that in this one exam pie there were many evils -loss of life, homes, crops, commerce, rail roads. besides everything promoting education and advancing the progress of a commonwealth. Georgia was paralyzed and the above losses set her buck In her Jirogress, compared with Northern states, at least fifty years. Now, what was true of Georgia in the great civil warfare of our own country was largely true of various sections of the country—whether the aggressors were Northerners or Southerners. Bach side was damaging the other as much as itossihle. What was true RHEUMATISM -- i Ao Elderly Lady Was Stiff and Sore Now Says She Feels as Limber as a Girl, Through ALKANO King of the Blood. Alkaiio Remedy Co., Kansas City, Mo. Gentlemen: 1 feel that 1 would he unfair if 1 did not tell you what Alkano has doue for me. I have been such a sufferer from rheumatism for several years. I was so lame and stiff it was next fo imp. > Ole for me to get up and down, and part of the time I could not lie down at all. 1 could not ascend or descend stairs without unbearable pains. 1 cannot begin to tell half the great value your remedy has been to me. Doctors failed even to relieve me. 1 tried Alkano a short time. It was not pleasant to take, so I gave it up, hut was forced back to it. Then l stuck to it until 1 had taken a bottle aud a half. As a result my dreadful pains disappeared entirely. If anyone wishes to write me, I will gladly answer any questions they may ask. Alkano certainly drove all the rheumatism out of my system and left me as limber as a girl. I am now 56 years old Yours very truly, MRS S. V. BANKER. 322 Timber St.. Pontiac, ill. Eor sale exclusively by R. G. Mor ris Drug Co., Hot Springs, Ark. of the civil war in our own land is but a type of ail warfare. This is the history of war. When all domestic restraints are taken from men and hoys and the home influences are no longer thrown around them, temptations to t ie pas sions and appetites are more numer ous. There is a certain class of women that are the buzzards of the army, trailing in its wake, ever ready to -eue .some new victim. There is the lure of drink in the convivial gatherings, \ story, a son-', a drink by the camp fire on a told night, may become u frequent pro -Tam, the repetition of which may drift into the forming of the drink habit. \ blanket on a wetf cold ground may be the soldier's bed for the night while he dreams of home and loved ones, or lies awake from the discomfort of his exposure. What vigilance it must take on the part of the officers' What .1 re. sponstblllty it is to control 'hundreds or thousands or men, sometimes made almost savage b> the horrors of car nage. T ie numbers killed and wounded are multiplied many times by the number of relatives and friends left bereaved. And who can say that these broken hearts are not the re sult of "the evils of war?” The thought of the dead am! wound ed is prominent when we speak nt the evils of war.” but there is an other danger to even life Itself and that is. disease. The diseases con tracted, the epidemics likely, the lack of sufficient and proper atten tion while ill or dying are some of the perils of war. hxposure may bring tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia. etc., where sol ders !eep on the cold. wet. or snow covered, ground: or if not properly shod; or, if they have to wade, or swim, icy streams in winter. The un told sufferings of years may follow for tile soldier, ilis descendants, also may suffer through inheriting a dis ease. or, through inheriting a consti tution that may cause them to read ily contract disease. A malarial climate, common in swamp lands, is a menace to natives and often death to ttie newcomers who must first suffer the long, hot weeks of fever; perhaps, poorly attended, in an unsanitary, hastily Improvised hos pital lacking proper medical supplies and an insufficient number of dos tors to attend the patients in the over crowded wards. The prisions are ven worse than the hospitals. The diseases and food hor rors of the prisons are sometimes ap palling. Supplying proper food to an army, or navy, is no small matter. Our government's failure in this respect during the Spanlsh-Amcrlcau war caused not only sickness and death to huudreds of soldiers, with tlte ac companying suspense and aeoin ot their relatives, but, expense to out government in caring for the sick •lying and dead; also, of conducting the official investigations which fol lowed. The secretary of war. (leneral A1 rer. was so bitterly denounced by the press fiat his resignation which fid lowed was accepted, perhaps to sat sfv pub'ic sentiment. Thus .one man had his political • dreams shattered In official decapita lion, and Oeneral Alger passed into political oblivion when, for aught we know, he may have been 'more sinn ed against than sinning." Then followed the probe into va rious packing concerns that had sup plied the commissary at Ohicamaugn camp and elsewhere. When it was disclosed, as had been asserted, (hut putrid packed meats had been fed to tin- army, the whole country was fu rious, especially as typhoid fever at C'hicamauga continued to rage. More than one parking house felt the boycott that followed, the Amer ican people almost refusing to but . inned goods, especially meats. \1 of these evils had some good in the corrective methods following, for I'ncle Sam now saw to it hat govern ment inspectors were appointed to in spect packing houses and their goods. When ottr party visited Chicamauga Mark one beautiful summer day, we spread our picnic dinner beside tbe Crawfish Springs. At the conclusion of our luncheon we went over to the Crawfish Springs hotel a large, rambling, old frame structure of many corridors, royms. piazzas and, as I remember it, about three stories high. T ii-> ,va the building which was converted into a hospital during the Spanish American war when the ty phoid epidemic raged at Chicamauga. Our steps echoed through the al most deserted hotel. To me, the visit to this building brought a note of sadness, for the souls of dead men seemed to cry out against 'the evils of war.” When I viewed the national cent* tery at Chattanooga, where He more than thirteen thousand soldiers, it made me sad to think of the desolate homes that mourned for the lost True, they were the graves of sol diers who wore the Blue, but they were precious to their families and to this nation. They were brave Ameri cans, lovai to their principles like those who wore the Gray. Magnificent monuments have been erected at Chicamauga Park by vari ous states. Arkansas had none there when I visited the Park, but numbers of states north and south have erect ed beautiful monuments of handsome marble, granite and bronze, whose YOURTOWN “NO MAN CAN BE IN THE HIGHEST SENSE SUCCESSFUL UNLESS HE IS A GOOD CITIZEN OF HIS OWN CITY” Truer words were never spoken. There is more to the game of life than merely making money. Patriotism for your country is one thing. Pride in your HOMETOWN is another. The one best bet in the municipal free-for-all is YOURTOWN. If in the hustle and bustle of exist ence in a big strange city, you suddenly jostle someone, and look up and find a FAMILIAR FACE your thoughts go back to YOURTOWN. STY has decreased so much in the LAST TEN YEARS THAT IT IS NOW WITHIN THE REACH OF THE SMALL EST WAGE EARNER. Who2: will make your home more com fortable than gas and electricity? Tiie utilization of gas for cooking has done more to make happy housewives than any other comfort entering into the home. The electric light has been called the GREATEST OF MODERN CONVENI ENCES. And they are yours at reason In the development of YQURYOWM the trolley system has been one of the YOURTOWN is the -in spiration of poets, the pride of honest throbbing hearts and the model of admiring rivals of lesser note. THIS IS YOURTOWN. Now has it ever occur red to you that your gas, electric light and traction companies are “citizens” of YOURTOWN. That they are developers of YOUR TOWN. That they have the interests of YOUR TOWN at heart. Possibly it has not occurred to you but if is true. My Household "My household shall be taught: besides the fear of GOD, at least one thing; the art of living for the good of this, the«r town: that they must seldom speak of its deficiencies, and only then at home, and with the thought that they will set things right, that they must often speak of its advantages, and when they travel must lose no chance to spread its name in good repute, or they shall move elsewhere." — EDWIN L. QUARLES. MOST IMPORTANT f AU TORS. No one influence has contributed as much to the growth of YOUR TOWN. AND THOUGH NEAR LY EVERYTHING ENTER ING INTO THE COST OF LIVING HAS INCREAS ED. THE STREET CAR FREE REMAINS THE SAME. THIS IS DESPITE THE FACT THAT NEARLY EVERYTHING ENTERING INTO THE COST OF TRANSPORTATION HAS ALSO INCRESED. The PUBLIC UTILITIES are a vital part of the business life of this city. They are what might well be called “INDUS TRY NUMBER ONE.” YOUR gas, water, electric light and traction companies have proven to be big factors ir» the up building of YOURTOWN. They have help ed make it what it is today A REAL PRO GRESSIVE CITY. They will continue to co-operate with the citizens of the city to make it a JGREATER CITY. The public utilities of YOURTOWN have also helped to make you comfort able as their means will permit. THE COST OF UTILIZING ELECTRIC Sc in your pride and the boosting of YOURTOWN, don’t forget that th^ gas, water, electric light and trolley com panies should be given CREDIT FOR THEIR SHARE IN ITS UPBUILDING. The success of your city depends up on the men behind it. And upon the men you select to run it. It is pride in your town that counts. This means continual boosting. Result Greater prosperity. AND DON’T FORGET THAT PLUG GING AWAY ALL THE TIME ARE YOUR GAS, WATER, ELECTRIC LIGHT AND TROLLEY COMPANIES GIVING SERV ICE MAKING YOU COMFORTABLE AND DEVELOPING YOURTOWN. ALWAYS AT YOUR SERVICE Consumers Gas Company Hot Springs Water Company Citizens Electric Company Hot Springs Street Railway Company min vn il'.s ot s|)irns pierce the heaven. Missionary Kldge is covered wiih tablets and monument*), likewise to tell ibe story and do honor to the valor of our noble dead. 1 viewed all of these monuments and sighed in thinking of ilie thou sands who were bereft of these loved ones who mourned for "the touch of a vanished hand and the sound of a voice that is still.” Most of the years of my life I thought of war as glorious and of heroes only as warriors. I was the daughter of one who had been a sol dier. My father was a soldier of the (.ray and his father, a slaveholder, Wiis a generous contributor to the Confederate government. The failure of that government to redeem its bonds and the freeing of the family slaves, brought hardship but never censure from my people, although one. son. my father's brother, was buried on the battlefield of (iettysburg. The other sous returned to the homestead hut nay father never fully recovered from the exposure and hardships he had endured during military service. On my mother's side there were a WOMAN’S APPEAL To all kauwiuic *n(t*n>r* of ..i irbolli I er muMMilar or of the iuint>. wlatu-.i. Iuh*Im*#**". I KRKK You eure yonrselt at l,.-me u fighters, among whom her cousin, I' ieaeral Wade Hampton, is perhaps the best known. Her father, my grandfather, Judge, Pettit, served in tile War of 1*12,1 running away from home when a j mere lad under the i e l military j I age. to join the army against the. [British whom his ancestors had [fought not so many years before in the great Ameriean Revolution, one ancestor having been one of the signers of t’n first American Declara tion of Independence, which was de clared in Mecklinhurg. North Caro- [ lina, an ! preceded the one declared in Philadelphia. Ilis name was Wil Siam Kennon. Having come from a family of fight ora, ! naturally gloried n things mar tial. History whs m> favorite stud) ami I gloried in a fight, the accounts of war and of daring deeds. But maturer judgment has taught | me the beauty of peace, the greatness of heroes of peace, national and in terjiat-ional. and the wisdom of Shaft- s. peare's advice: “Beware of entran. o to a (|ttarrel but, once being in. ee tliat the enemy beware of thee.' a other words, avoid a quarrel, or fight, it possible, hut. in case it comes, don’t lie a coward and flee. j As a teacher of history lor many years in the public schools, rny gold en. youthful view of war was changed, the carnage, the desolation the in.er ruption to a I progress, the expense,) the misery, the suffering, all became appunut and 1 was forced to see the i ' evils of war." i All tic gold of California, Alaska, the Rockies, combined with all ot i America's silver, if spent in inonu- i meats ami pensions could not recom pense a mother for the loss of a son, a widow for the loss of a loyal, ten der. loving husband, nor a child for the loss of the protecting, ovina earn of a father. Recently we have been reading of hdw poor Mexico, our border sister American country, is being rent in twain b> warfare, all of her progre: and government torn asunder. It i horrible. Hut, more than horrible to us it would bo if our own bravo cuiiniry men should be ordered to invade ili.it poor storm-tossed country, for then, when, perhaps, our very own ;nvo husbands, fathers, brothers, or .ut , had to leave us, wed realize t at we prefer pea re and progress to Hie seeming glories of war which haves in its trail desolation and all of ‘the evils of war.'1 This was brought forcibly home to me a few months since when war with Mexico seemed imminent nd my husband remarked, while reading the newspaper accounts of 'i xi m atrocities. “I wish the United States won id declare war. I would P.-.e mull ing better titan to go down there and fight those Mexicans." No doubt, he was thinking of the cowardly murder of his own groat uncle. David Crockett, who had stood up against counties- Mexicans in his defense of the Alamo, Immediately the heautlo of peace presented themselves to mo and I dis coursed long and earnestly on "the evils of war.” All honor to Secretary William Jen nings Bryan and to President Wood row Wilson for the ‘"watchful wail iiu'' policy and conservative wisdom in avoiding if possible,- war vviili Mexico a;ul the consentient evils of war.” WASHINGTON AT VALLEY FORGE -1 Reel Universal Special Regular Prices LYRIC MONDAY HENNEY BUGGIES Have Twin Reaches which takes all the strain off the fifth wheel. SEE THEM BE' FORE BUYING. GARLAND HARDWARE CO. Phone I04<i 813 Central Ave.